Skip to main content

Full text of "Instructions governing the handling of enlisted personnel"

See other formats


MARINE CORPS HISTORICAL 



INSTRUCTIONS 



GOVERNING THE 



HANDLING OF ENLISTED PERSONNEL 

BUREAU OF NAVIGATION 



INFORMATION FOR COMMANDERS IN CHIEF, FORCE AND 

DIVISION COMMANDERS, COMMANDANTS, 

AND COMMANDING OFFICERS 



ISSUED JANUARY 1, 1920 







These instructions shall be carefully followed. Much unnecessary 
correspondence devolves upon the Bureau by a lack of familiarity 
with existing instructions by some commanding officers or a desire 
to have their provisions waived in the interest of individuals 



WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1920 



WMm corps 
FCtUm 



/q 13/ 



2,2> 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Subject. Paragraphs. 

Chapter I. Enlistments, reenlistrnents, extensions of enlistment, and 

changes in status of enlistnient________ , 1-999 

Recruiting . . _ 1-99 

Importance of recruiting 1-9 

Recruiting officers on ships 10-19 

Enlistments on ships 20-29 

Publicity 100-199 

Ship activities 100-109 

News items for publicity purposes 110-119 

Organization of recruiting service 200-299 

Recruiting divisions 200-209 

Recruiting districts 210-219 

Recruiting bureau 220-229 

Location of divisions and districts 230-239 

First enlistments on ships and at stations other than recruiting 

stations 300-399 

Length of enlistment 300-309 

Outfits on first enlistment 310-319 

Bounty for postmasters 320-329 

Restrictions to enlistment 330-339 

Underage enlistments 340-349 

Ships and stations authorized to enlist 350-359 

First enlistment ratings ■- 360-369 

Disposition of recruits 370-379 

Reenlistrnents 400-499 

Authority for reenlistrnents 400-409 

Restrictions to reenlistrnents 410-419 

Honorable discharge gratuity .. 420-429 

Leave on reenlistment =. 430-439 

Reenlistment of men not recommended for reenlistment 440-449 

Men rejected physically J__ 450-459 

Extension of enlistment 500-599 

Authorization for extension 500-509 

Restrictions to extension i 510-512 

Cancellation of extension _" 520-529 

Record of extensions 530-539 

Change of status of enlistment__.____i_ 600-699 

Authorization for change.^ ! :_! 600-609 

Records of change 610-619 

Transfer from reserve force to regular navy 700-799 

Authorization for transfer 700-709 

Procedure to effect transfer 710-719 

Shipping articles and reports of enlistments 800-899 

Preparation of shipping articles 800-809 

Forwarding of shipping articles 810-819 

Reports of enlistments 820-829 

3 



4 CONTENTS. 

Subject. Paragraphs. 

Chapter II. Identiiicatioii 1000-1999 

Identification records 1000-1099 

Preparation for bureau files 1000-1009 

Finger prints in case of crime 1010-1019 

Salvage of equipment 1020-1029 

Identification tags 1100-1199 

Preparation of tags * 1100-1109 

Issue and use of tags : 1110-1119 

Identifying a dead body 1120-1129 

Salvage of tags 1130-1139 

Chapter III. Transportation 2000-2999 

Transportation by water 2000-2019 

Transportation via Army transport- - 2000-2009 

Transportation via steamship line _ 2010-2019 

Transportation by rail 2100-2199 

Officers authorized to issue transportation 2100-2109 

Forms for transportation requests-- — 2110-2119 

Instructions governing the issue of transportation 2120-2129 

Instructions governing transportation in Pullman cars 2130-2139 

Transportation for special classes of men 2140-2149 

Procedure required to obtain ticket 2150-2159 

Transportation— subsistence 2200-2299 

Military meal identification cards 2200-2209 

Meal tickets 2210-2219 

Transportation for men discharged or released from active 

service _ fc , 2300-2399 

Travel allowance for released or discharged men 2300-2309 

Reduced fare for released or discharged men 2310-2319 

Furlough fare 2400-2499 

Benefits 2400-2409 

Restrictions 2410-2419 

Furlough fare certificates 2420-2429 

Transportation reports—: 2500-259£ 

Checked by Bureau of Navigation 2500-2509 

Special instructions 2510-2519 

Chapter IV. Training 3000-3999 

Training at shore stations 3000-3039 

Training stations 3000-3009 

Special schools 3010-3019 

Trade schools 3020-3029 

Recruit trade schools 3030-3039 

Training at sea 3100-3199 

General training 3100-3109 

Special training 3110-3119 

Trade schools 3200-3299 

General qualifications 3200-3209 

Restrictions 3210-3219 

Special qualifications for trade schools 3300-3399 

Seaman gunners' school 3300-3309 

Ordnance class 3300-3304 

Torpedo class 3300-3304 

Deep-sea diving class 3305-3309 

General electrical school 3310-3319 

General electricity class 3310-3312 

Gyro compass class 3313-3319 



CONTENTS. 65 

Subject. Paragraphs. 

Chapter IV. Training — Continued. 

Special qualifications for trade schools — Continued. 

Radio school , 3320-3329 

Radio operators' class 3320-3322 

Radio telephone class 3323-3325 

Radio compas's class 3326-3329 

Machinist's mates' school 3330-3339 

Machinist's mates' class 3330-3331 

Enginemen's class 3332-3333 

Gas enginemen's class 3334-3335 

Coppersmiths' class 3336-3337 

Motor-boat operators' class 3338-3339 

Artificers' school 3340-3349 

Shipfitters' class 3340-3341 

Shipwrights' class 3342-3343 

Blacksmiths' class 3344-3345 

Painters' class 3346-3347 

Molders' class 3348-3348a 

Pattern-makers' class 3349-3349a 

Commissary school 3350-3359 

Commissary stewards' class 3350-3352 

Ship's cooks' class 3353-3355 

Bakers' class 3356-3359 

Fuel oil school 3360-3369 

Fuel oil class 3360-3369 

Pharmacist's mates' training school 3370-3379 

Pharmacist's mates' class _..__ 3370-3379 

Diesel engine school 3380-3389 

Class for instruction in care and operation of Diesel 

engines J 3380-3389 

Optical repair school 3390-3399 

Optical repair class 3390-3399 

Special qualifications for aviation trade schools 3400-3499 

Aviation mechanics' school 3400-3499 

Apprentice metal workers' class 3400-3409 

Apprentice woodworkers' class 3410-3419 

Machinist's mates' class . 3420-3424 

Advanced machinist's mates' class 3425-3429 

Ignition class 3430-3439 

Instrument repair class 3440-3449 

Quartermasters' (A) class 3450-3454 

Quartermasters' (D) class 3455-3459 

Carpenter's mates' class 3460-3469 

Boatswains' and carpenters' class . 3470-3479 

Armorers' class 3480-3489 

Coppersmiths' class 3490-3494 

Meterology and aerology class 3495-3499 

Special qualifications for recruit trade schools 3500-3599 

Yeoman school 3500-3509 

Yeoman class 3500-3509 

Musicians' school 3510-3519 

Musicians' class 3510-3519 

Signal school 3520-3529 

Signalmen's class 3520-3529 

Buglers' school.- ___^ 3530-3539 

Buglers' class __,__ __._.,____: .__ 3530-3539 



6 CONTENTS. 

Subject. Paragraphs. 

Chapter IV. Training — Continued. 

Mess attendants' school 3540-3549 

Mess attendants' class 3540-3549 

Hospital corps training school 3550-3559 

Hospital apprentices' class ■ 3550-3559 

Chapter V. Advancement in ratings— 4000-4999 

Abbreviations and designations - 4000-4099 

Abbreviations - - 4000-4009 

General service designations . 4010-4019 

Aviation designations 4020-4029 

General instructions tor advancements 4100-4199 

Authority for advancements 4100-4109 

Men eligible for advancement 4110-4119 

Restrictions to advancement - 4120-4129 

Confirmation of naval reserves 4130-4139 

Procedure in making advancement 4140-4149 

Permanent appointments 4200-4299 

Authorization for issue 4200-4209 

Men eligible for permanent appointment 4210-4219 

General qualifications for permanent appointment 4220-4229 

Examination boards , 4230-4239 

Revocation and cancellation 4240-4249 

Special qualifications for advancement in rating 4300-4399 

Qualifications for all men for advancement 4300-4309 

Qualifications for men in the messman branch 4310-4319 

Qualifications for nonrated men in the seaman branch 4320-4329 

Qualifications for nonrated men in the special branch 4330-4339 

Qualifications for nonrated men in the artificer branch 4340-4349 

Qualifications for rated men in the seaman branch 4350-4359 

Qualifications for rated men in the artificer branch 4360-4369 

Qualifications for rated men in the artificer branch, engine- 
room force 4370-4379 

Qualifications for rated men in the special branch 4380-4389 

Qualifications for rated men in the commissary branch 4390-4399 

Special qualifications for advancement in aviation ratings 4400-4499 

General remarks 4400-4409 

Qualifications for appointment to special details 4500-4599 

Chief petty officer instructors 4500-4509 

Men qualified for submarine work 4510-4519 

Navy mail clerks 4520^529 

Gun captains 4530-4539 

Signalmen 4540-4549 

Listeners 4550-4559 

Chapter VI. Appointments and promotions 5000-5999 

Appointments to the Naval and Military Academies 5000-5099 

Appointments to the Military Academy 5000-5009 

Appointments; to the Naval Academy 5010-5019 

Promotions 5100-5199 

When examinations are held + 5100-5109 

Eligibility for examinations 5110-5119 

Applications ^ 5120-5129 

Examinations 5130-5139 

Temporary appointments 5140-5149 

Instructions to examination boards 5150-5159 

Examination for boatswain 5200-5299 

Preliminary examination 5200-5209 

Examination for gunner (ordnance) 5300-5309 

Preliminary examination 5300-5309 



CONTENTS. 1 

Subject. Paragraphs. 

Chapter VI. Appointments and promotions — Continued. 

Examination for gunner (electrical) 5310-5319 

Preliminary examination 5310-5319 

Examination for gunner (radio) 5320-5329 

Preliminary examination _ 5320-5329 

Examination for machinist . 5400-5499 

Preliminary examination 5400-5499 

Examination for carpenter 5500-5599 

Preliminary examination 5500-5509 

Examination of civilians 5510-5519 

Examination for pay clerk 5600-5699 

Preliminary examination.. . 5600-5609 

Examination for pharmacist '. 5700-5799 

Qualifications _ 5700-5709 

Preliminary examination 5710-5719 

Special qualifications for promotions to aviation warrant ranks. 5800-5899 

Boatswain (aviation) 5800-5809 

Gunner (aviation) 5810-5819 

Machinist (aviation) _. 5820-5829 

Carpenter (aviation) 5830-5839 

Chapter VII. Transfers and details ; ___ 6000-6999 

General instructions 6000-6099 

Bureau's policy 6000-6009 

Officers authorized to transfer men 6010-6019 

Requests for transfer 6020-6029 

General instructions for transferring men 6030-6039 

Men transferred without pay accounts 6040-6049 

Special transfers 6100-6199 

Recall of men to active duty 6100-6109 

Transfers for training purposes 6110-6119 

Transfers to special stations 6120-6129 

Transfers to foreign service 6130-6139 

Transfers of patients to hospitals 6140-6149 

Transfers of men for discharge 6150-6159 

Transfers of hospital corpsmen 6160-6169 

Special details ____ 6200-6299 

Shore duty in general 6200-6209 

Trade schools 6210-6219 

Recruiting duty 6220-6229 

Naval reserve vessels 6230-6239 

Chief petty officer instructors at naval stations 6240-6249 

Naval bands ______ 6250-6259 

Liberty, leave, and furlough .__ 6300-6399 

Liberty _____ » 6300-6309 

Leave 6310-6319 

Furlough without pay — 6320-6329 

Reports of transfer _ , 6400-6499 

Necessity for reports , 6400-6409 

Form N. Nav. 8 *** 6410-6419 

Muster rolls 6420-6429 

Crew and passenger lists of vessels sailing for distant service 6430-6439 

Reports of personnel on receiving ships 6440-6449 

Reports to other bureaus— 1 6450-6459 

Chapter VIII. Discipline 7000-7999 

Administration of discipline __ 7000-7999 

Officers authorized to administer oaths 7000-7009 

Reserves on inactive duty subject to naval discipline 7010-7019 

Naval men oh naval reserve vessels 7020-7029 



8 CONTENTS. 

Subject. Paragraphs. 

Chapter VIII. Discipline— Continued. 

Deserters and stragglers 7100-7199 

Stragglers 7100-7109 

Deserters 7110-7119 

Men surrendering. — 7120-7129 

Rewards 7130-7139 

Records of deserters.. 7140-7149 

Men for trial - 7200-7299 

Bureau's policy 7200-7209 

Reports of men awaiting trial- 7210-7219 

Miscellaneous, Soldiers' and sailors' civil relief act 7220-7229 

Punishments 7300-7399 

Stoppage of pay for disease or injury due to misconduct 7300-7309 

Records of punishments 7310-7319 

Rewards and privileges 7400-7499 

Good-conduct medals 7400-7409 

Letters of commendation 7410-7419 

Men awarded medals 7420-7429 

Record of performance of duty 7500-7599 

Bureau's policy 7500-7509 

Quarterly marks 7510-7519 

General instructions for assigning marks 7520-7529 

Special instructions for assigning marks 7530-7539 

Special qualifications 7540-7549 

Chapter IX. Discharges and deaths 8000-8999 

General instructions 8000-8099 

Forms for discharges ■ 8000-8009 

Requests for discharge 8010-8014 

Restrictions to discharge 8015-8019 

Early discharges 8020-8029 

Medical discharges 8030-8039 

Discharges and releases of men without pay accounts 8040-8049 

Entries en discharges 8050-8059 

Instructions for men who are to be discharged 8080-8069 

Instructions for issuing discharges 8070-8079 

Instructions for placing men on inactive duty 8080-8089 

Bonus for released men 8090-8099 

Honorable discharges 8100-8199 

Men eligible for honorable discharge 8100-8109 

Qualifications for honorable discharge 8110-S119 

Honorable discharge blanks and buttons 8120-8129 

War service certificates 8130-8139 

Good discharges 8200-8299 

Made honorable by extension of enlistment 8200-8209 

Discharge of men in June and December 8210-8219 

Discharge of reserves to enlist in Army or Marine Corps__ 8220-8229 

Discharges for disciplinary purposes 8300-8399 

Men to be transferred to naval station nearest home 8300-8309 

Undesirable discharges 8310-8319 

Discharge of men enlisted under age 8320-8329 

Men discharged to be furnished with civilian clothes 8330-8339 

Deaths 8400-8499 

Identification of deceased person 8400-S409 

Reports of deaths 8410-8419 

Disposition of remains 8420-8429 

Transportation of remains 8430-8439 

Effects of deceased persons _ „ 8440-8449 



CONTENTS. 9 

Subject Paragraphs. 

Chapteb X. Miscellaneous subjects 9000-9999 

Correspondence , 9000-9099 

Service numbers 9000-9009 

Unofficial correspondence from enlisted men 9010-9019 

Correspondence concerning men who have been transferred — 9020-9029 

Naval militia correspondence 9030-9039 

Registered mail 9040-9049 

Congressional correspondence 9050-9059 

Service records and continuous-service certificates 9100-9199 

Comparison of men with records 9100-9109 

Entries required on continuous-service certificates 9110-9119 

Instructions for making entries in records 9120-9129 

Disposition of records in special cases 9130-9139 

Citizenship 9200-9299 

Naturalization of aliens 9200-9209 

Naturalization of Filipinos 9210-9219 

Entry of citizenship in records 9220-9229 

Subsistence 9300-9399 

Authorization 9300-9309 

Ship recruiting parties 9310-9319 

Instructions for paying subsistence in special cases 9320-9329 

Subsistence reports 9330-9339 

Claims 9400-9499 

Arrears of pay, subsistence 9400-9409 

Clothing lost in a marine disaster '_ 9410-9419 

Medals 9500-9599 

Victory Medals 9500-9509 

Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Medal, Navy Cross__ 9510-9519 

War risk insurance 9600-9699 

Family allotments and allowances 9600-9609 

Term insurance 9610-9619 

Converted insurance 9620-9629 

Miscellaneous instructions 9630-9639 

Uniforms 9700-9799 

Special winter clothing outfit 9700-9709 

Fitting of uniforms 9710-9719 

Instructions regarding wearing uniform 9720-9729 

Miscellaneous 9900-9999 

Allotments for the support of men's families 9900-9909 

Certificates of identification 9910-9919 

Duty on gifts sent home from abroad 9920-9929 

Employment in Federal civil service 9930-9939 

Red Cross home service 9940-9949 

Retirement 9950-9959 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE HANDLING OF 
ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 



CHAPTER I.— ENLISTMENTS, REENLISTMENTS, EXTEN- 
SION OF ENLISTMENTS. AND CHANGE OF STATUS OF 
ENLISTMENTS. 



RECRUITING. 



1. Importance of recruiting. — The personnel situation at present is extremely 
critical, and will continue so for several years. There are insufficient num- 
bers of men to man the fleets alone, with no provisions for shore stations, 
training stations, etc. In order that the vacancies on these ships and stations 
may be filled and the personnel of the Navy be brought up to full strength, 
commanding officers of all ships and stations are earnestly requested to co- 
operate in every possible way with the recruiting service. 

10. Recruiting officers on ships. — Each commanding officer of a ship will des- 
ignate an officer to act as a recruiting officer in addition to his other duties, 
and will exert every effort during the stay of the ship in port to promote 
first enlistments of desirable men to a maximum. Traveling recruiting parties 
Will not be sent out from ships and stations unless specially ordered by the 
bureau, but when so directed they will report to the local recruiting station 
for temporary duty to assist the recruiting service. 

20. Enlistments for ships and stations. — All recruiting will be done by the 
regular recruiting service, except in the following cases : 

(a) Men who are qualified to serve on cruising vessels, without further 
training, by virtue of previous military service or experience in civil life, may 
be enlisted on board such vessels. 

(&) Men who are qualified to serve at air stations without further training, 
by virtue of previous military service, may be enlisted at an air station to fill 
actual vacancies in complement. 

21. Applicants for enlistment who have not had previous military service 
or the necessary experience in civil life, may be sent to the nearest recruiting 
station with the understanding that upon enlistment they will be sent to the 
nearest training station for the regular period of recruit training, upon the 
completion of which they will be transferred to the ship or station through 
whose efforts they were enlisted. No promise will be made any man enlisted 
in accordance with this paragraph or paragraph 20 above regarding the length 
of time he may expect to remain on the ship or station he chooses. 

PUBLICITY. 

100. Ship activities.— Commanding officers should give the widest publicity to 
the gravity of the personnel situation and take every possible means to stimu- 
li 



12 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

late Navy publicity and recruiting. Recruiting officers on all ships should be 
given additional assignment as publicity officers, and in addition to such other 
measures as may be deemed advisable, commanding officers will carry out the 
following procedure: 

(a) Submit requests for supplies of recruiting literature to the Navy Recruit- 
ing Bureau, 318 West Thirty-ninth Street, New York City. 

(&) Use every effort to impress upon the officers and men of their commands 
the importance of securing desirable recruits. Crews should be instructed re- 
garding the importance of this work in talks and lectures by divisional officers. 

(c) When ships are in port on visiting days, competent petty officers should 
be detailed to distribute recruiting literature to visitors and endeavor to per- 
suade young men to enlist on board or at a recruiting station. 

(d) Men on leave should be requested to visit recruiting stations in their 
home towns, and to advise their friends and other young men in the Navy to call 
on the recruiting officers and talk over the question of enlistment. Recruiting 
officers have been instructed to welcome these men on leave and extend such 
courtesies as may be practicable at main and substations. 

(e) On ships named for States and prominent cities the publicity officer 
should keep recruiting stations in the State or city concerned supplied with 
photographs and personnel activities of the ships, together with reports of inter- 
esting events which may be used by recruiting officers for news items in local 
papers. In the event that commanding officers may overlook this important 
feature of publicity, recruiting officers are requested to bring the matter to 
their attention. The intent of this form of publicity is to link the ship with 
the State or city for which she is named. 

110. News items for publicity purposes. — Commanding officers are directed 
to make every effort to obtain photographs bearing on the Navy and having 
news value. Negatives of these photographs, developed or undeveloped, will be 
forwarded to the Bureau of Navigation, recruiting section, as soon as possible 
after being taken. Notes of the subject should be forwarded with the negatives. 
Photographs with names and home addresses, dates of enlistment, length of 
service, etc., of men who are successful in athletics or other activities, can be 
used for publication in local newspapers throughout the country. Photographs 
and items of unusual interest regarding promotions of enlisted men to com- 
missioned or warrant rank, winners of medals of honor, Bailey medals, life- 
saving medals, and athletic competitions, acts of heroism, etc., are especially 
desired. In each instance the full name of the man concerned, his rating, home 
address, and, whenever practicable, his next of kin, should be mentioned. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE RECRUITING SERVICE. 

200. Recruiting divisions. — For purposes of administration the recruiting 
service is divided into seven recruiting divisions, each division being in charge 
of a recruiting inspector, with headquarters in the principal city of the division, 
whose duties are to inspect, supervise, and generally superintend the methods 
of recruiting employed by the recruiting officers of his division. 

210. Recruiting districts. — To properly cover the territory comprising the 
seven recruiting divisions, each division is divided into various districts. Main 
recruiting stations, which are the headquarters of all recruiting districts, are in 
charge of recruiting officers, under whose orders the medical officers and enlisted 
personnel on recruiting duty operate. Substations are established in the less 
important and smaller cities of recruiting districts, and operate under the 
jurisdiction of the recruiting officer of the district. First enlistments and re- 
enlistments by the recruiting service are made at main recruiting stations, sub- 
stations sending in applicants to the main stations for enlistment. Traveling 
recruiting parties are sent throughout the territory of the recruiting district, 
and send applicants to the main station for enlistment. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 13 

220. Recruiting Bureau. — The Navy Recruiting Bureau has charge of the 
preparation and printing of recruiting booklets, posters, and miscellaneous 
recruiting literature, and supplies recruiting officers, ships, and stations with 
printed matter for recruiting purposes. 

230. Location of divisions and districts. — Headquarters of Navy Recruiting 
Bureau, recruiting inspectors, and recruiting officers are located in the following 
cities : 

Headquarters, Navy Recruiting Bureau New York, N. Y. 

New England Division: 

Recruiting inspector Boston, Mass. 

Navy recruiting station Portland, Me. 

Do ; 1 : . Burlington, Vt. 

Do . -Boston, Mass. 

Do . Providence, R. I. 

Do New Haven, Conn. 

Eastern Division: 

Recruiting inspector New York, N. Y. 

Navy recruiting station Albany, N. Y. 

Do New York, N. Y. 

Do Syracuse, N. Y. 

Do Buffalo, N. Y. 

Do Newark, N. J. 

Do Philadelphia, Pa. 

Do . Scranton, Pa. 

Do ! Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Do Cleveland, Ohio. 

Do Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Do . Baltimore, Md. 

Do Washington, D. C. 

Do Richmond, Va. 

Do Norfolk, Va. 

Central Division: 

Recruiting inspector Chicago, 111. 

Navy recruiting station Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Do Louisville, Ky. 

Do Indianapolis, Ind. 

Do Peoria, 111. 

Do Chicago, 111. 

Do Milwaukee, Wis. 

Do Detroit, Mich. 

Southeastern Division : 

Recruiting inspector Atlanta, Ga. 

Navy recruiting station Raleigh, N. C. 

Do Columbia, S. C. 

Do Nashville, Tenn. 

Do Atlanta, Ga. 

. Do Birmingham, Ala. 

West Central Division : 

Recruiting inspector Omaha, Nebr. 

Navy recruiting station Minneapolis, Minn. 

Do Des Moines, Iowa 

Do ■ St. Louis, Mo. 

Do 1 Omaha, Nebr. 

Do Kansas City, Mo. 

Do Denver, Colo. 



14 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

Southern Division: 

Recruiting inspector New Orleans, La. 

Navy recruiting station Meridian, Miss. 

Do Little Rock, Ark. 

D _~ New Orleans, La. 

DoI"Z""III ~ Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Do_I I__I - Dallas, Tex. 

Do - Houston, Tex. 

Western Division: 

Recruiting inspector ._.San Francisco, Calif. 

Navy recruiting station —El Paso, Tex. 

Do — — Salt Lake City, Utah 

Do — ..-Seattle, Wash. 

Do ..Portland, Oreg. 

Do ._ San Francisco, Calif. 

Do Los Angeles, Calif. 

Do San Diego, Calif. 

231. A list of stations in the recruiting service giving addresses of Navy Re- 
cruiting Bureau, recruiting inspectors, main recruiting stations and recruit- 
ing substations, by divisions and districts, is printed monthly and will be mailed 
to all ships and stations. 

FIRST ENLISTMENTS ON SHIPS AND STATIONS OTHER THAN 
RECRUITING STATIONS. 

300. length of enlistment. — The naval appropriation act approved 11 July, 
1919, provides in part: "Until 30 June, 1920, enlistments in the Navy may be 
for terms of two, three, or four years, and all laws now applicable to four-year 
enlistments shall apply under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Sec- 
retary of the Navy to enlistments for a shorter period, with proportionate bene- 
fits upon discharge and reenlistment." Enlistments are authorized for two, 
three, or four years at the option of the recruit in all ratings now open for 
first enlistment except that applicants for the Machinist's Mates' School and 
for the Aviation Mechanics' School will not be enlisted for shorter periods than 
three years. Exercise greatest care in preparation of shipping articles and all 
enlistment papers to show proper term of enlistment in each case. 

310. Outfits. — The naval appropriation act approved 1 July, 1918, provides out- 
fits on first enlistment for all enlisted men, either Regulars or Reserves, not to 
exceed $100 each. On enlistment of all men who are to be transferred imme- 
diately for training or other purposes, they should be given an outfit of clothing 
sufficient for their immediate needs. All men who have been discharged from 
the Reserve Force by special order, without refund, are entitled upon reenlist- 
ment, to outfits authorized for recruits, if they are making their first enlist- 
ment in the regular Navy. 

320. Bounty for postmasters. — The act which authorized the payment of $5 
to postmasters at second, third, and fourth class offices, for each recruit se- 
cured by them and accepted by the Navy or Marine Corps, has been repealed, 
and these postmasters are not entitled to any payment for securing recruits 
for the Navy. 

330. Restrictions. — No person shall be first enlisted in the Navy who is not a 
citizen of the United States or a native of the insular possessions. Recruit- 
ing officers must assure themselves in each case of the fact of citizenship or of 
place of birth, as the case may be, and make entry to this effect on shipping 
articles and service record. 

331. No person will be enlisted for, or retained in, the Navy who is addicted 
to the use of intoxicating liquors or drugs, or who at any time shows evidence 
of intemperance or a morbid use of drugs. No person temperamentally unfitted 
for hospital work will be accepted for the Hospital Corps. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 



15 



332. All natives of the insular possessions who enlist or re-enlist in the Navy 
must understand that they will probably be required for duty in the United 
States, and will not be retained on or sent to their home stations during such 
enlistments unless their services are required there. 

340. Underage enlistments. — Considering the large expense to the Govern- 
ment with no return involved, in the large number of underage discharges 
which have been. made, the attention of all recruiting officers is called to the 
necessity of carefully investigating each case where a possibility exists that 
the applicant is underage. 

341. While it is desired that every effort be made to avoid creating in the 
minds of applicants the feeling that the recruiting officer has a threatening 
attitude, it is desired to call the attention of men, whose appearance leads the 
recruiting officer to believe that an effort will subsequently be made to obtain 
an underage discharge, to the fact that an underage enlistment constitutes a 
fraud against the Government, and to the fact that in the future men dis- 
charged for underage enlistment will be transferred to the naval station 
nearest their homes for discharge as undesirable. 

342. In the case of an applicant who claims to be over 18, if the recruiting 
officer believes that he may have misrepresented his age, he shall be required 
to submit birth or baptism certificate, or a statement from the parent or 
guardian subscribed to before a person authorized to administer oaths, setting 
forth his correct date of birth. 

343. No certificate or consent paper will be accepted by the recruiting officer 
on which alterations are noticeable, particularly as to date of birth. 

344. A certified copy of birth or age certificate will be securely pasted in a 
recruit's service record at the time of enlistment, for the information of com- 
manding officers in acting upon underage enlistments which later may be 
brought to their attention. 

350. Ships and stations authorized to recruit. — In order that the bureau may 
exercise proper supervision over all recruiting activities, and to insure that 
service numbers are properly assigned to all first enlistments of men without 
previous service in the Navy or Naval Reserve Force, such first enlistments 
are authorized only at the following ships and stations, in addition to regular 
recruiting station: 



Receiving ships: 
Boston, Mass. 
Bremerton, Wash. 
Cavite, P. I. 
Charleston, S. C. 
Guam, M. I. 
Guantanamo, Cuba. 
Key West, Fla. 
Mare Island, Calif. 
United States Naval 

Annapolis, Md. 
New London, Conn. 
New Orleans, La. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Olongapo, P. I. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pearl Harbor, H. I. 
Pensacola, Fla. 
Portsmouth, N. H. 
San Francisco, Calif. 



j Receiving ships. — Continued. 
San Pedro, Calif . 
St. Thomas, V. I. 
Tutuila, Samoa. 
Washington, D. C. 
Naval hospitals: 
Fort Lyon, Colo. 
Parris Island, S. C. 
Training stations : 
Academy, Great Lakes, 111. 

Gulfport, Miss. 
Newport, R. I. 
Naval Operating Base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. 
San Francisco, Calif. 
Commandant, Fifteenth Naval Dis- 
trict, Panama Canal Zone. 
On board all commissioned naval ves- 
sels to which medical officers are 
attached. 



351. The provisions of the above paragraph do not refer to reenlistments of 
previous service men, which may be made by all ships and stations heretofore 
authorized to make them. 



16 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

352. Attention is particularly invited to the necessity of strict compliance 
with. the instructions relative to the use of service numbers. 

353. The bureau will issue detailed instructions, as may be necessary from 
time to time, relative to the ratings in which first enlistments are authorized 

r specially desired, the routine reports required, etc. 

360. First enlistment ratings. — First enlistments on board ships to whicb 
medical officers are attached are authorized in the following ratings: 

Rating. Age limits. 

Apprentice seaman . — — . 18-30 

Apprentice seamen for hospital apprentice _ 18-18 

Apprentice seaman for baker 18-35 

Apprentice seamen for electrician (general) 7 18-30 

Apprentice seaman for ship's cook 7 18-35 

Apprentice seaman for electrician (radio) 7 * 2 18-25 

Apprentice seaman for yeoman 18-30 

Apprentice seaman for musician 18-30 

Apprentice seaman for electrician, 3c (radio) 7 ' 4 21-30 

Baker, 2c__ ___. ■ . 21-35 

Blacksmith, 2c 7 _-___ L_-. 21-35 

Boiler maker 7 21-35 

Coppersmith, 2c 7 . 21-35 

Engineman, 2c 7 . . 21-35 

Engineman, lc 21-35 

Fireman, 3c, for machinist's mate e 18-35 

Fireman, 3c 7 _ 18-35 

Fireman, 2c 7 ' 1 21-35 

Fireman, lc 7 ' * : 21-35 

Hospital apprentice, 2c 7 18-25 

Hospital apprentice, lc 7 ' ° 21-28 

Machinist's mate, 2c 7 21-35 

Machinist's mate, lc 7 ' 1 21-35 

Mess attendant, 3c 18-35 

Mess attendant, 3c for W. O. Ck a I : _ 25-35 

Mess attendant, 3c for W. O. Std a 25-35 

Mess attendant, 3c for Stg. Ck 2 25-35 

Mess attendant, 3c for Stg. Std 2 ___ 25-35 

Mess attendant, 3c for W. R. Ck a 25-35 

Mess attendant, 3c for W. R. Std 2 1 25-35 

Seaman, 2c 1 18-35 

Seaman l 21-35 

Ship fitter, 2c ____, 21-35 

Shipwright 7 21-35 

Ship's cook, 4c 7 18-35 

1 If fulfilling certain qualifications contained in recruiting booklet. 

2 Enlistments should be made in these ratings only if fully qualified. Ratings may be 
changed immediately after enlistment. 

8 Qualifications include ability to send and receive 10 words per minute in Continental 
code. 

4 Qualifications include ability to send and receive 20 words per minute in Continental 
code, or 25 words per minute in American Morse code. Rating may be changed to 
electrician, third class (radio) after arrival at a training station, if examination demon- 
strates ability to send and receive as above. 

* Upon special authority of the Bureau of Navigation. Men with previous training 
in pharmacy, chemistry, nursing, first aid, X-ray, embalming, or allied subjects in civil 
life, may make application, stating education and practical experience, to the Bureau of 
Navigation, to be examined for enlistment in the rating of hospital apprentice, first class. 

6 Apprentice machinists or men with limited machine shop experience, not fully quali- 
fied for machinist's mate, second class, may be enlisted in this rating and transferred 
to the machinist's mates' school, Charleston, S. C, for instruction. 

7 Ratings particularly desired. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 17 

361. Men who have been discharged from the Naval Reserve Force to enlist 
immediately in the Regular Navy will be enlisted in first enlistment ratings 
only, but may be immediately given the rating held in the Reserve Force if 
confirmed in that rating. 

362. The War and Navy Departments have agreed to discharge men from 
the Reserve of the Regular Army and the Naval Reserve Force in order to 
permit them to enlist in the Regular Navy or Regular Army, respectively. 

363. The following procedure will be carried out when a member of the 
Regular Army Reserve applies for enlistment in the Navy : 

The recruiting officer will examine the applicant to determine his fitness for 
enlistment. If found to be physically and in all other respects qualified, the 
recruiting officer will instruct the applicant to make a request in writing to The 
Adjutant General, War Department, via the recruiting officer and the Bureau 
of Navigation, for discharge from the Army Reserve Corps for the purpose of 
enlisting in the Navy. This request should embody the following information : 
Name of applicant, rank, organization from which furloughed to the Reserve, 
and Army serial number, if available, and should bear an indorsement by the 
recruiting officer, stating that the applicant is in all respects qualified for en- 
listment in the Navy. Furlough papers and request for discharge from the 
Regular Army Reserve shall be forwarded by the recruiting officer to the 
Bureau of Navigation by mail, for further transmittal to the War Department. 

The Adjutant General will take the necessary steps to have the man's dis- 
charge from the Army Reserve forwarded direct to the recruiting officer, who 
will deliver it only after the man has actually been accepted and sworn into 
the naval service. After a reasonable length of time — say 30 days after receipt 
of the Army Reserve discharge — if the applicant fails to enlist in the Navy, 
the discharge should be returned to The Adjutant General's Office, via the 
Bureau of Navigation, with a statement explaining the circumstances. In case 
of acceptance, a notice of enlistment should be sent similarly. 

364. A similar arrangement is also in effect between the Bureau of Naviga- 
tion and the Marine Corps as regards the Naval Reserve Force and the Ma- 
rine Corps Reserve, and the same procedure will be followed in the cases of 
members of the Naval Reserve Force desiring to enlist in the Marine Corps 
(regular) and of members of the Marine Corps Reserve desiring to enlist in 
the regular Navy, the necessary correspondence in these cases being carried 
on with the Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps. 

365. In order that more men may be obtained in the rating of fireman, the 
present designation of fireman has been divided into two classes — that of fire- 
man, for men who are physically able to fire boilers burning coal, and fireman 
(o), for men who can handle boilers burning oil. The bureau desires that men 
whose physical qualifications warrant their enlistment under the present physi- 
cal standard for fireman be enlisted as such and not as fireman (o). The physi- 
cal requirements and age limit for first enlistment in the rating of fireman (o) 
will be the same as for the corresponding rating in the seaman branch. 

366. When cases arise in which an enrolled member of the Reserve Force 
has enlisted in either the Army or Navy before he was called to active duty, he 
shall be discharged from the Reserve Force as of the date prior to date of such 
enlistment. The Navy allotment officer will be notified concerning the facts in 
all such cases. 

370. Disposition of recruits. — Men enlisted on cruising vessels in accordance 
with the provisions of paragraph 20 may be retained on board for further train- 
ing and duty to fill actual and prospective vacancies in the complement. It 
must be explained to them that they are enlisting for general service, and while 
no promise can be made as to the length of time they will be permitted to serve 
on board, they will be retained as long as the exigencies of the service permit. 

371. In all other cases, except as provided for in paragraph 21, apprentice 
seamen and hospital apprentices will be transferred, without reference to the 

168123—20 2 



18 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

Bureau of Navigation, to the nearest training station or receiving or station 
ship for further transfer to a training station. All other ratings will be 
transferred to the nearest receiving ship for general detail. 

372. In view of the probability that a larger percentage of exsoldiers and 
marines would enlist in the Navy if they could be assured of not being sent to 
a training station for military instruction prior to transfer to a seagoing ship, 
the bureau authorizes the transfer of such men to the nearest receiving ship 
for outfit and preliminary detention, upon completion of which they will be 
placed on general detail. Such men, if enlisted as apprentice seaman, may 
be advanced to the rating of seamen, second class, immediately. 

373. Commanding officers are authorized to grant leave to all men dis- 
charged from the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, who enlist within four months 
after their discharge, immediately upon enlistment, provided the ship is not 
expected to sail for a distant port. In the latter case, leave should be granted 
as soon thereafter as practicable. 

REENLISTMENTS. 

400. Authority for re enlistment. — Former service men recommended for re- 
enlistment, holding an honorable or a good discharge, enlisting under con- 
tinuous service, may be reenlisted on board ships. 

401. The bureau's authority must be obtained for the reenlistment of former 
service men fulfilling conditions immediately above, who have been out of the 
service more than four months. Such men must be under the age limit of 35 
years. 

402. Any man who resigns from the retired list in order to reenlist for ap- 
pointment in a higher grade will receive the same continuous service pay and 
the benefits of such rating to which he may have been appointed upon re- 
enlistment as if his service had been continuous, and any difference in pay 
from the date of reenlistment shall be credited to his account. 

403. Every endeavor will be made to get men to reenlist in the Navy first, 
and if this is not successful to get them to enroll in the Fleet Naval Reserve. 

410. Restrictions to reenlistment. — No man will be reenlisted at sea. Any 
man desiring to reenlist on board the ship on which serving, whose terni of en- 
listment expires while at sea, will be detailed in accordance with article 3604 
(1), Navy Regulations, until arrival in the next port, then discharged, and if 
qualified, reenlisted. 

411. No man who is on extended furlough shall be returned to active service 
or reenlisted without express authority from the Bureau of Navigation in each 
individual case. Men who are so reenlisted must execute shipping articles for 
a full period of a two, three or four year enlistment the same as any of the 
regular enlistments. 

420. Honorable discharge gratuity. — Men reenlisting, for two, three, or four 
years, are entitled to two, three, or four months' honorable discharge gratuity, 
respectively, if reenlisting after honorable discharge. 

421. Any enlisted man of the Navy who has been, or may be, discharged to 
enable him to accept appointment as a commissioned or warrant officer in the 
Naval Reserve Force, and who reenlists in the Navy after the termination of 
his Reserve service within four months after the date of the termination of 
his service as an officer of the Reserve Force, shall be restored to the rating 
held by him before being discharged to accept such commission or warrant, 
and his service in the Regular Navy, including his active service in the Naval 
Reserve Force shall be regarded as continuous for purposes of continuous 
service pay. 

422. Men who have changed the status of their enlistment from a four-year 
enlistment to a duration-of-the-war enlistment to secure discharge, and there- 
after reenlist within four months, are entitled to the above honorable discharge 
gratuity and the benefits of gratuity pay provided by existing law for reenlist- 
ment. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 19 

430. Leave on reenlistment. — All men who receive honorable discharge and 
reenlist within four months from date of discharge, may be granted 30 days' 
leave, without travel time, and such men reenlisting on board any vessel may 
be given orders to report hack on that vessel or to a receiving ship for general 
detail upon expiration of same. Men reenlisting at any shore station and en- 
titled to leave should be given leave, to report at expiration thereof to a re- 
ceiving ship for general detail. Men reenlisting at recruiting stations may be 
permitted to report at any receiving ship on the respective coasts to which 
transfers from the several recruiting stations are made. 

431. Filipinos holding honorable discharges from vessels other than those in 
the Asiatic fleet, who reenlist in the Philippine Islands within four months from 
date of discharge, may be granted 30 days' leave before being required to 
report for duty, as outlined in above paragraph. 

432. Whenever the prospective duty of a cruising ship warrants, the com- 
manding officer may, at his discretion, discharge men whose enlistments expire 
within three months, and grant 30 days' leave, provided any man so discharged 
reenlists immediately for duty on board. 

440. Reenlistment of men not recommended for reenlistment. — The bureau 
will consider the reenlistment of men who received discharges which preclude 
their entering the service without special authority. In cases where it is be- 
lieved a man might prove desirable for reenlistment he will be instructed by 
the bureau to secure affidavits or recommendations from reputable employers 
for whom he may have worked for a total time of at least one year since he 
left the service, and any other letters or testimonials he can present from 
reputable persons showing that he has maintained a good character since his 
discharge from the Navy, and to present these papers in person at the nearest 
Navy recruiting station. 

441. When an applicant presents such letters to a recruiting officer he shall 
be examined to determine his physical qualifications for reenlistment, the re- 
cruiting officer to give careful consideration to the general appearance and 
bearing of the man. 

442. The papers will in each case be forwarded to the bureau by individual 
indorsement with the recommendation of the recruiting officer as to the desira- 
bility, in his opinion, of the reenlistment of the man. These papers will be 
returned as promptly as possible to the recruiting officer with final instructions. 

443. Where a man who has received a discharge which would preclude his 
reeiilistment without special authority reports to the recruiting officer without 
having first communicated with, the bureau, report will be made to the bureau 
before advising him to get letters of recommendation. This is considered desir- 
able owing to the fact that each man's record will be examined and it is pos- 
sible that the record of the applicant might show offenses of a nature that his 
reenlistment would not be permitted under any circumstances. 

444. In no case will the bureau permit the reenlistment of a man discharged 
as indicated above who has not been out of the service at least one year. 

450. Men rejected physically. — In cases of men w T ho apply for reenlistment 
and are rejected on account of not beii'g physically qualified, the examining 
surgeon should state specifically the cause for which rejected. 

EXTENSION OF ENLISTMENTS. 

500. Authorization for extensions. — Extension of enlistments are authorized 
in cases of men who have enristed for two, three, or four years, or for minority. 

501. Commanding officers are also authorized to extend enlistments of men 
who enlisted for the duration of the war, or men who enlisted for four years 
or minority and had their status changed in accordance with the provisions of 
paragraph 600 of these instructions, and request extension for one, two, three, 
or four full years, provided these men are otherwise entitled to honorable dis- 
charge in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 8110 to 8113, inclu- 
sive, of these instructions. No man who has changed his enlistment to " dura- 



20 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

tion of war " can extend such enlistment unless entitled to an honorable dis- 
charge. 

502. Upon such extensions, men shall receive the same rights, privileges, pay, 
and allowances as are now provided by law for those who extend their enlist- 
ment on the completion of a regular term of enlistment. This includes one 
month's leave, extra pay for reenlistment and citizenship, and gratuity pay at 
the rate of one month's pay for each year's extension. It does not include the 
$60 bonus nor the transportation allowance of 5 cents per mile to the man's 
home. 

503. The same procedure shall obtain as prescribed for the extension of four- 
year or minority enlistments, using Form N. Nav. 323, substituting the words 
" Duration of war " for " Four years " and striking out the first sentence from 
the word " ending " to the word " solemnly " and substituting therefor the fol- 
lowing : " 30 June, 1920, approved 11 July, 1919," and considering that the date 
of expiration of duration of war enlistment for such man is date on which 
extension is made. 

504. Whenever the prospective duty of a cruising ship warrants, the com- 
manding officer may, at his discretion, grant 30 days' leave to men whose enlist- 
ments expire within three months, provided that any man to whom such 
leave is granted extends his enlistment for at least one year; but in cases of 
second or subsequent extensions, leave should not be granted in addition to 
the authorized 30 days' annual leave. 

510. Restrictions to extensions. — Generally a man should not be permitted to 
extend his enlistment until about the completion of the original term of his 
enlistment; otherwise it becomes difficult to determine if the man is specially 
desirable within the meaning of the regulations on the subject. There are, 
however, numerous cases where it has been found necessary to permit exten- 
sions a considerable time before the expiration of enlistment; for instance, in 
cases where men are sent to trade schools with the understanding that they 
will serve a certain period beyond their original enlistment, and in such cases 
it is not practicable to comply with article 3529 (3), Navy Regulations. The 
information required by this article could be noted only on the extension paper 
on board ship at the time of the expiration of the original enlistment and at 
that time a letter forwarded to the bureau reporting the facts. 

511 Filipinos on duty on the Asiatic Station should not be allowed to extend 
enlistment for less than three years unless their services are required on the 
Asiatic Station. 

512. Every man before extending his enlistment must pass the same physical 
examination as is required for reenlistment. 

520. Cancellation of extensions. — An extension of enlistment can not be can- 
celed without the bureau's authority except in accordance with article 3521, 
Navy Regulations. 

530. Record of extensions. — The extensions of enlistments of men who hold 
continuous service certificates shall be noted on the last page of the certificate 
under the caption, " Reenlistments ; credits for honorable discharge money," 
as follows: 



Date. 



Signature of recruiting officer. 



Amount. 



Name of supply officer. 



1912 



Enlistment extended 1 year from 2 Jan. 1913, John Doe, 
Lt. Comdr., U. S. N., Commanding Officer. 



Entries under the columns " Amount " and " Name of supply officer " will be 
required only when honorable discharge gratuity is paid upon an extension of 
four years, or aggregate of four years. Owing to the limited space on the 
certificate the entries should be made as brief as possible. 

531. The records of men extending enlistments shall be kept continuously on 
orvice record of the enlistment extended. Upon the expiration of an 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 21 

original enlistment which is extended, notation shall be made on the record, over 
the signature of the commanding officer, whether the man was or was not en- 
titled to an honorable discharge, and a transcript of the two, three, or four 
years' service, depending on the length of his original enlistment, forwarded to 
bureau on Form N. Nav. 21. 

532. In case a man, serving in second or subsequent enlistment who extends 
his enlistment for four years, is recommended for obedience, sobriety, industry, 
courage, neatness, and proficiency, for the original term of four years, a recom- 
mendation for a good-conduct medal, pin, or bar shall be made to the Bureau 
of Navigation in the form of a letter which shall give the number of the man's 
continuous service certificate, if he holds one ; the date of the expiration of 
original enlistment; the ship or station on which serving on that date; and 
whether he holds any other good-conduct medals, pins, or bars. 

CHANGE OF STATUS OF ENLISTMENTS. * 

600. Authorization. — Men who enlisted or reenlisted for a period of four 
years since 3 February. 1917, and before 11 November, 1918, who requested 
prior to 1 September, 1919, to have their enlistments changed to duration of war 
status, shall be considered as having enlisted for the duration of the war, arid 
are entitled to honorable discharge under conditions prescribed in paragraphs 
8110 to 8113. inclusive, of these instructions. No refund will be required from 
continuous-service men who change their enlistments to duration of war in 
accordance with these instructions. Men who extended their enlistments be- 
tween the above-mentioned dates, except those who extended for a total of four 
years, were not eligible to change their enlistments to duration of war or to 
any of the benefits of paragraph 501 of these instructions. 

610. Records of change. — In the case of men changing from four-year en- 
listment to duration of war enlistment, enter change in current service record, 
make notation of change in red ink on outside of cover, paste copy of request 
in record, and report change to bureau on Form N. Nav. 8. 

TRANSFER FROM RESERVE FORCE TO REGULAR NAVY. 

700. Authorization for transfer. — Commanding officers are authorized to 
transfer to the regular Navy to serve unexpired portion of his enrollment any 
man of the Naval Eeserve Force, whether now on active duty or not, who is 
not more than 45 years of age. makes request for such transfer, has per- 
formed active duty during the war, and will have not less than one year to 
serve in the regular Navy after such transfer. 

701. Reserves so transferred shall receive the same pay, rights, privileges, 
and allowances in all respects as now provided by existing law for men 
regularly discharged and reenlisted within four months after expiration of 
full four-year enlistment. This includes one month's leave, extra pay for reen- 
listment, extra pay for citizenship, and four months' gratuity pay — if the 
man's service has been such as to entitle him to honorable discharge under the 
provisions of paragraphs 8110 to 8113, inclusive, of these instructions. It does 
not include $60 bonus nor transportation allowance of 5 cents per mile to man's 
home. 

702. No men can be transferred from the regular Navy to the Naval Re- 
serve Force except men with 16 and 20 years' service and then only on ap- 
proval of the Bureau of Navigation. All other regular Navy men who wish to 
enter the Naval Reserve Force must obtain their discharge and regularly en- 
roll for four years on Form N. Nav. 351. 

710. Procedure to effect transfer. — In the cases of men on active duty, enter 
transfer in current enrollment record, make notation of transfer in red ink on 
outside of record, paste copy of request in record and report transfer to bureau 
on Form. N. Nav. 8. 



22 INSTKUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

711. In the case of a man on inactive status who desires to transfer to the 
regular Navy, the station at which the man applies will immediately request 
the commandant of the naval district in which the man resides, by despatch if 
deemed advisable, to call him to active duty as of the date on which he ap- 
plied at the station, and direct him to report for active duty to the station at 
which he applied. When making, such requests, officers will advise the com- 
mandant of the man's full name, rating, service number (if available), and date 
and place of release from active duty. In forwarding such orders to active 
duty, the commandant will send them to the station at which the man ap- 
plied, together with his record. 

712. Upon receipt of call to active duty, the commanding officer of the sta- 
tion will deliver the orders to the man concerned; and if confirmed in rating, 
the man will be transferred immediately to the regular Navy in the rating in 
which confirmed, provided he has the necessary one year to serve in accordance 
with existing law. Men not holding confirmed ratings will be examined im- 
mediately in accordance with General Order No. 63, and then transferred to 
the regular Navy as apprentice seamen and given the rating for which quali- 
fied by examination. 

713. The foregoing procedure will govern except that in order that those 
men who were not confirmed but who should have been confirmed may trans- 
fer to the regular Navy in their ratings, the bureau authorizes the following 
procedure: Where the record of a reservist shows him to have been examined 
in accordance with General Order No. 63, and further when his record shows 
him to have served three months at sea in his rating, the man may be called 
to active duty and examined for his rating by the recruiting officer. If the 
recruiting officer considers him qualified he may be confirmed in his rating 
as of the day prior to his transfer to the regular Navy. Entry of confirmation 
will be made upon the completion of transfer. 

714. In the case where men have not served three months at sea in their 
rating they may be confirmed in a lower rating, provided they have served 
three months at sea in a lower rating, or a total of three months at sea in the 
lower rating and the rating they now hold. 

715. In every case when a member of the Naval Reserve Force is transferred 
to the regular Navy, notice in triplicate shall be forwarded to the Navy Al- 
lotment Officer, Navy Department (Retainer Pay Section), in order that the man 
will not be paid retainer pay which would eventually be checked. 

SHIPPING ARTICLES AND REPORTS OF ENLISTMENTS. 

800. Preparation of shipping articles. — A supply of new forms, N. Nav. 351-A 
(yellow) and N. Nav. 351-B (green), has been forwarded to the recruiting 
service and to ships and stations authorized to make enlistments, to provide 
for enlistments for terms of two and three years. The yellow form must be 
used for two-year enlistments and the green form for three-year enlistments. 
Form N. Nav. 351 (white) will continue to be used for four-year enlistments. 

801. Recruiting officers will be careful to see that entry is made on the 
service record of every recruit who claims to have a trade. It has come to 
the bureau's notice that in many cases of reenlistment no notation is made 
on the shipping articles to indicate the trade of the person reenlisted. The 
trade, " Mariner," is a recognized trade, and this fact should be stated on the 
reenlistment papers. 

802. It is directed that upon all shipping articles the utmost care be taken 
to furnish complete information in the following instances; failure to submit 
this information will cause material confusion as it is required for statistical 
data compiled by the Navy Department: 

(a) Home address of the recruit, including town, county, and State. 
(&) Amount of previous service men have had in the Navy or Naval 

Reserve Force. 
(r.) The trade of nil men enlists. 



INSTRUCTION'S GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 23 

803. Recruiting officers are instructed to accept the notation, "Has pro- 
duced evidence of United States (or N. U. S.) citizenship," on the discharge 
or continuous service certificate, upon reenlistments, as proof of satisfactory 
evidence of citizenship, and in every instance to make entry in a conspicuous 
place upon the shipping articles and new service record that evidence of citi- 
zenship has been furnished previously. 

810. Forwarding of shipping articles. — When parent's consent is executed on 
detached blank, the detached form should be securely pasted over the space 
reserved for that purpose on the reverse side of the shipping articles. 

811. Whenever possible, mail finger prints in the same envelope with the 
shipping articles, and if not possible, send them in the same mail. If mailed 
in the same envelope, attach them to the shipping articles with clips. The 
failure to receive finger prints with the shipping articles causes delay and con- 
fusion as the enlistment papers can not be filed until both are received and 
compared. 

820. Reports of enlistments. — Reports of enlistments shall be forwarded 
monthly from all ships and stations, whether enlistments have been made 
or not. 



CHAPTER II.— IDENTIFICATION. 



IDENTIFICATION RECORDS. 

1000. Preparation for bureau's files. — The bureau desires to have a complete 
record of the ringer prints of all men who ever have served in the Navy. The 
service records of all enlisted men, especially those who have been in the 
Naval Reserve Force, should be examined to see if ringer prints have been 
placed in them. If not, the finger prints of those men should be obtained and 
placed in their service records and an identification record (Form N. Nay. 2) 
be prepared and forwarded to the bureau immediately. Men should not be dis- 
charged or placed on the inactive list unless their finger prints are recorded 
in their service records and the identification records forwarded to the bureau. 
Duplicate identification records are not desired. 

1001. A sample identification record, prepared by an expert, with instruc- 
tions, is furnished* to each recruiting station, receiving ship, and ship in com- 
mission. The sample represents the only standard which is satisfactory, and 
no record will be forwarded which is not up to the standard. Those intrusted 
with the preparation of these records will familiarize themselves thoroughly 
with the instructions and practice the imprints until they become proficient. 
When new men report for duty at recruiting stations and receiving ship as 
reliefs for those about to be transferred, in all cases where practicable, they 
will be fully instructed before being charged with the preparation of the 
records. 

1010. Finger prints in case of crimen — As there have been a great many rob- 
bery cases reported to the bureau recently, it is desired that safes and recep- 
tacles for keeping money and valuable papers be thoroughly washed, at least 
once a month, in order that all the old latent finger prints remaining on these 
receptacles may be removed. If this is done before a robbery occurs the 
chances are that only the finger prints of the person entering the safe will 
remain. Latent impressions, recently made, are easily developed and identified. 
If it is suspected that a latent impression is on a dark surface, glass, or metal, 
sprinkle it with gray powder or aluminum dust and then brusli off with a 
camel-hair brush. This should bring out the print very clearly. Should the 
surface be white in color, graphite or powdered charcoal may be used. If a 
camel-hair brush is not handy, the powder may be blown off, which will bring 
the same result as if brushed off. 

1011. Whenever in the opinion of the commanding officer there is liability 
of fraud in the cashing of pay receipts by enlisted men, each man as he draws 
his money should be required to put a finger print of his right index finger on 
the pay receipt itself. 

1012. In case of any fraud the pay receipt should then be forwarded to the 
Bureau of Navigation, and the bureau will inform the commanding officer as 
to the name of the man who made the finger print. 

1020. Salvage of equipment. — It is desired that all ink rollers, used in taking 
finger-prints, which are unfit for use, be returned to the bureau. The frames 
can be used again when new ink rollers are molded. 

IDENTIFICATION TAGS. 

V 

1100. Preparation of tags. — The instructions contained in General Order No. 
'^94 concerning identification tags should be carefully followed. 

24 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 25 

1101. All monel metal identification tags issued to enlisted men should bear 
the individual's service number and his signature instead of his initials and 
surname as provided in paragraph 2 of General Order No. 294. Every effort 
should be made to see that the exact signature is placed on the tags, as tags of 
this kind have been approved by the paymaster general of the Navy for use 
in paying the men. Printer's ink, properly thinned out with turpentine so 
that the ink will flow freely, may be used for placing the signature on the 
identification tag. 

1102. Where tags have been issued without the service number it must be 
added on the tag by the station to which the man is attached. This may be 
done in the following manner: Write the service number on the tag with 
printer's ink which has been thinned out with turpentine. After this is done 
the tag is dipped in powdered asphaltum. Some of this will mix with the ink 
and stick to the surface, the rest should be brushed off with a camel's-hair 
brush. Heat the tag until the surface of numbers becomes glossy and then 
allow the tag to cool. After this is done place the tag in a nitric acid bath 
prepared in accordance with instructions given in General Order No. 294, and 
let it remain until the numbers are properly etched. Particular care should 
be taken in removing the surplus ink and powdered asphaltum from the identi- 
fication tag, except from the numbers when the tag is etched the second time. 
The tag should not remain in the acid long enough for it to become thin. 

1103. When identification tags are made for enlisted men of the Naval Re- 
serve Force the letters " U. S. N. R. F." should be placed on the left end of 
these tags instead of the letters " U. S. N." 

1110. Issue and use of tags. — All training stations should issue proper identi- 
fication tags to men before they are transferred to general service. 

1111. These identification tags must be worn at all times by all persons in 
the naval service. They may be worn either around the neck or on the wrist. 
Monel chain or monel wire may be used for suspending these tags from the 
neck or attaching them to the wrist. In case it is desired to use a monel metal 
chain it may be obtained at the individual's own expense. The monel wire is 
furnished by the Government. 

1120. Identifying a dead body. — Whenever a body is found with an identifi- 
cation tag on it a rolled impression of the right index finger should be taken 
and compared with the impression on the tag, in order that the identity of the 
body may be positively established. The skin on the finger tips of the bodies of 
men which have been recovered from water will be greatly wrinkled or 
shriveled, so that without some treatment the making of satisfactory finger 
prints may be difficult and even impossible. The way to overcome this is to 
inject water with a hypodermic syringe beneath the skin of the bulb of the 
finger. This will smooth out the skin for the impression. 

1130. Salvage of tags. — It is believed that in issuing tags to men of the serv- 
ice many have been spoiled and thrown away. All spoiled tags should be 
returned to the supply officer, navy yard, New York, to be melted down and 
made into new tags, as the metal is very expensive. 



CHAPTER III,— TRANSPORTATION. 

TRANSPORTATION BY WATER. 

2000. Transportation via Army transport— A request from an enlisted man 
for transportation via Army transport for dependent members of his family 
must be submitted in duplicate, must state specifically that the person for whom 
the transportation is requested is or is Dot a dependent member of his family, 
viid number and date of previous trips made. Only an official request from the 
man himself, indorsed by his commanding officer, will be considered. 

2010. Transportation via steamship lines. — When a transportation request is 
drawn on a steamship line for a stateroom only, the word " transportation " in 
the blank space, right hand side of the request, should be crosed out. 

2011. When men are routed via steamship lines the class should be indicated. 
Where three classes are available furnish intermediate class; where only two 
'lasses, furnish first class. In transferring men by the coastwise steamship 
!ine, indicate the following classes of accommodation : 

Clyde Steamship Line Intermediate. 

Eastern Steamship Line ' First class. 

Mallory Steamship Co Do. 

Merchants & Miners Transportation Co Intermediate. 

Morgan Line Steamers First class. 

Munson Steamship Line Do. 

New England Steamship Lines, Fall River Line, etc Do. 

New York & Cuba Mail Steamship Lines Do. 

New York & Porto Rico Steamship Co Do. 

Ocean Steamship Line Intermediate. 

Old Dominion Steamship Line First class. 

Panama Railroad Steamship Co Do. 

Peninsular & Occidental Steamship Co Do. 

Red "D" Line Do. 

Southern Pacific Steamship Line Do. 

United Fruit Co Do. 

Ward Line Intermediate. 

Hartford and New York Transportation Co First class. 

Colonial Navigation Co Do. 

Baltimore Steam Packet Co i Do. 

Chesapeake Bay Line Do. 

Norfolk & Washington Steamboat Co Do. 

Alaska Steamship Co ^ Do. 

Pacific Steamship Co Do. 

Puget Sound Navigation Co Do. 

California Transportation Co__ Do. 

2012. When ultimate destination of traveler is not located on a steampship 
line, call for ticket on transportation request to point on steamship line nearest 
destination. 

2013. Pursuant to an agreement with the Quartermaster Corps, War De- 
partment, the following special rates will apply : 

Military parties of 10 or more traveling together between New Orleans and 
Cristobal, C. Z., will be accorded one-way fare of $38 per capita, on direct-line 
ships, and $44 per capita via Habana. Fares will apply in either direction in 

26 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 27 

minimum-priced accommodations (rooms 1, 15, 27, etc.), and the company re- 
serves the privilege of berthing three men in a room. The same fares and 
arrangements will apply to naval parties of 10 or more traveling together 
between New Orleans and Cristobal, C. Z. 

TRANSPORTATION BY RAIL. 

2100. Officers authorized to issue transportation. — All officers who by virtue 
of their positions have authority to order enlisted men from one point to 
another shall furnish these men with the necessary transportation requests to 
procure their transportation, including sleeping accommodations, if necessary. 
Officers who issue transportation should familiarize themselves with all the 
instructions and regulations regarding its use. In this connection they should 
obtain from the Bureau of Navigation a copy of " Location of yards and stations 
of the United States Navy," which gives the post-office and telegraphic addresses 
of all stations and the most practical route for passenger transportation. 

2110. Forms for transportation requests. — Blank books of transportation re- 
quests may be obtained upon application to the Bureau of Navigation (Trans- 
portation). It is not practicable or necessary to furnish every vessel with 
transportation request blanks. Smaller vessels will secure transportation, when 
necessary, from the flagship of the fleet, squadron, or group of vessels with 
which it is operating or from the receiving ship at the navy yard or station 
at which it is located. A letter request for transportation should be used only 
in cases where it is impossible to obtain transportation requests as indicated 
above without undue delay. 

2120. Instructions governing the issue of transportation. — There are three 
passenger fares in effect, the first covering coach travel, the second travel in 
tourist cars, and the third in standard sleeping cars. Transfers are to be 
made during the day when practicable. 

2121. When issuing request for transportation by rail, fill in the initial 
route and also the additional rail routes over which the man will travel 
(preferably the junction points — not lines). When ultimate destination of 
traveler is not located on a railroad line call for ticket on transportation re- 
quest to point on railroad line nearest destination. Officers issuing transporta- 
tion will note on transportation request the number of pieces of baggage to be 
checked, allowing one piece of baggage to each man. In indicating the object 
of journey on transportation requests do not use the word " recruit " as this 
conflicts with the word " applicant " in connection with the settlement of ac- 
counts. Where the traveler is an applicant state " transfer of applicant," but 
after the man has been sworn in simply state " transfer of enlisted man." 

2122. Drafts which do not require special train service must be transferred 
via the most practicable route. When drafts requiring special train service 
are to be transferred routing should be secured from the Bureau of Naviga- 
tion. The bureau, in turn, will secure the routing from the Troop Movement 
Section of the United States Railroad Administration. This branch of the 
United States Railroad Administration was organized to cooperate with the 
military branches in routing all special troop trains via the lines in the best 
position to handle them with the least delay. To have all special trains routed 
by one office, especially during the winter months w T hen there is likely to be 
congestion of traffic, is an absolute necessity for proper handling. When the 
order for the transfer of a draft emanates from the bureau the proper routing 
will be included in the. order. When the commanding officer, as, for instance, 
at Norfolk or Newport, advises the commanding officer at Great Lakes that a 
draft of men may be forwarded, a copy of this order should be sent to the 
Bureau of Navigation (Transportation). The bureau wall secure immediately 
the proper routing from the Troop Movement Section and telegraph it to 
Great Lakes. The Troop Movement Section will advise the proper railroad 
officials. 

2123. The following instructions will govern the routing: of men or drafts 
which do not require special train service : 



28 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(a) Men are not to be routed via extra-fare trains except in case of emer- 
gency. 

(b) The routing from New York to Boston or visa versa via New Haven, 
Middletown, Willimantic is not considered the "usually traveled route" for 
Navy traffic. When sending men between New York and Boston (all rail) 
care should be taken to route them via Shore Line or Providence. 

(c) The routing between New England, New York, and Philadelphia and 
points south of Richmond should be via Washington instead of Norfolk. In 
connection with the transfer of men through Baltimore to Norfolk and vicinity, 
due to the change of rates, it is not necessary in the future to take the bag-* 
gage question into consideration. In the future issue one request for a 
through ticket from starting point to destination without any reference to 
baggage. 

(d) The routing of parties to Yorktown, Va., and from Yorktown to points 
west of Pennsylvania should be via Lee Hall, Va., instead of boat to Norfolk. 
Also provide for taxi fare from Lee Hall to Yorktown, 75 cents per man. 

(e) In routing from Abilene to Dallas, Tex., or vice versa, specify Texas 
& Pacific Railroad as the only " usually traveled route " for Navy traffic. 

(f) The Great Lakes Training Station is situated on Lake Michigan, about 
30 miles north of Chicago. The Chicago & North Western Railroad maintains 
a passenger station at Great Lakes, which is named Great Lakes. Men trans- 
ferred to this station, therefore, should receive transportation request calling 
for tickets to Great Lakes, 111., routed by Chicago & North Western beyond 
Chicago. 

(g) In routing men to the navy yard, Paget Sound, Wash., there is a transfer 
charge in Seattle from the railroad station to the steamboat wharf and a 
charge of $0.35 for ticket by the navy-yard route from Seattle to Bremerton, 
the town located at the navy yard. All the railroad companies can furnish 
through tickets to Bremerton and men transferred to Puget Sound Navy Yard 
should be given an order for a ticket to Bremerton, Wash. These men should 
also be scheduled to arrive at Seattle not later than 5 p. m., except on Wed- 
nesdays, Saturdays and Sundays, and not later than 8.30 p. m. on those three 
days, as there is no steamboat service from Seattle to Bremerton after the 
times mentioned. 

(h) Large drafts for the receiving ship, Norfolk, Va., will be routed direct 
to the naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. ; small drafts or individual 
men will be furnished car fare from Norfolk to the operating base as part 
of their transportation. The car fare is 10 cents. 

(i) The receiving ship at Boston, now located at Hingham, Mass., may be 
reached from either the navy yard or the North Station by taking elevated 
train to South Station thence via the New Haven Railroad. Trains leave for 
Hingham as follows : 8.05 a. in., 11.15 a. m., 2.42 p. m., and 6.27 p. m. Men 
should leave the train at the railroad station called "Hingham Naval Train- 
ing Camp Station." Transportation furnished men being transferred to the 
receiving ship at Boston must include transportation from Boston to Hingham. 

(/) The receiving ship at Mare Island is 30 miles from the railroad terminals 
at San Francisco. Transportation for men being sent to the receiving ship at 
Mare Island should read to Vallejo, Calif., instead of other points on San 
Francisco Bay, which have been included in the orders. 

(7c) All men being transferred to the Asiatic Station should be sent to the 
receiving ship at San Francisco instead of to the receiving ship at Mare 
Island. 

(I) The Rosenblatt Express Co., has the contract for the transfer of baggage 
of enlisted men between docks and stations in New York and from docks and 
stations to the Brooklyn Navy Yard or the receiving ship at Bay Ridge at 
50 cents per piece, 1 to 55 pieces ; 40 cents each, 56 or more pieces. 

The transportation companies make a charge of 70 cents per piece for 
transferring baggage between docks and stations at New York on. a through 
ticket. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 29 

In the opinion of the bureau the difference in cost, viz, 20 cents, does not 
justify the making of separate arrangements for the transfer of baggage when 
men are proceeding through New York. Therefore, for illustration, when trans- 
ferring a man from Pittsburg to Newport, call for a through ticket via New 
York and the Fall River Line, and state in the block space on the transporta- 
tion request "transfer baggage through New York included" or "no baggage 
to be transferred through New York. When men are en route to the Brooklyn 
Navy Yard or the receiving ship at Bay Ridge, cash on the basis of 50 cents 
per piece for 1 to 55 pieces, and 40 cents per piece for 56 or more pieces, 
should be furnished. The Rosenblatt Express Co. will have a man stationed 
at both the Pennsylvania and Grand Central stations. If men are to arrive 
at any other railroad station or dock, furnish 50 cents cash for telephone call 
to Rosenblatt's offiffice. That company will forward a wagon immediately. 

2124. A great many issuing officers have not been exercising proper care in 
issuing transportation, and as a result the bureau is receiving a great many 
claims from enlisted men for reimbursement for money spent while traveling 
under orders. Cash for meals and transfers should be furnished men traveling 
on the basis of 75 cents per meal, and the proper amount of street-car fare and 
baggage transfer when necessary. Considerable carelessness has developed in 
making out and forwarding transportation reports, Form N. Nav. 91 and Form 
S. & A. 268. There is no reason why these reports should not be properly and 
promptly completed and forwarded to the department. 

2125. Blank receipt forms should be furnished men in charge of drafts to 
assist them in securing receipts for cash expended. Issuing officers will 
instruct men to secure receipts in all cases where practicable. It is appre- 
ciated that it will not be practicable to secure receipts for items like street-car 
fare and for cash paid for meals in some cases, but the strict general rule of 
the Auditor for the Navy Department is that receipts must be secured or the 
man must submit a satisfactory statement to the officer to whom he reports, ex- 
plaining why receipts were not secured before credit is allowed. Form N. Nav. 
91 will'not be required in cases where only cash car fare has been furnished 
and no transportation requests have been issued. 

2126. The following information will be rubber stamped across the face or 
on the back of Form N. Nav. 91 and the signature of the man in charge of 
draft obtained to same : 

" I have been duly informed that I am to obtain receipts for each and every 
expenditure of cash made and present receipts to the commanding officer upon 
arrival at destination. Failure to comply with these instructions may result 
in the checkage of pay accounts for the amount of cash advanced, or that part 
not properly accounted for." 

2127. A strict accounting will be required of all cash in excess of $3 advanced 
to men traveling singly and all cash advanced to men in charge of drafts, no 
matter what the amount advanced per man. All officers advancing money for 
transportation and subsistence en route will instruct the men to whom such ad- 
vance is made that they will be charged with such advance and that in order to 
obtain credit they must submit, at destination, a detailed statement of expenses 
substantiated by receipts. It is understood that it will be impracticable to ob- 
tain receipts for all expenditures, in which case a certificate to that effect should 
be furnished. An itemized chronological list of all expenditures, together with 
such substantiating vouchers as can be obtained, should be submitted to the 
pay officer to whom he reports, who will check against the man's account on 
the pay roll the amount of cash advanced as shown by indorsement on orders, 
and give credit for such amount as is shown to be actual expenditures. 

2128. It is understood that different systems are in effect for crediting men 
for cash expended. One system which appears very practicable is for the com- 
manding officer to check up receipts submitted when the men report and advise 
the disbursing officer by duplicate memorandum the credit to allow. The dis- 
bursing officer sends one copy of this memorandum with his accounts to the 



30 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

auditor and retains the other. Irrespective of the system in effect, the re- 
ceipts should not be forwarded with Form N. Nav. 91 to the bureau. 

2130. Instructions governing transportation in Pullman ears. — When a trans- 
portation request is drawn on the Pullman Co., the word " Transportation " in 
the block space, right-hand side of the request should be crossed out. 

2131. If necessary for men to be en route during night, furnish through Pull- 
man, and on request covering railroad ticket insert in block space at right, 
" for travel in standard sleeping car," or " tourist sleeping car," as the case may 
be. This will cover the class of railroad ticket which authorizes the man to 
ride in Pullman cars. He must have a separate request for his Pullman ac- 
commodations. Should there be no Pullman accommodations available at start 
of journey, and man is to take Pullman later, furnish traveler a request 
for Pullman accommodation, inserting points when known, if not, leaving space 
blank; also request to cover additional charge in Pullman leaving points blank 
if not known, inserting in block space "For additional fare in standard sleeping 
car only " or " tourist" as case may be. Accommodations are furnished on the 
basis of two men to a section whenever it is practicable to secure equipment. 

2132. Care should be taken to specify " upper " or " lower " berth in " stand- 
ard " or " tourist " cars, or " or cheapest available," if not certain that tourist 
cars are available between the points services are requested. Discontinue issu- 
ing of Pullman accommodations from "9 p. m. to 7 a. m." and issue Pullman 
accommodations through if travel requires a night ride, or between specified 
points in other instances. Care should also be taken in furnishing Pullman 
accommodations not to issue a man an order for through Pullman when it is 
necessary to change cars en route unless a reservation has been made at the 
point of change. As this is seldom done, separate orders for Pullman should 
be issued when a change of cars is necessary. 

2140. Transportation for special classes of men. — A formal transportation re- 
quest or requests, when sleeping accommodations are necessary, should always 
be forwarded to a recruit or reservist, when called to duty. When railway 
tickets are purchased by money advanced by an individual, it is impossible 
for the Bureau of Navigation to reimburse the individual with the amount 
of the war tax, hence the individual loses this amount. 

2141. Commanding officers are authorized to direct supply officers to ad- 
vance cash to enlisted members of ship recruiting parties to cover car fares to 
and from recruiting stations, in cases where men report daily for temporary 
recruiting duty, returning to the ship after close of working hours at re- 
cruiting stations each day. In cases where commanding officers detail ship 
recruiting parties to report to recruiting officers at Navy recruiting stations to 
operate as traveling recruiting parties temporarily assigned to recruiting sta- 
tions for a specified period, car fare, or transportation request where necessary, 
will be furnished the men to the recruiting stations by their commanding 
officers; and recruiting officers will provide return transportation to the ship 
when duty is completed. In the cases of destroyers and other ships to which 
no regular supply officers are attached, the men must provide their own car 
fare, and recruiting officers are authorized to reimburse members of ship 
recruiting parties for car fare paid by the men in reporting to the recruiting 
stations, and furnish car fare for return to ship. To avoid duplicate pay- 
ments, commanding officers are directed to include in written orders issued 
to members of ship recruiting parties, to be presented to the recruiting officer, 
specific information as to the amount of cash furnished for car fares and 
noonday meals. Where it is impracticable to advance cash for these pur- 
poses for the reasons given above, notation will be made ou the orders to the 
men that the recruiting officers will make reimbursement for car fares. 

2142. Enlisted men of the Navy and Naval Reserve Force who hereafter re- 
port at main recruiting stations prior to expiration of furlough, or within 24 
hours after expiration of furlough, or such men who have missed train con- 
nections during a change of station, may be furnished transportation by re- 
cruiting officers to their proper stations. In ail cases a statement of the 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 31 

expense involved and the facts in the case will be furnished the commanding 
officer concerned, with a request for checkage of the amount against the ac- 
count of the man concerned. The facts of surrender and the action of the 
recruiting officer will also be reported to the bureau without delay. 

2143. In case of deserters or stragglers who surrender themselves at main 
recruiting stations, the recruiting officer will conduct an appropriate investi- 
gation and if the attendant circumstances appear to warrant such action, he 
will furnish the man with transportation to his ship in the case of a straggler, 
or to a receiving ship in the case of a deserter, placing them under arrest if 
necessary. The recruiting officer will also notify the commanding officer con- 
cerned of the action taken, furnishing a statement of the expense involved, and 
the facts in the case, request a checkage of man's account, and submit ap- 
propriate report of the action taken to the Bureau of Navigation. 

2144. An applicant for the Fleet Naval Reserve who applies at a recruiting 
substation will not be furnished with transportation to the main recruiting sta- 
tion for physical examination and enrollment, but will travel at his own ex- 
pense, and, unless ordered to active Huty after enrollment, there is no authority 
to furnish him transportation in kind to his home. 

2150. Procedure required to obtain tickets. — Transportation requests will be 
presented to ticket agents, and the accommodations called for by the requests 
will be reserved when available. The ticket agent will indicate on the request, 
in space provided for showing the form and number of the ticket, the specific 
space to be furnished; that is, berth or seat number, car number, train time, 
and, unless shown on request, the name of the initial road, proper notation to 
be made by the agent on his office diagram, and the request returned to the 
holder for surrender to conductor. If, after a reservation lias been made, trip 
is abandoned, the ticket agent should be notified, so that the space can be 
released. It will be permissible, if the request is returned to the ticket agent 
before departure of the train, for him -to erase the reservation from the dia- 
gram and from request, and new reservation, if desired, made. All transporta- 
tion requests must be lifted by the initial sleeping or parlor car conductor and 
transfer tickets issued where necessary. 

TRANSPORTATION— SUBSISTENCE. 

2200. Military meal identification cards. — Pursuant to an understanding 
reached between representatives of the military branches of the Government 
and the United States Railroad Administration, effective 1 June, 1919, arrange- 
ments for furnishing military meals in dining cars and in dining rooms in sta- 
tions operated by carriers under Federal control, including Pullman car lines, 
will be carried under the following terms and conditions : 

Rate per meal, 75 cents. 

Persons entitled to military meal: 

(a) In uniform — 

1. Enlisted men, United States Navy. 

2. Enlisted women and nurses, United States Navy. 

(b) Not in uniform — 

1. Recruits, traveling to depots or other points of concentration. 

2. Enlisted women and nurses of the United States Navy who 

are not required by military regulations to wear a street 
uniform. 

3. Discharged sailors returning from debarkation ports, or place 

of discharge to their homes, or to place of enlistment, en- 
rollment, or original muster into service. 
Military meal identification card: 

1. Individuals entitled to the military meal according to the above 
classification, will be furnished by officers authorized to issue 
transportation, or by those authorized to pay travel allowance upon 



32 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

discharge, a card of identification known as " Military Meal 
Identification Card," in accordance with the draft printed below : 



(Present before ordering meals.) 

No 

Military Meal Identification Card, 
United States Navy. 
Upon presentation of this card to dining car conductor or 
steward in charge of dining cars or eating houses operated by 
carriers under Federal control, before ordering meals, the 

bearer who is en route from to 

will be entitled to military meals until and including 

19 , at rate of 75 cents per meal; all meals 

to be paid for in cash by the bearer. 



[Signature of issuing officer.] 



[Signature of holder.] 
(Holder hereof will sign dining car or eating house check.) 



(Cards to be numbered consecutively and if desired, provided with stub.) 

2. The identification card, when presented before ordering meals, will 

entitle bearer thereof to the military meal upon payment in cash 
on the basis of 75 cents per meal. 

3. The identification card will show starting point and destination of the 

holder, and will be void after a time limit to be shown therein by 
the issuing officer or Government representative, allowing sufficient 
time for holder to reach destination. 

4. The identification meal card will not be taken up by conductors or 

stewards but will, upon arrival of holder at destination, be sur- 
rendered by him to the officer or Government representative to 
whom he reports, in the event of his traveling on official duty. 
Special instructions should be issued to conductors and stewards 
regarding this feature. 

m 5. The holder of the identification card will sign the dining car or 

dining room check. 
6. The identification cards will be numbered consecutively. The num- 
ber of card must in each case be entered on meal check. 
The 75-cent military meal will be furnished only to persons as classified 

above. 

2201. Supplies of military meal identification cards, consecutively numbered, 
have been prepared by the Navy Department for distribution to officers and 
other Government representatives authorized to issue them. Each issuing 
officer will secure his own supply of these cards. 

2202. As a general rule, cash will be used for drafts of 24 men or less. Where 
the cash is furnished to one man in charge of a small draft who will pay for 
all meals, one card is sufficient. Where each man is furnished cash each man 
should be furnished a card. Many instances have been reported to the bureau 
where men entitled to the 75-cent meals can not obtain them, due to the fact 
that they were not provided with identification cards. These cards should be 
printed at each station, and given to all enlisted men, etc., when traveling, in 
order that they may secure this 75-cent meal en route. The 75-cent meal is 
furnished on all railroads and steamboat lines operated by the United States 
Railroad Administration. 

2303. In case men are traveling under orders without one or more military 
meal identification cards, the man in charge of the draft should furnish a writ 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 33 

ten order for the meals. This written order will be given for the protection of 
the railroad or eating house officials until they secure cash for the meals or- 
dered. Men will also furnish receipts for meals secured when requested to do 
so. There is no special form for either the order or the receipt. Should meals 
be ordered and not called for, as a general proposition, the order will entitle 
the holder to reimbursement for the meals, even though they were not called 
for, and the account of the man ordering the meals will be checked, unless there 
is very good reason to the contrary. 

2210. Meal tickets. — The Navy Department will continue the use of meal 
tickets for movements of detachments of 25 men or more, and accordingly, when 
such meal tickets are presented in lieu of cash, the military meal identification 
card will not be required. 

2211. The bureau has on hand a supply of Navy meal tickets, and if issuing 
officers who have occasion to use meal tickets will make requisition for a six 
months' supply, the request will be immediately complied with. 

TRANSPORTATION FOR MEN DISCHARGED OR RELEASED FROM 

ACTIVE SERVICE. 

2300. Travel allowance for released or discharged men. — Five cents per mile 
will be paid honorably discharged or released men to bona fide home or resi- 
dence or place of muster into service. This cancels all laws and regulations 
governing transportation furnished discharged men except discharged prisoners, 
who will be furnished transportation requests as heretofore. 

2301. All men given other than a dishonorable discharge, or who have been 
discharged for bad conduct or undesirability, are to be considered as honorably 
discharged and paid the 5-cent allowance. All reservists released from active 
duty are to be considered as honorably released. Place of muster into service 
is place of enlistment or enrollment, or, in the case of drafted men, place of 
induction into the service as indicated on their papers. The actual bona fide 
home or residence is to be considered as the home address indicated on the 
papers. 

2302. Should a man claim a different actual home or residence, pay allowance 
to the home indicated in his papers, and instruct him to submit claim with two 
affidavits to the bureau. Explain fully to the discharged man that he is given 
cash with which to purchase his transportation. No doubt if the matter is fully 
explained, the man will designate point of greatest distance. Should a dis- 
charged man designate point of lesser distance, have him sign a written state- 
ment to the effect that the matter was fully explained to him. This statement 
is to be forwarded to the bureau for file with his record in case a complaint is 
made that there was discrimination. 

2303. Transportation allowance of 5 cents per mile is not allowed men of the 
Naval Reserve Force transferred to the Regular Navy to serve unexpired por- 
tion of their enrollment. Nor is it allowed to men who have enlisted for the 
duration of the war and extend their enlistments. 

2304. Unless a man in the Fleet Naval Reserve has been on active duty after 
enrollment there is no authority to pay him 5 cents a mile to his home. 

2305. Men who have enlisted under age and without the consent of parents or 
guardian, and are discharged as undesirable, are not entitled to transportation 
allowance of 5 cents per mile to their homes, but will be transferred to the 
naval station nearest their homes for discharge. 

TRANSPORTATION REPORTS. 

2500. Checked by Bureau of Navigation. — All transportation issued is checked 
by the Bureau of Navigation to determine if services were rendered as called 

168123—20 3 



34: INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

for and without the prepared sheets, the transportation can not be certified to, 
thereby necessitating an accumulation of transportation and steamship bills. 

2510. Special instructions. — Reports are to be prepared in duplicate, one 
white and one pink sheet, the white sheet to be forwarded to the Bureau of 
Supplies and Accounts for accounting purposes and the pink copy to the 
Bureau of Navigation for checking purposes. The transportation request 
numbers are to be in serial order, and should be forwarded to the respective 
bureaus immediately after the close of business on the fifteenth and last day 
of each month. 

2511. Issuing officers in preparing sheets to cover balance of a transportation 
book should indicate at the bottom of the sheet the next series to be used 
and accordingly prep; i re new sheets to cover each individual book following in 
numerical order. 



CHAPTER IV.— TRAINING. 



TRAINING AT SHORE STATIONS. 

3000. Training stations. — Tlie following training stations will continue to 
operate. All other training stations and camps have been demobilized. 

Naval training station, Newport, R. I. 

Naval training station, Navy Operating Base, Hampton Roads, Va. 
Naval training. station, Great Lakes, 111. 
Naval training station, San Francisco, Calif. 
Naval training camp, Gulfport, Miss. 
In addition to the recruit training carried on, the majority of the trade 
schools have been or will soon be located at these stations. 

3001. The course of training for apprentice seamen and firemen, third class, 
at training stations, is four months. Upon the completion of the course of 
training at training stations, apprentice seamen will be rated seamen, second 
class, or firemen, third class, and granted the usual leave before being trans- 
ferred to ships. 

3002. For the purpose of assisting in the instruction of recruits, command- 
ing officers of training stations are authorized to appoint one chief petty officer 
instructor, who will be entitled to $10 per month extra, for every 50 men under 
recruit training, regardless of the rating of such recruits, except that instruc- 
tors in the trade schools enumerated in paragraphs 3020 and 3030 shall not 
receive extra compensation for this duty. The number of these instructors 
will be based on the number of men under training at the close of working 
hours on the last day of the preceding month. These men will be appointed 
without further authority from the bureau, but in order that they may be 
paid additional compensation they must be specially designated as " instruc- 
tors of apprentice seamen " and qualified in accordance with the provisions of 
paragraphs 4500 to 4503, inclusive, of these instructions. 

3010. Special schools. — Special schools have been established at the naval 
training stations at Newport, R. I., and San Francisco, Calif., for the instruc- 
tion of enlisted men who desire to enter the Naval Academy. 

3020. Trade schools. — Trade schools have been established for the purpose of 
training enlisted men in the different specialties required in the Navy at the 
following places: 

(a) Naval training station, Newport, R. I.: 
Commissary school — 

1. Commissary steward's class. 

2. Ship's cooks' class. 

3. Bakers' class. 

{b) Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. : 
Pharmacist's mates' training school. 
Commissary school — 

1. Ship's cooks' class. 

2. Bakers' class. 
Artificers' school — 

1. Shipfitters' rlass. 

2. Shipwrights' class. 

3. Blacksmiths' class. 

4. Painters' class. 

35 



3G INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(&) Naval training station, naval' operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. 
Continued. 

General electrical school— 

1. General electricity class. 

2. Gyro compass class. 
Machinist's mates' school — 

1. Machinist's mates' class. 

2. Enginernen's class. 

3. Coppersmiths' class. 

4. Motor-boat operators' class. 

(c) Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111.: 

Radio school — 

1. Radio operators' class. 

2. Radio compass class. 

3. Radio telephone class. 
Aviation mechanics' school — 

1. Apprentice metal workers' class. 

2. Apprentice woodworkers' class. 

3. Machinist's mates' class. 

4. Advanced machinist's mates' class. 

5. Ignition class. 

6. Instrument repair class. 

7. Quartermasters' (A) class. 

8. Quartermasters' (D) class. 

9. Carpenter's mates' class. 

10. Boatswains' and carpenters' class. 

11. Armorers' class. 

12. Coppersmiths' class. 

( d ) Naval training station, San Francisco, Calif. : 

Commissary school — 

1. Commissary stewards' class. 

2. Ship's cooks' class. 

3. Bakers' class. 

(e) Naval torpedo station, Newport, R. I.: 

Seaman gunners' school — 

1. Torpedo class. 

2. Deep-sea diving class. 
if) Navy yard, Philadelphia, Pa.: 

Fuel-oil school — 
{g) Navy yard, Washington, D. C. : 

Seaman gunners' school — 
1. Ordnance class. 

Optical repair school. 
(h) Navy yard, Mare Island, Calif.: 

General Electrical School — 

1. General electricity class. 
Artificers' school — 

.1. Shipfitters' class. 

2. Shipwright's class. 

3. Blacksmiths' class. 

4. Painters' class. 

5. Molders' class. 

6. Patternmakers' class. 
(i) Naval air station, Pensacola, Fla. : 

Meteorology and Aerology school. 
(./) Fore River Shipbuilding Corp., Quincy, Mass.; 

Fuel oil school, 
(fc) U. S. S. Maumee. 

Diesel Engine class. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 37 

(I) Naval air station, Anacostia, D. C. : 
Photographers' school. 
3030. Recruit trade schools. — Recruit schools have been established for the 
purpose of training recruits in the different specialties required in the Navy in 
the following places : 

(a) Naval training station, Newport, R. I.: 

Yeomen's school. 

Hospital Corps training school. 

Buglers' school. 

Musicians' school. 

Preliminary radio school. 

Preliminary signal school. 

(b) Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Ya. : 

Yeomen's school. 

Mess attendants' school. 

Signal school. 

Buglers' school. 

Preliminary radio school. 

Preliminary signal school. 

(c) Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. : 

Yeomen's school. 

Musicians' school. 

Hospital Corps training school. 

Preliminary radio school. 

Preliminary signal school. 
(a) Naval training station, San Francisco, Calif.: 

Yeomen's school. 

Musicians' school. 

Hospital Corps training school. 

Signal school. 

Preliminary radio school. 

Preliminary signal school. 
(e) Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. : 

Mess attendants' school. 
(/) Mare Island, Calif . : 

Preliminary radio school. 

3100. Training of lookouts. — All ships and stations should continue to in- 
clude in the training of recruits and such members of the crew who may be so 
detailed, a special course for the training of lookouts. Although the value of 
this training reached its highest point during the war. it is still extremely im- 
portant during peace time and may be responsible for the safety of ships while 
navigating along the coast or in European waters which may be infested by 
derelicts or floating mines. 

3101. Stress is laid on instruction in swimming. — Every endeavor should be 
made to qualify those who are unable to swim 50 yards. This is particularly 
desirable in the case of line petty officers, and no man shall be made a coxswain 
or a member of a power boat's crew who has not so qualified. Note shall be 
made, preferably by a stamp, on the service record of all men who have quali- 
fied in swimming. 

TRAINING AT SEA. 

3110. Special training. — The attention of all commanding officers is invited to 
the urgent need of continuing the training of hospital corpsmen to be of value 
as first aid men on board vessels to which a medical officer is not regularly at- 
tached. Chief pharmacist's mates and pharmacist's mates, first class, are 
considered sufficiently trained and must be considered available for transfer to 
duty independent of medical officers. Hospital corps ratings lower than pharma- 
cist's mate, first class, are not considered sufficiently trained for independent 
duty, and are not to be considered available for such duty. 



38 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

3111. All men who change their rating to hospital apprentice, first class or 
second clnss, will be transferred to the nearest hospital corps training school 
for instruction, without further authority from the Bureau of Navigation, pro- 
vided services can he spared, and if they have never had training in a hospital 
corps training school. 

3112. All medical officers should continue the course of intensive training for 
hospital corosmen on board their respective ships, in addition to the instruction 
prescribed in Article 2642, Naval Instructions. The additional instruction 
should occupy two hours daily, except Saturday and Sunday. Special emphasis 
is to be given to — 

(a) Clerical forms and procedures of the Medical Department. 

( b ) Dosage of ordinary drugs ; dose and restrictions regarding the more 

dangerous drugs. 

(c) Management of common diseases and injuries. 

(d) First aid treatment in emergencies. 

(e) Preventive measures; antityphoid injections; vaccination against 

smallpox ; venereal prophylaxis. 

3113. While ships are laid up where the radio is not used, it is desirable to 
send radiomen temporarily to an electrical school or to a large radio station for 
practice, application being made to the bureau in such cases. (For temporary 
detail to yard radio station, see Radio Regulations, Chapter XIX.) 

TRADE SCHOOLS. 

3200. General qualifications. — It is desired to encourage men in general serv- 
ice to qualify for trades, and as far as practicable those who have proved 
themselves desirable will be detailed to a service school. 

3201. The qualifications as outlined below are subject to change without 
notice, and details to these classes, in a large majority, are dependent on the 
needs of the service for men in the different ratings. A necessary qualifica- 
tion for all classes is that the applicant has a good record and shows aptitude 
for the rating desired. Unless the applicant is thoroughly qualified requests 
for details to these classes should not be forwarded. 

3202. Commanding officers are urged to make recommendations to the 
bureau of men whom they consider unquestionably desirable for entrance to 
these schools. All men recommended must, in the opinion of their commanding 
officer, be exceptionally good material and particularly apt in the specialties 
in which they will be trained. 

3203. As the bureau maintains classes for the instruction of yeomen, cooks, 
bakers, commissary stewards, electricians, painters, carpenters, ship fitters, 
machinist's mates, etc., it is preferred that men showing particular aptitude 
should be recommended for courses of instruction rather than for the rates 
they would receive after duly completing the respective courses. However, 
this will not preclude from being so recommended men who have proved aboard 
ship, by examination and service, to be qualified in all respects to receive a 
rating. 

3204. In view of the fact that many of the men in the radio schools, the 
seaman gunners' school, and the machinist's mates' school, were members of 
the Naval Reserve Force or men who enlisted for the duration of war and have 
been released from active duty or discharged, the requirements for entrance 
to these schools will be temporarily suspended and they will be open to men 
in their first enlistment. 

3210. Restrictions. — Men need not be continuous-service men to be eligible 
for entrance to a trade school, but, except in the case of recruits who will 
enter immediately after enlistment, no men will be detailed who will not have 
at least two years to serve on their current enlistment after they have com- 
pleted their course. A recruit must have enlisted for at least three years to 
be eligible for entrance to any trade school having a course of six months or 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 39 

more. A recruit who has enlisted for two years or more is eligible for entrance 
to a trade school having :i course of less than six mouths. 

3211. Men who complete a course of instruction in any service trade school 
are not qualified for furlough without pay or discharge by purchase or by 
special order during the remainder of the enlistment in which the course was 
completed. A man who applies for instruction in any service trade school shall 
he so informed and required to sign a statement that he has no intention of 
requesting furlough without pay or discharge by purchase or special order 
during his current enlistment, and that no reason exists or can he anticipated 
as to necessitate such discharge. 

3212. Men who have completed one course of instruction in any trade school, 
whose course is six months or longer, will not he considered eligible for en- 
trance to another trade school except that men entering the apprentice courses 
in the aviation mechanics' school may he advanced through the higher trade 
schools of his specialty if his aptitude and progress warrant. Men qualifying 
for a rating prior to the completion of a course are to he rated caul transferred 
to receiving ships for general detail. 

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR TRADE SCHOOLS. 

SEAMEN GUNNERS' SCHOOL. 

3300. Ordnance class. — 

Location: Navy yard. Washington. D. ( '. 

Course : Nine months. 

Capacity: Five hundred — three classes of loO each. 

Classes convene : January 1. April 1, July 1, October 1. 

3301. Torpedo class. — 

Location: Torpedo station. Newport. R. I. 

Course : Six months. 

Capacity: Six hundred — two classes of 300 each. 

Classes convene: January 1, April 1. July 1, October 1. 

3302. Qualifications for entrance. — Gunner's mates (all classes), seamen and 
petty officers, third class, of the seaman branch who are specially recommended 
by their commanding officers, are eligible for this class. Third class petty 
officers will be required to change their rating to gunner's mate if found 
qualified. 

3303. A special class for machinist's mates, first and second class, has been 
inaugurated at Newport. This class will convene on the same dates as the 
regular torpedo class, and men to be eligible must be recommended by the 
commanding officer of a vessel which carries torpedoes. They must have at 
least two years remaining on current enlistment after the completion of the 
course. Machinist's mates who complete this course will have the word 
" torpedo " entered in their records after their rate, and in all communications 
concerning such men the term " torpedo " will always be inserted. 

3305. Deep-sea diving class. — 

Location : Torpedo station. Newport, It. I. 
Course: Three months. 
Capacity : Twenty-five — one class of 25, 
Classes convene : June 1 and October 1. 

3306. Qualifications for entrance. — This school is composed primarily of spe- 
cially selected graduates of the ordnance and torpedo classes. Artificers serv- 
ing under continuous service with good records and of good physique, tem- 
perate habits, and under 35 years of age may apply for admission to this school. 
Such men must be specially recommended by their commanding officers. Spe- 
cially recommended men who have qualified under the old diving system may 
be assigned to the diving school for 60 days' course of instruction upon approved 
requests submitted through official channels. 



40 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 
GENERAL ELECTRICAL SCHOOL. 

3310. General electricity class. — 

Location: Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. ; navy yard, Mare Island, Calif. 
Course : Thirty-nine weeks. 

Capacity : Naval operating base, 640 ; Mare Island, 300. 
Class convenes': Each week. 

3311. Qualifications for entrance.— Men must be specially recommended by 
their commanding officers for this course of instruction. They must be given 
careful examination on board ship to determine their ability as electricians 
and should either be electricians by trade or have a sufficient knowledge of 
the subject to form a good basis for further instruction. For example, they 
should be able to do elementary problems in arithmetic, in addition, subtrac- 
tion, division, multiplication, cancellation, decimals, and simple proportions; 
should be able to do the most elementary work in mechanical drawing and 
sketching; should be able to name the parts of a dynamo, motor, and gen- 
erator, and explain the use of the ordinary tools found in the dynamo room ; 
and have shown aptitude for electrical work. 

3312. No men shall be sent from ships to this school for instruction for any 
period of time less than the full course. Requests for detail to this course of 
instruction by men attached to cruising vessels must be made to the Bureau 
of Navigation through the commander in chief, or the commanding officer when 
the vessel is not attached to the fleet. 

3313. Gyro compass class. — 

Location: Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. 
Course : Eight weeks. 

Capacity: Ninety-six men — eight classes of 12 each. 
Classes convene : Each week. 

3314. Qualifications for entrance. — The commander in chief, Atlantic Fleet, 
will transfer to the naval operating base each week seven electricians (g), any 
rate, who are considered good material for gyro compass work. All men 
transferred to the naval operating base to take this course will have at least 
one year to serve upon the completion of the course. 

3315. Electricians (g) on board ships not attached to the Atlantic Fleet, who 
are specifically recommended by their commanding officer, may be sent to take 
this course upon approval of the request by the bureau. The bureau will con- 
sider requests from electricians (g) who desire this course, upon reenlistment, 
provided their records warrant such consideration. 

331G. Until a gyro compass class is established on the Pacific Coast, the 
commander in chief, Pacific Fleet, will send men from that fleet to the class at 
Hampton Roads. These men are to be sent by public conveyance as opportunity 
offers, and in such numbers as the exigencies of the fleet will permit. 

3317. All men other than those to be returned to ships having the single 
wheel compass will be given a course of instruction in the twin compass. 

3318. Vessels fitted with gyro compasses should take advantage of the gyro 
compass class by sending electricians detailed for gyro duty on board to the 
naval operating base from time to time. When it is desired, men may be so 
sent to the school without reference to the bureau, provided the commandant, 
naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va., is informed as to the time it is 
desired to send them. In order that men sent in accordance with this para- 
graph may be returned to the ships from which they came, their orders must 
be specifically worded to insure their return. 

3319. The bureau will, from time to time, furnish the commanding officer, 
naval operating base, with a list of destroyers building. The commandant, 
naval operating base, will, without further orders, detail one electrician trained 
in the gyro compass class to each destroyer given in these lists. Men who 
prove undesirable or unsatisfactory will be returned to vessels from which 
received. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 41 

RADIO SCHOOLS. 

3320. Radio Operators' Class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes. 111. 
Course: Thirty-two weeks. 
Capacity : Thirty-six hundred. 
Classes convene: Each week. 

3321. Qualifications for entrance. — Men must be specifically recommended by 
their commanding officers for this course of instruction. Applicants must be 
able to send and receive at least 12 words per minute in the Continental Code, 
write legibly, and spell correctly at a speed of 25 words per minute, and have 
a grammar-school knowledge of arithmetic. No men will be sent from ships to 
the radio school for instruction for any period of time less than the full course. 
Requests for detail to this course of instruction by men attached to cruising 
vessels must be made to the commander in chief, or when the vessel is not 
attached to the fleet, to the commanding officer. Third-class petty officers who 
complete the course will have their ratings changed to electrician, third class 
(radio). 

3323. Radio Telephone Class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 
Course: Two months. 

Capacity : One hundred — two classes of 50 each. 
Classes convene: Each month. 

3324. Qualifications for entrance. — Men detailed to this class will be selected 
from the men graduated from the radio operators' class. They must be spe- 
cially qualified for radio work, show special ability in this line, and must be 
recommended to the bureau by the officer in charge of the radio school before 
they are detailed. 

3326. Radio compass class. — 

Location: Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 
Course: One month. 

Capacity : One hundred — two classes of 50 each. 
Classes convene: Every two weeks. 

3327. Qualifications for entrance. — In order that all ships which are now 
equipped with radio compasses, or which will be so equipped, may have a 
sufficient personnel trained in the care and operation of the radio compass, all 
commanding officers whose ships are now equipped or are to be equipped with 
this apparatus, will send such electricians (r) to this class for training, as 
they desire. It is preferred that only such men as have had sea experience 
as radio operators be sent. 

3328. In order that the class may not be overcrowded it will be necessary 
for the commanding officers of such ships in commission or building to inform 
the commandant, naval training station, Great Lakes, 111., of the number of 
men they desire to send there for training. Upon receipt of this report the 
commandant will inform the ships as to the time when the men may be accom- 
modated. Upon the receipt of this notification the ships will transfer their 
men to the naval training station, Great Lakes. 111., for instruction in the 
radio compass class without further reference to the bureau. Orders for such 
men must be clearly worded to show for what duty the men are intended and 
that these men are to be returned to the ships from which they are trans- 
ferred. 

MACHINIST'S MATES' SCHOOL. 

3330. Machinist's Mates' class. — 

Location : Naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Ya. 
Course: Sixteen months. 

Capacity : Three hundred — four classes of 75 each. 
Classes convene : Ma*ch 1, July 1, and November 1. 



42 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

3331. Qualifications for entrance. — Men eligible for this course are water tend- 
ers, engineinen, oilers, firemen, first class, and other men who have a knowledge 
of machine work and are desirous of learning the trade, who are specifically 
recommended by their commanding officers' and have at least two years remain- 
ing on their current enlistments after completion of the course. All men attend- 
ing the machinist's mates' school will be required to provide themselves with 
the following tools, and all applicants should be so informed: One 9-inch com- 
bination square; one pair 5-inch outside spring calipers; one pair 5-inch inside 
spring calipers, one pair 5-inch spring dividers ; one ball and peen hammer, Im- 
pounds. 

3331a. Upon completion of the course men will be examined and rated 
machinist's mates, first or second class, if qualified. Men who fail to qualify 
for the rating of machinist's mate may, if recommended by the commanding 
officer, be placed on board ship on probation for a period of six months. Dur- 
ing this period such men may be recommended for the rating of machinist's 
mate, second class, or for removal from probation for such ratings, an entry of 
these facts to be made in the service record. Commanding officers of ships will 
inform the commandant, naval operating base, of the efficiency of machinist's 
mates on board who have graduated from the machinist's mates' school six 
months after date of graduation therefrom, as well as make such suggestions 
as may be deemed necessary for improving this course. Whenever men in this 
class show by their general behavoir and inattention to their studies that they 
are endeavoring to be sent to a sea-going ship before the completion of the 
course, a notation should be made on their records to this effect and command- 
ing officers of ships to winch they are sent will not advance them in rating* until 
after they have served at least six months at sea. 

3332. Enginemen's class. — 

Location: Naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Ya. 
Course: Four months. 

Capacity : One hundred and fifty men — one class of 150. 
Classes convene: March 1, July 1. and November 1. 

3333. Qualifications for entrance. — This class is intended to train men for the 
operation of engines and to make repairs in the engine room, other than those 
which 'necessitate machine shop work. This course is entirely different from 
the course in the machinist's mates' class, which trains men for all machine- 
shop work and engine operating work. Men selected for this class will be men 
of exceptional mechanical ability accustomed to work with hand tools, as for 
example, garage repair men. Men qualified for machinist's mates' ratings will 
not be sent for this course. Each detail of men for this class shall be specifi- 
cally ordered to the naval training station, naval operating base. Hampton 
Roads, Va., for this duty to prevent their inadvertant induction into the ma- 
chinist's mates' class in the same school. 

3333a. Men successfully completing the course with a final average of not less 
than 86 per cent will be rated enginemen first class; those completing the course 
with a final average of between 76 per cent and 86 per cent will be rated en- 
ginemen, second class ; those completing the course with a final average of be- 
tween 67* per cent and 76 per cent will be transferred in their ratings and con- 
sidered available for further instruction for the rating of engineman. Men who 
can not maintain a general average of 67* per cent will be returned to general 
detail. 

3334. Coppersmiths' class. — 

Location: Naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. 

Course: Six months. 

Capacity : 30 — One class of 30. 

Classes convene : January 1 and July 1. 

3335. Qualifications for entrance. — Applicants for this class should have a 
fundamental knowledge of the trade and should be recommended only after 
examination has been held to determine their qualifications for entrance to the 
class. Entrance is not limited to any special ratings, but it is desired that no 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 43 

petty officer in rating higher than that of second class be recommended, and 
preference given to men in artificer ratings. Upon completion of the course 
men will be rated coppersmith, second class, if qualified. 

3336. Motorboat operators' class. — 

Location : Naval operating base. Hampton Roads, Ya. 

Course : Three months. 

Capacity: Ninety. 

Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3337. Qualifications for entrance. — Only men holding the ratings of engine- 
men, second class, oiler, and fireman, first, second, and third class, are eligible 
for this course. Men must be specially recommended for this instruction, have 
good records, and a mark of at least 3.0 in mechanical ability. Details for this 
class are made by the commanders in chief, Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. 

ARTIFICERS' SCHOOL. 

333S. Shipfitters' class.— 

Location : Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. : navy yard, Mare Island, Calif. 
Course : Six months. 
Capacity : Naval operating base, 50 ; Mare Island, 20 — Two classes 

of 10 each. 
Classes convene: Naval operating base, no special date for entering; 

Mare Island, January 1, April 1, July 1, and October 1. 

3339. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to the shipfitters" class, an ap- 
plicant should have had experience as a metal worker, be able to lay out work. 
know how to chip and calk and drive rivets, understand the various rules for 
drilling and tapping, and have some knowledge of pumping and drainage; also 
be familiar with the required tools and their uses and care, understand joint 
wiping, pipe fitting, lead work, as required in the trade on board ship. Details 
are made on special recommendation of the commanding officer after an exam- 
ination of the applicant on board ship to demonstrate his knowledge of the 
trade and his general aptitude. 

3340. Shipwrights' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Ya. ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, Calif. 
Course: Six months. 
Capacity: Naval operating base, 50; Mare Island, 20 — two ^lasses of 

10 each. 
Classes convene : Naval operating base, no special date for entrance ; 

Mare Island, January 1, April 1, July 1, and October 1. 

3341. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to the shipwrights' class the 
applicant should have had some practical experience in this class of work, 
know the names of the tools required, and their uses and care. Details are 
made on special recommendation of the commanding officer after an examina- 
tion of the applicant on board ship to demonstrate his knowledge of the trade 
and his general aptitude. 

3342. Blacksmiths' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads. Ya. ; Navy Yard, Mare Island, Calif. 
Course : Six months. 
Capacity: Naval operating base. 25; Mare Island. 20 — two classes of 

10 each. 
Classes convene : Naval operating base, no special dates for entrance ; 

Mare Island, January 1. April 1, July 1, and October 1. 

3343. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to the blacksmiths' class, an ap- 
plicant should have bad experience at the trade, know how to heat, weld, and 
temper; be familiar with the tools required and their uses and care. Details 
are made on special recommendation of the commanding officer after an ex- 



44 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

animation of the applicant on board ship to demonstrate his knowledge of the 
trade and his general aptitude. 

3344. Painters' class. — 

Location: Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 
Roads, Va. ; navy yard, Mare Island, Calif. 

Course: Six months. 

Capacity: Naval operating base, 15. 

Classes convene: Naval operating base, no special dates for en- 
trance ; Mare Island, January 1, April 1, July 1, and October 1. 

3345. Qualifications for entrance.— For detail to the painters' class, applicant 
should have had some experience as a painter ; should have some knowledge of 
the rules of mixing paint and applying it. Details are made on special recom- 
mendation of the commanding officer after an examination of the applicant on 
board ship to demonstrate his knowledge of the trade and his general aptitude. 

334(5. Mulders' class- 
Location: Navy yard, Mare Island, Calif. 
Course: Six months. 

Capacity: Twenty — Two classes of 10 each. 
Classes convene : January 1, April 1, July 1, and October 1. 

3347. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to the molders' class, appli- 
cant should have had some experience at the trade, be familiar with the tools 
required and their uses and care. Details are made on special recommenda- 
tion of the commanding officer after an examination of the applicant on board 
ship to demonstrate his knowledge of the trade and his general aptitude. 

3348. Patternmakers' class. — 

Location: Navy yard, Mare Island, Calif. 

Course: Six months. 

Capacity: Twenty — Two classes of 10 each. 

Classes convene: January 1, April 1, July 1, and October 1. 

3349. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to the patternmakers' class, ap- 
plicant should have had some experience at the trade, be familiar with the 
tools required and their uses and care. Details are made on special recom- 
mendation of the commanding officer after an examination of the applicant on 
board ship to demonstrate his knowledge of the trade and his general aptitude. 

COMMISSARY SCHOOL. 

3350. Commissary stewards' class. — 

Location: Naval training station, Newport, It. I.; naval training 

station, San Francisco, Calif. 
Course: Six months. 

Capacity: Newport, 30; San Francisco, 10. 
Classes convene : No special date for entrance. 

3351. Qualifications for entrance. — Men to be recommended for this class 
must be continuous-service men of good records in ratings of ship's cook, 
first class, and baker, first class. Applicants must; have a fair knowledge of 
arithmetic, be able to write a legible hand, have considerable experience as 
cooks or bakers, and must be well recommended by commanding officers. 

3353. Ship's cooks' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Newport, It. I. ; naval training sta- 
tion, naval operating baso, Hampton Roads, Va. ; naval training 
station, San Francisco, Calif. 

Course: Four months. 

Capacity : Newport, 140 ; naval operating base, 75 ; San Francisco, 30. 

Classes convene : No special date for entrance. 

3354. Qualifications for entrance. — Nonrated men who are specially recom- 
mended by their commanding officers are eligible for this class. Applicant 
should possess a fair knowledge of the trade as shown by examination. Upon 
the completion of the course men who are specially well qualified may be rated 
ship's cooks, third class. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 45 

3356. Bakers' class.— 

Location : Naval training station, Newport, R. I ; naval training sta- 
tion, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. ; naval training 
station, San Francisco, Calif. 

Course : Four months. 

Capacity : Newport, 50 ; naval operating base, 40 ; San Francisco, 30. 

Classes convene : No special date for entrance. 

3357. Qualifications for entrance. — Nonrated men who are specially recom- 
mended by their commanding officers are eligible for this class. Applicant 
should possess a fair knowledge of the trade as shown by examination. Upon 
the completion of the course men who are specially well qualified may be rated 
bakers, second class. 

FUEL OIL SCHOOL. 

3360. Fuel oil classes. — 

Location :.. Navy yard, Philadelphia, Pa. : na vy yard, Mare Island, 
Calif. ; Fore River Shipbuilding Corporation, Quincy, Mass. 

Course : Six' weeks. 

Capacity: Philadelphia, 150 — two classes of 75 each; Mare Island, 
100 — two classes of 50 each; Quincy, 100 — two classes of 50 each. 

Classes convene: First day of each month. 

3361. Qualifications for entrance. — Chief water tenders, water tenders, oilers, 
and firemen, with good records, are eligible for this class. Men will be detailed 
to these classes by the commanders in chief, Atlantic and Pacific Fleets, and 
by commandants of training stations in accordance with instructions issued 
from time to time by the Bureau of Navigation. When men apply for this 
course upon reenlistment, their applications will be made to the Bureau of 
Navigation. 

3362. Submarine school. — 

Location: Submarine base, New London, Conn. 

Course : Machinist's mates, four months ; electricians, three months ; 
gunner's mates, two months. 

Capacity: Two hundred and ten — 100 machinist's mates, 50 elec- 
tricians, 60 gunner's mates. 

Classes convene: When ordered by the bureau. 

3363. Qualifications for entrance. — Applicants should hold the rating of ma- 
chinist's mate, electrician, or gunner's mate and have had sea experience. Ap- 
plications from recruits having had experience in machinist or electrical trad.es 
will be considered. Applicants must be physically qualified for submarine 
service. 

3364. Listener's school. — 

Location: Submarine base, New London, Conn. 
Course: Two months. 
Capacity: Fifty — two classes of 25 each. 
Classes convene: When ordered by the bureau. 

3365. Qualifications for entrance. — Electricians (r) with sea experience or 
a graduate of the Navy radio school. A candidate must have a good record, 
and be well above the average in telligence, judgment, and reliability. 

PHARMACIST'S MATES' TRAINING SCHOOL. 

3370. Pharmacist's mates' class. — 

Location: Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. 
Course: Fourth months. 

Capacity: Three hundred — four classes of 75 each. 
Classes convene: First day of each month. 

3371. Qualifications for entrance. — A candidate must be holding the rate of 
pharmacist's mate, must be recommended by his medical and commanding 



46 mSTKUCTIONS GOVERNING handling enlisted personnel. 

officers, and must have served at least two years in the Hospital Corps, on a 
station outside the continental limits of the United States, and must have at 
least 18 months to serve on present enlistment or extension of enlistment. 

3372. Hospital Corpsmen who have served at least two years with a creditable 
record and have been rated pharmacist's mates, who signify their willingness to 
reenlist, or pharmacist's mates who have recently reenlisted and have been 
recommended by a medical officer to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, may 
make application for a course of instruction at this school. 

3373. Chief pharmacist's mates desiring a special course at this school must 
be serving under continuous service, must be recommended by their medical and 
commanding officers, must have an average of at least 3.2 in proficiency in rating 
for the past 12 months, 4 in sobriety and obedience, and 3 as a leader of men. 
Chief pharmacist's mates who have served two years ashore, after the com- 
pletion of this course will generally be sent to sea and those who have served 
the previous two years afloat will generally be sent to shore duty. 

DIESEL ENGINE SCHOOL. 

3380. Class for instruction in care and operation of Diesel engines. — 

Location : U. S. S. Maumee. 

Course: Eight weeks. 

Capacity : Twenty-five — One class of 25. 

Classes convene : When ordered by the bureau. 

3381. Qualifications for entrance. — The primary objects of this class is to 
supply qualified men for submarine duty, and no man should be recommended 
for this class unless considered desirable for such assignment. Details to this 
class are made by the Bureau of Navigation, Ratings eligible; Machinist's 
mate, second class ; enginemen, first class ; enginemen, second class ; and oilers. 

OPTICAL REPAIR SCHOOL. 

3390. Optical repair class. — 

Location : Navy yard, Washington, D. C. 

Course : Twenty-four weeks. 

Capacity: Fifty. 

Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3391. Qualifications for entrance. — Men must be excellent precision machin- 
ists and before being sent to the scohol must be examined either by the com- 
manding officer of a fleet repair ship or the officer in charge, optical repair 
school, and recommended by one of these officers. A knowledge of lens grind- 
ing and care of lenses is not considered enough to qualify men for this school. 

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR AVIATION TRADE SCHOOLS. 

AVIATION MECHANICS' SCHOOL. 

3400. Apprentice metal workers' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 
Course : Thirty-six weeks. 
Capacity: Three hundred and sixty. 
Classes convene: Each week. 

3401. Qualifications for entrance. — 

For detail to this class, men should have some practical experience in 
metal working. If specially recommended they may be detailed to the ma- 
chinist's mates' class after completing the course. 
3410. Apprentice woodworkers' class. — 

Location: Naval training station. Great Lakes, 111. 
Course: Thirty-six weeks. 
Capacity: Two hundred and forty. 
Classes convene : Each week. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 47 

3411. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to this class men should have 
some practical experience in woodworking. If specially recommended they 
may be detailed to the carpenter's mates' class after completing the course. 

3420. Machinist's mates' class. — 

Location: Naval training st;ition. Great Lakes, 111. 

Course : Twenty-four weeks. 

Capacity : Four hundred and eighty. 

Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3421. Qualifications for entrance. — Men detailed to this class may be taken 
from those who have been found specially qualified in the apprentice metal 
workers' class or from men having any one of the following trades : Foreman 
tool room machinist ; expert tool room machinist ; general airplane engine as- 
sembled ; automobile engine expert ; automobile repairer ; general machinist ; 
automobile mechanic ; automobile truck assembler ; carburetor mechanic ; serv- 
ice station general automobile mechanic ; chassis assembler ; tool room ma- 
chinist ; manufacturing inspector ; part inspector ; automobile assembly plant 
foreman ; foreman automobile machinist ; foreman service plant ; worker in 
magneto manufacturing plant ; automobile electrician ; electrician ; skilled 
motor mechanic; automobile road tester; taxi driver: truck driver; plant elec- 
trician ; electrical repair man ; repair electrician ; electrical machinist ; job- 
bing machinist; expert press operator; expert die manufacturer; press products 
inspector; toolmaker ; boring mill operator; milling machine operator; shaper 
operator ; grinder operator : gauge, die, and fixture maker ; small lathe opera- 
tor ; vertical boring machine operator : lathe operator ; foreman factory repair 
shop ; metal finisher ; automatic screw machine operator ; bench hand ; filer ; 
buffer ; polisher. 

3425. Advanced machinist's mates' class. — 

Location : Naval training station. Great Lakes, 111. 
Course : Twelve weeks. 

Capacity : Twenty — Two classes of 10 each. 
Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3426. Qualifications for entrance. — Men specially qualified and recommended 
by the officer in charge, aviation mechanics' school, may be detailed to this 
class after completing the course in the machinist's mates' class. 

3430. Ignition class. — 

Location: Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course : Six weeks. 

Capacity : Ten — One class of 10. 

Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3431. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to this class men should be 
machinist's mates fa) who have proved their value, show special aptitude for 
this class of work, and are specially recommended by their commanding officers. 

3440. Instrument repair class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course: Twenty-four weeks. 

Capacity : Thirty. 

Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3441. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to this class men must have had 
previous practical experience in this class of work, such as watchmaking or 
overhauling of other delicate instruments, and be specially recommended by 
their commanding officers. 

3450. Quartermasters' (A) Class — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course : Sixteen weeks. 

Capacity : Eighty. 

Classes convene : Each week. 

3451. Qualifications for entrance.— For detail to this class men may be se- 
lected from men having any one of the following trades : Experienced cutter 
and cloth fitter; upholsterer; carriage or automobile top maker or trimmer; 



48 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

wire rope maker; wire maker; small work pattern maker; canvas worker; 
tentmaker; tailor; canoe builder; interior finisher; canvas dealer or jobber; 
factory canvas inspector; cloth inspector; textile mill product inspector; in- 
terior decorator ; fresco painter ; large sign painter ; wagon or carriage painter ; 
expert furniture finisher ; automoble, carriage, or truck painter ; house interior 
finisher; varnisher; paint mill chemist; experienced paint mill worker; tent 
erector; sail rigger; general rigger; rope splicer. 

3460. Carpenter's mates' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course: Sixteen weeks. 

Capacity : One hundred and sixty. 

Classes convene : Each week. 

3461. Qualifications for entrance. — Men detailed to this class may be taken 
from those who have been found specially qualified in the apprentice wood 
workers' class or from men having any one of the following trades: Wood- 
working factory mechanic; skilled pattern maker; cabinet maker; piano sound- 
ing board builder ; air propeller builder ; journeyman carpenter ; stair builder ; 
beat carpenter ; door and sash mill foreman ; wood mill worker ; millman ; 
factory carpenter; tank or station pipe factory worker; cooper; barrel maker. 

3470. Boatswains' and carpenters' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course: Eight weeks. 

Capacity: Eight. 

Classes convene: When ordered by the bureau. 

3471. Qualifications for entrance. — Men detailed to this class will be selected 
from chief petty officers who have served at air stations and shown unusual 
aptitude for aviation duties. They must be good officer material and specially 
recommended to the bureau by their commanding officers. 

3450. Armorer's class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course : Twenty weeks. 

Capacity: One hundred and twenty. 

Classes convene: No special dates for entrance. 

3451. Qualifications for entrance. — For detail to this class men should have 
some practical experience in this class of work and be specially recommended 
by their commanding officers. 

3490. Coppersmiths' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Great Lakes, 111. 

Course : Twenty weeks. 

Capacity: Thirty. 

Classes convene : Each week. 

3491. Qualifications for entrance. — Men detailed to this class may be taken 
from men having any one of the following trades: Sheet metal worker; tin- 
smith ; plate worker ; plumber ; acetylene welder ; arc welder ; autogenous 
welder; gas welder; oxy-acetylene welder; riveting machine operator; small 
squeezer riveting machine operator; boiler maker; tank builder; heavy black- 
smith ; riveter. 

3495. Meteorological and aerological class. — „ 

Location: Naval air station, Pensacola, Fla. 
Course: Four months. 
Capacity : Twelve — two classes of six each. 

Classes convene : November 1, December 1, March 1, April 1, July 1, 
and August 1. 

3496. Qualifications for entrance. — Candidates for this school shall have com- 
pleted a grammar-school course, and should have had at least two years in a 
recognized high school or its equivalent. It is desirable that they have a 
knowledge of elementary physics, mathematics (arithmetic, algebra, and plane 
geometry), and physical geography. They should be restricted to such men as 
will have at least 1 year and 10 months to serve on their current enlistment 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 49 

from the date of the beginning of the course. Recruit training for at least 
one month is required for all men entering this school. 

3497. Upon receipt of an application for this school the commanding officer 
will have the applicant examined and will forward the application to the 
Bureau of Navigation with his recommendation as to the candidate's qualifica- 
tions. All transfers to this school will be made by a specific order of the 
bureau. Graduates of this school will be given ratings in accordance with 
their ability and assigned to duty at naval weather observation stations oper- 
ated in connection with the various naval air stations and on board naval air- 
craft tenders. 

3498. Photography school. — 

Location : Naval air station, Anacostia, D. C. 
Course: Three months. 

Capacity : Twenty-six — two classes of 13 each. 

Classes convene: January 1, February 15, and on graduation of 
each class thereafter. 

3499. Qualifications for entrance. — Candidates for this school must have at 
least one year and eight months to serve in current enlistment or on extension 
of enlistment at time of entrance. Applicants with previous photographic ex- 
perience and a high-school education will be given preference. Commanding 
officers must make specific recommendation to the bureau in each case. Trans- 
fers to this school will be made only on order of the bureau. 

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR RECRUIT TRADE SCHOOLS. 

YEOMAN SCHOOL. 

3500. Yeoman class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Newport, R. I. ; naval training 
station, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. ; naval training 
station, Great Lakes, 111. ; naval training station, San Francisco, 
Calif. 

Course: Six months. 

Capacity: Newport, 200; naval operating base, 200; San Francisco, 
145. 

Classes convene: No special dates for entrance. 

3501. Qualifications for entrance. — Applicants should be examined in pen- 
manship, composition, spelling, simple fractions, decimals, interest, geography, 
and current history. A typewriting test consisting of writing a letter of about 
200 words in length with double and single spacing, quotations, headings, para- 
graphing, etc., should be given. Any applicant who can not write at least 10 
words a minute will be rejected. 

3502. Marks in typewriting will be given as follows: Men writing 30 words 
a minute, with no errors, 100 per cent. Deduct 1 per cent for each word less 
than 30. Deduct 3 per cent for each error in spelling, punctuation, omission, 
repetition, substitution, or striking one letter over another. Deduct 1 per cent 
for each erasure, unclean type, punctuation marks through paper, failure to 
hit type clearly, improper margin, misdivision of a word at the end of a line, 
or any minor deviation from copy. Any applicant falling below 70 per. cent 
in the typewriting test is disqualified. 

MUSICIANS* SCHOOL. 

3510. Musicians' class. — 

Location: Naval training station, Newport, R. I.; naval training 
station, Great Lakes, 111. ; naval training station, San Francisco, 
Calif. 

Course: Eight months. 

Capacity : Newport, 150 ; Great Lakes, 210 ; San Francisco, 60. 

Classes convene: No special dates for entrance. 

3511. Qualifications for entrance. — These classes may be entered on specific 
recommendation from commanding officers. Applicants should be able to read 

168123—20 4 



50 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

music and play the easy grades of piano, string, or brass instrument. Non- 
rated men in seaman and artificer branches are eligible for this school. 

SIGNAL SCHOOL. 

3520. Signalmens' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. 
Course: Ten weeks. 

Capacity: Four hundred — ten classes of 40 each. 
Classes convene: Every week. 

3521. Qualifications for entrance. — Men selected for this class must have the 
following qualifications : 

(a) A minimum of two months' training at a training station or training 
camp, 

(&) At least a grammar school education or its equivalent, be able to write 
a clear and legible hand, and be above the average in spelling. 

(c) Be able to send and receive accurately dot and dash code at the rate of 
at least 5 words per minute and semaphore code at the rate of 10 words per 
minute. 

(d) The mental alertness, retentiveness, and stability required for signal 
duties (to be established by psychiatric tests where practicable). 

BUGLERS' SCHOOL. 

3530. Buglers' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Newport, R. I. ; naval training 

station, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va. 
Course: Four months. 

Capacity : Newport, 100 ; naval operating base, 80. 
Classes convene : No special dates for entrance. 

3531. Qualifications for entrance. — Men detailed to this class must be bright, 
intelligent men who know how to blow a bugle or play a brass wind instrument, 
and read music. 

MESS ATTENDANTS' SCHOOL. 

3540. Mess attendants' class. — • 

Location: Naval training station, naval operating base, Hampton 

Roads, Va. ; Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 
Course: Four months. 

Capacity: Naval operating base, 210; Naval Academy, 200. 
Classes convene: No special date for entrance. 

3541. Qualifications for entrance. — All mess attendants enlisted in the United 
States, on enlistment, should be sent to the mess attendants' school. 

HOSPITAL CORPS TRAINING SCHOOL. 

3550. Hospital apprentices' class. — 

Location : Naval training station, Newport, R. I. ; naval training 
station, Great Lakes, 111,: naval training station, San Francisco, 
Calif. 

Course: Six months. 

Capacity: Newport, 300 — six classes of 50 each; Great Lakes, 300 
six classes of 50 each ; San Francisco, 300 — six classes of 50 each. 

Classes convene: First day of each month. 

3551. Qualifications for entrance. — Men who change to Hospital Corps ratings 
while at the training stations will be transferred direct to the Hospital Corps 
training school; men who change to Hospital Corps ratings while on board 
ship will be transferred to the nearest Hospital Corps school via first available 
Government conveyance. 



CHAPTER V.— ADVANCEMENT IN RATING. 



ABREVIATIONS AND DESIGNATIONS. 

4000. Abbreviations. — The following abbreviations will be used for naval 
ratings : 

Chief petty officer G. P. O. 

Chief master at arms : C. M. A. A. 

Chief boatswain's mate C. B. M. 

Chief gunner's mate C. G. M. 

Chief turret captain C. T. C. 

Chief quartermaster C. Q. M. 

Chief special mechanic C. S. M. 

Chief machinist's mate C. M. M. 

Chief electrician C. E. 

Chief carpenter's mate C. C. M. 

Chief water tender ,. C. W. T. 

Chief yeoman C. Y. 

Chief storekeeper C. S. K. 

Chief pharmacist's mate C. Ph. M. 

Bandmaster Bmstr. 

Chief commissary steward C. C. Std. 

Chief printer C. Prtr. 

Petty officer, first class P. O. lc. 

Master at arms, first class M. A. A. lc. 

Boatswain's mate, first class B. M. lc. 

Gunner's mate, first class G. M. lc. 

Turret captain, first class T. C. lc. 

Quartermaster, first class Q. M. lc. 

Special mechanic, first class S. M. lc. 

Machinist's mate, first class M. M. lc. 

Electrician, first class E. lc. 

Carpenter's mate, first class C. M. lc. 

Water tender W. T. 

Yeoman, first class Y. lc. 

Storekeeper, first class S. K. lc. 

Pharmacist's mate, first class Ph. M. lc. 

First musician 1st. Mus. 

Commissary steward Com. Std. 

Printer, first class J__.Prtr. lc. 

Boilermaker Bmkr. 

Engineman, first class -. '_. Eng. lc. 

Blacksmith, first class Bsmth. lc. 

Coppersmith, first class Csmth. lc. 

Pattern maker, first class Pmkr. lc. 

Molder, first class -..Mldr. lc. 

Shipfitter, first class S. F. lc. 

Plumber and fitter - P. and F. 

Sailmaker's mate S. M. M. 

Painter, first class ■ Ptr. lc. 

51 



52 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

Ship's cook, first class ,S. C. lc. 

Baker, first class Bkr. lc 

Petty officer, second class P. O. 2c. 

Master-at-arms, second class M. A. A. 2c. 

Boatswain's mate, second class -B. M. 2c. 

Gunner's mate, second class G. M. 2c. 

Quartermaster, second class Q. M. 2c. 

Machinist's mate, second class M. M. 2c. 

Electrician, second class .E. 2c. 

Carpenter's mate, second class C. M. 2c. 

Yeoman, second class - Y. 2c. 

Storekeeper, second class S. K. 2c. 

Pharmacist's mate, second class Ph. M. 2c. 

Printer, second class Prtr. 2c. 

Engineman, second class Eng. 2c. 

Blacksmith, second class , Bsmth. 2c. 

Coppersmith, second class Csmth. 2c. 

Patternmaker, second class Pmkr. 2c. 

Molder, second class Mldr. 2c. 

Shipfitter, second class S. F. 2c. 

Painter, second class Ptr. 2c. 

Ship's cook, second class S. C. 2c. 

Oiler Oil. 

Petty officer, third class i P. O. 3c. 

Master-at-arms, third class M. A. A. 3c. 

Coxswain Cox. 

Gunner's mate, third class G. M. 3c. 

Quartermaster, third class Q. M. 3c. 

Electrician, third class '_E. 3c. 

Carpenter's mate, third class C. M. 3c. 

Yeoman, third class Y. 3c. 

Storekeeper, third class S. K. 3c. 

Pharmacist's mate, third class Ph. M. 3c. 

Painter, third class Ptr. 3c. 

Seaman gunner Sea. Gun. 

Seaman Sea. 

Fireman, first class B\ lc. 

Shipwright Swght. 

Hospital apprentice, first class H. A. lc. 

Musician, first class Mus. lc. 

Ship's cook, third class S. C. 3c. 

Baker, second class Bkr. 2c. 

Seaman, second class Sea. 2c. 

Firemen, second class F. 2c. 

Hospital apprentice, second class H. A. 2c. 

Musician, second class Mus. 2c. 

Ship's cook, fourth class S. C. 4c. 

Bugler Bug- 
Apprentice seaman A- S. 

Fireman, third class |T • 3c. 

Landsman L( ^ s - 

Steward to commander in chief Std. C. in C. 

Cook to commander in chief ~£* C. in C. 

Steward to commandant ktd. Cdt. 

Cook to commandant ~' , t- 

Cabin steward Cab. Std. 

Cabin cook c ^- Ck. 

Wardroom steward „. "W. R. Std. 

Wardroom cook W. R. Ck. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 53 

Steerage steward Stg. Std. 

Steerage cook Stg. Ck. 

Warrant officer's steward .W. O. Std. 

Warrant officer's cook W. O. Ck. 

Mess attendant, first class JV1. Att. lc. 

Mess attendant, second class M. Att. 2c. 

Mess attendant, third class M. Att. 3c. 

4010. General service designations. — Particular attention is invited to the 
necessity of using the following designations whenever they occur in corre- 
spondence. This is notably necessary in regard to entries in service records, 
health records, discharges, continuous-service certificates, the first sheet of 
service records, and requests for transfer. 

Chief gunner's mate, ordnance C. G. M.(O). 

Chief gunner's mate, torpedo C. G. M.(T). 

Chief quartermaster, general C. Q. M.(G). 

Chief quartermaster, signals C. Q. M. (S). 

Chief electrician, general C. E. (G). 

Chief electrician, radio C. E. (R). 

Gunner's mate, first class, ordnance G. M. lc. (O). 

Gunner's mate, first class, torpedo G. M. lc. (T). 

Quartermaster, first class, general Q. M. lc.(G). 

Quartermaster, first class, signals Q. M. lc. (S). 

Electrician, first class, general ' E. lc.(G). 

Electrician, first class, radio J3. lc.(R). 

Gunner's mate, second class, ordnance G. M. 2c.(0). 

Gunner's mate, second class, torpedo G. M. 2c. (T). 

Quartermaster, second class, general Q. M. 2c.(G). 

Quartermaster, second class, signals Q. M. 2c.(S). 

Electrician, second class, general J]. 2c.(G). 

Electrician, second class, radio E. 2c. (R). 

Coxswain, winchmen Cox. ( W ) . 

Gunner's mate, third class, ordnance G. M. 3c. (O). 

Gunner's mate, third class, torpedo G. M. 3c.(T). 

Quartermaster, third class, general Q. M. 3c. (G). 

Quartermaster, third class, signals Q. M. 3c. (S). 

Electrician, third class, general E. 3c. (G). 

Electrician, third class, radio E. 3c. (R). 

Fireman, first class, oil burning J\ lc.(O). 

Fireman, second class, oil burning F. 2c.(0). 

Fireman, third class, oil burning F. 3c. (O). 

4011. The rating of quartermaster, listener, is abolished. Men now holding 
this rating will be allowed to retain it, but no more men will be given this 
rating nor will any advancement be made in it. Electricians, radio, will be 
trained in the operation of listening devices, and these men only will be detailed 
as listeners. 

4020. Aviation designations. — The following aviation designations will be 
used whenever they occur in correspondence. This is notably necessary in 
regard to entries in service records, health records, discharges, continuous- 
service certificates, the first sheet of service records, and requests for transfer. 



Gunner's mates who are competent "to operate, 
care for, repair, store properly, install, and 
adjust various types of machine guns, air- 
craft bombs, and aircraft ordnance 



Electricians who are competent to make neces- 
sary repairs and adjustments to aircraft igni- 
tion equipment 



'Chief Gunner's Mate (A) . 
Gunner's Mate lc (A). 
Gunner's Mate 2c (A). 
Gunner's Mate 3c (A). 

Chief Electrician (A). 
Electrician lc (A). 
Electrician 2c (A). 
Electrician 3c (A). 



54 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 



Electricians who are competent to send and re- 
ceive radio from aircraft and to operate ma- 
chine guns and drop bombs when attacking 
the enemy 

Quartermasters who are competent to make and 
repair aeroplanes, metal fittings, turnbuckles, 
control wires, repair fabric, dope fabric, do 
upholstery work, assemble and disassemble 
aircraft, and line up and adjust aircraft and 
aircraft control surfaces 



Quartermasters who are competent to assemble, 
disassemble, repair, adjust, and handle dirigi- 
bles and balloons 



Quartermasters who are competent to care for 
and train homing pigeons 



Machinist's mates who are competent to care 
for, operate, and overhaul high-powered high- 
speed gasoline motors, including kite balloon 
winches ! 



Chief Electrician (RA). 
Electrician lc (RA). 
Electrician 2c (RA). 
Electrician 3c (RA). 



Chief Quartermaster ( A) . 
.Quartermaster lc (A). 
Quartermaster 2c (A). 
Quartermaster 3c (A). 



' Chief Quartermaster ( D ) . 

Quartermaster lc (D). 

Quartermaster 2c (D). 
l Quartermaster 3c ■ ( D ) . 

Chief Quartermaster ( P ) . 
Quartermaster lc (P). 
Quartermaster 2c (P). 
i Quartermaster 3c (P). 

Chief Machinist's Mate ( A) . 
Machinist's Mate lc (A). 
Machinist's Mate 2c (A). 



Machinist's mates who are competent to carel 

for, operate and overhaul high-power and Chief Machinist's Mate (GE). 
high-speed gasoline motors and who are ^Machinist's Mate lc (GE). 



further qualified to operate machine guns 
and drop bombs when attacking enemy 

Machinist's mates who are competent to care 
for and repair and operate all kinds of 
hydrogen generating machinery 

Machinist's mates who are competent to care' 
for, adjust, and repair instruments, installed 
in aircraft, such as altimeters, gasoline 
gauges, pressure gauges, inclinometers, and 
cameras 

Carpenter's mates who are competent to do 
woodwork of all kinds, such as repair pon- 
toons and flying boats, struts, wing spars, 
wing ribs, airplane and dirigible fuselage, 
etc 

Printers who are competent to care for, adjust, 
install, and operate aviation photographic in- 
struments and mix the necessary chemicals 
required for the development of prints, 
actually develop the prints, enlarge prints! 
make photographic maps, and experts at read- 
ing photographs 

Blacksmiths who are competent to do any black- 
smith work in connection with aircraft, in- 
cluding welding in all kinds of metal used in 
aircraft 

Coppersmiths who are competent to do any 
coppersmith work or repair in connection 
with aircraft 



Machinist's Mate 2c (GE), 

Chief Machinist's Mate (H) . 
Machinist's Mate lc (H). 
Machinist's Mate 2c (H). 

Chief Machinist's Mate ( W) . 
Machinist's Mate lc (W). 
Machinist's Mate 2c (W). 

Chief Carpenter's Mate (A). 
Carpenter's Mate lc (A). 
Carpenter's Mate 2c (A). 
Carpenter's Mate 3c (A). 



Chief Printer (A). 
Printer lc (A). 
Printer 2c (A). 



Blacksmith lc (A). 
Blacksmith 2c (A). 

Coppersmith lc (A). 
Coppersmith 2c (A). 



ori^li^^SSS enu T* at 5 d in Paragraphs 360, 4000, 4010, and 4020 com- 
pnse all authorized naval ratings under present laws and regulations. Men 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 55 

will not be given any rating other than those shown to exist in the above par- 
agraphs. Men holding a rating other than one of those mentioned above may 
transfer to another rating, if qualified, or serve out current enlistment in pres- 
ent rating, but will not be reeniisted in any but an authorized rating. 

4022. The bureau is being put to considerable trouble by recruiting officers, 
ashore and afloat, enlisting and reenlisting men in ratings and designations 
chat never have been authorized. In order to avoid trouble for the bureau, the 
recruiting officer, and the individual, great care should be exercised in giving 
men only properly authorized ratings and designations. 

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR ADVANCEMENT. 

4100. Authority for advancements. — Commanding officers are authorized to 
advance competent and deserving men, who have qualified by examination in 
accordance with these instructions and General Order No. 63, to petty officer 
ratings below that of chief petty officer, subject to the restrictions given in 
paragraphs 4120 to 4129, as follows : 

(a) Men of the engineer force, except molders, may be rated 25 per cent in 
excess of the allowed complement. 

( & ) Men not in the engineer force, except molders, may be rated 10 per cent 
in excess of the allowed complement. 

4101. Commanding officers are also authorized to change the rating of non- 
rated men from deck to engineer force and from engineer force to deck force 
without reference to the bureau if such men are physically qualified for the 
new ratings. All inexperienced men of the seaman branch, who have had their 
ratings changed to firemen, third class (o), and who can not be trained on the 
vessels or at the stations to which they are attached, will be nominated to the 
bureau for instruction at one of the regular fuel oil burning schools. Particu- 
larly at training stations, every effort should be made to obtain desirable mate- 
rial from the seaman branch for firemen or firemen (o) in order that the present 
urgent need for these men may be filled. 

4102. Commanding officers are authorized to change the rating of men 
having 18 months or more to serve in current enlistment, other than members 
of the messman branch, to hospital apprentice, first or second class, after they 
have been found qualified by a board of one or more medical officers. Such 
men, if their services can be spared, and if they have not had previous training 
at a Hospital Corps training school, will be transferred immediately to the 
nearest one of these schools for the prescribed course of training. 

4103. Recruiting officers and other officers in charge of men on detached 
duty are authorized to allow men to report at their own expense to any nearby 
station or ship for the purpose of being examined for advancement. 

4104. No petty officer appointments on Form N. Nav. 12 will be issued. 
When any advancement or disrating in a petty officer rating is made a notation 
to this effect will be made in the service record of the man concerned, over the 
signature of the commanding officer. This entry will be considered an appoint- 
ment or revocation of appointment as the case may be. 

4105. In every case where members of Class 1-B of the Naval Reserve Force 
are advanced in rating, report shall be made in triplicate to the Naval Allot- 
ment Office, Navy Department, stating therein that prior to advancement the 
reservist was found qualified in accordance with General Order No. 63. This 
procedure is necessary in order that a reservist may be taken up for retainer 
pay of the new rating. 

4106. Every effort should be made to organize an examining board in accord- 
ance with the requirements of paragraph 4230 of these instructions and special 
care should be taken to have, if practicable, at least one member of the board 
an officer who has had over two years' service in the Regular Navy. 

4107. When men are examined for advancement in rating, the examining 
board will make a report to the commanding officer. In the case, for example, 
of a man examined for advancement from seaman, second class, to seaman, the 



56 INSTKUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

report will take the following form. (Subjects required will be referred to 
by letter only, as shown.) This report will be in triplicate and no other report 
will be required. 

REPORT OF EXAMINATION. 

Candidate's name Rate 

U. S. S 

Date of examination, 19— 

[Scale of marks: 4, excellent; 3.5, very good; 3, good ; 2.5, passing; 1.5, fair; 1, 
indifferent ; 0, bad. In order to be recommended for advancement in rating, a candidate 
must have a minimum mark of 2.0 in each subject and a minimum average of 2.5.] 



Subject. 


Marks. 


Subject. 


Marks. 


Subject. 


Marks. 


A 




N 




S-l 




B 




„... 




S-2 




c 




P 




S-3 




D 




Q.. 




S-4 




E 




R 




S-5 




F 




S 




S-6 




G 




T 




S-7 




H 




V 


S-8 




I 




V 




S-9 




j 




w 




S-10 




K 




X 




S-ll 




L 




Y... 








M 




Z 

















We certify that we deem the candidate j 110 ^^ 6 } fully qualified for the 
rating of seaman, and do recommend him for said rating. 



(Signatures and ranks of members of the board.) 



4110. Men eligible for advancement. — Men on general detail on receiving 
ships are eligible for advancement, without regard to complement, under the 
same conditions as men regularly attached to other ships and stations. 

4111. Any enlisted man of the Navy on the retired list who has been ordered 
into active service since April 6, 1917, or who may hereafter be ordered into 
active service, is eligible for promotion and is entitled to the pay and benefits 
of continuous service of such rating and for such length of time as he is or has 
been employed in active service, and when relieved from active service shall 
retain upon the retired list the rating and service held by him at the time of 
such relief, with the pay and allowances of such rating on the retired list. 

4120. Restrictions to advancement. — No advancement of an enlisted man is 
made by the bureau except upon the recommendation of his immediate com- 
manding officer, in accordance with the Navy Regulations. The bureau wishes 
to discourage the practice among enlisted men of using political or personal in- 
fluence outside of the service for advancement. A notation will be made on 
the record of the man in whose behalf the influence is used when such a case 
comes to the attention of the commanding officer, and the man should be warned 
against the continuance of such practice, 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 57 

4121. No men will be rated chief petty officers except upon the authority of 
the Bureau of Navigation. All men recommended for the rating of chief petty 
officer will be examined in accordance with these instructions and General 
Order No. 63, and the reports of examination will be forwarded to the bureau. 
The bureau will maintain a list of all such recommendations, and as vacan- 
cies occur, men who have been recommended by commanding officers will be 
advanced to the ratings for which qualified. 

4122. The following restrictions will govern the advancement of men to petty 
officer ratings: (a) Except at trade schools, and then only upon special au- 
thority of the Bureau of Navigation, no man will be advanced in rating to 
third class petty officer who has not served at least three months in the next 
lower rating; from third class petty officer to second class who has not 
served at least six months as third class ; from second class to first class, who 
has not served at least nine months as second class; from first class to chief 
petty officer (acting) who has not served at least one year as first class, six 
months of which shall have been at sea. 

4130. Before being released from active duty for training, every man of the 
Reserve Force shall be examined for confirmation in rating, in accordance with 
General Order No. 63. If he qualifies for confirmation, the commanding offi- 
cer of the vessel shall so recommend, him to the commandant of the naval 
district in which the reservist resides. In case a reservist does not qualify 
for confirmation in his rating in accordance with General Order No. 63, he 
may qualify for a lower rating, in which case he will be recommended to the 
commandant for confirmation in the lower rating. In case a reservist is on 
permanent active duty or has been on continuous active sea duty for a 
period longer than three months, he may be confirmed in rating by his com- 
manding officer. Upon confirmation, an appropriate notation will be made in 
the service (enrollment) record, and a report of the fact of confirmation shall 
be sent to the Bureau of Navigation on Form N. Nav. 8. 

4131. All confirmed ratings of members of the Naval Reserve Force should be 
made effective from the first day of the quarter next succeeding that in which 
they are actually found qualified. A report in triplicate for each man con- 
firmed in rating will be forwarded to the Navy allotment officer, Bureau of 
Supplies and Accounts. This report should state the name of the man, the 
class of Naval Reserve Force of which he is a member, that he has completed 
three months' active service in that class, that he has been examined in accord- 
ance with General Order No. 63 and found qualified for confirmation in that 
rating, that he has been actually confirmed in that rating and class, and the 
date on which confirmation was actually made. In case of members of Naval 
Auxiliary Reserve, the name of the listed vessel on which he is serving or last 
served should be furnished. All reports of confirmation should state date of 
enrollment in Naval Reserve Force and rating assigned at time of enrollment. 

4140. Procedure in making advancements. — In order that mistakes and dis- 
crepancies in pay and rating may be eliminated, the following procedure must 
be adhered to in every instance where an enlisted man is issued a permanent 
apnointment or advanced in rating : 

(a) Adhere strictly to the provisions of paragraphs 4122, 4200, 4201, 4202, 
4210. and 4240 of these instructions. 

(6) Conduct examination in accordance with General Order No. (?3, and 
securely paste one copy of the report of the examination in the service record, 
and forward one copy to the Bureau of Navigation. 

(c) Prepare and forward Form N. Nav. 8 to the bureau in the case of men 
other than those advanced to the rating of chief petty officer. In the case of 
men advanced to the rating of chief petty officer, or the issue of a permanent 
appointment, prepare and forward Form N. Nav. 21 (transcript of service rec- 
ord) to the bureau. 

(d) Furnish a proper order to the supply officer and medical officer. 

(e) Make an appropriate entry in the- service record in red ink. This entry 
must be signed by the commanding officer. Enlistment records showing change 



58 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

of rating where the entry has been " rubber stamped," and not signed by the 
commanding officer, will not be recognized. The last change of rating actually 
signed by the commanding officer, as shown on a man's service record, will be 
considered the rating in which the individual is serving. 

4141. Whenever the status of an enlisted man is changed by reason of 
change of rating, the bureau will be promptly informed on the required form. 
The bureau is constantly being called upon for information concerning ratings 
of enlisted men and, owing to the information not being submitted promptly 
by commanding officers, has been subjected to much embarrassment. 

PERMANENT APPOINTMENTS. 

4200. Authorization for issue. — The issue of permanent appointments to chief 
petty officers by the Bureau of Navigation has been discontinued. Hereafter 
commanding officers of vessels and shore stations will issue such appointments 
at discretion to men qualified, under existing instructions, by examination and 
length of service. 

4201. No permanent appointments on parchment will be issued. When the 
permanent appointment is made, a notation to this effect will be made in the 
service record of the man concerned over the signature of the commanding 
officer, and this entry will be considered* a permanent appointment. 

4202. The rating and date of issue of permanent appointments will be noted 
over the signature of the commanding officer on discharges and continuous- 
service certificates. When appointments are issued an itemized report of the 
examination and transcript of service record (Form N. Nav. 21) will be for- 
warded to the bureau. Care should be taken that the indorsement fold of the 
form is properly filled out, showing the date on which the permanent appoint- 
ment was made, over the signature of the commanding officer. 

4210. Men eligible for permanent appointment. — Chief petty officers who have 
served one year at sea with acting appointments and whose marks meet the re- 
quirements laid down in the Navy regulations and these instructions shall be 
considered eligible for permanent appointment. In no case will a permanent 
appointment be given to any chief petty officer who has not served at least one 
year at sea in his rating, except that, with the approval of the Bureau of Navi- 
gation, chief petty officers performing strictly aviation duties may be given 
permanent appointments after one year's service in their ratings at an operat- 
ing air station. 

4220. General qualifications for permanent appointment. — Chief petty officers 
to be qualified for permanent appointment must be leading men of strong 
character, thoroughly familiar with the particular duties of their respective 
ratings, and fully capable of taking charge of men at drills, of controlling 
work, of planning details for the best employment of the force available, and 
of maintaining discipline. They must have the knowledge and practical expe- 
rience required for holding an acting appointment as chief petty officer and 
have shown during their term of probation that they are qualified in all re- 
spects to hold it permanently. 

4221. Their records must show an average of 3.5 each in proficiency and con- 
duct for at least the two past years, and they must have shown in themselves . 
good examples of subordination, courage, zeal, smartness, attention to duty, a 
practical knowledge of the regulations and orders relating to their duties, and 
an earnest endeavor to maintain good order and discipline. Chief pharmacists' 
mates must have received not less than 3 in proficiency in rating and have a 
record clear of infractions of discipline for the past year. 

4222. A report of insobriety or unexcused absence over or without leave shall 
disqualify any man for an acting or permanent appointment as chief petty of- 
ficer for at least one year after date of offense. 

4230. Examining hoard. — No officer below the rank of lieutenant (junior 
grade), when officers of or above this rank are available, will be ordered to 
serve on boards for the examination of enlisted men for acting and permanent 
appointments in the rating of chief petty officer, and at least one member of 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 



59 



the examining board must be of a rank not below lieutenant. Boards convened 
for the examination of chief pharmacist's mates must consist of two medical 
officers and pharmacist, or three medical officers, at least one of whom has had 
two years' service in the Navy. If possible one of these officers should hold 
the rank of lieutenant commander, and if practicable, the board should be 
detailed from a ship or station other than that upon which the candidate is 
serving. 

4231. The board must carefully examine the candidates to determine their 
manual and mental capabilities. Previous service, together with such official 
records as may be available, will be carefully scrutinized and noted in making 
up averages of fitness. General bearing, personal qualifications, and conduct 
records must be examined with special care, in the effort to procure only men 
of particular merit in these ratings. 

4232. Candidates for permanent appointment shall not present letters of 
recommendation from officers, and no letters of this sort will be considered by 
the board. 

4233. Reports of examinations must be in the following form, show each 
item in which the man was examined, and the average mark attained in each 
item, and be signed by all of the members of the board over their own official 
ranks. No other report is required. These reports will be sent by the senior 
member of the board to the commanding officer of the ship to which the candi- 
date belongs. The report will then be filed with the- man's service record. 
Only one copy of the report will be forwarded to the Bureau of Navigation. 
In cases where men are serving on vessels in reserve the actual cruising done 
by the candidate while on reserve vessels must be shown in months and days. 
Below is shown the form required for the examination of a chief turret captain 
for permanent appointment. 

REPOKT OF EXAMINATION. 

Rate 

Candidate's name 

Attached to U. S. S 

Date of examination 

[Scale of marks: 4, excellent; 3.5, very good; 3, good; 2.5, passing; 1.5, fair; 1. 

indifferent; 0, bad.] 



Subject. 


Marks. 


Subject. 


Marks. 


Subject. 


Marks. 


Special 




F-T 

G-T 

H-T | 1 


I^T 




A-T 




M-T 




B-T 




N-T 




C-T 




I-T ! 

W | ' 

K-T ' 


O-T 




D-T 








E-T 










! ! 





We certify that we deem the candidate j n f )t ^° be j fully qualified to take 
charge of a turret at target practice or in action, in the absence of the turret 
officer, and < ° £° > recommend him for permanent appointment as chief 
turret captain. 



[Signatures and ranks of members of the board.] 



60 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

4234. Commanding officers and boards examining chief pharmacist's mates 
for permanent appointment will be governed by the following additional in- 
structions : 

(a) Five questions will be asked in each subject, each question to be broad 
in scope with a view to ascertaining the man's general knowledge of and 
familiarity with the subject. 

(&) A mark of not less than 2.5 in any one subject and a general average 
of at least 2.8 is required. 

(c) All the written work of the candidate, with all questions asked and 
candidate's answers in his own handwriting, and a statement of procedures 
undertaken and results obtained, shall be forwarded to the Bureau of Medi- 
cine and Surgery together with marks assigned in all subjects, the examina- 
tion report, and a specimen of, and a statement as to proficiency in, type- 
writing. Great care shall be taken to see that all papers relating to the 
examination are filled out completely and securely fastened together. 

(d) The following forms, carefully filled out, will be submitted with the ex- 
amination papers to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 

1. N. Nav. 21 (transcript of service record). 

2. N. M. S. H. C. 1. 

3. N. M. S. H. C. 

4240. Revocation and cancellation. — Permanent appointments of petty officers 
may be revoked at the discretion of commanding officers. 

4241. Failure to receive an honorable discharge, or to reenlist within four 
months after the date of an honorable discharge, cancels a permanent appoint- 
ment. 

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADVANCEMENT IN RATING. 

4300. Qualifications for all men for advancement. — All men on board ship be- 
fore being advanced in rating will be required to prove their knowledge of 
the following: 

(A.) The. necessity of realizing the two-fold nature of duty in the Navy, 
namely, the military duties, irrespective of rating, and the particular duties of 
the rating in which men enlist or to which they may attain ; the importance of 
accurate knowledge; discipline; the rules of discipline; questions on discipline; 
the nature of an order ; the nature of a command. 

(B.) What the Navy offers. — The importance of being first a man-of-war's 
man and, second, a specialist. The various service schools ashore; schools 
for seamen gunners, artificers, etc., and the qualifications necessary in order 
to gain admittance to these schools. The necessity for a good record in addi- 
tion to special ability in any given line. The ship itself as a training school, 
giving prominence to the fact that a man of the right type may gain advance- 
ment, whether a graduate of one of these schools or not, provided he is zealous 
and obedient. Promotion in the Navy. Difference between acting and perma- 
nent appointment. The chances of obtaining warrant and commissioned rank. 
Continuous-service men. Leave. Liberty. Shore duty. Retirement. Pen- 
sions. Rewards and privileges. Medals and gratuities. Citizenship. 

(C.) Enlistment in general. — Apprentice seaman. Discharge. The various 
types of discharges and the effects of punishment thereon. The advantage of 
honorable discharge. Transportation after discharge. Service records. Con- 
duct classes. Overstaying liberty and its ruin of all chance for advancement. 
What constitutes desertion. The fact that desertion will be punished, irre- 
spective of the motive that prompted it. The large percentage of deserters re- 
covered. Punishment for desertion. Types of naval courts-martial. 

(D) Pay table. — Accounts. Extra allowances. General remarks on pay. 
Monthly money. Loss of pay due to breaking liberty. Example of chief petty 
officer's pay. 

(E) Naval customs. — Rules concerning salutes. Etiquette to officers and civil- 
ians. General information about the Navy and its relation to the Government. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 61 

The President. The Secretary of the Navy. The commander-m-chief. Captain. 
Executive officer. First lieutenant. Navigator. Gunnery officer. Engineer 
officer. Officer of the deck. Divisional officer. The redress of wrongs. Ex- 
ercise of authority. Quarrels and disturbances. 

(F) The general characteristics of ships pi the Navy. Questions thereon. 

(G) General feature of ships of the Navy of different classes. 

(H) The routine in port and at sea. — Bright work. Sick call. Quarters and 
drill. Setting up. Musters and inspections. Messes. Watches and divisions. 
Scrubbing and cleaning. Duties of compartment cleaners. Smoking hours. 
Lucky bag. _ 

(I) The aim and object of all general drills. — What is intended to be ac- 
complished in a place other than that in which any particular man is stationed. 
Fire. Collision. Abandon ship. Fire and rescue. General quarters. Coal- 
ing ship. 

(J) Marking clothes. Uniform, and regulations relating thereto. Lashing 
hammocks. Stowing bags and laying them out for inspection. Airing bedding. 
Stopping on wash clothes, bags, hammocks. Requisitions for clothing. Care 
of clothing. 

(K) Personal cleanliness. Elementary rules of hygiene. Prophylaxis. Ele- 
mentary first aid. Treatment of the wounded in action. Typhoid prophylaxis. 

(L) Painting and the preparation of surfaces therefor. 

(M) Swimming. — Restoring the apparently drowned. Life buoys, "how the 
buoy should be dropped and when. 

(N) Athletics. — The attention given to athletics on board ship. The pres- 
tige attendant upon victory. The various trophies awarded. 

4310. Qualifications for men in the messman branch — Mess attendants. — In 
addition to the subjects which ail men in the service should know, mess at- 
tendants must show a thorough knowledge of — 

{a) Officers' uniforms for different occasions. 

(o) Catering. 

(c) Cleanliness; making up rooms and keeping them clean. 

4311. Cooks and stewards. — In order to provide the necessary officers' cooks 
and stewards, the bureau authorizes the advancement of well qualified and 
deserving mess attendants, second and third class, who have served not less 
than one year in each rating. To be eligible for promotion, mess attendants, 
second or third class, must have not less than 3 in proficiency, sobriety and 
obedience. 

4312. Men enlisting as mess attendants, third class, for steerage or wardroom 
cooks or stewards may have their ratings changed immediately after enlist- 
ment, if they are found fully qualified. 

4313. Hereafter, the bureau will not issue " certificates of qualifications " as 
steward or cook to commander-in-chief or commandant. Men recommended to 
the bureau for certificates while holding such ratings will be given " certificates 
of qualification " as cabin stewards and cabin cooks, respectively. No man will 
be recommended to the bureau or receive a certificate of qualification who has 
not attained at least 3.5 in proficiency in rating and 4 each in sobriety and 
obedience for the preceding year. Because of the excess in these ratings, it 
is desired that men serving as stewards or cooks to commanders-in-chief or 
commandants have their ratings revert to the rating of cabin steward or cabin 
cook upon expiration of their service with a commander-in-chief or com- 
mandant. No change will be made in the rating of men who at present may 
not actually be serving with a commander-in-chief or commandant and who 
have been permitted to obtain the rate. 

4320. Qualifications for nonrated men in the seaman branch — Seaman, sec- 
ond class. — In addition to the subjects which all men in the service should 
know, seamen, second class, must have a good elementary knowledge of the 
following : 

(O) Boats. — Types, nomenclature. Boat gear carried. Life boats, how se- 
cured for sea; lowering, hoisting. Meaning of the various orders given in 



62 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

boats under oars and sail. Meaning of trim, reefing, running before the wind, 
tacking, wearing, gybing. The duties of a boat keeper; salutes required of 
boat keepers. 

(P) Marline spike seamanship. — Elementary knowledge of knots and splices 
(practical). Sails, name parts. Rigs. Varieties of rope. 

(Q) The duties of a lookout. — Masthead, deck, engine room telegraph, break- 
down, flag, speed cone, fog whistle, towing spar. The duties of the various 
messengers. The general duties of a sentry, of an orderly. Side boys. Sweep- 
ers. Side cleaners. Jack-'o-the-dust. Anchor watch. 

(R) Deck seamanship. — Heaving a line. Clapping a jigger on a rope. Defi- 
nitions of sea terms and expressions. Boat lines, and their uses. Spreading 
awnings. 

(S) Ground tackle. — General knowledge, terms, purpose for which various 
parts are used. Definition and object of mooring ship. 

(T) Steering. — Orders used. Relative bearings. Log, lead line. Compass. 
Sounding machine (general). 

(U) Electricity. — Sufficient to afford an intelligent knowledge of the de- 
vices with which a man comes into daily contact, particularly to see that 
through ignorance he works no mischief. 

(V) Infantry. — School of the recruit. Manual of arms, landing force (defi- 
nition). .Knapsack (or pack). 

(W) Artillery. — Briefly the general rules. How to sling and unsling arms. 

(X) Small arms. — How to load and fire. The object of sighting position and 
aiming drills, and gallery practice. Briefly, the general principles of individual 
range firing. Safety precautions. 

(Y) Gunnery. — Terms used. Parts of the gun. The object of target practice 
and the rewards for accurate shooting. Duties of gun pointers. Safety pre- 
cautions. Types of guns. Primers. Fuses. Powder. Projectiles. Magazines 
and shell-rooms, location and precautions necessary. Duties of handling room's 
crew. In detail, the duties of his own gun station. 

(Z) Signals. — Flags, Navy and international. Alphabet, semaphore, and 
Morse codes. Duties of a signalman ( general ) . 

4321. Upon completion of the course at training stations, apprentice seamen 
will be rated seamen, second class, and granted the usual leave before being 
transferred to ships. Ex-soldiers and marines who enlist in the Navy as ap- 
prentice seamen and are immediately transferred to a receiving ship for general 
detail, may be advanced to the rating of seaman, second class, immediately. 

4322. Seamen. — In addition to a knowledge of subjects under (A) to (Z), all 
seamen must prove a thorough knowledge of the following: 

(S-l.) Boats. — Types, nomenclature, boat gear, boat-box contents, provisions 
carried on different occasions, contents and outfit at abandon ship, artillery 
boats, ammunition for boats. All orders given in small boats under oars and 
sail. A practical knowledge of the handling of boats under oars and sail: 
Ability to pull a good oar. Lifeboats in detail, a thorough knowledge of secur- 
ing for sea, lowering, hoisting. Handling boats in a surf. Running a line. 
Towing. Carrying stores. Notes on steamers. Care and cleaning of boats. 
Boat salutes and etiquette. Elementary rules of the road. Buoys, types, and 
purpose for which used. 

(S-2.) Marlinespike seamanship. — Practical work in knotting and splicing. 
Meaning of all terms used. 

(S-3.) Deck seamanship. — General practice. Blocks and tackles, uses and 
proper leads. Rigging booms for coaling and other purposes. 

(S-4.) The importance of giving proper instruction and information to the 
seaman, second class. The ability to impart such information. 

(S-5.) Ground tackle in detail. The principles of mooring ship, gear used, 
leads. 

(S-6.) Steering. — A seaman must not only know the theory and mechanism 
of steering; he must actually be able to take the wheel in a satisfactory manner. 

The sounding machine. — Complete familiarity with use and operation. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 63 

(S-7.) Infantry. — The school of the squad. Meaning of the orders given in 
company and battalion formation sufficient to insure prompt and accurate exe- 
cution. 

( S-8. ) Artillery. — School of the section. Service of the piece in boats. Land- 
ing the piece. 

( S-9. ) Small arms. — Details of individual and collective firing. 

(S-10.) Gunnery. — Stations in turret, at a broadside gun. In general, the 
duties of each member of the gun's crew. 

(S-ll.) Signals. — A seaman must be able to send and to receive a signal in 
both the wigwag and the semaphore codes. 

4323. Seaman gunner. — The issue of seaman gunner's certificates was stopped 
on 30 June, 1918. 

4330. Qualifications for nonrated men in the special branch. Bandsmen and 
buglers. — In addition to the subject which all men in the service should know, 
bandsmen and buglers will be required to shew a thorough knowledge of the 
following : 

(a) Salutes, honors; method of rendering them, 
(o) The different calls and the necessity for prompt obedience at 
double time, to every call. 

4331. Hospital apprentices. — In addition to the subjects which all men in the 
service should know, a hospital apprentice, second class, will be examined to 
determine his knowledge of the following subjects : . 

(a) Aptitude for the service (shall include service record). 

(b) General education; arithmetic, spelling, writing (legible and 

grammatical), geography, and history of the United States. 
An average of at least 3 is required. Hospital training and a knowledge of 
nursing will be of advantage to the applicant. Applicants to be admitted to the 
Hospital Corps must be examined by a medical officer. The following forms, 
properly made out, will be submitted to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 
with the examination: 

(a) N. M. S. H. C. 1. 
(0) N. M. S. H. C. 3. 
4332 In addition to the subjects which all men in the service should know, a 
hospital apprentice, first class, will be examined to determine his knowledge of 
the following subjects: 

|£j | Paragraph 4331. 

(c) Anatomy and physiology; the skeleton, joints, and muscles; di- 

gestive apparatus, and other organs of the body. 
(d) . Minor surgery and first aid (including surgical and operating- 
room technique) ; emergencies of all kinds; contusions, 
wounds, hemorrhages, sprains, dislocations, fractures; prepa- 
rations for operation of patient and operator, both as to sup- 
plies and appliances; the proper conduct of minor surgical 
procedures; attendance upon larger operations in the operat- 
ing room with the surgeon; care of and procedures in the 
operating room, etc. ; methods of sterilization ; foreign bodies 
in eyes, ears and air passages ; treatment of effects of excessive 
heat and cold, bites of poisonous animals, insensibility; fits, 
asphyxia or suffocation ; bandaging, application of splints, and 
a knowledge of the Hospital Corps Drill Book. 
A mark of not less than 2 in any one subject and a general average of at least 
3 is required. Applicants must be examined by a board consisting of one 
medical officer and a pharmacist or two medical officers. Form N. M. S. H. C. 1, 
properly marked, will be submitted to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery with 
the examination. 

4340. Qualifications for nonrated men in the artificer branches. — In addition 
to the subjects which all men in the service should know, nonrated men in the 
artificer branches will be examined in accordance with a plan similar to that 



64 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

outlined for nonrated men of the seaman branch. Questions will be prepared 
on each ship peculiar to the department to which the men are attached, which 
will determine whether or not men are familiar with the duties of the next 
higher rating and qualified for advancement. 

4350. Qualifications for rated men in the seaman branch. — In addition to the 
subjects under (A) to (Z) and (S-l) to (S-ll), inclusive, petty officers of the 
seaman branch should show a thorough knowledge of the following : 

General duties and responsibilities of petty officers; manner of performing 
duty ; the necessity for exacting absolute and prompt obedience ; general duties 
when detailed for guard and patrol duty ; rules and regulations and manner 
of performing that duty; the order and precedence of petty officers and the 
various questions relating not to the specialty he is in, but to the functions of 
a petty officer; questions which should be known in common by all petty of- 
ficers of the seaman branch, such as the school of the squad, setting up drills, 
handling boats under oars and sail. 

4350a. Petty officers, first and second class, are not a separate class of men 
from petty officers, third class. They will, of course, be expected to exhibit 
more proficiency and handle more advanced subjects, but the subject matter 
of their general knowledge will be the same. 

43506. All chief petty officers, irrespective of rating, must have a thorough 
knowledge of the following special subjects : 

Responsibilities of chief petty officers; duties in general; privileges; pride 
in the performance of their duties ; chances for advancement ; duties at emer- 
gency drills (in general) ; uniform regulations; drill books; duties of beach- 
masters; patrol officers; making guard trips; routine division duties; and in 
general, the duties of junior division officers ; the ideas and ideals of an officer ; 
the methods by which the chief petty officers can obtain exact knowledge. 

4351. Masters-at-arms. — Masters-at-arms must show a thorough knowledge of 
the following subjects: 

(M-l) Navy Regulations in regard to the duties of a master-at-arma 

4351a. Chief masters-at-arms must show a thorough knowledge of the follow- 
ing subjects: 

(M-l) The duties of the senior master-at-arms, as given in the Navy 
Regulations. 

(M-2) All the subjects prescribed for the rating of a master-at-arms. 

4352. Coxswains and boatswain's mates. — Coxwains and boatswain's mates 
must be thoroughly qualified in the following subjects : 

(6-1.) Practical ability to handle small boats under all conditions and cir- 
sumstances. Tactical exercises in small boats (general). Beaching or landing 
through a surf. Duties of a coxswain, as given in the boat book. Responsi- 
bilities for cleanliness of boats. Boat salutes and boat etiquette. The " Rules 
of the Road." Steering effect of propeller. Carrying out anchors. Storm sig- 
nals. Distress signals. Signals for pilot. Practical ability to take charge 
of lowering and hoisting boats under various conditions of weather. 

(6-2) All duties in connection with the handling of a watch or a section 
of the division. 

(6-3) A complete and practical knowledge of deck seamanship, including a 
thorough knowledge of mooring ship. Ability to rig a collision mat. 

(6-4) Ability to drill a squad in all maneuvers of closed and extended order. 

(6-5) Artillery. — Ability to drill and handle supports, reserve, and crew. 

(6-6) Gunnery. — Ability to station a crew at a broadside gun and explain the 
duties of each member of the gun crew. Ability to station and drill a turret 
handling room crew. A general knowledge of the duties of each member of a 
turret crew. A general knowledge of the methods of procedure at target 
practice. Ability to take charge of a repair party at target practice. 

(6-7) Signals. — Ability to send and receive wigwag an semaphore, and to 
read electric night signals. 

(6-8) Marlinespike seamanship. — Practical work with palm and needle. 
Knotting and splicing, wire rope, hitches, bends, strapping blocks. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 65 

4352a. Men assigned duty as winchnien on board cargo and supply ships who 
are considered by their commanding officers deserving of such advancement 
may be advanced to the rating of coxwain (\v). Unless qualified in accordance 
with General Order No. 63 for the rating of coxswain they will revert to their 
former ratings upon being transferred to duty where they are riot employed 
as winchmen. 

4352o. Chief boatswain's mates must show a thorough knowledge in the fol- 
lowing subjects: 

(B-l) Duties of a boatswain, as given in the Navy Regulations. 

(B-2) Duties of coxswain's and boatswain's mates. 

(B-3) Seamanship. — Details of handling boats under oars and sail and abil- 
ity to instruct others in this. Details of handling lines under all circumstances. 
Lowering and hoisting boats, supervising. Handling heavy weights, blocks, 
tackles, and proper leads. 

(B-4) Ordnance. — Ability to assemble and drill a company of infantry or two 
pieces of artillery. Instructions governing small-arms target practice, and 
galleries. 

(B-5) Signals.— All systems of signaling used in the service, day and night. 
4353. Gunner's mates. — Gunner's mates must have the following qualifica- 
tions : 

(g-1) A thorough technical knowledge of all points relating to the care 
preservation, and manipulation of the guns or battery to which attached. A 
thorough familiarity with all ammunition, magazines, shell rooms, stowage ot 
ammunition. 

(g-2) Familiarity with the routine inspections in their department. 

(g-S) Ability to rig and adjust Morris tube, dotter, and subcaliber apparatus. 

(g-4) A thorough knowledge of the firing circuit, with ability to detect and 
remedy local defects. 

(#-5) Ability to bore sight the gun and adjust the telescope. 

(#-6) A thorough familiarity with the mount. 

(g-1) A knowledge of the duties of an armorer. 

(#-8) Know how to set a time fuse. 

(#-9) A general knowledge of torpedoes and mines, and, if attached to the 
torpedo division, a more exact knowledge. 

4353a. Chief gunner's mates must show a thorough knowledge in the follow- 
ing subjects: 

(G-1) In general, the duties of the gunner as given in the Navy Regu- 
lations. 

(G-2) All subjects given for gunner's mates. 

(G-3) Torpedoes and mines. 

(G-4) Instructions governing the small-arms target range and galleries. 
4355. Turret captains. — Turret captains must qualify in the following sub- 
jects : 

(A-T) Ability to station and drill the turret and handling room crews. 

(B-T) Ability to prepare the turret for action. 

(C-T) Dexterity in the operation of all the mechanism of the turret. 

(D-T) Familiarity with such details of the care of the turret mechanism as 
come under the cognizance of the gunner's mate of the turret. 

(E-T) Safety precautions to be observed in the service of the guns and of 
the method of procedure in case of a failure to fire. 

(F-T) Ability to bore sight the guns and adjust the telescopes. 

(G-T) Ability to shift and adjust a gas-check pad and breech mechanism. 

(H-T) A ready knowledge of how to properly direct changes to be made in 
the compensation for range and lateral errors, in order to bring the shots on 
the target again after they have begun to fall off. 

(I-T) A thorough knowledge of the firing circuit, with ability to detect and 
remedy local defects. 

168123—20 5 



66 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(J-T) Ability to fill the recoil cylinders and a thorough knowledge of the 
lock. 

(K-T) A knowledge of the care and preservation of the shell rooms and 
magazines and of the various powder tests and inspections. 

(L-T) Ability to adjust knife-edges. 

(M-T) Knowledge of the methods of receiving ranges and battle orders and 
communicating them to the sight setters and pointers. 

(N-T) Ability to rig and adjust Morris tube, dotter, and subcaliber appa- 
ratus and to superintend the training at them. 

(O-T) A practical understanding of the general terms used in ordnance and 
gunnery and the rules for conducting target practice, with a knowledge of the 
danger spaces at elementary and battle ranges. 

4355a. To fill prospective vacancies in the rating of turret captain, command- 
ing officers will select candidates from intelligent men with a mechanical bent 
that appear to possess the necessary qualifications and show good promise as 
leading men, and will have them detailed to the turrets for training in the 
duties of turret captain for a period of at least three months. After this pro- 
bationary training the names of those who are considered desirable candi- 
dates will be sent to the commander in chief, or to the force, squadron, or 
division commander, who will order their examination before a board, which 
he shall appoint, to consist of not less than three officers, the majority of the 
board to be turret officers detailed from a ship or ships other than those on 
board which the candidates are serving. When practicable, at least two candi- 
dates, but preferably more, will be nominated for each vacancy in the comple- 
ment in order that the examination may be competitive. The candidates who 
pass the examination will be eligible for the rating of turret captain, first class. 

43556. A candidate for the rating of turret captain shall be required to 
demonstrate his ability before the board by actually drilling turret and 
handling-room crews, preparing a turret for target practice or action, operating 
all the mechanism, shifting the gas-check pad, going through the procedure in 
case of a failure to fire, and in other ways showing his practical ability to 
meet the various conditions and requirements in the care and handling of a 
turret. In regard to qualifications that can not be practically demonstrated 
the candidate will be closely questioned by the board orally in order that the 
readiness of his knowledge may be ascertained. 

4355c. In no case will the rating of turret captain, first class, or acting 
appointment as chief turret captain be given unless the examination of the 
candidate shows that he is not only thoroughly familiar with the safety precau- 
tions to be observed in the service of the guns and the method of procedure 
in the case of a failure to fire, but also that he has been sufficiently drilled 
to make instant application of his knowledge, and that he is competent to take 
full charge of the turret at target practice or in action, in the absence of the 
turret officer. 

4355tf. Turret captains, first class, may be given the rating of chief turret 
captain only after passing a satisfactory examination of the same character 
as for turret captain, first class, but of a more advanced nature. 

4356. Quartermasters (general). — Quartermasters (general) must show a 
thorough knowledge in the following subjects : 

(q-1) General duties of the rating; the log and the entries therein; the 
necessity for keeping a bright lookout for signals, boats approaching and their 
passengers, movements of ships, any unusual occurrence; hailing boats at 
night ; the necessity for keeping a bright lookout at all times. General duties 
of the officer of the deck, sufficient to make the quartermaster a good assistant to 
that officer. 

(q-2) Weather and storms. Storm signals. 

(q-3) Flags, signals (thorough), and ceremonies. 

(q-4) Chronometers and the duty of a quartermaster in connection there- 
with. Barometer. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 67 

(tf-5) Use of drift lead; sounding machines. 

(g-6) Ability to con and to instruct seamen at the wheel. 

4356a. Chief quartermasters (general) must have the following qualifi- 
cations : 

(Q-l) Sufficient knowledge of the general and routine duties of the navi- 
gator to enable the quartermaster to be a good assistant to that officer. 

(Q-2) A thorough and accurate knowledge of all the subjects herein pre- 
scribed for the rating of quartermaster. 

(Q-3) A thorough knowledge of every system of signaling used in the 
service. 

(Q-4) In general, the duties of the officer of the deck. 

4357. Quartermasters (signal). — In rating men for the signal branch, com- 
manding officers and examining boards should keep in mind the duty to be per- 
formed by these men, particularly under war conditions when a fleet in the 
vicinity of the enemy can not use radio without betraying its presence and all 
orders will have to be given by visual signals. 

4357a. A quartermaster (signal), third class, shall have the following qualifi- 
cations : 

(a) Those required for all subordinate ratings in his branch. 

(&) Have executive ability commensurate with his probable duties. 

(c) At least nine months' service on the signal bridge of a seagoing ship. 

id) Be familiar with all national ensigns and the personal flags of flag of- 
ficers of the principal maritime nations, and with those of the members of the 
United States Cabinet and general officers of the United States Army. 

(e) Be able to use a stadimeter and operate and read a range finder. 

if) A thorough knowledge of Q-l, Q-2, and Q-3, "Bluejacket's Manual. 

(g) Be able to make or repair any flag used on the signal bridge. 

(h) Know all the definitions which apply to tactical formations and maneu- 
vers, such as " distance," " interval," " column," " column open order," " stand- 
ard speed," " full speed," " standard half rudder," etc. 

(i) A general knowledge of simple direct current circuits, and the elementary 
principles involved therein. 

(;") Be able to send and receive accurately dot and dash code at the rate of at 
least 16 words per minute, and semaphore code at the rate of 25 words per 
minute. 

(k) A general knowledge of chapter 24, Navy Regulations, and chapter 16, 
Naval Instructions. 

(I) Be thoroughly familiar with the " Rules of the Road." 

(m) Be thoroughly familiar with all instruments used on the signal bridge. 

43576. A quartermaster (signal), second class, shall have the following quali- 
fications : 

(a) Those required for all subordinate ratings in his branch. 

(&) Executive ability commensurate with probnble duties. 

(c) At least 18 months' service on the signal bridge of a seagoing ship. 

(d) A general knowledge of all electrical instruments used on the bridge 
for signaling purposes, the general principles under which they operate, to- 
gether with the ability to detect and repair usual casualties. 

(e) Be familiar with the principles upon which telescopes and binoculars 
are constructed and how to care for them. 

(g) Know the difference between code and cipher and the usual methods em- 
ployed. 

4357c. A quartermaster (signal), first class, shall have the following quali- 
fications : 

(a) Those required for all subordinate ratings in his branch. 

(&) Have marked executive ability commensurate with probable duties. 

(c) Served at least two years on the signal bridge of a sea -going ship. 

(d) Be familiar with Parts I, II, and III, that is Organizations, Battle 
Drills and Emergency Drills, Ship and Gun Drill Book, 1914. 



68 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(e) Be familiar with the nomenclature of charts and navigational publica- 
tions and the methods of indexing and stowing them. 

4357a". A chief quartermaster (signal), shall have the following qualifica- 
tions : 

(a) Those required for all subordinate ratings in his branch. 

(6) Executive ability in a marked degree — to enable him to take charge, 
organize, instruct and superintend the operations of the signal squad of a 
battleship. 

(c) To have served at least one previous enlistment and have served at 
least two years on the signal bridge of a seagoing ship. 

(d) Be thoroughly familiar with Chapter 24, Navy Regulations, and Chap- 
ter 16, Naval Instructions. 

(e) Be familiar with the General Storekeeper system in order to care and 
account for stores issued to his department. 

(f) Be familiar with charts and other navigational publications, and to be 
able to correct them from instructions contained in " Notices to Mariners." 

(g) He should be thoroughly familiar with all instruments issued to his 
department and with the measures necessary for their care and preservation. 
This applies most particularly to searchlights, telescopes, stadimeters, blinker 
tubes, etc. 

4360. Qualifications for rated men in the artificer branch. — The same provi- 
sions govern the qualifications for petty officers and chief petty officers of the 
artificer branch as are found in paragraphs 4350, 4350a, and 4350&, of these 
instructions, except that men are not required to have a knowledge of sub- 
jects S-l to S-ll, inclusive. In all cases where no special qualifications are 
given herein, men will be examined in accordance with a plan similar to that 
outlined for rated men of the seamen branch. Questions will be prepared on 
each ship peculiar to the department to which the men to be examined are 
attached, which will determine whether or not such men are entirely familiar 
with the duties of the next higher rating and qualified for advancement. 

4361. Special mechanics. — Special mechanics are authorized in order to pro- 
vide a few experts for repair ships and tenders. Men may not be given this 
rating without special authority from the Bureau of Navigation. 

4362. Electricians (general).— Electricians (general), third class, in order 
to be rated electricians (general), second class, must be qualified to stand watch 
in charge of a dynamo room. 

4362a. Electricians (general), second class, to be eligible for promotion to 
electrician (general), first class, must be well grounded in and possess con- 
siderable skill in the care and use of all electrical apparatus on board ship. 

4362&. Chief electricians (general) must, have a practical knowledge of the 
construction, care, and method of operation of all electrical appliances of what- 
ever nature installed on vessels of war ; the ability to assemble and disassemble 
them, and to make repairs within the scope of the ship's force ; to care for and 
maintain in an efficient operative condition all storage batteries and electrical 
machinery and appliances ; to prevent unnecessary deterioration and to conduct 
such tests as may be prescribed, with a thorough knowledge of the testing 
apparatus supplied for this purpose; a knowledge of the technical nomencla- 
ture adopted to describe and identify all electrical material furnished to ships ; 
with such educational qualifications as may be necessary to keep a record of 
stores and prepare such reports as may be required. 

4362c. When an electrician (general) has not elected radio work, but is a 
radio operator, note shall be made of such fact in red ink on his record. Special 
report shall be made to the bureau of the assignment to the radio branch under 
article 4133, Naval Instructions, in every case. 

4363. Electricians (radio). — Any man in a lower rating on board ship who 
shows aptitude for the duties of electrician (radio) may be detailed for such 
duty irrespective of complement, and, after showing proficiency for such duties, 
if his conduct has been satisfactory, may be given the rating of electrician 
(radio), third class. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 69 

4363a, Men who enlist as apprentice seamen for electrician (radio), third 
class, and upon examination have demonstrated their ability to send and 
receive 20 words per minute in the Continental Code or 25 words in the 
American Morse Code may have their ratings changed to electrician (radio), 
third class, after arriving at a training station. 

4363&. Electricians (radio), third class, may be rated second class, irrespec- 
tive of complement, provided they have a final mark in proficiency of at least 
3, and their conduct in all respects has been satisfactory. In order to obtain 
a mark of 3 in proficiency in rating, they must have demonstrated their 
entire fitness to take a watch in the radio room and must be capable of sending 
or receiving through interference, per minute, 20 words of an average of five 
letters each in the Continental Morse Code. 

4363c. Electricians (radio), second class, may be advanced to the next higher 
grade if possessed of a considerable knowledge and acquaintance with the 
radio plant and is qualified as above to send or receive per minute, 25 words 
in Continental Morse Code and 20 words in American Morse, and their conduct 
has been satisfactory in all respects. They must be able to send and receive 
messages with the American Morse telegraphic key. 

4363<Z. To be advanced to the rating of chief electrician (radio), electricians, 
first-class, must have not less than 3 in proficiency during the year preceding 
the promotion to chief electrician (radio) and their conduct must have been 
satisfactory in all respects. They must have an expert knowledge of all mat- 
ters pertaining to the radio plant, together with the qualifications of an expert 
operator. Twenty-seven words per minute in both codes is required. They 
must be expert operators through interference in both Continental and Morse 
codes and they must be able to send messages by telegraph key in the American 
Morse code. No man shall be advanced to the rating of chief electrician 
(radio) until he has been examined by a board of three officers, at least one 
(and if practicable all) of whom shall be a communication officer. 

4364. Carpenter's mates. — Chief carpenter's mates must be able to read and 
write English and have some knowledge of arithmetic; have had previous 
naval service of not less than four years, or have completed one minority 
enlistment; must be excellent mechanics, thoroughly familiar with all work- 
ing repairs generally required on board ship ; be able to properly handle all 
tools required in this work and be fairly well acquainted with ship construc- 
tion ; have sufficient knowledge of the pumping and drainage systems to be 
able to pump out compartments; must have a fair knowledge of the steam 
steering engine and be thoroughly familiar with the capstan, windlass, and 
deck winches, and be able to operate them; must know what valves to close 
when the dry dock is being flooded preparatory to a vessel being taken out; 
must be well posted on the care of air ports, manholes, battle hatches, and 
water-tight doors; and have sufficient knowledge of stores to enable him to 
exercise full care of them. 

4365. Plumber and fitter. — The rating of plumber and fitter will be abolished 
and hereafter no men will be given this rating. 

4370. Qualifications for rated men in the artificer branch, engine room force. — 
The same provisions govern the qualifications for petty officers and chief petty 
officers of the artificer branch, engine-room force, as are found in paragraphs 
4350, 4350a, and 43506 of these instructions, except that men are not required 
to have a knowledge of subjects S-l to S-ll, inclusive. In all cases where no 
special qualifications are given herein, they will be examined in accordance 
with a plan similar to that outlined for rated men of the seaman branch. 
Questions will be prepared on each ship peculiar to the department to which 
the men are attached, which will determine whether or not the men are entirely 
familiar with the duties of the next higher rating and qualified for advance- 
ment. 

4371. Oilers. — Special endeavor should be made to qualify all enlisted men 
now holding the present rating of oiler as engineman, second class, in accord- 
ance with the provisions of these instructions. Hereafter no further advance- 



70 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING handling enlisted personnel. 

ments or enlistments will be made in the rating of oiler except the reenlist- 
ments under continuous service of men discharged in that rating. 

4372. Enginemen. — An engineman, second class, must possess the following 
qualifications : 

(a) Have a thorough knowledge of the lubricating oil system, and of oiling 
by " gravity " and " forced lubrication." 

(■6) Have a general knowledge of the main engines, boilers, evaporators, etc., 
and their operation, and a detailed knowledge of the auxiliary machinery, how 
to start, stop, and secure. 

(c) Have sufficient mechanical aptitude and experience to be of use as a 
helper in the overhaul and repair of all machinery in the engineer department. 

(d) Be familiar with the steam log and capable of making entries therein. 

(e) Have some knowledge of the functions and operation of the drainage 
system. 

(/) Have some knowledge of the feeding of a steaming boiler and of tending 
water. 

(g) Have some knowledge of the operation of the ventilation, forced draft, 
fire extinguisher systems, and of all safety devices. 

4372a. An engineman, first class, must possess the following qualifications : 

(a) Have a general knowledge of main engines, turbines, and reciprocating, 
and a thorough knowledge of their operation and care. Have a thorough knowl- 
edge of lubricating oil systems. 

(6) Be capable of standing throttle watch or taking charge of an engine- 
room watch. 

(c) Understand thoroughly the procedure in warming up and securing the 
main engines, in making preparations for getting underway, and the procedures 
in the event of casualties. 

(d) Have a detailed knowledge of all auxiliary machinery and its opera- 
tion, and be capable of making all routine examinations and overhauls, and 
ordinary repairs. 

.(e) Be able to assist in making all ordinary repairs, routine examinations, 
and overhaul of main engines, including the fitting and adjustment of bearings, 
lining up engines, grinding in valves, making joints in pipe lines, etc. 

(/) Be able to make all entries in steam log. 

(g) Have a thorough knowledge of the drainage system and its' operation. 

(h) Have a thorough knowledge of the ventilation and fire extinguisher 
systems and all safety devices. 

(i) Understand the methods of keeping the double bottoms, bilges, and bulk- 
heads clean and free from corrosion. 

(j); Be familiar with all safety precautions. 

4373. Molders. — All blacksmiths (molder) should be rated molders, second 
class. If he is a qualified molder he may be promoted to molder, first class, 
after -passing the required examination. 

4374. Water tenders. — Water tenders must have the following qualifications : 
(a) Have a general knowledge of boilers and a thorough knowledge of their 

operation and care. 

(&) Understand thoroughly the feeding of a boiler, where the water level 
"ought to be and the different methods of telling where the water level is; un- 
derstand the construction of water columns and how to blow them through and 
to replace a gauge glass ; know how to use the test cocks. 

(c) Know how to give a boiler a surface and bottom blow. Be able to 
empty a boiler, clean, and overhaul it — this to include the ordinary overhaul 
of all boiler fittings, and such ordinary repairs as renewing a tube, calking a 
leaking seam, building a bridge wall, etc. Be able to repack stuffing boxes, 
grind in valves, and remake joints in pipe lines. 

(</) Have a detailed knowledge of the auxiliary machinery in the firerooms 
and its operation, and be capable of making the routine examinations and 
overhaul, and ordinary repairs. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 71 

(e) Understand thoroughly the economical firing of a furnace with coal or oiL 

(/) Understand thoroughly the procedure in raising steam in and securing 
a boiler, and the procedure in the event of casualties. 

(g) Be familiar with all safety precautions. 

(h) Be able to read and understand all instruments used in the operation of 
the boiler plant, including the analysis of flue gases and boiler water. 

(i) Be able to make entries in the steam log. 

(j) Have a thorough knowledge of the drainage system and its operation. 

(k) Have a thorough knowledge of the ventilating, forced draft, and fire 
extinguisher systems, and of all safety devices. 

(0 Understand the methods of keeping the double bottoms, bilges, and bulk- 
heads clean and free from corrosion. 

4374a. Chief water tenders must have the following qualifications : 

(a) Be first-class water tenders. 

(&) Understand the construction of Scotch and water-tube boilers used in 
the Navy, be familiar with all their fittings and the repair thereof. 

(c) Understand thoroughly the economical firing of furnaces with coal or oil. 

(d) Understand thoroughly the feeding of a boiler, where the water level 
ought to be, and the different ways of telling where the water level is. 

(e) Understand the ordinary kinds of feed pumps, know how to overhaul 
them, know where to look for trouble if feed pumps fail to function, and how 
to overcome it, understand the construction of a feed check valve, know how 
to tell when it is working, and be able to grind a valve tight. 

(f) Be able to remake a joint in a pipe line, remove and replace pipe 
covering. 

(g) Understand the construction of water columns, know how to blow them 
through; replace a broken gauge glass; be familiar with the automatic valves 
for gauge glasses in common use. 

(h) Know what the test cocks are for and how to keep them tight. 

(i) Know how to empty a boiler, open it, scale, and clean it, and be able to 
make ordinary repairs, such as cutting out and replacing a tube and rolling it, 
replacing a leaky stay bolt, calk a leaky rivet or seam. 

(;) Be able to rebuild a bridge wall or grate. 

(k) Be familiar with the operation and ordinary repairing of ash-hoist en- 
gines ; pack stuffing boxes, grind valves, etc. 

(I) Understand both closed fireroom and closed ash-pit system of forced draft 
and the operation of blower engines. 

(m) Understand the operation of appliances for circulating water when get- 
ting up steam, know how to fill a boiler, make the manhole joints and close it 
up, prime the furnaces, and get up steam. 

(n) Be familiar with the several forms of feed tanks and the float valves 
used in them, and be able to clean and care for one. 

(o) Be familiar with several kinds of filtering material and its use. 

(p) Know how to keep a fireroom and bilges clean, how to care for the 
bulkheads, angle irons, etc., in the bilge. 

(q) Understand the usual way of draining a fireroom and clearing it of 
water, and understand water-tight doors and how to keep them tight. 

(r) Be able to find the density of the boiler water with the hydrometer, and 
to test the water for acidity with litmus paper. 

(s) Must understand the construction and operation of an evaporator and 
the operation of the evaporating and distilling plant, cleaning and scaling of 
evaporators, etc. 

(t) Must understand how to stow a bunker, clean and scale it, and know 
the operation of the ventilating, fire-extinguishing, and fire-alarm devices in- 
stalled. 

(u) Be able to tell when a boiler is priming and what to do to stop it: 
know what to do when a gauge glass bursts, and also in case of low water. 



72 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(v) Be familiar with the use of fuel oil on shipboard and the safety pre- 
cautions relating thereto. 

(iv) Pass an examination for eyesight and have not less than 12/20, in each 
eye. 

4375. Boilermakers. — Boilermakers should be advanced through the rating of 
water tender. 

4380. Qualifications for rated men in the special branch.— The same provi- 
sions govern the qualifications for petty officers and chief petty officers of the 
special branch as are found in paragraphs 4350, 4350a, and 4350o of these 
instructions, except that men are not required to have a knowledge of sub- 
jects S-l to S-ll, inclusive. In all cases where no special qualifications are 
given herein, men will be examined in accordance with a plan similar to that 
outlined for rated men of the seamen branch. Questions will be prepared on 
each ship peculiar to the department to which the men are attached, which 
will determine whether or not the men are entirely familiar with the duties of 
the next higher rating and qualified for advancement. 

4381. Yeomen. — A yeoman (other than pay yeoman) must show a thorough 
knowledge of the following subjects: 

(Y-l) Navy regulations in regard to "rating, disrating, transfer, enlistment, 
service records. 

(Y-2) Correspondence. 

(Y-3) Expert in the Navy Regulations. General orders and circulars. 

4381a. Chief yeomen must be typists and good, accurate copyists; must be 
familiar with the handling of correspondence, the regulations governing it, and 
with the regulations relating to enlistments, discharges, transfers, promotions, 
etc. ; must also be sufficiently familiar with bookkeeping to be able to keep a 
record of stores, etc., prepare requisitions, and be familiar with kinds of stores 
of the various departments, their handling and stowing. In the selection of 
chief yeomen, other qualifications being equal, preference shall be given to men 
who have a working knowledge of stenography. 

4382. Bandmasters. — Bandmasters must be competent musicians as well as 
leaders and be able to arrange scores for the various instruments of the band. 

4383. Pharmacist's mates. — A hospital apprentice, first class, who has served 
satisfactorily in all respects for a period of not less than three months and 
has an average mark of not less than 2.5 in proficiency in rating and 4 in 
sobriety and has a record clear of infractions of discipline for the previous six 
months will be considered eligible for examination for promotion to pharma- 
cist's mate, third class. The examination will be conducted before a board of 
not less than one medical officer and a pharmacist or two medical officers. 
Candidates will be examined to determine their knowledge of the following 
subjects : 



l°)\ Paragraph 4331. 



|^| Paragraph 4332. 

(e) Nursing and materia medica, practical and theoretical, including ward 
management, beds and bed making, baths, treatment other than by mouth, ex- 
ternal applications, temperature, pulse, respiration, symptoms, and clinical 
records, names and uses of instruments and appliances, medical and surgical 
nursing, including preparation of patient for operation ; therapeutic classifica- 
tion of drugs of the United States Pharmacopoeia, their common, botanical, and 
official names, parts used, doses and active principles, toxic doses, poisonous 
symptoms, and antidotes. 

(f) Elementary hygiene and sanitation (general and field) ; water, air venti- 
lation, heating and lighting of wards, etc.; disposal of wastes, disinfection and 
disinfectants, sterilization, handling of infectious diseases and prevention of 
disease, practical duty in the field. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 73 

A mark of not less than 2 in any one subject and a general average of at 
least 3 is required. Form N. M. S. H. C. 1, properly marked, will be submitted 
to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 

4383a. Pharmacist's mates, third class, who have served satisfactorily in all 
respects for a period of not less than six months in their present rating, re- 
ceived an average mark of not less than 3 in proficiency in rating and 4 in 
sobriety, and have a record clear of infractions of discipline for the previous 
six months are eligible for examination for promotion to pharmacist's mate, 
second class. Tbe examination will be conducted before a board of not less 
than one medical officer and a pharmacist or two medical officers. Candidates 
will be examined to determine their knowledge of the following subjects : 

^H Paragraph 4331. 



1^,1 Paragraph 4332. 
**>} Paragraph 4383. 



(g) Diets and messing for the sick: Classes of food, various classes of diet, 
diet for special diseases, obtaining and preparation of food, proper service of 
diets and patients. 

(h) Clerical procedures and forms: Knowledge and preparation of bureau 
forms, typewriting, and ability to formulate tables and charts. 

(i) Pharmacy and chemistry: Various pharmaceutical processes employed in 
the manufacture of official preparations, relative proportions of the more im- 
portant drugs entering into their composition, weights and measures, specific 
gravity, etc. ; compatibilities ; chemical symbols ; the formulae of the more im- 
portant chemicals, with tests for identity and the reactions produced by their 
combination. 

A mark of not less than 2.5 in any one subject and a general average of not 
less than 3 is required. The following forms are required to be submitted to 
the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery : 
(a) N. M. S. H. C. 1. 
(6) N. M. S. H. C. 5. 

43836. Pharmacist's mates, second class, who have served satisfactorily in 
all respects in their present rating for a period of not less than nine months, 
and received an average mark of not less than 3 in proficiency in rating and 
obedience, and 4 in sobriety, and have a record clear of infractions of discipline 
for the past year, may be examined for pharmacist's mate, first class. Ex- 
aminations will be conducted by a board of two medical officers and a pharma- 
cist, or before a board of three medical officers, at last one of whom has had two 
years' service in the Navy. If practicable, this board will be detailed from a 
station or ship other than that upon which the candidate is serving. Candi- 
dates will be examined to determine their knowledge of the following subjects : 



W\ Paragraph 4331. 
|^ } Paragraph 4332. 



(d) 

(e) 



Paragraph 4383. 



if) 
iff) 
(h) \ Paragraph 4383a. 

(i) 

0') Sick-bay and ward duties, and management; care of property and 
records ; systematic routine and duties in the care of the patient and the ward 
itself; systematic detail of hospital corpsmen and assistants to their duties: 
care of the storerooms and dispensary, proper stowage and safeguarding of 
property ; systematic methods in keeping track of and safeguarding records, etc. 

(fc) Practical work in ah subjects. 



74 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

A mark of not less than 2.5 in any one subject and a general average of at 
least 3 is required. The following forms will be submitted to the Bureau of 
Medicine and Surgery: 

(a) N. M. S. H. O. 1. 

(6) N. M. S. H. C. 5. 

(c) The candidate's written questions and answers, properly marked. 

(d) A specimen of, and a statement as to proficiency in typewriting. 

(e) N. Nav. Form 21, transcript of service record. 

4383c. Pharmacist's mates, first class, must serve in that rating for at 
least 12 months before they are eligible for advancement to chief pharmacist's 
mate (acting appointment). Candidates for chief pharmacist's mate (acting 
appointment) will be examined by a board of two medical officers anil a 
pharmacist, or by a board of three medical officers, at least one of whom has 
had two years' service in the Navy. If possible one should hold the rank of 
lieutenant commander, United States Navy. If practicable, this board will be 
detailed from a ship or station other than that upon which the candidate is 
serving. The examination in all cases will be practical, oral, and written. 
Candidates will be examined to determine their knowledge of the following 
subjects: 



W 1 Paragraph 4331. 



(c)\ 



Paragraph 4332. 
& \ Paragraph 4383. 

im 

(h)\ Paragraph 4383a. 

«) J 

(/) Typewriting. (From a printed page of the United States Navy Regu- 
lations — 15 words per minute, correctly copied, will be considered as deserving 
a passing mark.) 

(I) Administration: Administration and internal organization of naval 
hospitals according to regulations, instructions, and the Manual for the Medi- 
cal Department. Hospital supplies and property accountability ; preparation 
of requisitions, vouchers, invoices, medical service outfits, supplies ; transfer 
of stores. Commissary supervision; measures to be taken for the purchase, 
inspection, and disposition of all stores and equipment of the commissary de- 
partment; preparation of bills of fare, foods, special diets; management of 
storerooms, pantries, kitchens, and mess halls. Clerical duties; supervision 
of general correspondence, preparation of official, unofficial and other letters; 
endorsements, reports and returns; care of records and use of the blank forms 
of the Medical Department. Chief-petty-officer-like qualities — determined by 
the candidate's general appearance, alertness, executive ability, and ability to 
handle men. 

(m) Practical work in all subjects. A mark of not less than 2.5 in any one 
subject and a general average of at least 3.2 is required. The same forms will 
be submitted to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery as are required for the 
examination for advancement to pharmacist's mate, first class. 

4380. Qualifications for rated men in the commissary branch. — The same pro- 
visions govern the qualifications for petty officers and chief petty officers of 
the commissary branch as are found in paragraphs 4350, 4350a and 43506 of 
these instructions, except that men are not required to have a knowledge of 
subjects S-l to S-ll inclusive. In all cases where no special qualifications 
are given herein, they will be examined in accordance with a plan similar to 
that outlined for rated men of the seaman branch. Questions will be pre- 
pared on each ship peculiar to the department to which the men are attached, 
which will determine whether or not the men are entirely familiar with the 
duties of the next higher rating, and qualified for advancement. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 75 

4391. Commissary stewards. — Commissary stewards must have had experi- 
ence in catering for enlisted men, be fully competent to make up a good bill 
of fare, showing frequent variations from time to time within the scope of the 
Navy ration, and should demonstrate their aptitude for the work. They must 
be thoroughly familiar with the duties of the commissary steward, including 
the following: 

(a) The regulations on the subject of the general mess. 

(&) The proper manner of keeping an accurate record of all transactions 
connected with the general mess. 

(c) The correct quantities of various ingredients to be served out for the 
subsistence of a given number of men. 

(d) The cooking and preparation of food in the galley. 

(e) Baking. 

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR ADVANCEMENT IN AVIATION 

RATINGS. 

4400. General remarks. — In addition to the subjects which all men in the 
service should know, men performing strictly aviation duties will be examined 
in accordance with a plan similar to that outlined for men of similar general 
service ratings. They should have the same thorough knowledge of the duties 
and responsibilities of petty officers and chief petty officers, depending upon the 
ratings for which they are examined. Questions will be prepared at each sta- 
tion peculiar to the branch to which the men are attached, which will determine 
whether or not they are entirely familiar with the duties of the next higher 
rating, and qualified for advancement. 

QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT TO SPECIAL DETAILS. 

4500. Chief petty officer instructors. — Chief petty officers to be eligible for de- 
tail as instructors of apprentice seamen at naval stations entitling them to the 
benefits of Article 4427 (26), Navy Regulations, in addition to being citizens 
of the United States and serving under continuous service, must be not more 
than 45 years of age at time of detail ; exception can be made in the case of 
men who reach this age while so detailed and upon recommendation to the 
bureau ; must be military in bearing and deportment, correct in dress, and neat in 
personal appearance, of good judgment and tact in handling recruits, and shall 
have served at least three months' probationary service at the station as in- 
structor of apprentice seamen. 

4501. A chief petty officer fulfilling the above conditions who embodies in him- 
self the qualities of the highest type of enlisted man, viz, devotion to duty, 
energy, zeal, and intelligence, may be recommended for the detail. If so recom- 
mended, he will be examined by a board of three line officers appointed by the 
commandant or commanding officer of the station. Such boards, in addition 
to satisfying themselves that each candidate fulfills the above requirements, 
will examine him orally and practically in — 

(a) Seamanship: 

(1) Practical work in the sail loft with palm and needle. 

(2) Practical work in rigging loft; knotting and splicing, including 

splicing of wire rope, hitches, bends, strapping blocks, etc. 

(3) Practical handling of boats under oars and sails, running and 

making fast lines, moorings, etc. • 
(6) Ordnance : 

(1) Practical knowledge of the manual " Landing Force and Small- 

Arms Instructions." 

(2) Assembling and drilling under arms a company of Infantry and 

two pieces of artillery. 

(3) Thorough knowledge of service arms. 



76 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(4) Thorough knowledge of instructions governing the small-arms 

target ranges and galleries. 

(5) Thorough practical knowledge of sight setting and ability to 

instruct in small-arms markmanship. 

(c) Signals: The examination must show a thorough knowledge of all 
systems of signaling used in the service, day and night. 

(d) First aid: The examination must show a thorough knowledge of the 
requirements in first aid to the wounded. 

4502. Chief water tenders may be detailed for duty as instructors of ap- 
prentice seamen for firemen, third class. 

4503. An applicant who has passed a satisfactory examination in accordance 
with the foregoing provisions may be given an appointment signed by the com- 
mandant or commanding officer of the station, such appointment to continue 
in force for one year from date, unless revoked for cause or by reason of 
transfer from the station. Commandants or commanding officers of stations 
will notify the bureau on Form N. Nav. 21 when a chief petty officer has been 
detailed as an instructor, entitling him to the benefits of article 4427 (26), 
Navy Regulations. The bureau also will be informed when such a detail is 
canceled. 

4510. Men qualified for submarine work. — Men to be eligible for recommenda- 
tion by their commanding officers as " qualified for submarine torpedo-boat 
work," entitling them to the benefits of article 4427 (11), Navy Regulations, 
must have had at least six months' service in submarine torpedo boats; must 
be familiar with the operation and care of air, water, and ventilating systems, 
ballast tanks, midship auxiliary, and adjusting tanks; must know all valves, 
piping, and its leads, and be able to start and stop all machinery in the boats 
on which they are serving. 

4511. In addition the following will be required of men in the various ratings : 
(a) Gunners' mates: Thorough familiarity with the operation of the torpedo 

outfit, tube and loading apparatus, and ability to overhaul all parts ; thorough 
familiarity with the adjustment and handling of torpedoes ; must be good steers- 
men and signalmen. 

(6) Electricians: Full knowledge of care, operation, and preservation of 
storage batteries, switchboards, and all electrical machinery and fittings in 
the boats on which they are serving. 

(c) Machinist's mates: Ability to operate, overhaul, and repair all machinery 
(other than electric) in the boats on which they are serving. 

4512. Service on a submarine torpedo boat shall be counted as sea service 
for all purposes. 

4520. Navy mail clerks. — Navy mail clerks are designated by the Post Office 
Department on the recommendation of the Navy Department. When Navy 
mail clerks are changed, recommendation will be made to the Bureau of Navi- 
gation by the commanding officer in accordance with the following provisions: 

(a) A Navy mail clerk or assistant should begin his duties on the effective 
date named in the commanding officer's letter of recommendation to this 
bureau. Do not wait for the letter of designation from the Post Office Depart- 
ment. Upon receipt of the letter of designation from the Post Office Depart- 
ment, a Navy mail clerk or assistant should execute and forward the required 
oath and bond immediately. The man recommended shall receive.no pay until 
he has received the letter of designation from the Post Office Department, and 
has properly executed the oath of office which appears on the back of the bond 
furnished him for execution as Navy mail clerk or assistant; but his pay 
shall date from the time his appointment is effective. The execution of the 
bond is an administrative measure for the protection of the Government's 
interests, and it has no bearing on the pay of the appointee. The execution 
of the oath is prerequisite to proper qualification for the position. The exe- 
cution of the oath, however, may take place subsequent to the commencement 
of his duties, but it must occur before the termination of service as Navy 
mail clerk. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 77 

(&) When a man is recommended to the bureau for appointment as Navy 
mail clerk or assistant, the bureau should be informed of the exact date on 
which it is desired to have the appointee begin his duties. The recommendation 
of the commanding officer should not be made to take effect on some prior 
date, but may be made to take effect on some subsequent date, as in the case 
of a Navy mail clerk whose enlistment is about to expire and whose services 
are desired as Navy mail clerk upon reenlistment. No man should be recom- 
mended to the bureau for appointment as Navy mail clerk or assistant who 
has less than one year to serve on his current enlistment from the time he will 
begin this duty, as such men will not be recommended to the Post Office 
Department by the Navy Department for designation. When the appointment 
of a Navy mail clerk or assistant is revoked, this bureau should be informed 
at once of the exact date of the revocation of such appointment. When men 
are transferred, desert, die, are discharged, or prove untrustworthy, their 
appointments must be revoked and the bureau informed. When a vessel goes 
out of commission, the bureau should be informed at once that the Navy mail 
clerk's appointment has been revoked and the date of such revocation. In all 
cases the bureau should be informed promptly of the exact date on which the 
duties of a Navy mail clerk or assistant begin or end. 

4521. One Navy mail clerk and one assistant mail clerk will be allowed in 
excess of complement on receiving ships, on all vessels of the Navy and in 
expeditionary forces of the Navy or Marine Corps serving ashore, having a 
complement of 650 or more officers and men. One Navy mail clerk will be al- 
lowed in excess of complement on all vessels of the Navy having a complement 
of more than 34 and less than 650 officers and men, except station tugs and 
barges, and for all Navy and Marine Corps detachments serving ashore as men- 
tioned above having a complement of more than 124 and less than 650 officers 
and men. 

4522. Mail clerks and assistant mail clerks mentioned above must be of 
ratings other than the following : Chief petty officers, yeomen, hospital corpsmen 
(except as noted below) or electricians (radio). No men shall be recom- 
mended for appointment as Navy mail clerk or assistant mail clerk whose other 
duties do not permit them to give prompt attention to all matters in connection 
with the mail service and whose characters are not known to be trustworthy. 
On hospital ships and at naval hospitals, hospital corpsmen may be recom- 
mended for appointment as Navy mail clerks. 

4523. When vessels having money-order service are placed in reserve status, 
the money-order service shall be discontinued at once and the Bureau of Navi- 
gation so informed. When complement or status of vessel having assistant 
Navy mail clerk is so changed that assistant Navy mail clerk is no longer al- 
lowed, the appointment of the assistant shall be revoked at once and the bureau 
so informed. When vessels are placed out of commission, the registry records 
used by Navy mail clerks should be sent to the office of the Third Assistant 
Postmaster General. New ships and ships not previously fitted must have suit- 
able arrangements installed before Navy mail clerks are permitted to begin 
their duties. 

4530. Gun captains. — Enlisted men of the Navy who are regularly detailed by ' 
the commanding officer of a vessel as gun captains at guns of 3-inch caliber and 
above, shall receive, in addition to the pay of their respective ratings, $5 per 
month. In the case of men holding certificates of graduation from the gun- 
captain class of the petty officer's school, this $5 shall include the $2 per month 
to which such certificate entitled them. 

4531. No man shall be regularly detailed as gun captain in the above sense 
(that is, with extra pay) unless he has been examined and recommended by a 
board of three gunnery or division officers (exclusive of his own division officer, 
if practicable) appointed by the commanding officer to determine his fitness 
for the position. But the above shall not be construed as preventing the detail 
of any desirable member of a gun crew as acting gun captain, though such 
detail shall carry with it no extra pay. Such details are necessary in order 



7 8 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING handling enlisted personnel. 

that, prior to their examination, candidates may have had actual experience in 
their duties in this capacity. 

4532. In order that a gun captain may draw his extra pay, a man who has 
been recommended by a board, as above described, must be regularly detailed 
as captain of some individual gun of a caliber not less than 3-inch. If 
however, the arrangement of the ship's battery is such as to render necessary 
the detail of one gun captain to a group of such guns, as, for example, when 
a number of guns are more or less isolated and require a responsible person 
in charge, a regular gun captain may be detailed as gun captain of the group 
of guns, permitting an acting gun captain to relieve him at his own gun. In 
no case will the number of men on board who draw extra pay as gun captain 
exceed the number of guns above described on that vessel. 

4533. Gun captains must show a thorough knowledge of the following 
subjects : 

(A) Ability to station and drill the gun crew. 

(B) Safety precautions to be observed in the service of the gun and of the 
method of procedure in case of a failure to fire. 

(C) Ability to bore sight the gun and adjust the telescope. 

(D) Familiarity with the telescope sights of the gun, including their care, 
the precautions to be observed in their use, and their most probable derange- 
ments. 

(E) Ability to shift and adjust the gas-check pad and breech mechanism. 

(F) A practical understanding of the general terms used in ordnance and 
gunnery. 

(G) A thorough familiarity with the mount, and ability to adjust such parts 
as require adjusting from time to time. 

(H) How properly to direct the changes to be made in the range and 
lateral compensation in order to make hits again after shots have begun to fall 
off the target. 

(I) The firing circuit, with ability to detect and remedy local defects. 

(J) Methods of receiving ranges and battle orders. 

(K) Ability to rig and adjust Morris tube, dotter, and subcaiiber apparatus, 
and superintend the training at them. 

(L) General knowledge of fire-control instruments at his gun, including 
care, operation, and alignment of instruments. 

4534. Below is shown the required form for examination of a man for gun 
captain. No other report is required. These reports will be sent by the senior 
member of the board to the commanding officer o fthe ship to which the candi- 
date belongs. The report will then be filed with the man's service record. 

EEPOET OF EXAMINATION FOR GUN CAPTAIN, HEAVY OB INTERMEDIATE GUN. 

Candidate's name . 

Attached to U. S. S 

Date of examination 

[Scale of marks: 4, excellent; 3.5, very good; 3, good; 2.5, passing; 1.5, fair; 1, in- 
different; 0, bad.] 



Subject. 


Marks. 


Subject. 


Marks. 


Subject. 


Marks. 


A 




E 




I 




B 




F 




J 




C 




G 




K 




D 




H 




L 

















INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 79 

We certify that we deem the candidate | no * to j be -qualified for the duties 
of a gun captain. 



(Signatures and ranks of members of the board.) 



4540. Seamen signalmen. — A signalman, third class, shall have the following 
qua liticati 011s: 

(a) A grammar-school education; be able to write a clear legible hand and 
be above the average in spelling. 

(b) Have a thorough knowledge of subjects A to N inclusive, and Z of the 
Bluejacket's Manual. 

(c) Have a general knowledge of subjects O to Y inclusive, Bluejacket's 
Manual. 

{d) Be able to send and receive accurately Continental Morse code at rate 
of at least 8 words per minute, and semaphore code at rate of 12 words per 
minute. 

(e) Be able to adjust and operate searchlight. 

(f) Be familiar with signal bridge procedure for "man overboard" and 
" breakdown." 

4541. A signalman, second class, shall have the following qualifications: 
(a) Those required for all subordinate ratings in his branch. 

(6) At least three months' service on bridge of a sea-going ship. 

(c) A thorough knowledge of subjects S-6 and S-ll, Bluejacket's Manual. 

(d) A general knowledge of subjects S-l, S-2, S-3, and S-5, Bluejacket's 
Manual. 

(e) Be able to take and read compass bearings. 

(/) A thorough knowledge of Chapter VIII, Deck and Boat Book. 

(g) Be able to send and receive accurately Continental Morse code at rate 
of at least 12 words per minute, and semaphore code at rate of at least 18 
words per minute. 

(h) Be familiar with organization of the force in which he is serving. 

4542. A signalman, first class, shall have the following qualifications : 
(a) Those required for all subordinate ratings in his branch. 

(5) At least six months' service on the signal bridge of a sea-going ship. 

(c) Have executive ability, sufficient to be able to take charge of the signal 
watch of a small ship. 

(d) A thorough and detailed knowledge of the use of the Naval and Inter- 
national Signal Codes. 

(e) Be familiar with running lights carried by all ships and with all fog 
signals. 

(/) Be thoroughly familiar with Chapter IX, Deck and Boat Book; this in- 
cludes storm signals, life saving signals, distress signals, etc., and with sub- 
jects S-7, S-8, and S-9, Bluejacket's Manual. 

(g) Be familiar with the organization of the fleet in which he is serving. 

(h) Be familiar with the rank designations on uniforms of officers of the 
United States Army and Navy. 

(i) Be able to send and receive accurately Continental Morse code at the rate 
of at least 14 words per minute, and semaphore code at rate of 22 words per 
minute. 

4543. All seamen signalmen are to be assigned to signal duties only and will 
remain permanently in this branch under the same conditions that electricians 
(radio) remain in the radio branch. In the case of seamen signalmen, their 
ratings shall be entered in 'their records and used in all official records and 
correspondence. Until further orders men may be rated in excess of comple- 
ment and may be considered as available for transfer. In rating men for this 



80 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL, 

branch, commanding officers and examining boards should keep in mind the 
importance of duty to be performed by these men, particularly in war condi- 
tions when a fleet in the vicinity of the enemy can not use radio without be- 
traying its presence so that all orders will have to be visual signals. 

4550. Listeners. — Men must have the following qualifications to be assigned to 
duty as listeners : 

(a) Thorough working knowledge of the theory of the various types of 
listening devices. 

(&) Ability to adjust and prepare for use the various types of apparatus. 

(c) Ability to take reliable sound bearings of all types of vessels without 
interference and to distinguish between the various types. 

4551. Electricians (radio) who are qualified in their branch and in addition 
are qualified in accordance with above paragraph, and have been assigned to 
duty as listeners, may be advanced one rating, and may be further advanced 
one rating when they have had at least six months' sea service on vessels 
equipped with listening devices actively engaged in listening operations and 
have demonstrated reliability in taking accurate observations through all forms 
of interference. Men shall not be advanced beyond the rating of petty officer, 
first class, in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph. 



CHAPTER VI.— APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS. 



APPOINTMENTS TO THE NAVAL AND MILITARY ACADEMIES. 

5000. Appointments to the Military Academy. — All enlisted men in the Navy 
or Marine Corps who receive nominations from Members of Congress as princi- 
pals or alternates for appointment to the Military Academy, may, on their own 
application, be discharged in order to return to their homes and make special 
preparation at private schools for the entrance examination. Such discharges 
for enlisted men of the Navy will be by special order of the Secretary of the 
Navy, without refund. 

5010. Appointments to the Naval Academy. — All enlisted men in the Navy or 
Marine Corps who receive nominations from Members of Congress as princi- 
pals or alternates for appointment to the Naval Academy, may, on their own 
application be discharged in order to return to their homes and make special 
preparation at private schools for the entrance examination. Such discharges 
for enlisted men of the Navy will be by special order of the Secretary of the 
Navy, without refund. Those who do not desire to be discharged may be de- 
tailed to one of the special schools for instruction. 

5011. The law authorizes the appointment to the Naval Academy each year 
of 100 midshipmen, to be selected as a result of the competitive examination 
given enlisted men of the regular Navy and Marine Corps, members of the Naval 
Reserve Force, and Marine Corps Reserve, on active duty. Candidates must be 
not over 20 years of age on April 1 and have been in the service at least one 
year by August 15 of the year of entrance. The mental and physical require- 
ments for these candidates are the same as for other candidates for appoint- 
ment as midshipmen. The examinations will be held in April of each year at 
the naval training stations, San Francisco, Calif., and Newport, R. L, on dates 
designated by the bureau. 

5012. Men who desire to take the examination must have the following 
qualifications : 

(a) Must have enlisted in the regular Navy or Marine Corps or in the Re- 
serve of either branch of the service on or before August 15 of the year pre- 
ceding the examination. 

(o) Must be not less than 16 nor more than 2,0 years of age on April 1 of 
the year in which they take the examination. 

(c) Must be citizens of the United States. 

(d) Must be able to pass a rigid physical examination. 

(e) Must have had two years in high school or equivalent education. 

(f) Must be of officer calibre. 

5013. Commanding officers of all ships and stations will ascertain the names 
of all enlisted men in their commands who are eligible and who desire to 
compete in the examinations. They will have each candidate given a pre- 
liminary physical and mental examination and none who is manifestly unfitted 
to be a competitor should be considered. The names of those selected will be 

168123—20 6 81 



82 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

submitted to the Bureau of Navigation, in duplicate, on the following form, 
arranged in order of merit : 



Name in full (surname first). 


Rate. 


Date enlisted. 


Date and place of birth. 



























































































The necessary steps should be taken by all those charged with the responsi- 
bility of selecting candidates to see that no eligible candidate is overlooked. 

5014. On the receipt of the above-described list, which must be submitted prior 
to December 1 of each year, the bureau will direct to which school the candidates 
will be transferred. In case there is a possibility of any list not reaching the 
bureau from cruising ships or from stations without the continental limits of 
the United States by December 1, the list of names will be telegraphed to the 
bureau. 

5015. To provide for intensive instruction of these candidates, special schools 
are established at the naval training stations, Newport, R. I., and San Fran- 
cisco, Calif. The course of instruction will begin in January, on a date set by 
the bureau, and will continue until the date set for the beginning of the com- 
petitive examination. It is desired that as large a number of men as it may be 
possible to obtain under the law and the required mental and physical qualifica- 
tions be selected. The course of instruction shall be such as to prepare each 
candidate for the entrance examination as described in the " Regulations Gov- 
erning the Admission of Candidates into the United States Naval Academy as 
Midshipmen " and " Examination Papers." Copies of these pamphlets will be 
forwarded to the training stations concerned. Existing facilities and equipment 
should be utilized to the fullest possible extent. Textbooks not already avail- 
able must be supplied by the students. On completion of the final competitive 
examinations, the completed examination papers will be forwarded by the 
commandants concerned direct to the superintendent, Naval Academy, An- 
napolis, Md., where the papers will be marked. Students under instruction will 
be kept under strict military discipline and required to observe the rules and 
regulations of the station, but all due consideration shall be given to the pur- 
pose for which they are detailed to this three months' special duty, and there 
shall be as little interference as possible with the schedule of school work. 

PROMOTIONS. 

5100. When examinations are held. — Examinations for promotion of enlisted 
men to warrant rank are held at irregular intervals at such times as may be 
most convenient for the bureau. Notifications are sent to all ships and stations 
by circular letter designating the officers who are authorized to convene boards, 
stating the times when these boards are to meet, and setting the dates when ap- 
plications should reach the bureau. 

5101. Whenever officers have been authorized to convene boards while on 
foreign stations under the provisions of the act of March 4, 1917, they will 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 83 

convene such boards without further reference to the department, provided their 
authority still exists by virtue of their duty on such foreign station. Should 
this authority have been terminated by reason of relief from such foreign duty, 
the department will immediately be so notified and orders convening the neces- 
sary boards will then be issued. 

5110. Eligibility for examinations. — Eligibility for this examination will be 
restricted to those who would appear to fill the requirements set forth in the 
Navy Regulations. For pharmacists, service with expeditionary forces overseas 
and service ashore on foreign stations will be considered as service on board 
cruising vessels. 

5111. Preliminary examinations and method of submitting applications. — 
When examinations for any of the warrant grades are to be held, those desir- 
ing to compete in the examinations and who are qualified should submit their 
requests on Form N. Nav. 334. No waivers will be authorized and they should 
not be requested. Before forwarding the applications, commanding officers 
will, as far as practicable, determine by a board of officers the physical and 
professional fitness of candidates. In forwarding requests, submit a copy of 
the applicant's current service record (except when the applicant is a temporary 
officer), report of preliminary boards, together with a recommendation of the 
commanding officer under whom the applicant is serving as to whether or not 
he is qualified for the rank of warrant officer and worthy of such advance- 
ment. Great care should be exercised in giving such recommendations. No 
letters of recommendation from former officers under whom the candidate has 
served should be submitted unless specifically requested. A report of in- 
sobriety or unexcused absence over or without leave shall disqualify any man 
from appearing for warrant examination, for at least two years after date of 
such offense. 

5112. The preliminary professional examination referred to above will be 
conducted with a view to ascertaining whether or not the candidate possesses 
the necessary qualification to become a thorough, practical warrant officer; 
and the board shall be guided by requirements w r hich appear under headings 
of practical examinations following. 

5113. When the bureau receives applications for examination in the form 
prescribed below, each candidate's entire service record is examined, and only 
men whose records would indicate that they possess the necessary qualifications, 
will be permitted to appear for examination. 

5114. Examinations previously taken, as a result of which the candidate 
was appointed to temporary warrant rank, can not be accepted as the pre- 
liminary examination required. All candidates must pass this preliminary 
examination and report must be forwarded on Form N. Nav. 334 with their 
applications. Transcript of current service record will not be required where 
the record itself has been forwarded to the bureau subsequent to the man's 
acceptance of a temporary appointment as warrant officer. 

5120. No application should be forwarded until a notice of the date of an 
examination has been received, or when otherwise directed by the bureau. 
Commanding officers will see that the applications of candidates for permission 
to appear for warrant examinations are promptly forwarded with all the in- 
formation required, thereby obviating the necessity of having the bureau return 
them for further data before action can be taken, with the consequent possi- 
bility of the candidate's being prevented from appearing. 

5121. It is essential that all applications for warrant examinations be 
accompanied by the report of preliminary boards on Form N. Nav. 334. All 
applications received in the bureau without this form will be returned. In 
order to prevent delay that will be prejudicial to the candidates' interests, it is 
directed that commanding officers assure themselves that the provisions of these 
instructions be strictly followed. 

5122. The bureau wishes it definitely understood by all commanding officers 
that no application to appear from this examination will be considered unless 
it is received in the bureau prior to the date set, and no candidate will be 



84 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

permitted to appear unless he has been authorized to do so by the bureau. 
In exceptional cases, when, due to inadequate mail service from distant sta- 
tions, it is apparent that the application can not reach the bureau by the date 
set, applications and commanding officers' recommendations may be transmitted 
to the bureau by despatch. 

5123. Upon receipt of the candidate's application, if his record justifies, he 
will be authorized by letter through his commanding officer to appear for the 
examination before such board as his commanding officer may select as the 
most convenient. 

5130. Examinations. — Inasmuch as the physical examination precedes the pro- 
fessional examination, the commanding officer will, immediately upon receipt 
of the approved application, notify the officer to whom the candidate will report 
and ascertain from him the date upon which the candidate's presence will be 
required in order that the physical examination may be completed before the 
date set for the commencement of the professional examination. If, due to 
the movements of the vessel or the transfer of the candidate, it would be im- 
practicable for him to appear before the board selected, his commanding officer 
will notify the board to that effect and will make arrangements for his appear- 
ance before such other board as may be most convenient at the time of the 
examination. 

5131. The officers under whose jurisdiction boards will be convened will notify 
the bureau not later than one month before the date set for the examination 
(by despatch if at a distant station) the number of candidates expected to 
appear before the board for examination, making sufficient allowance for such 
candidates as may subsequently be ordered to appear. 

5140. Temporary appointments. — When an enlisted man accepts temporary 
appointment as warrant officer, a notation should be made on his service and 
health records to that effect, the service record forwarded to the Bureau of 
Navigation and the health record to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. If 
temporary appointment is revoked, the man reverts to enlisted status, and if 
enlistment has expired, he may be discharged. 

5141. Upon the revocation of temporary appointment as warrant officer, an 
enlisted man will revert to his former status, and in accordance with the act 
of Congress, approved May 22, 1917, none of his rights, benefits, privileges, or 
gratuities shall be lost or abridged in any respect by his acceptance of tem- 
porary warrant. Upon reversion to former status, the commanding officer 
should request from the bureaus concerned the previous records of the man. 
However, a man whose enlistment expires while he is serving as a temporary 
warrant officer will not be discharged until the revocation of his temporary 
appointment as a warrant officer, at which time he will revert to his enlisted 
status, and be discharged as an enlisted man, and he shall not be considered as 
having been held in the service beyond his regular term of enlistment within 
the meaning of section 1422, Revised Statutes, as by the acceptance of his tem- 
porary appointment as warrant officer he tacitly agrees to the prolongation of 
his enlistment. This prolongation can not be considered as an extension of the 
enlistment nor can the time served in this way as a temporary officer be used 
as part of a future enlistment or extension of enlistment. 

5150. Instructions to examining boards for examination for appointment as 
warrant officers. — The mental, moral, and professional examination of candi- 
dates for appointment as warrant officers in the Navy will be conducted by two 
boards; one, the local examining board, to consist of line officers (except as 
noted in the paragraph following) appointed on the ship or station upon which 
the candidate may be serving, the senior member of which shall not be below 
the rank of lieutenant commander, and the others not below lieutenant; the 
other, the Naval Examining Board, Washington, D. G. 

5151. In the case of acting pay clerks, the local board shall, if practicable, 
consist of officers of the supply corps of the rank given above, and the record 
shall be sent to a special examining board at the navy yard, Washington, D. C. 
In the case of pharmacists, the local board shall consist of officers of the Medical 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 85 

Corps of the rank given above, and the record shall be sent to a special examin- 
ing board at the Naval Medical School, Washington, D. C. 

5152. A physical examination by a medical board consisting, if practicable, 
of three medical officers of the Navy, shall precede the written and practical 
examinations, and if a candidate is not pronounced physically fit in all re- 
spects, he shall not be examined professionally. (In the' case of pharmacists, 
the same local medical board which is to conduct the professional examination 
may also conduct the physical examination of the candidate.) 

5153. The local board shall examine the candidate in his knowledge of the 
practical duties of the warrant grade for which he is an applicant, assigning a 
mark in each subject shown on N. Nav. 338. The average of these marks shall 
be the candidate's mark for the practical examination. The local board shall 
also assign a separate mark on the candidate's ofhcer-like qualities as deter- 
mined by his bearing, appearance, alertness, and ability in handling men. All 
marks shall be on a scale of 4 with 2.5 the minimum satisfactory mark. The 
practical examination may precede or follow the written examination. It shall 
be conducted with a view to ascertaining whether or not the candidate has a 
thorough practical knowledge of the required subjects. The candidate's practi- 
cal ability will be ascertained by a practical demonstration or drill and a de- 
scription or explanation will not be accepted. Time expended on this examina- 
tion as shown by the report of local board, will indicate to the naval examin- 
ing boards whether or not a thorough practical (not oral) examination has 
been given. 

5154. The local board shall conduct the written examination in accordance 
with the following instructions: As the examination is competitive, it is essen- 
tial that all candidates undergo the same written examination. To this end 
and to eliminate the possibility of any candidate gaining any unfair prior 
information of examination questions, all the written examinations will be held 
simultaneously except in so far as the time is affected by difference of longi- 
tude. Any written examination held at any other than the prescribed time and 
date, for any reason whatever, will be null and void ; but in order to guard 
against possible hardship to candidates from this cause, whenever there is a 
prospect that the vessel's movements will interfere with the presence of a 
candidate before the local board on the date specified, such candidate shall be 
transferred by his commanding officer to the nearest ship or station where an 
examination is to be held, and the fact of such transfer shall immediately be 
reported direct to the Bureau of Navigation. 

5155. In conducting the written examination, the following instructions will 
be followed: 

(a) Each examination day is divided into two periods of three hours each, 
with an intervening recess of at least one hour. One group of questions under 
separate seal is assigned for each period ; the seal to be broken and the group 
of questions to be given out at the beginning of the period. The prescribed 
sequence must not be departed from. 

(o) Each day's work shall begin at 9 o'clock as nearly as practicable. 

(c) The instructions for candidates shall be read and explained to them dur- 
ing the first period before the first group of questions is given out. It must be 
made clear to them that the general character of their examination papers, 
including writing, clearness of expression, spelling, and attention to instruc- 
tions, will be taken into account by the naval examining board in assigning 
marks. The work for each period must begin on a new sheet and must be com- 
plete in itself. Legal cap paper 8 by 13 inches must be used. 

(d) A candidate having finished the group of questions assigned for that 
period may be allowed to leave the examination room ; but before leaving the 
room he must be required to close his examination papers for that period, 
whatever may be the reason for leaving and whether he has finished answer- 
ing the questions or not. No candidate who leaves the room shall be allowed 
to return during that period, nor shall he be allowed to acid anything to the 
answers he has submitted for that period either at that time or thereafter: 



86 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

nor shall any candidate be detained longer than three hours on any group of 
questions. 

5156. The following instructions will be followed in connection with the 
record of examination : 

(a) The local board shall see that the record of examination of each candi- 
date is complete in itself and is arranged as follows : 

(1) The report of the local board (Form N. Nav. 79). 

(2) The report of the practical examination. 

(3) The written examination. 

(4) The report of the medical board (Form N. Nav. 80.) 

(&) The local board shall then forward the papers direct to the Naval 
Examining Board, Washington, D. C. (In case of clerks, Navy Yard, Wash- 
ington, D. C, and for pharmacists, to the Examining Board for Pharmacists, 
Navy Medical School, Washington, D. 0. Extreme care in forwarding the 
records to the proper examining board as above directed is urged as failure 
to do so frequently results in the loss of necessary papers and further, brings 
about great delay in determining the results of the examination. 

(c) The boards at Washington shall assign a mark on a scale of 4 for the 
written examination. They shall also assign a mark for the service record of 
the candidate in which shall be taken into consideration the mark assigned by 
the local board on the candidate's officer-like qualities. 

(d) The marks thus assigned to each candidate, provided no such mark is 
below 2.5, shall be combined by the examining boards at Washington in ac- 
cordance with the following formula. The result is the general multiple of 
the candidate to determine his position in the final order of merit list. 

3a? written -f- 3a? practical -f- 4a? record 
10 

As a pay clerk must perform a larger proportion of clerical duties as com- 
pared to other warant officers the formula to be applied to the examination 
marks for acting pay clerk shall be 

5a? written + 2a? practical -f- 3a? record 
_ 

(e) Any candidate whose mark in the written, the practical, or the record 
examination is below 2.5 shall be considered as having failed in the examina- 
tion and shall not be given a multiple. Such candidate will not be granted a 
reexamination, but he may apply for examination the succeeding year, if 
then eligible. 

(/) The report of the examination of each candidate with the recommenda- 
tion of the examining boards at Washington shall be forwarded to the Judge 
Advocate General of the Navy. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR BOATSWAIN. 

5200. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical boatswain, and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following : 

(a) Cutting and fitting rigging according to the regulations. 
(6) Weighing, securing, and transportation of anchors, and working cables 
with modern appliances. 

(c) Erecting and securing shears, handling of purchases, and securing yards 

(d) Knotting and splicing, including splicing of wire rope, and such palm and 
needle sailmaking as met with on board ship. 

(e) All methods of signaling. 

5201. Each candidate will also be required: 

(a) To take charge of a company of infantry and demonstrate practically 
his ability to put the company through the manual of arms, squad and company 
drill in close and extended order. * 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 87 

(&) To take charge of a section of artillery and exercise it both ashore and 
afloat. 

(c) To station and drill a gun's crew of the main and secondary batteries. 

(d) To exercise a squad in physical drill. 

(e) To take charge of a ship's cutter or whaleboat and demonstrate his 
ability to act as boat officer, both under sail and under oars. 

These drills are to include, if practicable, the instruction of recruits, as well 
as the exercise of well-trained men. 

5202. The report of the practical examination will be made out on Form N. 
Nav. 337. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR GUNNER (ORDNANCE). 

5300. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertaining 
whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical gunner (ordnance), and 
the board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) The handling of guns and mounts of the main and secondary batteries; 
dismounting, repairing and assembling of parts; preparation for battle; care 
and preservation. 

(&) Star-gauging and taking impressions of bore and vent. 

(c) Sights; their mounting, adjustment, and repair; boresighting. 

(d) Small arms; dismounting, repair, and assembling; care and preservation. 

(e) Ammunition; make-up of charges (including high explosives) ; marking, 
handling, care, and preservation; tests. 

(if) Magazines and shell rooms; construction and mechanical devices; plans 
and methods of stowage. 

(g) Torpedoes and torpedo tubes; adjustment, firing and recovery, care and 
preservation. 

(70 Mines; assembling, laying, and recovery; stowage, care, and preser- 
vation. 

(i) Machine tools; as supplied to first-rate ships; ordnance outfit. 

(j) Range finders and torpedo directors; adjustment and use, care and 
preservation. 

(fc) Use of stadimeter and sextant; as applied to laying out targets. 

(I) Diving; ability to direct operations. 

(m) Turret training, elevating and ammunition supply apparatus; dis- 
mounting and repair. 

(n) Fire-control installations ; manipulation, care, and preservation. 

(o) Searchlights and control; ability to manipulate; care and preservation. 

(p) Storage and other batteries; as applied to ordnance uses; firing and 
sight-lighting systems. 

(q) Accounts and returns; clerical ability. 

5301. In addition, each candidate also will be required — 

(a) To take charge of a company of infantry and demonstrate his ability 
to put the company through the manual of arms, squad and company drill in 
close and extended order. 

(fr) To take charge of a section of artillery and exercise it both ashore 
and afloat. 

(c) To station and drill a gun's crew of the main and secondary batteries. 

(d) To exercise a squad in physical drill. 

(e) To take charge of a ship's boat and demonstrate his ability to act as 
boat officer, both under sail and under oars. These drills are to include, if 
practicable, the instruction of recruits, as well as the exercise of well- 
trained men. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR GUNNER (ELECTRICAL). 

5310. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascer- 
taining whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical gunner (elec- 



88 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

trical), and the board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of 
the following: 

(a) Use of tools supplied for repairing electrical machinery at sea, including 
machine tools on board. 

(&) Dynamo engines' and their auxiliaries; their construction, care, run- 
ning, overhaul, and repair; find power. 

(c) Oil and gasoline engines. 

(d) All types of dynamos; function of parts, ability to operate, dismount, 
and repair; correction of faults. 

(e) All types of motors with controlling apparatus ; functions of parts, ability 
to operate, dismount, and repair ; correction of faults. 

(f) Measuring and testing instruments; construction, adjustment, and opera- 
tion. 

(g) Dynamo-room practice; manipulation of switchboards, knowledge of 
connections and corrections ; operating in various loads ; tests. 

(h) Interior communications; telephones and bell circuits, all signaling and 
protection devices; correction of faults. 

(i) Lighting and power systems; wiring and fixtures; installation and pro- 
tection; correction of faults. 

(j) Radio apparatus; care and use. 

(7c) All types of batteries; construction and operation, care and preservation. 

(I) Sketching; reading drawings; records and returns. 

(m) Ordnance; electrically operated. 

5311. In addition, each candidate will be required — 

(a) To take charge of a company of infantry and demonstrate his aiblity to 
put the company through the manual of arms. 

(&) To exercise a squad in physical drill. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR GUNNER (RADIO). 

5320. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical gunner (radio), and 
the board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) Use of tools supplied for repairing radio electrical machinery and ap- 
paratus. 

(6) Construction, care, operation, overhaul, and repair of all types of direct 
and alternating current generators and motors, and combination of such 
machines. 

(c) Oil and gasoline engines. 

(d) All forms of controlling apparatus for generators and motors, including 
switchboard control. 

(e) Measuring and testing instruments; construction, adjustment, and opera- 
tion. 

(f) Care and use of all radio apparatus. 

(g) All types of batteries, primary and secondary; construction and opera- 
tion, care and preservation. 

(h) Sending and receiving radio messages in both spark and arc systems; 
Continental and Morse codes. 

(i) Knowledge of Navy Regulations and Instructions regarding the Naval 
Communication Service. 

(J) Knowledge of practice of Naval Communication Service as given in 
"Handbook of Regulations, United States Naval Radio Service," including 
method of accounting. 

(fc) Knowledge of provisions of International Radiotelegraphic Conventions 
(London). 

(I) Ability to read sketches and make working drawings of machinery. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 89 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR MACHINIST. 

5400. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical machinist, and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following : 

(a) The adjustment and management of marine engines; the management 
and care of marine boilers, including principles of firing used with different 
types of marine boilers, using natural draft and forced draft. 

( b ) The use of power tools and other workshop appliances usually found on 
board ship. 

(c) Quick repair under various supposed conditions of breakdown of main 
engines and boilers and of auxiliaries. 

(d) Taking indicator cards and working them out ; the construction of simple 
curves of revolutions and speed, power and revolutions, etc. 

(e) Stores usually found in the engineer department on board ship, includ- 
ing coal and oil ; how inspected and cared for and how used for economy. 

(f) The care and management of the various auxiliaries used on board a 
naval vessel, with special reference to the evaporating and refrigerating plants. 

(g) The interpretation of machinery drawings and knowledge of the material 
of the various parts of marine engines and boilers. 

(h) The meaning of signals regarding the engines from deck to engine room. 
The reading of various gauges used in the engine and fire rooms. 

5401. Each candidate will also be required : 

(a) To take charge of a division assembled at quarters and to make the re- 
quired reports. 

(b) To exercise a squad in physical drill. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR CARPENTER. 

5500. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical carpenter, and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) Skill in the use of tools, both hand and machine, in doing work in the 
trade or trades in which the candidate states he is skilled. 

(&) Knowledge of shipbuilding work in various trades and repair work on 
ships afloat 

(c) Knowledge of the duties of a carpenter in the Navy on board ship, in- 
cluding care and preservation of hull and fittings. 

(d) Reading plans, laying off work from them, and making working sketches. 

(e) Knowledge of carpenter's stores carried on board ship, quantities re- 
quired; their custody, care, and issue. 

(f) Provisions of the regulations regarding the docking of ships, preparations 
of the dock and ship, and precautions to be taken in docking. 

(g) Knowledge of principal shipbuilding materials, costs, and simple tests 
or inspections for quality. 

(h) Officer-like qualities, as determined by the candidate's general bearing, 
appearance, alertness, and ability to handle men. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR ACTING PAY CLERKS. 

5600. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical pay clerk, and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following : 

(a) Handling a division at physical exercise. 

(b) Marching a division from forecastle to quarter deck and reporting to 
the executive officer. 

(c) To demonstrate his ability as to his assigned duties at fire, collision, and 
general quarters. 



90 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(d) The administration of the financial section of the supply department, 
including preparation of pay rolls, accounts, returns, etc. 

(e) Administration of the general stores section of the supply department, 
including the requisitioning, receipt, custody, care, and accounting for supplies 
of all kinds. 

(J) Administration of the general mess. 
(g) The ship's store. 

(h) Officer-like qualities, as determined by the candidate's general bearing, 
appearance, alertness, and ability. 

EXAMINATION FOR PHARMACISTS. 

5700. Qualifications. — Only chief pharmacists' mates having exceptional apti- 
tude for the Hospital Corps and more than average executive ability, initiative, 
tact, and experience should be recommended for examination. They should 
have knowledge and experience as well as capability sufficient to enable them 
to take the leading position in the Hospital Corps of the Navy at any of the 
naval establishments. Candidates for appointment as pharmacist must be 
serving under acting or permanent appointment as a chief pharmacist's mate, 
must have served at least three years in the Navy as an enlisted man, at least 
two years of which service must have been performed on board a cruising 
vessel, preference being given to men who have been honorably discharged, 
and whose service has been continuous. The average of their marks taken 
from all their service records must be not less than 85 per cent perfect. No 
person shall be appointed a pharmacist unless his accumulated previous service 
in the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, together with his possible future service 
prior to attaining the age of 64 years, will amount to at least 30 years. 

5710. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical pharmacist, and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) Pharmacy (materia medica and toxicology) : A thorough practical 
familiarity with the current pharmacopoeia, preparation of medicines from 
crude drugs, such as powders, extracts, tinctures, infusions, assays, etc. ; 
proper administration of medicines as to form, method, dose, etc. ; compounding 
of prescriptions, preparation of antidotes, the use of concentrated stock solu- 
tions ; proper storage of supplies. 

(J)) Chemistry (organic and inorganic) : The carrying out of certain quali- 
tative and quantitative analyses, urinalyses, water analysis, and the examina- 
tion of foods for preservatives and adulterants. 

(c) Minor surgery: Application of splints, bandages, dressing, etc.; emer- 
gency surgery, such as placing of sutures and ligatures, arrest of hemorrhage, 
treatment of shock, operating room and surgical preparation and technique; 
general first-aid measures and use of stretchers and field transportation and 
drills outlined in Drill Book for the Hospital Corps. 

(d) Hygiene and sanitation: The candidate will be required to demonstrate 
a thorough, practical familiarity with matters pertaining to hygiene and 
sanitation, such as water, air, ventilation, the disposal of wastes ashore and 
afloat, location of camps and camp sites, disinfection of ships and hospitals, 
and precautionary measures for the prevention and the spread of contagious 
and infectious diseases, etc. 

(e) Administration: 

(1) Administration and internal organization of naval hospitals according 
to Navy Regulations and Instructions and the Manual for the Medical Depart- 
ment, U. S. Navy. 

(2) Hospital supplies and property accountability; preparation of requisi- 
tions, public bills, invoices, services, outfits, supplies, and transfer of stores 
according to Navy Regulations and Instructions and Manual for the Medical 
Department, U. S. Navy. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 91 

(3) Commissary supervision; measures to be taken for the purchase, in- 
spection, supervision, and disposition of all stores and equipment of the com- 
missary department; preparation of bills of fare, foods, and special diets; 
management of storerooms, pantries, kitchens, and mess halls (Manual for 
Medical Department, U. S. Navy). 

(4) Examination of foods: The candidate will be required to show an 
ability in the inspection of foods, such as meats, fish, poultry, etc., and the 
determining of preservatives and adulterants in such articles as milk, butter, 
jellies, and canned vegetables and foods. 

(5) Clerical duties ; supervision of general correspondence, preparation of 
official, unofficial, and civil letters, indorsements, reports and returns, care of 
health records, use of the various blank forms of the Medical Department. 

(f) Oral examination (embracing all subjects). 

(Questions and laboratory procedures for use in the practical examination 
will be prepared and included with those for the written examination for- 
warded to the local board.) 

(g) Officer-like qualities, as determined by the candidate's general bearing, 
appearance, alertness, executive ability, and ability to handle men. 

SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS FOR PROMOTION TO AVIATION 
WARRANT RANKS. 

5800. Boatswain (Aviation). — A candidate for appointment as boatswain 
(aviation) other than such as are provided for in article 3861 (1), Navy Regu- 
lations, must be under 35 years of age. He must have served not less than seven 
years in the Navy, at least three years of which have been on aviation duty. 
He must have served at least one year of that time as a chief petty officer or 
petty officer, first class, of the seaman branch, and must be serving as such 
and under continuous service at the time of his examination. He will not be ex- 
amined if there is any mark on his record within the preceding two years which 
indicates a lack of sobriety, and no applicant will be examined whose record 
shows confirmed habits of intoxication. The average of his marks taken from 
all service records (exclusive of first year of service) must be not less than 85 
per cent of perfect. 

5801. He must be able to read and write with facility ; must understand the 
first four rules of arithmetic and proportion; must be able to keep a correct 
account of stores ; must be familiar with the " Rules of the Road " ; and must 
be thoroughly conversant with all drills and Navy Regulations pertianing to 
the duties of a boatswain. 

5802. Each candidate will be required to pass a satisfactory examination be- 
fore a board of naval medical officers as to his physical fitness for the service. 

5803. He must be a thorough, practical seaman, and be thoroughly familiar 
with beach administration, the inspection and handling of hulls, pontoon fuse- 
lages, rigging and sustaining of control surfaces of aircraft (exclusive of motor) 
preparatory to flight, the launching, docking, securing, lowering, hoisting, and 
salvaging of seaplanes or surface craft in a seaway, care and preservation of 
air and surface craft usual to an air station ; must understand wire working and 
rigging as applied to aircraft. He must be thoroughly familiar with all methods 
of signaling in use in the Navy. 

5810. Gunner (Aviation). — A candidate for appointment as gunner (aviation) 
other than such as are provided for in article 3661 (1), Navy Regulations, must 
be under 35 years of age. He must have served at least one year as a chief 
gunner's mate (aviation) or gunner's mate (aviation), first class; and must 
be serving as such under continuous service at the time of examination. He 
will not be examined if there is any mark on his record within two years which 
indicates a lack of sobriety, and no applicant will be examined whose record 
at any time shows confirmed habits of intoxication. A candidate for gunner 
(aviation) to specialize in radio must have served at least one year as chief 



92 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

electrician (aviation), and must be serving as such under continuous service 
at the time of examination. The average of his marks taken from all service 
records (exclusive of the first year of service) must be not less than 85 per 
cent of perfect. A candidate for gunner (aviation) to specialize in ordnance 
must have served not less than seven years in the service of the Navy, of 
which three years must have been on aviation duty, and if a candidate for 
gunner (aviation) to specialize in radio, he must have had five years of naval 
service, of which three years must have been on aviation duty. 

5811. He must be able to read and write with facility, must understand the 
first four rules of arithmetic and proportion ; must be able to keep accounts 
correctly of ordnance and electrical stores ; must be familiar with the " Rules 
of the Road" and must be thoroughly conversant with all drills and Navy 
regulations pertaining to the duties of a gunner in aviation service. 

5812. Each candidate shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination 
before a board of naval medical officers as to his physical fitness for the service. 

5813. He must understand the construction, mode of dismounting, and as- 
sembling, and the methods of remedying difficulties and defects in breech- 
loading rifles, rapid fire and machine guns of service types used in aviation, 
and magazine rifles and other small arms in the naval service ; the construction, 
adjustment, care and preservation of aerial bombs, their sights, releasing 
gear, bomb furniture, and accessories ; and the use of such tools as are supplied 
for repairing aviation ordnance equipment. 

5814. A candidate for appointment as gunner (aviation) to specialize in 
ordnance must be able to put up all kinds of aviation ammunition, and be thor- 
oughly familiar with the use, storage, and care of aviation pyrotechnics; to 
take impressions of vent and bore, to star-gauge, adjust, verify, and use gun 
and aerial bomb sights ; to fit all aviation gun gear, and thoroughly understand 
and be able to explain all fuses in use in aviation ordnance. 

5815. He must understand the manner of fitting magazines, the method of 
stewing and preserving powder, aviation projectiles, fire works and all aviation 
ordnance stores afloat and on shore, and the manner of handling and securing 
guns. . 

5816. He must be fully conversant with orders and regulations in regard to 
the care and handling of aviation ordnance material and stores afloat and on 
shore, and with charges of powder for guns and projectiles of every caliber 
used in naval aviation. 

5817. A candidate for appointment as gunner (aviation) to specialize in 
radio must be a competent radio electrician and must be thoroughly familiar 
with the use of all tools for repairing radio-electrical machinery and apparatus, 
with the construction, care, management and repair of alternating and direct 
current generators and motors, oil and gasoline engines, measuring and testing 
apparatus, aviation radio apparatus and all types of storage batteries. He must 
understand and be thoroughly familiar with the construction, care, manage- 
ment and repair of electrical intercommunication sets, including radio tele- 
phones, radio compass and direction finders. He must be thoroughly familiar 
with the Navy Regulations and instructions regarding the Naval communication 
service and the provisions of the International Telegraphic Regulations. He 
must be able to read sketches and make working drawings of machinery. 

5820. Machinist (Aviation). — A candidate for appointment as machinist (avia- 
tion), other than such as are provided for in article 3661 (1), Navy Regula- 
tions, who, at the time of making application, is enlisted in the Navy, must be 
not more than 35 years of age. He must have served at least five years in the 
Navy, three years of which have been on aviation duty. He must have served 
at least one year as a chief petty officer and must be serving as such, under 
continuous service at the time of examination. He will not be examined if 
there is any mark on his record within the preceding two years which indicates 
a lack of sobriety, and no applicant will be examined whose record at any 
time shows onnfirrapd habits of intoxication. His average in all marks is 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 93 

proficiency in rating must be more than 85 per cent of perfect as shown by his 
service record (exclusive of first year of service). 

5821. Applicants for appointment from civil life must be not less than 21, 
nor more than 30 years of age, and must furnish satisfactory evidence of good 
moral character and habits. They must be machinists by trade, and .must 
submit evidence of having been employed as such in a machine shop for not 
less than three years. In addition, they must have had four years' experience, 
either in responsible charge of men in a machine shop ashore or responsible 
charge in civilian aviation activities. The aggregate of the four years' ex- 
perience required may be divided among the two heads above, but no candi- 
date shall be examined who can not give satisfactory evidence of the fact that 
he is familiar through practical experience with management of various types 
of machinery, and the routine of the machinery department of a naval air 
station or detachment. 

5822. Each candidate shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination 
before a board of naval medical officers as to his physical fitness for the service. 

5823. The candidate must be able to read and write with facility, and have 
sufficient knowledge of arithmetic to enable him to keep an engine log book 
and an account of stores. The examination in arithmetic shall be limited to 
the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of- whole numbers and 
vulgar and decimal fractions; the reduction of common fractions to decimals; 
proportion, and the mensuration of surfaces and solids of the regular forms. 

5824. He must be familiar with the various types of aviation engines, used 
In the Navy, including their carburetion and ignition systems, their general 
proportions, the manner of putting them in operation, their adjustment, preseva- 
tion, the precautions to be taken with them in flight and on the ground, and 
be able to name the materials of the various parts of engines and the 
dependencies and show himself familiar with the physical characteristics of 
engineering materials. He must be familiar with the care, construction, ad- 
justment, repair, and operation of the various auxiliary engines, motors, and 
their ignition systems coming under the care of the engineer officer of a Naval 
air station. 

5825. He must be familiar with the engineering instructions contained in the 
Navy Regulations, and be able to take command of the engineer division at 
quarters, and to conduct the usual drills. 

5826. He must be familiar with the use of the power tools and workshop 
appliances found at an air station or detachment, with modern machine-shop 
practice as applied to the construction and repair of aviation motors and igni- 
tion systems, and the dependencies, including the installation of engines and 
motors in aircraft, and with the types of propellers used on naval aircraft. 
He must understand and be able to execute performance and consumption tests. 
He must be able to read drawings and make working sketches of parts of 
machinery, to lay out work, and prepare the station bill for the men of the 
engineer division. 

5827. He must be familiar with the kind and quality of stores usually carried 
In the engineering department of a naval air station or detachment, and must 
know what spare parts are most necessary to have on hand. 

5828. The letters and recommendations furnished by candidates who have no 
naval records shall be used in making up their record mark, and the examina- 
tion of such candidates shall be held at the navy yard or naval air station 
nearest the candidate's home. 

5829. A candidate for appointment as machinist must also be fully conversant 
with the theory, principle, and practical operation of a gas plant. He must 
be familiar with the gases used in "lighter than air" craft, the methods of 
production, and their industrial uses ; the principle of chemical control, methods 
of physically testing the gases, low and high pressure storage ; " lighter than 
air " problems ; the making and reading of generator reports and records ; the 
general layout of the gas works. He must be able to read sketches and make 
working drawings of machinery usual to a " lighter than air " establishment. 



94 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

He must thoroughly understand the construction, repair, and operation of 
various types of kite balloon winches, the methods of attaching a balloon to a 
cable, the care, preservation, and inspection of cable and splicing in wire. 

5830. Carpenter (Aviation). — A candidate for carpenter (aviation) other than 
such as are provided for in article 3661 (1), Navy Regulations, must be under 
35 years of age, he must have served at least five years in the Navy, three 
Shears of which have been on aviation duty. He must have served at least 
one year as a chief petty officer or petty officer, first class, of the artificer 
branches, and must be serving as such under continuous service at the time of 
examination. He will not be examined if there is any mark on his record 
within the preceding two years which indicates a lack of sobriety, and no 
applicant will be examined whose record at any time shows confirmed habits 
of intoxication. His average in all marks for proficiency in rating must be 
more than 85 per cent of perfect as shown by his service record (exclusive of 
first year of service). 

5831. He must be a good mechanic, having a knowledge of practical work 
in the several kinds of wood and metal used in aircraft construction, 
familiar with the preparation and application of paints, glues, "dopes," and 
varnishes used on aircraft. He must thoroughly understand the application 
of aircraft fabrics, including wing, hull, and control surface coverings. He must 
understand hull and pontoon construction, aligning, unpacking, and packing, 
assembling, and disassembling of aircraft. 

5832. Each candidate shall be required to pass a satisfactory examination 
before a board of naval medical officers as to his physical fitness for the service. 

5833. He must be able to read plans, make working sketches, furnish esti- 
mates of cost of work, and keep accounts of stores; he must understand the 
maintenance and care of surface craft usual to an air station, the equipment 
and fittings and their care ; and must be thoroughly conversant with drills and 
Navy Regulations pertaining to the duties of a carpenter. 

5834. A newly appointed carpenter shall, when practicable, be attached to a 
naval aircraft factory or aviation mechanics' school before being ordered to 
a naval air station, in order that he may become conversant with his operating 
duties. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR BOATSWAIN (AVIATION). 

5835. This examination will be conducted with a view to ascertaining whether 
or not the candidate is a thorough, practical boatswain (aviation), and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following : 

(a) Cutting and fitting rigging according to regulations. 
(&) Swinging, securing, crating, packing, and transportation of heavier-than- 
air and lighter-than-air machines, kite balloons, etc. 

(c) Knotting and splicing, including splicing of wires and wire rope. 

(d) Aviation seamanship, towing of planes, handling of boats, approaching 
and leaving planes, hoisting machines of all types. Transferring passengers to 
and from seaplanes at sea. 

(e) All methods of signaling. 

(/) Free balloon: Layout, inflate, and get ready in all respects for flight. 

(g) Kite balloon: Layout, inflate, and get ready in all respects for flight. 

(h) Transfer an inflated kite balloon from beach to boat; coil and drag rope. 

(i) Given a certain number of men, assign these men to station for taking 
an airship out of hangar and then perform the operations of mooring the air- 
ship ; unmooring and getting the airship into the air ; taking charge of landing- 
party, landing, and taking airship into hangar ; winding airship. 

(/) Assemble men and materials with motor equipment necessary to assist 
the ship which has made a forced landing away from station. 

(k) Find purity of gas in airship; find suspension tensions; adjust tensions; 
find useful life of airship ; adjust and test gas and air valves on ship. 

(0 Line up an airship. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 95 

Each candidate will also be required to : — 

(m) Take charge of a company of Infantry and demonstrate practically his 
ability to put the company through the manual of arms, squad and company 
drill in close and extended order. 

(n) Take charge of a section of Artillery and exercise it both ashore and 
afloat. 

(o) Station and drill a gun's crew of the main and secondary batteries. 

(p) Exercise a squad in physical drill. 

(q) Take charge of a ship's boat and demonstrate his ability to act as boat 
officer, both under sail and under oars. 

These drills are to include, if practicable, the instruction of recruits, as well 
as the exercise of well-trained men. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR GUNNER (AVIATION ORDNANCE). 

5836. This examination will be conducted with a view to ascertaining whether 
or not the candidate is a thorough, practical gunner (aviation), and the board 
will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) The handling of aircraft guns and mounts, both machine guns and can- 
non ; their stripping, immediate and secondary action ; points before, during, 
and after flight ; repairs and adjustments ; care, cleaning, and preservation. 

(&) Star gauging and taking impressions of bore and vent. 

(c) Sights: Mounting, adjustments, repair, and use of same. 

(d) Small arms: Dismounting, repair, and assembling; care and preservation. 

(e) Ammunition and explosives: All explosives used in aerial bombs and 
torpedoes and in ammunition ; making up of charges ; marking, handling, care, 
and preservation ; tests. 

(f) Magazines and shell rooms: Construction of mechanical devices; plans 
and methods of stowage. 

(g) Torpedoes, torpedo gears, adjustment, firing, and recovery; care and 
preservation. 

( h ) Machine tools ; as supplied to air stations and ships carrying or attend- 
ing aircraft ; aviation ordnance outfit. 

( i ) Use of stadimeter and sextant as applied to laying out targets. 

(;') Diving: Ability to direct operations. 

(/;) Storage and other batteries as applied to ordnance uses. 

(Z) Pyrotechnics, including parachutes and landing flares, signals, etc. 

(n») Accounts and returns; clerical ability. 

Each candidate will also be required to : — 

(n) Thoroughly understand the construction of aircraft, especially as re- 
gards fitting ordnance gear in the best manner to the structure of aircraft. 

(o) Take charge of a company of Infantry and demonstrate his ability to put 
the company through the manual of arms. 

(p) Take charge of a section of Artillery and exercise it both ashore a*id 
afloat. 

(q) Exercise a squad at physical drill. 

(r) Take charge of a ship's cutter or whaieboat and demonstrate his ability 
to act as boat officer, both under sail and under oars. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR GUNNER (AVIATION RADIO). 

5837. This examination will be conducted with a view to ascertaining whether 
or not the candidate is a thorough practical gunner (aviation), and the board 
will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) Use of tools supplied for repairing the electrical machinery concerned 
in radio transmission. 

(&) Construction, care, running, overhaul, and repair of all types of direct 
and alternating current generators and motors, and combinations of such 
machines. 



96 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(c) Oil and gasoline engines. 

id) All forms of controlling apparatus for generators and motors, including 
switchboard control. 

(e) Measuring and testing instruments; construction, adjustment, and opera- 
tion. 

(f) Care and use of all radio apparatus. 

(g) All types of batteries, primary and secondary; construction and opera- 
tion, care and preservation. 

(ft) Sending and receiving radio messages in both spark and arc systems. 
Continental and Morse codes. 

(i) Knowledge of Naval Regulations and Instructions regarding the Naval 
Communication Service. 

(j) Knowledge of practice of Naval Communication Service as given in 
" Handbook of Regulations, United States Naval Radio Service," including 
method of accounting. 

(fc) Knowledge of provisions of International Radiotelegraphic Conventions 
(London). 

(?) Ability to read sketches and make working drawings of machinery. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR MACHINIST (AVIATION). 

5838. This examination will be conducted with a view to ascertaining whether 
or not the candidate is a thorough, practical machinist (aviation), and the 
board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the following: 

(a) The adjustment, care, and operation of aviation engines, air cooled and 
water cooled. 

(&) The overhaul of aviation engines, all types. 

(e) The use of power tools and workshop appliances usually fitted on naval 
vessels and aviation stations. 

(d) The inspection, care, and economical use of all stores, including gasoline 
and oil, used in the engineer department, or naval vessels and aviation stations. 

(e) The interpretation of machinery drawings and knowledge of the material 
of the various parts of aviation engines. 

(f) The reading of various gauges and instruments used in connection with 
aviation engines. 

Each candidate will also be required to: 

(g) Take charge of a division assembled at quarters and to make the 
required reports. 

(ft) Exercise a squad in physical drill. 

PRACTICAL EXAMINATION FOR CARPENTER (AVIATION). 

5839. The practical examination will be conducted with a view to ascertain- 
ing whether or not the candidate is a thorough, practical carpenter (aviation), 
and the board will endeavor to ascertain his practical knowledge of the fol- 
lowing : 

(a) Skill in the use of tools, both hand and machine, in doing work in 
the trades in which the candidate states he is skilled. 

(&) Knowledge of aircraft work in various trades and repair work on air- 
craft at stations and on board ship. 

(c) Knowledge of the duties of a carpenter (aviation) in the Navy, in- 
cluding care and preservation of aircraft, packing for shipment or storage, 
uokeeo in storage etc. 

(d) Reading plans, laying off work from them, and making working sketches. 

(e) Knowledge of carpenters' (aviation) aircraft stores carried at air sta- 
tions and on board ship, quantities required, their custody, care, and issue. 

(f) Provisions of the regulations regarding the handling and preparation 
of air craft for flight, precautions to be taken in work around hangars, etc. 

(g) Knowledge of principal aircraft materials, their properties, costs, and 
simple tests or inspections for quality. 



CHAPTER VII.— TRANSFERS AND DETAILS. 

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS. 

6000. Bureau's policy. — It is the policy of the Bureau of Navigation to make 
transfers of enlisted personnel by ratings and qualifications and not by name. 

6001. Naturally, greater efficiency can be developed with permanent crews, 
and the frequent and unnecessary requests for transfer of enlisted men must 
be discouraged. 

6002. Eighteen months' service on tugs and on small vessels that cruise 
mostly in the tropics is sufficient to warrant transfers of men to larger ves- 
sels, if they so desire. Commanders in chief should make exchanges in such 
cases, where practicable. 

6010. Officers authorized to transfer men. — Commanders in chief are author- 
ized to make transfers within their fleets whenever, in their opinion, such 
transfers would increase the efficiency and contentment of the personnel. 

6011. Senior officers present may authorize exchanges of men of similar rat- 
ing between cruising vessels in the same port at the discretion of the com- 
manding officers concerned. Such exchanges may also be authorized between 
cruising vessels and shore stations beyond the continental limits of the United 
States when a vessel is in the port where such station is located. 

6012. When in foreign waters, the senior officer present should direct trans- 
fers in exchange between a ship that is to remain and one that is to return 
to the United States, with a view to returning the short-time men to the 
United States for discharge. He should also transfer men from one 
vessel to the other, especially from larger to smaller vessels, where vacancies 
exist, if he considers it advisable. 

6013. In order to relieve congestion at the various naval hospitals, com- 
mandants of all districts, navy yards, and naval stations, within the continental 
limits of the United States, and the medical officer in command, Naval Hos- 
pital, Fort Lyon, Colo., are hereby authorized to approve recommendations of 
boards of medical survey recommending transfer of enlisted men in advance of 
the bureau's approval. 

6020. Requests for transfer. — Change of duty by request is authorized only 
upon application of enlisted man through the commanding officer. While there 
is no objection to correspondence between enlisted men and officers in regard 
to assignments, it is desired to reduce this practice as much as possible. Per- 
sonal letters regarding assignments of enlisted men will not be considered by 
the bureau. In this connection, the bureau wishes to discourage the practice 
among the enlisted personnel of using political or personal influence outside of 
the service for transfer. A notation will be made on the record of the man in 
whose behalf the influence is used when such a case comes to the attention of 
the commanding officer, and the man should be warned against the continuance 
of such practice. 

6021. In general, all requests for transfer to and exchanges between vessels, 
shall be forwarded to the commander in chief. Except in special cases, and 
in the cases of the chief petty officers, individual requests for transfer will not 
be submitted to the bureau. 

168123—20 7 97 



98 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

6022. Requests of such nature as to require the bureau's action will be 
tabulated and submitted monthly by commanding officers, as follows : 

(a) The monthly report shall be headed " Requests for transfer " and shall 
state the following: 

(1) Name and rate. 

(2) Service number. 

(3) Ship or station desired. 

(4) Reason. 

(5) Date of expiration of enlistment. 

(6) Date of reporting on board. 

(7) Whether relief is required or vacancy created. 

(6) Only such cases will be forwarded as the commanding officer deems 
worthy of immediate or special consideration owing to urgent family reasons, 
exceptionally long service on one ship, or special fitness of certain men for 
certain billets. 

(c) If there are no requests for tranfer, the report is not required. Appli- 
cations should be discouraged unless there are good reasons for making them. 

6023. When requests for transfer, made by enlisted men, receive the bureau's 
approval, the transfer shall be at the expense of the man concerned, except 
when such transfer is to a trade school for a course of instruction. 

6030. General instructions for transferring men. — In order that men being 
transferred may properly be detailed at the ship or station where they arrive, 
it is essential that, whenever a transfer is made, the order for the transfer 
shall clearly show the duties for which the man is intended. It is not suffi- 
cient merely to give the reference number of a dispatch or number of a letter 
as the authority for the transfer. 

6031. When a commanding officer issues an order directing a man to report 
on board a receiving or station ship, the man shall be directed to report " for 
general detail " unless the bureau has directed his transfer for duty or other- 
wise in the crew of the receiving or station ship. 

6032. Commanding officers shall compare men with their service records, 
and especially in the case of transfers the proper record must be sent with the 
man concerned. In any case where a discrepancy exists, all the facts as shown 
by the record as well as the man's statement must be reported to the bureau, 
without delay. 

6033. Transfers of enlisted men will be made on single transfer accounts and 
a man's accounts must invariably be sent with him. When men are transferred 
in drafts of ten or more, records and accounts will be sealed in convenient 
packages and transferred with them in custody of the man in charge of the 
draft ; in such cases men will be held until papers are ready. In transferring men 
to distant points alone or in drafts of less than ten, service records will be for- 
warded by registered mail, on the same day. In no event will a man's service 
record ever be given into the custody of the man himself. If such transfer is 
made to a point in the vicinity, these papers may be sent by special messenger. 
In the case of emergency transfers of patients to a hospital, every effort will 
be made to send the records and accounts at the same time, or, when this is 
impossible, at the first possible moment thereafter. In all cases a copy of a 
man's orders will be sent by separate mail to the vessel or station to which he 
is transferred. These will be checked with the original orders which the man 
delivers in person. 

6034. Commanding officers are particularly enjoined to see that timely notice 
is given to supply officers, whenever possible, of any contemplated transfers. 
No men shall ever be sent to foreign duty without their transfer pay accounts. 

6035. Whenever it is impossible to send accounts with the men themselves, 
such fact and the reason therefor will immediately be reported to the depart- 
ment by dispatch, and any commanding officer who receives an enlisted man 
without his pay accounts will likewise report the fact to the department by 
dispatch, together with the name of the station from which the man came. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 99 

6036. In transferring drafts of men the baggage of the men should accom- 
pany them, and commanding officers must make particular effort to see that 
every man being transferred is instructed that his baggage must accompany 
him in order that his further transfer may not be delayed on account of the non- 
arrival of his baggage. Each bag must be tagged with a substantial tag made 
of rope stock secured to the bag with wire. This tag should bear the full 
name, service number, rate, and destination of the owner. 

6040. Men transferred without pay accounts. — Whenever enlisted men are 
received on board a ship or at a station without their pay accounts they may, 
at the end of two weeks if their accounts have not been received, be taken 
up for pay commencing with the fifteenth day after reporting on board such 
ship or at such station and will thereafter be given 50 per cent of the pay of 
their rating. If, after 10 weeks from date of reporting, their transfer pay 
accounts have not been received, they may thereafter be put in receipt of the 
full pay of their rating less any allotment or other deductions which should 
be made. The pay which accrued during the first two weeks after reporting 
and the 50 per cent withheld during the succeeding eight weeks will not be 
paid until the receipt and adjustment of the regular transfer pay accounts. 

6041. In order that authentic and reliable information may be at hand for 
determining the rate of pay of enlisted men under such conditions, there will 
hereafter be inserted in the service records of all men an additional sheet 
which will be kept corrected up to date showing their rate of pay and any 
allotment, insurance, or other monthly deductions which are to be made. 

6042. Commanding officers will issue orders to supply officers or disbursing 
officers to make payments under authority of these instructions whenever 
enlisted men under their command are received under the foregoing conditions. 

6043. When it becomes necessary to transfer a man who has been taken up 
for pay under the foregoing conditions, before the receipt of his regular trans- 
fer pay accounts, he will be given a " memorandum transfer pay account " 
which' will show the inclusive dates for which he has been paid and the total 
amount paid to him. In addition to this the commanding officer will require 
a note to be placed on the extra sheet attached to his service record showing 
the total amount of money paid to such enlisted man prior to the receipt of his 
regular transfer pay account. No man who has been taken up for pay previous 
to receipt of his transfer pay account will again be transferred until this note 
is placed in his service record showing total payments which have been made. 

SPECIAL TRANSFERS. 

6100. Eecall of men to active duty. — The following procedure will be followed 
m handling the records and pay accounts of such retired enlisted men of the 
Navy as may be recalled to active service : 

(a) On the reporting of the man for active service, begin a new service 
record, entering thereon the fact of his recall to active service. Thereafter 
the record will be handled as for other enlisted men. At close of active service 
note date of termination and forward record to Bureau of Navigation for file. 

(6) Make request to Bureau of Medicine and Surgery for health records of 
men so recalled. These records are to be reopened, and on termination of active 
service, returned to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. It is important that 
a complete medical history be kept for the period of active service. 

(c) Apply to the governor, United States Naval Home, Philadelphia, Pa., for 
the transfer pay accounts of these men. Furnish that officer with the exact 
date of recall to active duty. 

(d) On receipt of transfer accounts the retired men will be taken up on the 
rolls of the station, the supply officer being directed to take up the accounts 
from date of recall to active service. While on active duty retired men are en- 
titled to the allowance for quarters paid to such men. 



100 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(e) On termination of active service forward transfer accounts to the gov- 
ernor, Naval Home, notifying him also of dates of active service and return 
of man to his original status on the retired list. 

(f) Notify bureau on Form N., Nav. 8, of recall to active duty and transfer 
to retired list. 

6101. No members of the Naval Reserve Force will be recalled to active 
duty, on account of overpayment, or for being in debt to the Government, after 
they have been placed on inactive duty, unless it can be shown that the over- 
payment at the time of their release was caused by fraud. 

6110. Transfers for training purposes. — Recruits will not be retained for duty 
aboard ship without the special authority of the bureau and in accordance 
with the provisions of Chapter I of these instructions. 

6111. Transfer, without reference to the Bureau of Navigation, apprentice 
seamen, landsmen for training, and hospital apprentices, enlisted under author- 
ity of these instructions, to the nearest training station, or to a receiving or 
station ship for further transfer to a training station. In order to reduce 
transportation expenses these men should be retained on board if the ship is 
proceeding or soon to proceed toward the stations mentioned. On enlistment 
these men should be given an outfit of clothing sufficient for their immediate 
needs. 

6112. Recruits may choose any one of the training stations, except the naval 
training station, Gulfport, Miss., as the station at which they are to receive 
the regular recruit training. This provision may be held in abeyance by spe- 
cific order of the bureau from time to time due to temporary filling to 
capacity of some particular station. Applicants for enlistment sent to re- 
cruiting stations by ships or air stations will, upon enlistment, if they so de- 
sire, be transferred to the training station nearest the ship or air station 
sending them with the understanding that they will, upon the completion of 
their recruit training, be transferred to the ship or air station through whose 
efforts they were enlisted. 

6120. Transfers to special stations. — All enrolled or enlisted men transferred 
for duty in the Navy Department should be ordered to report on arrival to the 
commandant, navy yard, Washington, D. C. Their transfer orders will spe- 
cifically state the bureau or office of the Navy Department to which they are 
to report, and, if possible, the duty to which they will be assigned. 

6130. Transfers to foreign service. — Whenever men are sent on foreign serv- 
ice where cold weather may be expected, they must be provided with an ample 
supply of winter clothing. Each man must be provided with the following 
minimum allowance of heavy clothing: 

1 overcoat. 

4 heavy undershirts. 
4 pairs heavy underdrawers. 
8 pairs of heavy socks. 
3 pairs high shoes. 

2 single blankets. 
2 pairs gloves. 

and the proper number of all articles as provided for in the uniform regula- 
tions. Great care must be taken to see that these men as well as men trans- 
ferred to vessels of the Navy have complete outfits before they are transferred. 
Should transfers of men in overseas drafts or on vessels be delayed owing to 
there being insufficient clothing on hand, telegraphic report should be made to 
the bureau, stating the deficiencies. 

6140. Transfers of patients to hospitals. — In the case of emergency transfers 
of patients to a hospital, every effort will be made to send the records and ac- 
counts with the man or, when that is impossible, at the first possible moment 
thereafter. In the event that accounts do not accompany the men in such 
transfers, the dispatch called for in paragraph 6035 of these instructions need 
not be sent to the department by either ship or station from which transferred, 
or hospital to which transferred. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 101 

6141. There are two naval hospitals in the vicinity of Hampton Roads, Va., 
designated as follows: (o) United States Naval Hospital, navy yard, Norfolk, 
Va. ; (o) United States Naval Hospital, naval operating base, Hampton Roads, 
Va. When there are patients to be transferred to the hospitals in this vicinity, 
commanding officers, if in doubt as to which hospital the transfer should be 
made, shall communicate with the commandant, fifth naval district, for the 
necessary instructions. Care must" be taken to see that patients are sent to 
the proper hospital and that all official mail concerned in the transfer is 
properly directed. 

6142. In case of men under treatment at naval hospitals who make request 
for transfer to another hospital for continuance of treatment, it is desired that 
in every case the medical officer in command, when forwarding such request, 
state the probable length of time before the man will be available for active 
duty. Commandants of districts, navy yards, and naval stations are authorized 
to act upon such requests without reference to the bureau. 

6143. In order to relieve the congestion at the various naval hospitals, com- 
mandants of all districts, navy yards, and naval stations within the continental 
limits of the United States and the medical officer in command, naval hospital, 
Fort Lyon, Colo., are hereby authorized to transfer patients at their own ex- 
pense from one naval hospital to another. 

6144. Men discharged from treatment at a naval hospital should be sent to 
the nearest receiving ship for general detail, except in special cases where the 
commanding officer requests the return of a man to the ship from which he was 
sent. In such cases a man's transfer papers must specifically state that he is 
to be returned to the ship from which he came and on discharge from treat- 
ment the hospital will return him to the ship at whatever port she may be. 
Receiving ships will immediately place on general detail men who are received 
from naval hospitals. 

6150. Transfer of men for discharge. — Men to be discharged when not in the 
vicinity of the pay officer having their accounts, will be transferred for dis- 
charge to a naval station or vessel having a pay officer, without further orders 
from the bureau ; but, where practicable, endeavor should be made to discharge 
men direct from their ship so as to avoid the additional transfer. The practice 
of transferring to the nearest receiving ship: (a), men whose terms of enlist- 
ment have already expired; (6) men whose terms are about to expire and who 
desire to reenlist within the three months prior to expiration of enlistment, 
(c) men whose discharges have already been ordered or authorized, must be 
discontinued. In particular cases, however, when a man's papers are incom- 
plete, he may be transferred to the nearest receiving ship to await discharge, 
but not when the discharge can be completed on board the ship. 

6151. Ships and stations outside the continental limits of the United States 
will transfer men who are to be discharged or released from active duty to the 
nearest receiving ship in the United States where they will be released in 
accordance with the provisions of Chapter IX of these instructions. 

6152. When men are transferred from vessels abroad and sent home for dis- 
charge, their service records and pay accounts invariably shall bear such data, 
properly certified, as will enable officers on home stations to pay such men 
on discharge the one quarter additional pay to which they are entitled. Also, 
whenever men are sent to the United States, via Army transport, notation to 
that effect shall be entered in their service records. 

6153. When men are transferred to receiving ships or shore stations for 
discharge or release from active duty, they must have sufficient clothing for 
their health and comfort while awaiting discharge or release. 

6154. When a man is to be discharged prior to the expiration of his enlist- 
ment or enrollment by reason of undesirability, inaptitude, or bad conduct, or 
is to be dishonorably discharged, and he has insufficient funds to reach his 
home, he shall be transferred to the receiving ship or naval station nearest 
his home for discharge. Individuals' who desire discharge from the ship or 
station, as the case may be, who will waive transportation as directed herein. 



102 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

may be discharged at the ship or station concerned, provided transportation 
is waived in writing and a copy securely attached to the service record in 
every instance. Recruiting stations are not considered as naval stations 
within the meaning of the above. Before making such transfers commanding 
officers will see that the provisions of paragraphs 8312 and 8313 of these in- 
structions are complied with, and that a letter explaining the circumstances 
in each case is forwarded to the commanding officer of the ship or station to 
which the man is transferred for such discharge (copy to Bureau of Navi- 
gation). 

6155. When men are transferred from one command to another for unde- 
sirable, bad conduct, or dishonorable discharge, the papers mentioned in article 
3583, Navy Regulations, shall be transmitted by registered mail to the command 
where discharge is to be effected, accompanied by a forwarding letter and a 
copy of the written orders given the men, unless the men are transferred 
under guard, in which case the above papers shall be intrusted to the petty 
officer in charge of the party. 

6160. Transfer of hospital corpsmen. — All men who are enlisted as, or change 
their rating to, hospital apprentice, will, immediately upon enlistment or change 
of rating, be transferred to the nearest Hospital Corps training school for in- 
struction, without further authority. 

6161. When commandant, commanding officer of a receiving ship, or other 
commanding officer makes a detail of hospital corpsmen to a ship to which no 
medical officer is attached, he should detail a pharmacist's mate, first class, or 
a chief pharmacist's mate, and if no hospital corpsman is available in either 
of these ratings, a request should be made to the Bureau of Navigation, via the 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 

6162. Members of the Hospital Corps below the rating of pharmacist's mate, 
first class, shall never be assigned to duty independent of a medical officer, as 
they lack the experience and qualifications necessary therefor, and are fitted 
only to work under the direction of a medical officer. The Bureau of Medicine 
and Surgery has endeavored to establish a high standard of efficiency for the 
upper ratings of the Hospital Corps and the commanding officer of a ship having 
no medical officer may ordinarily rely on a chief pharmacist's mate or pharma- 
cist's mate, first class, for valuable assistance in first aid work when more 
skilled medical talent can not be secured. In the absence of a medical officer 
the supervision of the physical welfare of the crew must devolve largely upon 
the commanding officer whose experience, general education, sound judgment, 
and superior mental training make him better fitted to assume responsibility in 
emergency than the recently recruited hospital corpsman, even though the latter 
may possess some rudiments of first aid and nursing. 

6163. The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery does not offer the chief pharma- 
cist's mate or pharmacist's mate, first class, as a substitute for a qualified medi- 
cal officer but rather as a first aid man who can relieve the commanding officer 
of most if not all of the detailed management of the sick or injured. The 
difficulty of providing the right kind of hospital corpsman for this sort of duty 
independent of a medical officer is great, owing to the large demand and the 
length of time required for the development of such personnel. The need has 
so far been met by the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery and will be met with an 
increasing degree of success in the future. 

6164. The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery considers that it would be better 
in every way for a small vessel to put to sea without any member of the 
Hospital Corps on board than to detail to one of them men liable to attempt 
medication beyond their capacity. A mistake in dosage or in minor surgery 
might have serious consequences to individual members of the crew and would 
inevitably bring great discredit not only upon the Medical Department but upon 
the entire service, and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery must decline to be 
responsible for hospital corpsmen below the rating of pharmacist's mate, first 
class, when on duty independent of a medical officer. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 103 
SPECIAL DETAILS. 

6200. Shore duty in general. — Complements of receiving ships, station ships, 
Naval Reserve ships, yard craft (including tugs), and naval stations shall be 
composed, as far as practicable, of men having had long service in the Navy. 

6201. Men must not be retained at shore stations (other than on recruiting 
duty) for a period longer than 18 months, provided there are suitable reliefs 
available who desire the duty. (By suitable is meant men who are qualified 
for shore duty in accordance with the previous paragraph.) Exceptions to this 
may be made in cases of chief petty officers, bandsmen, and men of the com- 
missary and messman branches, for whom the period of shore duty may be 
regarded as two years. 

6202. All men of 25 years' service or more assigned to receiving ships or 
shore stations shall be placed on the crew roll and shall not be carried in 
excess of complement unless their ratings are already filled by men of at least 
25 years' service. If men of this length of service are capable of filling billets 
in ratings other than those held by them, they shall be assigned to those billets, 
and the men of those ratings with less than 25 years' service shall be placed on 
general detail or sent to the nearest receiving ship for general detail. 

6203. Bandsmen should not be retained on shore stations longer than two 
years, and should be relieved at the end of that time by men entitled to shore 
duty, provided they are available and desire such duty. Men serving at shore 
stations who are capable of performing duty on cruising vessels, who have had 
less than 25 years' naval service, shall in every case be considered available for 
sea duty after two years' service at such shore stations, and, without further 
instructions, shall be so reported or placed on general detail. No requests for 
further extensions will be considered unless very umisual circumstances make 
further extensions advisable. 

6210. Trade schools. — No enlisted man is detailed to one of the bureau's trade 
schools except upon the recommendation of his commanding officer or when upon 
reenlistment he fulfills the requirements of the Navy Regulations or of these 
instructions governing such details and then only on official application by the 
man himself; and men who make such requests must be informed that should 
they complete the course at any trade school they will not be furloughed or dis- 
charged by purchase oi* special order during their current enlistment. 

6220. Recruiting duty, — To be eligible for recruiting duty men must have ex- 
cellent records in all respects, and must be recommended for such duty by rea- 
son of conduct, zeal for the service, and general appearance. Preference will be 
given to men of long service and to men who have previously served as mem- 
bers of ship's recruiting parties. 

6221. In recommending men for recruiting duty at shore stations, command- 
ing officers should recommend only men possessing particular qualifications for 
this special duty. The following are the qualifications desired : 

(a) Strength of character, as evidenced by observation of the applicant's 
habits and daily life on board ship. 
(6) Consistent good conduct. 

(c) Consistent sobriety. 

(d) Pleasing personality, as evidenced by observation of the applicant's 
manner of address, conversation, and his degree of popularity on board ship. 

(e) Ability to converse intelligently on general and naval subjects. 

(/) Fair degree of education to include good legible handwriting and general 
knowledge of current events. 

6230. Naval Reserve vessels. — The manner of performance of duty, efficiency, 
conduct, and appearance of men attached to Naval Reserve ships are followed 
by the Naval Reserve as models of the naval service; for this reason men in 
their first enlistment should not be recommended for this duty. 

6231. Before transferring regular Navy men to Naval Reserve vessels for 
duty, it is desired that the names of the men recommended be forwarded to the 



104 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

bureau, in order that it may be determined from their records whether or not 
they would be desirable men for this duty. Men so detailed will serve for 18 
months, except 25-year men, who will be permanently detailed, unless sooner 
removed for cause. As far as practicable, changes shall not be made in the 
regular Navy personnel of Naval Reserve vessels between April 1 and October 1. 

6240. Chief petty officer instructors at naval training stations. — Chief petty 
officer instructors of apprentice seamen are detailed for duty at naval stations 
in accordance with the complements allowed in paragraph 3002 of these instruc- 
tions. To be eligible for this detail, chief petty officers must have all the 
qualifications, enumerated in paragraphs 4,500 to 4,503, inclusive, of these 
instructions. 

6250. Navy bands. — Navy bands or members thereof, including the band at the 
Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., shall not receive remuneration for furnishing 
music outside the limits of military posts when the furnishing of such music 
places them in competition with local civilian bands. 

LIBERTY, LEAVE, AND FURLOUGHS. 

6300. liberty. — Authorized absence for less than 4S hours should be con- 
strued as " liberty," for 48 hours or over as " leave." Entry shall be made 
on proper page in service record stating amount and dates of leave. 

6301. In sending liberty parties from ships alongside docks at navy yards, 
much petty annoyance and unnecessary delay to men going on liberty can be 
avoided by checking men out by divisions and permitting them to march off 
at once under the charge of a petty officer. It is not necessary to have them 
checked at the gates of a navy yard either coming in or going out. In visiting 
between ships at a navy yard the detailed supervision over the men which too 
often appears on shipboard can be avoided, with the saving of vexatious delays, 
by permitting visiting parties to be made up under the charge of a petty officer, 
who will be responsible for them, avoiding the unnecessary checking of names 
on two ships. The spirit of the above may be extended in many ways on ship- 
board without the subversion of military discipline and with saving of time 
and annoyance. 

6310. Leave. — Commanders in chief, senior officers present, and commanding 
officers are authorized to grant leave of absence to enlisted men whose serv- 
ices can be spared, not to exceed 30 days, exclusive of travel time, in any 
one calendar year, except in an emergency, when, in their discretion, additional 
leave may be granted. Applications for leave or extensions of leave must be 
made to the immediate commanding officer. Men should be instructed not 
to apply to the Navy Department for extensions of leave, but should apply to 
their commanding officer, and the practice of placing on leave papers a nota- 
tion to the effect that requests for extensions of leave will not be considered 
and must not be made, must be discontinued. Leave to enlisted men should 
be so distributed throughout the year as to maintain the available force on 
board at a maximum when most needed. It is suggested that during an over- 
haul period at a navy yard the deck force can often advantageously be given 
leave, while there are many periods of preparation for target practice, or 
while engaged in certain exercises, that the engineer force may well be granted 
leave. 

6311. In order to relieve congestion at the various naval hospitals, com- 
mandants of all districts, navy yards, and naval stations within the continental 
limits of the United States, and the medical officer in command, Naval Hospital, 
Fort Lyon, Colo., are hereby authorized to approve recommendations of boards 
of medical survey in advance of the bureau's approval and grant 30 days' sick 
leave to enlisted men of the Navy, and an extension of 30 days when considered 
necessary. When such action is taken in any case, the medical survey showing 
the commandant's action should be forwarded in the regular manner. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 105 

6312. All honorably discharged men who reenlist within four months from 
date of discharge, may be granted 30 days' leave, without travel time, and 
such men reenlisting on board any vessel may be given orders to report back 
on that vessel or to a receiving ship for general detail upon expiration of leave. 
Men reenlisting at any shore station and entitled to leave should be given it, 
to report at expiration thereof to a receiving ship for general detail. 

6313. Filipinos holding honorable discharges from vessels, other than those 
in the Asiatic Fleet, who reenlist in the Philippine Islands, within four months 
from date of discharge, may be granted 30 days' leave before being required to 
report for duty, as outlined in above paragraph. 

6314. Commanding officers are authorized to grant 30 days' leave to men dis- 
charged from the Army or Marine Corps who enlist on board within four 
months after discharge. This leave must be given immediately upon enlist- 
ment and prior to transfer to a training station or receiving ship, provided the 
ship is not expected to sail for a distant port. In the latter case, leave should 
be granted as soon thereafter as practicable. 

6315. In order that district communication superintendents may be in touch 
at all times with the personnel in their respective districts, and that they may 
know the number of operators actually present at any time, the bureau directs 
that, in those districts within the continental limits of the United States where 
district superintendents are regularly assigned by the bureau's orders, requests 
for leave by enlisted men attached to the naval radio shore' stations shall be 
submitted via their district communication superintendents. 

6316. Men on leave should be requested to visit recruiting stations in their 
home towns and to advise their friends and other young men who are interested 
in the Navy to call on the recruiting officers and talk over the question of 
enlistment. 

6320. Furlough without pay. — The Secretary of the Navy is authorized to 
grant furlough without pay to enlisted men for a period covering the unex- 
pired portion of their enlistments: Provided, That such furlough be granted 
under the same conditions and in lieu of discharge by purchase or by special 
order of the department. Enlisted men so furloughed shall be subject to recall 
in time of war or national emergency to complete the unexpired portion of 
their enlistments and shall be in addition to the authorized number of enlisted 
men in the Navy. 

6321. This provision does not necessarily take the place of discharge by spe- 
cial order, but it is entirely optional on the bureau's part. Accordingly the 
bureau will hereafter use discretion as to whether the man will be furloughed 
or discharged by special order. All requests for furlough without pay should 
be under the same conditions as have applied heretofore to discharge by special 
order. 

6322. It should be carefully explained to ail men that furlough without pay 
is a privilege and not a right and that it will be granted only when the efficiency 
of the service will not manifestly be impaired. Applications made with the 
manifest purpose of avoiding duty on particular ships or stations will not be 
considered. 

6323. Affidavits and corroborative evidence are not required in cases where 
men apply for furlough without pay, except to show the existence of destitute 
circumstances or extenuating conditions existing in applicant's family. 

6324. Men who have completed the course of recruit training at training sta- 
tions are not eligible for furlough without pay between dates of completing 
course and one year after enlistment ; other first-enlistment men are not eligible 
for furlough without pay during the second six months of their enlistments. 

6325. Men who complete a course of instruction in any service trade school 
are not entitled to furlough without pay or discharge by special order during 
the balance of the enlistment in which the course is completed. A man who 
applies for instruction in any service trade school shall be informed of the 
above and required to sign a statement that he has no intention of requesting 
furlough without pay or discharge by special order during current enlistment, 



106 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

and that no reason exists or can be anticipated as to necessitate such discharge. 

6326. A man whose request for furlough without pay has been authorized 
must take advantage of the authority granted within five days after receipt 
on the station or ship on which the man is serving, otherwise the authorization 
will be considered by the commanding officer as canceled. 

6327. When a man is furloughed without pay for the balance of his enlist- 
ment in accordance with authority from the Navy Department, the service 
record, with explanatory note, will be forwarded to the commandant of the 
district in which he resides, and the man must be advised on delivery of fur- 
lough papers to keep the commandant informed of any change of address 
during the unexpired portion of his enlistment. The accounts of a man on 
furlough without pay should be forwarded to the Auditor for the Navy Depart- 
ment and transcript of record showing that the man has been placed on fur- 
lough without pay should be sent to the Bureau of Navigation. 

6328. No man who is on furlough without pay shall be returned to active 
service or reenlisted without express authority from the Bureau of Navigation 
in each individual case. Men who are so reenlisted must execute shipping 
articles for full period of four years, the same as any regular enlistment. 

6329. Men on furlough without pay are not entitled to wear the uniform, 
and they should be so advised when they are handed their furlough papers. 

REPORTS OF TRANSFER. 

6400. Necessity for reports. — Whenever the status of an enlisted man is 
changed by reason of transfer, change of rating, or for any other reason, the 
bureau will be promptly informed on the proper form. The bureau is constantly 
being called upon for information concerning location, ratings, etc., of enlisted 
men. The records of the bureau must show at all times the ship or station 
to which each enlisted man is attached in order that intelligent replies may be 
made to the numerous inquiries received. In cases of losses of vessels or 
similar disasters these records must be relied upon to give correct information 
to the relatives of the survivors and the lost. Attention is called to Form N, 
Nav. 16, which gives a complete list of forms now required. If this form is 
not now on hand, make immediate request for a supply. Instructions are given 
on each form as to what information is required and how it shall be given. 

6410. Form N. Nav. 8.— All reports of men received, transferred, disrated, 
discharged, who have died or deserted, or whose ratings have been changed, 
must be forwarded daily in duplicate on Form N. Nav. 8, the duplicate being 
the carbon copy on the perforated form. As the slips of the perforated carbon 
copy are separated on receipt in the bureau and filed in the individual jackets 
of the men concerned, it is necessary in making out the form to enter the 
present station of each man immediately under his name. 

6411. Attention is called to the necessity of forwarding this form promptly 
in order that the bureau's files may be kept up to date. Whenever a man is 
transferred there should be two forms on file in his jacket, one reporting his 
transfer and another recording his receipt at the new station, thus making a 
double check on his whereabouts. 

6412. The attention of all commanding officers is called to the fact that the 
accuracy of the bureau's records, in so far as the status of the enlisted per- 
sonnel is concerned, depends entirely upon Form N. Nav. 8 and the muster 
roll. Considerable trouble and unnecessary work have been caused by care- 
lessness in the preparation of these forms. In preparing them the service 
numbers should in all cases be given, as well as all other data called for. 
Names must be spelled accurately, and in all cases the first name must be 
spelled in full. 

6413. For the purpose of securing uniformity in abbreviations indicating- 
changes in the status of enlisted personnel the following shall be used in pre- 
paring Form N. Nav, 8 and muster rolls. All changes should preferably be 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 107 

written out in full, but where this is impracticable the abbreviations must be 
strictly adhered to : 

Received Rec. 

Transferred Tran. 

Deserted Des. 

Change in rating C. R. 

Died Died. 

Detached duty Det. D. 

Retired Ret. 

Furloughed Fur. 

Released from active duty R. A. D. 

Recalled to active duty Rec. A. D. 

Extended enlistment Ex. En. 

Enlisted on board En. O. B. 

Reenlisted 1 Reen. 

Honorable discharge Hon. Disc. 

Ordinary discharge Ord. Disc. 

Inaptitude discharge Inap. Disc. 

Unfitness discharge Unfit. Disc. 

Undesirable discharge Und. Disc. 

Dishonorable discharge Dish. Disc. 

Bad-conduct discharge B. C. Disc. 

Physical-disability discharge Disc. M. S. 

Discharge by special order of the Secretary of the Nevy__ Sect. Ord. Disc. 

6414. The use of Form N. Nav. 8 does not abrogate the making of any of the 
reports now required to be made on Form N. Nav. 21 and no reports other 
than those specified shall be made on the former. 

6415. The following special instructions shall be followed in connection with 
the forwarding of Form N. Nav. 8 : 

(a) A daily report must be made if any change occurs; if no change 
occurs during a day the report will not be made, but the report made on the 
first succeeding day on which a change does occur, shall bear the notation, " No 

changes since , , date of last report." As a check on the 

receipt of these reports in the bureau, each ship or station will number its 
reports serially, beginning with the first report of each year as No. 1; this 
number to be placed in the upper right-hand corner of Sheet 1. 

(&) In order that the bureau may know accurately the disposition of all men 
it is required that Form N. Nav. 8 show changes between stations in a district 
as well as changes to stations outside the district. In reporting changes of 
address to the bureau, the old address should be submitted as well as the new, 
to facilitate identification. 

(c) Form N. Nav. 8 will be submitted annually on 31 March for each man 
attached to a ship or station. This report will show that the man is on board 
the ship or station concerned and will be submitted with the quarterly muster 
roll prepared for that date. 

(d) Receiving ships must report on this form the transfer of men to trans- 
porting vessels for duty outside the United States and all vessels must report 
on this form the final disposition of passengers. 

(e) Ships being placed out of commission must forward Form N. Nav. 8 for 
each man on board, showing what disposition has been made of him. 

(/) All shore stations receiving enlisted men landed as the result of mishap 
to their vessel will report on this form their receipt and, as it occurs, their 
disposition. 

6420. Muster rolls. — Form N. Nav. 5 (muster roll) has been revised and only 
this revised form will be used. 

6421. All muster rolls will be typewritten, except those submitted by stations 
and vessels not allowed typewriters. Only the necessary number of pages to 
give data required should be used. The provisions of paragraphs 6412 and 6413 
of these instructions must be strictly carried out in preparing muster rolls. 



108 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

6422. Muster rolls will be submitted regularly as follows: 

1. When crew is received at commencement of commission. 

2. At the expiration of each quarter. 

3. At the expiration of commission. 

4. Upon being recommissioned. 

5. When a crew is relieved during a commission. 

6423. The instructions given below shall be followed carefully in making out 
muster rolls: 

1. The muster roll must contain the names of all enlisted men on board, re- 
ceived, tranferred, discharged, deserted, or died during the quarter, or to date 
of roll. 

2. All enlisted men must be designated by number as well as by name. 

3. All information required by the several columns must be furnished with 
the following exceptions : Columns number 8 and 9 need not be filled in if the 
men are shown on the preceding roll unless there has been a change in their 
status. 

4. These instructions are to be followed by all receiving ships, naval sta- 
tions, and cruising vessels. 

5. Commandants of naval districts will submit muster rolls at times re- 
quired in the following manner : Each section or unit having its own disbursing 
officer shall submit through the commandant its own muster roll. Each float- 
ing section or unit must forward through the commandant its muster roll. 
The district roll must therefore include all remaining enlisted men attached to 
the district and shall be made out alphabetically and the section or unit to 
which the man is attached entered in column 10. In all muster rolls the class 
must be indicated after the name of each man. 

6. After the roll has been properly made out and certified to by the execu- 
tive officer and signed by the commanding officer, it must be secured between 
the binder boards provided for that purpose, placed in the special envelopes 
and forwarded to the bureau. 

DETAILED INSTRUCTION FOR PREPARING MUSTER ROLL. 

6424. Forwarding sheet. — The several blank spaces on the first or forwarding 
sheet of the muster roll are to be correctly filled in the following manner: 

1. By the name of the vessel or station submitting the roll. 

2. Date covering entries in muster roll, if the roll is prepared to cover a 
quarter, a date later than the last day of the quarter must not be given in 
this space. 

3. Number of pages comprising the roll must always be stated in this space 
If the roll contains 35 pages, the number. 1 to 35 must appear. This will 
enable the bureau to know that all of the report has been received. 

4. Certificate: The signature of the executive officer must always be at- 
tached to the certificate, and when this is omitted it will be necessary to re- 
turn the muster roll. 

5. The commanding officer must approve the muster roll and affix his signa- 
ture. The date of his approval does not have to agree with the date covered 
by the roll. 

6. Forwarded: In this space will be noted the date the roll was forwarded 
to the bureau and, if a ship, its location at time roll is forwarded. 

It is only necessary that one forwarding sheet accompany each muster roll, 
but one must always accompany each. roll. 

Additional sheets. — The additional sheets are arranged to be used on both 
sides, and are divided into columns. Columns 1 to 6 are on the first side of 
the sheet and each column is headed with its number and the information it 
should show. 

Column 1 : This column is provided for the name of the enlisted man. It is 
to be arranged strictly alphabetically, without regard to rating or branch of 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 109 

service. The surname is to be placed to the left and the first name always writ- 
ten in full. 

Column 2: This column is provided for the service number, and under no 
circumstances will it be omitted. Because of the number of men in the service 
with the same name, rate, date of enlistment, and place of enlistment, and 
sometimes on the same ship or station, the bureau can not rely upon this in- 
formation alone to accurately identify its men, and for this reason the system 
of numbering the enlisted men was adopted. Therefore, never omit the service 
number of an enlisted man when preparing this report. If there are any men 
on board who have not been assigned a service number, report this fact imme- 
diately to the bureau and a number will be assigned. 

Column 3: Rating at date of last roll. The information required by this 
column is essential and must never he omitted. 

Column 4: Rating at date of receipt, etc. The information required by this 
column is explained by the heading of the column, and should never be omitted. 

Column 5: Date of enlistment. The date of enlistment as shown by this 
column must agree with dates on the shipping article and service record of the 
man, and it must always be the date of last enlistment. 

Column 6: Place of enlistment. It is intended that this column shall show 
the exact place of enlistment. If at a recruiting station, the name of the city 
or town in which the station is located should be given ; if aboard a naval vessel, 
the name and the location of the vessel must be given with a note made that he 
enlisted on board. 

Column 7: Branch of service. This column must show whether the man is 
of the regular Navy or Naval Reserve. In the case of reservists, the class must 
be given. 

Column 8 : This column is intended to show all changes occurring as a re- 
sult of men received, transferred, deserted, discharged, change of rating or 
death, or any other change that could possibly occur in the status of an enlisted 
man. As, many lines as there are changes should be used in preparing the roll. 
If a man' is received one date, use a line to report his receipt ; if his rating is 
changed another date or the same date, use another line to report this change, 
etc. Only the authorized symbols are to be used in making up this roll to report 
occurrences. It is not necessary to report the receipt or place from where re- 
ceived in the cases of enlisted men when this information has been given in the 
preceding roll, but if there has been a single change in his status it must be 
noted. 

Column 9: Date of occurrences in column 8. This column is provided to 
show the date that changes occur in the status of enlisted men and must never 
be omitted. 

Column 10: This column is intended to show all that is required by the 
heading, and, in addition to the specific information required by the heading, it 
is also to be used as a remarks column and for any other purpose not herein 
mentioned that will enable the bureau to know with absolute accuracy the 
exact status of the enlisted man in question. 

6430. Crew and passenger lists of vessels sailing for distant service. — In all 
cases of vessels sailing for distant service, crew lists shall be submitted im- 
mediately before sailing. In addition to the crew lists a complete list of all 
enlisted personnel taking passage should be submitted by the commanding 
officer prior to the sailing of the vessel. In case men are placed on board a 
vessel other than a naval vessel, the commanding officer of the receiving ship 
or the commandant of the naval district by whose orders the men were placed 
on board the vessel must submit immediately a complete list of names of the 
men being transferred. In submitting this list it should be plainly addressed 
to the Bureau of Navigation (for enlisted personnel). 

6440. Reports of personnel on receiving ships. — Receiving ships, station ships, 
and shore stations shall make semimonthly reports to the bureau on Form N. 
Nav. 25. This report may be made on one or more sheets, a separate sheet 
being used for each of the various units making up the station detail. On the 



110 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

back of this report shall be given the names of all men having less than 25 
years' service who have been on the station for a period of 18 months or 
longer, together with the date of reporting and date of expiration of enlist- 
ment. In cases where men are received from other shore stations or receiving 
ships, the date of reporting should be the date of reporting on the previous sta- 
tion. Where men reenlist on a station ship or receiving ship and are retained 
for duty by the bureau's authority, the date of reporting should be the date on 
which they reported on previous enlistment and not the date of reenlistment. 

6441. The commanding officer of a receiving ship or station ship shall satisfy 
himself that Form N. Nav. 61 includes every man available for general detail ; 
if any man on general detail should be unavailable for immediate transfer for 
any reason, a notation to that effect, showing the cause of unavailability 
should be placed on the back of the form. 

6450. Reports to other bureaus. — All naval districts are furnished with Form 
N. Nav. 31, which shall be forwarded monthly in duplicate by each radio sta- 
tion, the original to the director of naval communications, and the copy to the 
Bureau of Navigation. 

6451. When the rating of a hospital corpsman is changed to that of another 
branch of the service, or when any hospital corpsman is transferred, the Bu- 
reau of Medicine and Surgery will be informed on Form N. M. S. H. C. 3. 
When any hospital corpsman is advanced in rating the Bureau of Medicine and 
Surgery will be so informed on Form N. M. S. H. G. 1. 



CHAPTER VIII.— DISCIPLINE, 



ADMINISTRATION OF DISCIPLINE. 

7000. Officers authorized to administer oaths. — In addition to officers author- 
ized by the Navy Regulations to administer oaths, commandants of districts 
and executive officers of all naval vessels and naval training stations, and 
officers second in command of naval districts and stations may administer 
oaths required by law and for other purposes of naval administration. 

7010. Reserves on inactive status subject to naval discipline. — Reservists ap- 
pearing in the uniform of the Navy, whether on active duty or not, are sub- 
ject in all respects to all the laws, regulations, and orders of the Navy, in the 
same manner as men of the regular Navy. 

7020. Men of regular Navy on Naval Reserve vessels. — Regular Navy men at- 
tached to a Naval Reserve vessel to which no commanding officer is assigned, 
are under the jurisdiction of the commandant of the naval district in which 
the vessel is located. 

DESERTERS AND STRAGGLERS. 

7100. Stragglers. — No man who absents himself from his ship when it is 
about to sail, or who overstays his leave or liberty until after his ship has 
sailed, shall be declared a deserter by the commanding officer of that ship, 
except as provided for in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of article 3632, Navy 
Regulations, and as directed in paragraphs 7110 and 7111 of these instructions. 

7101. If there is any doubt as to whether or not a man in the above category 
intended to return, the following steps shall be taken by the commanding 
officer of the ship from which any such man is absent : 

(a) A summary of the above-mentioned facts in the form of a report similar 
to that required by article 3640, Navy Regulations, shall be forwarded to the 
Bureau of Navigation before the ship leaves port. This entry and report 
shall be made when the unauthorized absence is discovered and in any event 
before the ship sails. 

(o) The service record, personal effects, and pay accounts of the straggler 
shall be retained on board. The personal effects shall be collected, inventoried, 
and placed in safe-keeping. An entry of the facts shall be made in the ship's 
log, and a notation made on the pay roll, as required by article 3632 (7), 
Navy Regulations. The vessel thus will sail carrying on board all records, 
accounts, and effects of the straggler. 

(c) Upon receipt of the reports required by paragraphs below, the bureau 
will immediately issue appropriate instructions in regard to forwarding the 
service records, pay accounts, and effects to the station or ship where the strag- 
gler is held In addition, however, and as a means of finally disposing of all 
such cases, the commanding officer, upon the arrival of the vessel at the next 
United States port, shall submit telegraphic request to the bureau for instruc- 
tions as to the cases of all men who were stragglers from the last sailing. 

(d) The bureau will promptly issue explicit instructions in regard to each 
such case. 

Ill 



112 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

7110. Deserters. — In cases where it can be proved that a man has absented 
himself without leave from a ship which is about to sail and manifestly does 
not intend to return, his service record and accounts shall be closed out as for 
desertion in the prescribed manner; the service record shall be forwarded to 
the Bureau of Navigation, and the accounts to the deserters' roll, in the last 
mail sent ashore before sailing. 

7111. When a man deserts, an entry as to the facts in connection with the 
unauthorized absence shall be made on pages 8 and 9 of the service record. It 
is essential that this entry be definite and concise as to the date and hour un- 
authorized absence commenced or as to the date and hour that liberty or leave 
expired, and as to the fact of failure to return. Any other ascertainable facts 
from which intent to return or to desert might be deduced shall be included. 
This entry shall be signed by the commanding officer, but the phrase " declared 
a deserter " shall not be a part of this entry on page 4 or elsewhere at this 
time. The entry as to facts shall be made when the unauthorized absence is 
discovered. 

7112. In case the bureau should direct that a straggler be declared a de- 
serter, the commanding officer shall then carry out the provisions of article 
2121 (2), Navy Regulations, close the man's accounts and forward them to 
the deserters' roll, and make appropriate entries of desertion on pages 4-5 and 
8-9 of the service record. The entry " R " on page 4-5 and the notation 
"Declared a deserter (date)" on page 8-9 are appropriate and prescribed; but 
it is emphasized that these are separate and distinct entries from that which 
sets forth on page 8-9 the facts in connection with the unauthorized absence. 
The date of desertion shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of 
article 3632 (6), Navy Regulations. The complete service record will then be 
forwarded to the bureau. It must have a note on it showing amount of insur- 
ance and amount and date of last checkage. On continuous service certificates 
this note should be placed in red ink on the line under " pay officer's certificate." 

7120. Men surrendering. — Enlisted men of the Navy and Naval Reserve, who 
report at main recruiting stations prior to expiration of furlough, or within 24 
hours after expiration of furlough, or such men who have missed train connec- 
tions, may be furnished transportation by recruiting officers to their proper 
stations. In all cases a statement of the expense involved, and the facts in the 
case, will be furnished the commanding officer concerned, with a request for 
checkage of the amount against the accounts of the man concerned. The facts 
of surrender and the action of the recruiting officer will also be reported to the 
bureau without delay. In the case of a deserter or straggler who surrenders 
himself at a main recruiting station, the recruiting officer will conduct an appro- 
priate investigation and, if the attendant circumstances appear to warrant such 
action, will furnish the man with transportation to his ship in the case of a 
straggler, or to a receiving ship in the case of a deserter, placing him under 
arrest, if necessary. The recruiting officer will also notify the commanding 
officer concerned of the action taken, furnishing a statement of the expense 
involved and the facts in the case, request a checkage of the man's account, and 
submit appropriate report of the action taken to the Bureau of Navigation. 

7121. When stragglers report on any vessel in commission the commanding 
officer of such vessel shall immediately inform the commanding officer of the 
vessel to which the straggler was attached by letter, and request instructions 
as to the disposition of such man. 

7122. Commanding officers of stations and ships shall report on Form S. & A. 
228 to the Bureau of Navigation as soon as possible after the delivery or sur- 
render of deserters and upon the reporting of stragglers. 

7123. When deserters or stragglers from the Navy surrender or are delivered 
at any navy yard or naval station where a permanent, general court-martial Is 
established, a report of such surrender or delivery shall be made at once to the 
Bureau of Navigation by dispatch. This message shall contain the full name 
of the enlisted man, his rating, date of surrender or delivery, the name of the 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. .113 

vessel from which he deserted, and the approximate date of such desertion. 
Such men shall not be placed in confinement, confined under sentry's charge, 
or in irons, unless, by reason of their own misconduct, such action is necessary. 

7124. Permanent general courts-martial are now established at each of the 
following places : Navy yards : — Boston ; Portsmouth, N. H. ; New York ; Charles- 
ton ; Philadelphia ; Norfolk ; Puget Sound ; Mare Island. Marine barracks : — 
Parris Island, S. C. ; Quantico, Va. Naval stations : — New Orleans, La. ; Key 
West, Fla. 

7125. Commandants of districts, navy yards, and naval stations, and com- 
manding officers of receiving stations and receiving ships, and of naval vessels, 
to whom stragglers from cruising vessels may surrender or be delivered, shall 
make every effort to cooperate with the commanding officers of those vessels, 
and with the bureau, so that papers may be traced, records, pay accounts, and 
effects forwarded, and cases disposed of. The reports required by paragraphs 
7120 to 7123, inclusive, shall in ail cases be forwarded to the Bureau of Navi- 
gation immediately upon the return of any straggler to naval jurisdiction. 

7130. Rewards. — With reference to the case of deserters who are appre- 
hended, the bureau authorizes their acceptance from civil authorities by recruit- 
ing officers, and for this purpose main recruiting stations will be considered in 
the category of naval stations as indicated on the offer of reward. If the civil 
authority delivering a deserter has satisfactory documentary evidence of an 
offer of reward, such reward may be paid directly by the recruiting officer, and 
this documentary evidence will be attached to the public bill as a supporting 
voucher covering the accounts of the recruiting officer. If such evidence is not 
held by the civil authority, the recruiting officer will take necessary steps to 
insure the safe-keeping of the deserter and will ascertain from the bureau if 
such reward is to be paid. The payments of such rewards will be charged 
against the appropriation " Transportation Navigation," and a request for check- 
age against the man's accounts and credit to " Transportation Navigation," will 
be made to his commanding officer. A notation will be made on the public bill 
that checkage has been requested and a copy of this public bill should be fur- 
nished the supply officer, who is requested to make this checkage. 

7131. No descriptions and offers of reward for deserters and stragglers are 
to be sent to the Hamilton Detective Agency, at New York. 

7140. Records of deserters. — Service records of men who have been declared 
deserters should be forwarded at the earliest possible moment. Continuous 
service certificates, both old and new forms, of deserters, are to be forwarded 
to the bureau, but no notation of any kind regarding desertion should be made 
thereon. 

7141. It frequently happens that service records are received in which the 
dates of desertion are at variance, rendering them useless as evidence before a 
court. The date of desertion of a man absent over leave must be the date on 
which his leave expires, and of a man who is absent without leave, the date 
he left his station, and in all cases the date on the last page of the record must 
agree with the date in the body of the record. 

MEN FOR TRIAL. 

7200. Bureau's policy. — It is desired to reduce the number of men held in 
detention or in confinement at the several navy yards, naval stations, and receiv- 
ing ships, and to expedite disposal of the cases of all such men by cooperation 
between the commanding officers concerned, the Bureau of Navigation, and 
the office of the Judge Advocate General. 

7210. Reports of men awaiting trial. — In order to assist in expediting the dis- 
posal of cases of men held in detention or confinement, each commandant of a 
navy yard or naval station, and each commanding officer of a receiving ship, at 
which men are thus held in confinement or in detention, will prepare and for- 
ward to the Bureau of Navigation, a " W T eekly report of prisoners and deten- 

168123—20 8 



114 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

tioners." This report will contain lists of names of such men, which together 
with necessary data, will be grouped separately in the following classes : 

(a) Class 1. "Aivaiting instructions:' — Men whose cases have been reported 
to the department or other convening authority, and who are being held in de- 
tention pending the arrival of instructions in their respective cases. The fol- 
lowing data will be furnished for this class : 

(1) Full name and service number. 

(2) Rating. 

(3) Date received at station. 

(4) Last ship or station. 

(5) When first confined pending determination of case. 

(6) Date case reported to convening authority. 

(b) Class 2. "Awaiting papers:' — Men in whose cases instructions have been 
received ; but whose service records or pay accounts have not been received, and 
who are being held in detention pending the arrival of these papers. In this 
class include men whom the commanding officer has been directed to try by sum- 
mary court-martial or by deck court or to discharge as undesirable or to re- 
store to duty, if such action as has been directed is prevented or delayed due to 
lack of necessary records or papers. The following data will be furnished for 
this class : 

(1) Full name and service number. 

(2) Rating. 

(3) Date received at station. 

(4) Last ship or station. 

(5) When first confined pending determination of case. 

(6) What instructions received this case. 

(7) What papers necessary to take action directed. 

(c) Class 3. "Aivaiting trial" — Men for whom charges and specifications 
have been received, whose papers are at hand and who are held in detention or 
confinement awaiting trial. In order that this classification may be definite 
and exact, it will be noted that the commanding officer holding a man must be 
informed of the arrival of charges by the judge advocate of the court by whom 
the charges are received. The following data will be furnished for this class: 

(1) Full name and service number. 

(2) Rating. 

(3) Date received at station. 

(4) When first confined pending determination of case. 

(d) Class 4. "Awaiting final action:' — Men who have been tried by general 
court-martial and who are being held awaiting final action by the department or 
other convening authority. Cases have occurred in which the final action has 
been delayed due to lack of cooperation and resultant miscarraige of letter pro- 
mulgating sentence or directing restoration to duty. The following data will be 
furnished for this class : 

(1) Full name and service number. 

(2) Rating. 

(3) Date received at station. 

(4) When first confined pending determination of case. 

(e) Commanding officers having knowledge of cases in which any man may 
occupy a peculiar status not covered by the above classification, shall report 
such cases, furnishing necessary information and submitting recommendations, 
as may be appropriate in each such case. 

7211. The report shall be prepared as a statement of conditions existing at 
Saturday morning muster, and shall be forwarded in triplicate by special de- 
livery as soon as complete. The data contained in the classified written report 
shall be summarized and transmitted to the Bureau of Navigation by despatch, 
which shall be sent out Saturday night, in substance as follows : 

" Weekly report detentioners, class 1, awaiting instructions (number) ; class 
2 awaiting papers (number) ; class 3 awaiting trial (number) ; class 4 awaiting 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 115 

final action (number) ; total prisoners at large (number) ; total confined 
(number)." 

7212. Special attention is invited to the necessity for cooperation on the part 
of all concerned so that the classified lists may be kept up to date .and that 
correct reports, which set forth the situation as it exists and not merely the 
changes since the previous report, may be submitted. It is considered undesir- 
able, in the interest of the men concerned and of the service in general that 
unnecessary or unduly prolonged restraint be imposed upon men who are being 
held in detention. In general, men of classes 1 and 2 shall be restricted as 
prisoners-at-large rather than kept in confinement ; and they shall not be placed 
in solitary confinement nor under sentry's charge unless by reason of their own 
misconduct, such action is necessary. 

7220. Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act.— On March 8, 1918, the Presi- 
dent approved the Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief act which is intended to 
protect men in military service and their families from undue hardship due to 
their inability to attend to their business obligations and property rights during 
the period of the war. 

7221. The provisions of the act are too numerous to set forth in detail. In 
order that all men in the Navy may be advised of the benefits of the act, the 
bureau has sent copies of the law to all commanding officers and such addi- 
tional copies as are needed will be supplied upon request. Men aboard ship 
and at shore stations shall be informed as far as possible as to the provisions 
of the act and their rights thereunder and it is suggested that if possible in 
each unit or force an officer who has had legal training be appointed to advise 
any men who are in need of help and assist them in preparing such state- 
ments of their cases as may be necessary to bring them to the attention of the 
proper parties. 

7222. Arrangements have been made to secure the services of legal advisory 
boards numbering some 4.,600 organizations throughout the country to assist 
in getting for the men in the Navy and their families the rights and benefits 
to which they are entitled under the provisions of the act. These boards 
have very uniformly pledged their services gratuitously and through this 
medium the enlisted men will be enabled to have, free of cost to them, direct 
representation in any court where a law suit arises under the provisions of the 
act. The bureau now has on file the names and addresses of all legal advisory 
boards, and any man whose situation is such that it comes under the provisions 
of this act may submit his case in writing to the bureau through the usual 
official channels and it will be further referred to the nearest legal advisory 
board with the request that an attorney be nominated to represent the man in 
the proper court jurisdiction in order that his rights may be protected. 

7223. Commandants of naval districts and shore stations and commanding 
officers may, in any case where the address of the proper legal advisory board 
is known, refer such cases as are necessary direct to such board without 
reference to the bureau. 

7224. In order to expedite action and avoid correspondence all facts, names, 
dates, description of property, etc., should be given fully in the first com- 
munication. To insure this, it is desirable that such cases should pass through 
the hands of some officer who has had legal training in order that the data 
which is usually needed in a law T suit may be set forth fully. 

PUNISHMENTS. 

7300. Stoppage of pay for disease or injury due to misconduct. — The provi- 
sions of the act of August 29, 1916, providing for stoppage of pay of enlisted 
men in the naval service for absence from regular duties on account of sickness 
or disease resulting from any intemperate use of drugs or alcoholic liquors 
or for other misconduct, was modified by the act of July 1, 1918, which pro- 
vides for the stoppage of pay of men who are absent from regular duties on 



116 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

account of injury coming within the purview of the above-mentioned statute 
where such injury was incurred subsequent to July 1, 1918, and any man who 
on or after July 1, 1918, has been absent or may hereafter be absent from duty 
on account of such injury, is not entitled to pay, as distinguished from allow- 
ances, for the period of such absence. 

7301. In order that no injustice will be clone to men coming under the 
provisions of these acts and their pay will not be stopped for a longer period 
than is absolutely necessary, it is imperative that medical officers make every 
effort to return enlisted men to duty as soon as they have recovered and are 
fit for duty. 

7302. Men who, at the time their enlistments expire, are in hospitals from 
diseases or injuries resulting from their own misconduct, and whose recovery 
is problematic, must not be held in the service beyond the actual date of 
expiration of enlistment to make up any time lost, as it is considered the 
intention of the law that men shall make good such time in a duty status. 
Such men should be discharged from the service and notation made in their 
records of the number of days due the Government before their enlistments 
could be regarded as complete, and that such time could not be made good 
because of their physical condition and the indefinite time before they would 
be fit for duty. 

7310. Records of punishments. — An offense for which a warning but no pun- 
ishment is given shall not be entered in a man's service record but it shall be 
entered in the smooth book of record of reports and punishments for reference 
in case of a repetition of offense. 

7311. In case of a deck court or summary court-martial, no entry shall be 
made on the man's service record until the sentence of the court has been 
approved and promulgated. The entry of offense and sentence shall then be 
written in red ink, using abbreviated terms, for example: 

" 6 June 12, absent without leave to 8 June, 36 hrs., S. C. M. Sol. Conf. B & W 
10 days, f. r. every 3d day, lose 10 d. pay, $11. App. 11 June 12, by C. O., 12 
June 12 by reviewing authority." 

7312. In case of acquittal there should be no entry whatever made on a man's 
service record, neither the fact of having a trial nor any mention of the 
offense. 

7313. Commanding officers must enter in service records a resume of the 
specification,, the finding and the sentence, or the sentence as mitigated, of all 
courts-martial. Particular attention is invited to the necessity of entering date 
of approval by the proper authority. 

REWARDS AND PRIVILEGES. 

7400. Good conduct medals. — Any enlisted man of the Navy who serves a sec- 
ond or subsequent enlistment and is recommended by his commanding officer 
for obedience, sobriety, industry, courage, proficiency, and deportment through- 
out such enlistment shall receive a good conduct medal, provided the previous 
enlistment was terminated only by expiration of enlistment. 

7401. In case where a man, serving in second or subsequent enlistment who 
extends his enlistment for four years, is recommended as above by his com- 
manding officer for the original term of four years, a recommendation for a 
good conduct medal, pin, or bar, shall be made to the Bureau of Navigation 
in the form of a letter which shall give the number of the man'^ continuous 
service certificate, if he holds one ; the date of the expiration of original enlist- 
ment ; the ship or station on which serving on that date ; and whether he holds 
any other good conduct medals, pins, or bars. 

7410. Letters of commendation. — Persons in the naval service who have ren- 
dered distinguished or meritorious service not justifying the award of a medal 
of honor, a distinguished service medal, or a Navy cross, may, upon the 
recommendation of the Bureau of Navigation, be specially commended by the 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 117 

Secretary of the Navy. This special commendation shall be published to the 
service and made a part of the record of the person concerned. 

7411. Entry shall be made in black ink on the man's service record, in ab- 
breviated terms, giving the date and a brief statement of the commended act, 
and the date of the letter. The entry shall be made conspicuous by heavy 
black lines, ruled above and below, for example: 



10 June, rescued man overboard ; commended by Secretary 
of the Navy, 20 June. 



The same entry, certified by the commanding officer, shall be made across 
the face of the discharge or on the continuous service certificate, when the 
man is discharged. A certified copy of the letter of commendation shall be 
attached to the man's service record ; the original shall be presented to him 
when it is published. 

7420. Men awarded medals. — When a man is awarded a medal his command- 
ing officer will make entries on his record and discharge similar to those 
described in paragraph 7411 above. 

7421. Notation shall be made upon all men's service records and continuous 
service certificates of all medals already in their possession. 

RECORD OF PERFORMANCE OF DUTY. 

7500. Bureau's policy. — The instructions in paragraphs 7500 to 7599, inclu- 
sive, are issued as a guide to the service in order to secure uniformity in 
marking the service records of enlisted men and in the award of discharges. 
Full discretion is left to commanding officers to make exceptions to suit unusual 
individual cases. 

7501. Marks for any period must be based solely upon the man's behavior 
and ability during that time. Good or bad behavior during the quarter or 
previous to it must not be allowed to influence the marks for seamanship, 
mechanical ability, etc. ; but insobriety, or other evidence of ' unreliability, 
during the period under consideration shall effect the mark for proficiency in 
rating, as indicated below. 

7502. Proficiency in rating is the summation of the various elements that go 
to make up the service character of the petty officer or enlisted men. The 
mark for it is not the average of his other marks, but it nevertheless depends 
upon them in so far as the particular rating requires one professional qualifica- 
tion more than another, and all ratings require reliability. In determining 
marks, therefore, it is to be borne in mind that the mark for proficiency in rating 
is intended to be sufficient by itself to denote a man's ability and also his 
habits and character — in short, his value to the service in his particular rating. 

7503. Men of all ratings, except landsmen ; apprentice seamen ; seamen, second 
class ; firemen, third class ; firemen, second class ; and mess attendants, will be 
given marks for " ability as leaders of men." 

7504. Marks will be assigned on the maximum of " 4," using following scale : 

Scale : 

Bad. 

1.0 Indifferent. 

1.5 Fair. 

2. 5 Passing. 

3.0 Good. 

3. 5 Very good. 

4.0 Excellent. 

7510. Quarterly marks. — Quarterly marks shall be assigned by division offi- 
cers or heads of departments, whichever has the most direct cognizance of the 
man concerned, after consulting with warrant officers, chief petty officers, and 



118 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

petty officers under whom the man works. For certain men the foregoing mark 
shall be combined with the following additional marks : 



On- 



All boatswain's mates and boat 

coxswains. 
Quartermasters and signalmen 

Masters-at-arms and lower-deck 
petty officers. 



Non-commissioned or petty offi- 
cers of the guard, and ail buglers. 



By- 



First lieutenant, all deck watch offi- 
cers, and the boatswain. 

All deck watch officers and signal offi- 
cer. 

All deck watch officers, first lieuten- 
ant, and mates of decks, and senior 
engineer officers concerning masters- 
at-arms of engineer compartments. 

All deck watch officers 



In— 



Proficiency in rating and 

seamanship. 
Proficiency in rating and 

signals. 
Proficiency in rating. 



Do. 



All marks are subject to the approval of the executive officer before being 
entered on the records. 

7511. The following marks are established as the minimum for governing 
quarterly recommendations : 

(a) To be recommended for honorable disclvarge. 



Petty 
officer. 


Lower 

ratings. 


In— 


2.75 

3.5 

3.5 


2.75 

3.0 
3.0 


Proficiency in rating. 

Sobriety. 

Obedience. 



(b) To be recommended for reenlistment. 



Petty 
officer. 


Lower 
ratings. 


In— 


2.75 

3.0 

3.0 


2.5 

2.75 
2.75 


Proficiency in rating. 
Sobriety. " 
Obedience. 



(c) To be recommended for good-conduct medal. 



Petty 
officer. 


Lower 
ratings. 


In— 


3.5 
4.0 
4.0 


3.5 
4.0 
4.0 


Proficiency in rating. 

Sobriety. 

Obedience. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 119 

7520. General instructions for assigning marks. — The following requirements 
will be used as a guide in assigning marks to petty officers : 



To re- 
ceive a 


Requirements. 


mark 
of- 


In proficiency in rating. 


In sobriety. 


In obedience. 


4.0 
3.0 

2.5 
1.5 

1.0 


Competent, thoroughly reliable, 
attentive, energetic, forceful. 
Not less than 3.5 each in sobriety 
and obedience. 

Distinctly above the average in be- 
ing satisfactory and refiable in 
his rating; and having not less 
than 3.0 each in sobriety and 
obedience. 

Sufficiently good to justify reten- 
tion in rating provided sobriety 
and obedience be each 2.5 or bet- 
ter. 

Sufficiently good to retain in rating 
only if there is shown a real uros- 
pect of immediate decided im- 1 
provement with more experience, 1 
provided sobriety and obedience 
be each 3.0 or better; otherwise, 
unfit for retention in rating. 

UQfit for rating for any cause 


No offense against sobriety, 
no evidences of drinking 
or drug habits. 

Not more than one minor 
offense against sobriety 
during the quarter such as 
returning from liberty un- 
fit for duty, but quiet, 
clean, and en time. 

Good, but uncertain enough 
to render advancement 
doubtful, without decided 
improvement. 

Unreliable as a petty officer ' 
on account insobriety. 


No offenses; exemplary in 
conduct, bearing, and uni- 
form; good influence in the 
snip; on first or special first 
conduct class throughout. 

Conduct positively good, 
with no offense other than 
that under "sobriety," or 
one minor offense of an- 
other nature; no leave- 
breaking offense. 

Minor offenses only; or a re- 
peated minor offense of 
leave breaking; or a first 
offense of not more than 3 
hours over leave; or a deck 
court sentence involving 
loss of pay only. 

More serious offenses of the 
kind indicated above. 



7521. The following requirements will be used as a guide in assigning marks 
to men of lower ratings : 



To re- 
ceive 


Requirements. 


a mark 
of- 


In proficiency in rating. 


In sobriety. 


In obedience. 


4.0 

3.0 

2.5 


Competent, thoroughly reliable, 
attentive, energetic in rating and 
as a leading hand: satisfactory 
in sobriety and obediance. 

Distinctly above the average in 
being satisfactory and reliable in 
his rating. 

Sufficiently good in the qualities 
above to" justify advancement to 
fill a petty officer rating. 

Sufficiently qualified to retain 
rating. 

Unfit for rating for any cause 


No offense against sobriety. . 

Not more than one minor 
offense against sobriety 
during the quarter such as 
returning from liberty un- 
fit for duty, but quiet, 
clean, and on time. 


No offenses; exemplary in 
conduct, bearing, and uni- 
form; on first or special- 
first conduct class. 

No leave breaking; minor 
offenses only. 

Not more than one repeated 
offense of leave breaking 
of not over 3 hours; or a 
first offense of between 3 
and 6 hours overtime; or a 
sentence by a deck court 
to loss of pay only; no ser- 

. ous offense of any kind. 

More serious offenses than 
those above. 


1.5 

1.0 


Uncertain as to sobriety, but 
with evident purpose to 
improve. 

Unreliable on account of in- 
sobriety. 



120 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

7530. Special instructions for assigning marks. — Sentence by a summary 
court-martial, except for incompetency, will carry with it a mark of not more 
than 1.0 in obedience and for an offense in sobriety involving not more than 
1.0 in sobriety. 

7531. Sentence by a deck court involving more than 10 days' loss of pay 
will carry with it a mark of not more than -1.5 in obedience and for an offense 
against sobriety, not more than 1.5 in sobriety. 

7532. A punishment of confinement, awarded either by the commanding officer 
or a court, will involve a mark of not more than 1.0 in obedience and, when 
appropriate, the same in sobriety. 

7533. Reduction in rating, except for incompetency, will involve a mark in 
obedience of not more than 2.5 for that quarter. 

7534. Leaving ship, station, or duty without authority shall invariably in- 
volve a mark in obedience of 0.0, and, as reliability is one of the important 
elements of proficiency, the mark in proficiency in rating for that quarter shall 
not be higher than 2.5. 

7535. Absence over leave for more than three hours, if a petty officer, and 
six hours, if a lower rating, shall involve a mark in obedience not higher than 
1.5 or 2.5, respectively, and because of unreliability thus exhibited, a mark 
in proficiency in rating not higher than 3.0. 

7536. Attempting to smuggle liquor or drugs, or being under the influence of 
liquor or drugs, not having been on liberty, or having them unlawfully in pos- 
session, shall involve a mark of 0.0 in sobriety and not more than 1.0 in 
obedience, and because of unreliability thus exhibited, a mark of not more 
than 3.0 in proficiency in rating. 

7540. Special qualifications. — In the column " Meritorious conduct, offenses," 
etc., page 8 of the service record, the commanding officer, on the transfer or 
discharge of a chief petty officer, or a petty officer, first class, or upon his own 
detachment, shall note whether or no the man possesses qualifications for future 
consideration for appointment as a warrant officer. When petty officers of 
lower ratings are considered especially well fitted, the same note may be made 
on their records, at the discretion of the commanding officer. 

7541. It is desired that the character of special duty performed by enlisted 
men, with the dates of beginning and completion, be entered upon service 
records, discharge papers, continuous service certificates, and in service records 
on reenlistment, for the information of succeeding commanding officers, espe- 
cially in the following cases : Electricians qualified for radio, although not rated 
as electricians (radio) ; gunner's mates for electrical work or torpedoes and 
mines; machinist's mates for ordnance or electrical work; firemen and others 
who have had experience on oil-burning ships or at oil-fuel-testing plants ; quar- 
termasters, whether navigating or signaling ; coxswains of power boats ; yeo- 
men, whether for captain, executive, gunnery or engineer officer, navigator, first 
lieutenant or supply officer, and in the latter case, for what class of supply 
department work; any other details showing special aptitude; and that elec- 
tricians detailed to turrets or who have any connection with the battery or fire 
control be marked in ordnance. It is desired, so far as practicable, that yeo- 
men previously detailed for duty with the supply officer of a ship or station be 
reassigned to that duty, and that the marks of such yeomen on transfer show 
clearly their aptitude, proficiency, and reliability, as recommended by the supply 
officer and approved by the captain. Columns in the service record are to be 
used as above as may be necessary. A mention of the above qualifications 
must be made on each discharge and, upon reenlistment, on service record in 
red ink. Such men when shown on general detail will have their qualifica- 
tions in rating mentioned on the back of Form N. Nav. 61. This latter refers 
especially to receiving ships. Care must be taken to differentiate between elec- 
tricians (radio) and electricians (general) not assigned permanently to this 
branch but who have qualifications as radio operators; also as to the duty yeo- 
men have been performing and for which they are qualified. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 121 

7542. Commanding officers will see that an entry is made in the service record 
on the page marked " Details " of a man's special qualifications, such, for in- 
stance, as stenographer, yeoman qualifications, recruiting qualifications, swim- 
mer, diver, special machinery operator, motor boat operator, ice machine opera- 
tor, moving picture operator, laundryman, barber, tailor, qualified instructor, 
athlete, etc., and other qualifications. The nature of the entries should be such 
as to be useful for the initial details of a newly commissioned ship. 

7543. Commanding officers shall ascertain the qualifications of all enlisted 
men under their command in foreign languages, and those men who have a prac- 
tical knowledge either in speaking, reading, or writing shall have an entry made 
in their service records under the heading " Details," giving the name of the 
language or languages, and assigning a mark therefor. The entry should be 
made in the records only of men who have a good practical working knowledge 
of a foreign language, such as would make them useful as interpreters, censors, 
etc. The entry and mark should be confined entirely to the page marked " De- 
tails," and only one such entry during each enlistment is necessary. 

7544. Commanding officers of training stations will make notation on service 
records in cases of all men transferred to general service who have any trade, 
and commanding officers of cruising ships should give these men opportunities 
to qualify, as far as may be practicable, in accordance with the policy outlined 
under " Service Trade Schools." 

7545. An entry must be made in the service records of all enlisted and en- 
rolled men showing service in any foreign waters and lands. Inclusive dates 
should be shown as well as places where services were rendered. 



CHAPTER IX.— DISCHARGES AND DEATHS. 



GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS. 

8000. Forms for discharges.— Forms N. Nav. 6, 62, 63, 213, and 214 are dis- 
charge blanks for nse in the various classes of discharge from the Navy and 
Naval Reserve Force, as follows: 

6, honorable discharge from the Navy. 

62, good discharge or discharge for undesirability or inaptitude from 
the Navy. Discharges, other than honorable, at expiration of en- 
listment will be marked "Good." This form is also to be used 
for other discharges not the result of sentence of a court-martial. 

63 (yellow), dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge from the Navy. 

213, honorable or good discharge or discharge for undesirability or 
inaptitude from the Naval Reserve Force; for discharges other 
than by sentence of a court-martial. 

214 (yellow), dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge from the Naval 
Reserve Force. 

8001. The term honorable may be entered on the discharge of a member of 
the Naval Reserve Force only when his record is such as would entitle him to 
honorable discharge in accordance with the provisions of this circular. When 
issued to a member of the Naval Reserve Force the "honorable" discharge does 
not in any way entitle him to reenlistment gratuity. 

8010. Bequests for discharge. — All requests from enlisted men for release 
or discharge forwarded to the bureau for action must show rating, branch of 
service, date of enlistment, continuous service certificate number, service 
number, and particular reason for forwarding, such as, "not covered by exist- 
ing instructions," "services may not be spared," etc. 

8015. Restrictions to discharge. — No man will be discharged at -sea. Any man 
desiring to reenlist on board the ship on which serving, whose term of enlist- 
ment expires while at sea, will be detained in accordance with article 3604 (1), 
Navy Regulations until arrival in the next port, when he will be discharged, 
and, if qualified, reenlisted. 

8016. Men who complete a course of instruction in any service trade school 
are not eligible for discharge by special order or for furlough without pay 
during balance of enlistment in which the course is completed. A man who 
applies for instruction in any service-trade school shall be so informed and 
required to sign a statement that he has no intention of requesting furlough 
without pay or discharge by special order during current enlistment, and that 
no reason exists or can be anticipated as to necessitate such discharge. 

8020. Early discharges. — The act of August 22, 1912, authorizes the discharge 
of a man three months or less in advance of the expiration of his enlistment 
without depriving him of any of the benefits (mileage or transportation, honor- 
able discharge gratuity, increased pay on reenlistment, etc.) incident to com- 
pleting his full term. The main purpose of this is to obviate the transfer of 
short-time men to a receiving ship to await discharge. 

8021. It is not intended that the privilege of discharge within three months 
with the benefits of complete enlistment shall be extended to all men, and each 
case must be submitted to the Bureau of Navigation for action, except as pro- 
vided for in article 3603, Navy Regulations, and in the following paragraphs. 

122 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 123 

A vacancy in complement shall be considered to exist if the total in that 
branch is less than the full allowed complement of the branch. Before men are 
discharged on account of sailing orders, instructions in regard to their disposi- 
tion first should be obtained from the Bureau of Navigation. The authority 
for this discharge will be granted only in exceptionally urgent cases. The con- 
struction to be placed on this provision is that it shall work for the benefit of 
the Government and not as a convenience to the enlisted man, and then only in 
cases where full reasons for such request are set forth and the services of the 
man can be spared. 

8022. Whenever the prospective duty of a cruising ship warrants, the com- 
manding officer may, at his discretion, discharge and grant 30 days' leave to 
men whose enlistments expire within three months, provided any man so dis- 
charged reenlists immediately for duty on board. All men to whom this is 
granted shall be shown on the weekly report of vacancies as being on board. 

8023. This authority is also extended to commanding officers of receiving 
ships for men on general detail having less than three months to serve, with 
authority for such men to report at the expiration of their leave ou any re- 
ceiving ship for general detail. 

8024. Whenever men are discharged within three months of the expiration of 
their enlistments, with benefits of completed enlistment, On their written 
agreement to reenlist immediately, a notation to that effect should be made on 
their service records; and if the men so discharged do not carry out their 
agreements to reenlist immediately, the commanding officer should cancel the 
discharge and require the men to return and to complete the original terms of 
their enlistments. The department has held that such discharges have been 
fraudulently obtained and may be canceled. 

8025. Members of the Reserve Force who will immediately enlist in the 
regular Navy for four years, may be discharged by special order of the Secre- 
tary of the Navy, without refund. Such men will be enlisted in first enlistment 
ratings only, but may immediately be given the rating held in the Reserve 
Force, if confirmed in that rating. They are entitled, upon enlistment, to cloth- 
ing outfit authorized for recruits if they are making their first enlistment in 
the regular Navy. When discharging men of the Reserve Force to enlist in 
the regular Navy, it should be shown that they are discharged for the con- 
venience of the Government. Before any reservist takes advantage of this 
paragraph he should be informed of the provisions for transfer to the regular 
Navy as contained in the act of July 11, 1919. 

8030. Medical discharges. — In order to relieve congestion at the various naval 
hospitals, commandants of all districts, navy yards, and naval stations within 
the continental limits of the United States, and the medical officer in com- 
mand, Naval Hospital, Fort Lyon, Colo., are hereby authorized to approve 
recommendations of boards of medical survey recommending discharge of en- 
listed men from the Navy, in advance of the bureau's approval. When such 
action is taken in any case the medical survey showing commandant's action 
should be forwarded in the regular manner. 

8031. Where enlisted men are under treatment at naval hospitals for injury 
or disease received in line of duty, and their condition is such that there is no 
possibility that they may be reenlisted, if the expiration of their enlistment oc- 
curs while still under treatment, they should be surveyed by a board of medical 
survey, with a view to discharge for " physical disability " instead of being 
discharged " on account of expiration of enlistment." This procedure is neces- 
sary in order to give men injured or diseased in the line of duty the benefits of 
the statute providing preference in civil-service appointments. 

8032. Men who, at the time their enlistments expire, are in hospitals from 
diseases resulting from their own misconduct, and whose recovery is prob- 
lematic, must not be held in the service beyond the actual date of expiration of 
enlistment to make up any time lost; as it is considered the intention of the law 
that men shall make good such time in a duty status. Such men should be 
discharged from the service and notation made on their records of the number 



124 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

of days due the Government before their enlistments could be regarded as com- 
plete, and that such time could not be made good because of their physical con- 
dition and the indefinite time before they would be fit for duty. 

8050. Entries on discharges. — Service numbers and trades must be entered 
on all discharges and continuous service certificates. The trade of mariner is 
a recognized trade, and this fact should govern entries on discharge and re- 
enlistment papers. 

8051. The final marks entered as averages on a man's service record and en- 
tered on his discharge paper or continuous service certificate shall be computed 
as follows: 



In— 


Men in first enlistment. 


Reenlisted men or 6-year men. 


Proficiency in rating 

Sobriet v 


The average of the last 2 years 


] 


} The average of the last 3 years 


1 The average of the entire term of 4 
1 years. 




Mechanical ability, etc 


The average of the last 2 years 







(a) Where in any case the beginning of a year would come in the middle 
of a quarter the whole quarter will be included. 

(&) Men serving in an extended enlistment of six or seven years in all 
shall be finally marked by the standard for reenlisted men. 

(c) Men extending their first enlistments for an aggregate of four years 
shall have their marks averaged and entered as above for the first four years 
of service ; and, again, by the reeniisted standard for the second four years. 

(d) In the case of apprentice seamen under training and of enlisted men 
under instruction in the various service trade schools only one mark will be 
assigned to cover the entire period while under training or instruction, unless 
a man has committed some serious offense necessitating confinement or court- 
martial. 

8052. On discharge of a man having a continuous-service certificate an entry 
shall be made in the certificate on the line signed by the commanding officer, 
" Recommended for reenlistment " or " Not recommended for reenlistment." 
This recommendation shall be similar to that made in the man's service record, 
and it shall be entered in the continuous-service certificate, notwithstanding the 
character of discharge. 

8053. When men are discharged from the Navy or Naval Reserve Force not 
by reason of inaptitude or undesirability, and their records do not warrant 
a recommendation for reenlistment, the word " indifferent " will be used to 
show the character of discharge in the lower left-hand corner of Form N. 
Nav. 62 or Form N. Nav. 213, as the case may be. 

8054. Commanding officers should enter on all discharges of members of the 
Naval Reserve Force the dates between which active service was performed. 
The entry, " Has performed minimum active duty required for maintaining 
efficiency," will not be used. 

8055. In the case of a man who has received a letter of commendation, entry 
shall be made in black ink on the face of the man's discharge or continuous- 
service certificate, in abberviated terms, certified by the commanding officer, 
giving the date and a brief statement of the commended act and the date of 
the letter. The entry shall be made conspicuous by heavy black lines ruled 
above and below the entry ; for example : 



10 June, rescued man overboard; commended by Secre- 
tary of the Navy, 20 June. 



8056. In the case of chief petty officers who have permanent appointments 
entry shall be made on their discharges or continuous-service certificates. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 125 

This is necessary for the information of recruiting officers when men reenlist 
within four months after discharge. 

8057. A notation, over the signature of an officer, shall be made upon the 
discharge or continuous-service certificate of every enlisted man who has pre- 
viously produced satisfactory evidence of citizenship: Has produced evidence 
of United States (or N. U. S.) citizenship." This notation is for the pro- 
tection of men upon reenlistment and for the guidance of recruiting officers, 
who otherwise are required to obtain evidence of citizenship, frequently at 
great inconvenience. 

8058. It has come to the notice of the bureau that entries have been made on 
the discharge papers of men discharged before expiration of enlistment and 
men discharged and not recommended for reenlistment, warning that a reen- 
listment would be a fraud. This practice must be discontinued. With reference 
to article 3611 (2), Navy Regulations, it is considered that the printed indorse- 
ment on the discharge blank fulfills the requirements and an additional indorse- 
ment and signature should not be made. There shall be attached to every dis- 
charge of men not recommended for reenlistment a typewritten or printed slip 
warning him against fraudulent enlistment in any branch of the service, and 
pointing out to him that a violation of this warning certaiiy will be detected 
by finger prints, and that the result will be imprisonment, forfeiture of pay, 
and dishonorable discharge. This slip will be read and explained to them 
before they are discharged from the service. 

8060. Instructions for men who are to be discharged. — Where men are due for 
discharge, from the Navy and are eligible for reenlistment commanding officers 
will satisfy themselves that such men are familiar with the inducements offered 
for reenlisting in the Navy, and also the inducements offered for enrolling in 
the Fleet Naval Reserve. Every endeavor will be made to get men to reenlist 
in the Navy first, and if this is not successful to get them to enroll in the 
Fleet Naval Reserve. 

8061. It frequently happens that men who have been discharged from the 
service and are eligible for reenlistment, apply and are found physically dis- 
qualified, which makes it necessary to refer their cases to the department. It 
takes time for such cases finally to be passed npon, and sometimes when a 
man finally is accepted he has not remained within the jurisdiction of the naval 
authorities, and therefore loses the benefits of continuous service. Such men 
should be informed upon discharge that if they intend to reenlist they should 
apply in ample time to have their cases acted upon by the bureau, before 
expiration of four months from date of discharge, in case they are found 
disqualified. 

8062. Men leaving the service will further be instructed that, should they 
desire to reenlist at some subsequent date, they should make application to the 
nearest recruiting officer and not direct to the bureau. In the vast majority 
of cases, recruiting officers have all the necessary information which the appli- 
cant seeks, and can answer questions in much less time that if inquiry is made 
to the bureau. Individual cases will be referred to the bureau, when neces- 
sary, by the recruiting officers themselves. 

8063. Each person of the Navy, on discharge or disenrollment, shall be re- 
quired to state that he has or has not a disability entitling him to compensa- 
tion under the war risk insurance, together with the cause and nature of 
such disability, which shall be recorded in the health record and signed by 
him. Form 504, War Risk Insurance, shall be filled out by the medical officer 
when such disability is found or claimed, and forwarded immediately to the 
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. 

8064. At the time of leaving the service, every enlisted man who has been 
insured under the war risk insurance should receive explicit notice that he must 
pav premiums direct to the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, Treasury Depart- 
ment, Washington, D. C, if he wishes to continue the insurance. Checks and 
money orders are to be drawn to the order of the Treasurer of the United 
States. Every man should further be notified in writing of the date and 



126 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

amount of such premium payments, and the Bureau of War Risk Insurance 
notified at the same time by duplicate memorandum that such actionjias been 
taken. 

8070. Instructions for issuing discharges.— All discharges and releases from 
ships and stations in the United States will be effected on board such ships 
and stations, and the men concerned paid the transportation allowance of 5 
cents per mile to their homes, or places of enlistment, at their option. Ships 
and stations outside the continental limits of the United States will transfer 
men who are to be released to the nearest receiving ship in the United States for 
release. It is the intent of these instructions that all work connected with the 
release of men will be completed on board the ship or at the station where they 
are serving. To this end, no ship or station, within the continental limits of 
the United States, to which a supply officer is attached, will transfer any man 
to any other station to complete his release. 

8071. The practice for vessels in home waters to transfer to the nearest re- 
ceiving ship men whose — (a) terms of enlistment have already expired; 
(b) terms are about to expire, desiring to reenlist within three months prior 
to expiration of enlistment; (c) discharge has already been ordered or au- 
thorized, must be discontinued. In particular cases, however, when a man's 
papers are incomplete, he may be transferred to the nearest receiving ship to 
await discharge. 

8072. In all cases of transfer to a receiving ship for discharge the com- 
manding officer of the vessel from which the man is transferred will enter a 
separate recommendation on the service record, such as " Recommended for 
honorable discharge," "Recommended for good discharge," etc., as the case 
may be. which recommendation shall be duly considered by the commanding 
officer of the receiving ship in awarding the discharge. 

8073. The character of discharge recommended by the commanding officer of 
a vessel transferring a man to a receiving or station ship, or other vessel 
for discharge or to await discharge, shall be followed by the officer who issues 
the discharge. If, in the opinion of the latter officer, the recommendation of the 
previous commanding officer should not be followed, the case shall be referred 
to the Bureau of Navigation for decision. To obviate delays in issuing dis- 
charges in these cases, the commanding officers concerned will communicate 
with the Bureau of Navigation in ample time. 

8074. Whenever a man is transferred to a station for discharge by order of 
the bureau, the letter authorizing such discharge must accompany the man to 
the station to show that he is being discharged by special authority. 

8075. Commanding officers will direct all medical officers to make a careful 
physical examination of all Navy or Reserve personnel discharged from the 
service or released from active duty and carefully record all physical defects 
and other data in health records, which in each' case must be forwarded to 
district commandants or to the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, as the case 
may be. When practicable, each case should be examined by two medical 
officers. In case physical disability is found, the individual must be examined 
by a board of medical survey before being discharged or released from active 
duty. 

8076. Transportation will be paid to all men honorably discharged or re- 
leased in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 2300 to 2309, inclusive, 
of these instructions. 

8077. All men who are discharged or released from active duty will be re- 
quired to turn in their hammocks, mattresses, and blankets at the station from 
which discharged or released prior to leaving the station. These instruc- 
tions do not apply to mattresses or blankets owned by the enlisted man him- 
self, or issued him as a part of " Outfit on first enlistment," and checked 
against his accounts. 

8078. The discharge papers of enlisted men must be delivered to them by 
the executive officer, the officer-of-the-deck, or the officer on duty. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 127 

8079. In order that there may be complete information in the service records 
of all men who are discharged, whenever a man is discharged on instructions 
from the bureau, a complete statement giving the exact reasons for the dis- 
charge shall be entered in the service record over the signature of the command- 
ing officer. Service records of enlisted men who are discharged must have noted 
on them the amount of insurance and amount and date of last checkage. On 
continuous service certificates these entries will be made in red ink on lines 
under " Pay officer's certificate." The service record will be forwarded to the 
bureau the same date the man is discharged. 

8080. Instructions for releasing reserves from active duty. — In all cases 
where men have been given temporary ratings for which they are not qualified 
by examination, they will revert to the ratings for which they have qualified by 
examination prior to their being released from active duty or discharged. 

8081. Whenever a reservist is released from active duty, the following in- 
structions will always apply : 

(a) He must be instructed in writing of the necessity of keeping the com- 
mandant of the district in which he resides informed of his home address. 

(o) His current enrollment and health records shall be forwarded by mail 
to the commandant of this district in which he permanently resides and the 
bureau shall be notified on Form N. Nav. 8. The following additional informa- 
tion shall be inserted on Form N. Nav. 8 before forwarding to the bureau : 

(1) The home address. 

(2) The district to which enrollment and health records are forwarded. 

(3) The branch and class of the service in which serving. 

A copy of " Statement of account " as of the date of being released from 
active duty will be pasted in the enrollment record before sending to the com- 
mandant of the district concerned. 

(c) His pay account shall be closed in the same manner as if he were to be 
discharged and he shall be paid in full, including pay for the time necessary to 
perform travel to his home. 

(d) A transcript of his record on Form N. Nav. 21 will be forwarded to the 
bureau by the commandant of the district in which the reservist resides. 

(e) Each reservist released from active duty will be physically examined, 
and a record of the physical condition of the man entered in his health record. 

8082. To prevent duplication of reports of releases of enlisted men the fol- 
lowing are the only ones required : 

(a) From all ships and stations not attached to a district: 

(1) Weekly report by wire as of Friday noon, showing numbers of re- 

serves and men of the regular Navy released from active duty 
or discharged during the week. 

(2) Daily report of individuals on Form N. Nav. 8 showing discharge 

of regular Navy men and in case of reserves the home address 
and district to which records were sent, 
(o) From naval districts: 

(1) A weekly report by wire as of Saturday night, showing the total 

number of active duty in the district divided into reserves and 
regulars. 

(2) A daily letter to the bureau giving the total number of reserves 
actually in active status in the district. 

8090. Bonus for released men. — The law provides : 

(a) That all persons serving in the military or naval forces of the United 
States during the present war who have, since April 6, 1917, resigned or 
been discharged under honorable conditions (or, in the case of reservists, been 
released from active duty), or who at any time hereafter (but not later 
than the termination of the current enlistment or term of service) in the case 
of enlisted personnel and female nurses, or within one year after the termina- 
tion of the present war in the case of officers, may resign or be discharged 
under honorable conditions (or, in the case of reservists, be release! from 



128 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

active duty), shall be paid, in addition to all other amounts due them in 
pursuance of law, $60 each. 

(&) This amount shall not be paid — 

(1) To any person who though appointed or inducted into the military 

or naval forces on or prior to November 11, 1918, had not re- 
ported for duty at his station on or prior to such date. 

(2) To any person who has already received one month's pay under 

the provisions of section 9 of the act entitled "An act to author- 
ize the President to increase temporarily the military establish- 
ment of the United States," approved May 18, 1917. 

(3) To any person who is entitled to retired pay. 

(4) To the heirs or legal representatives of any person entitled to any 

payment under this section who has died or may die before 
receiving such payment. 

(c) In the case of any person who subsequent to separation from the service 
as above specified has been appointed or inducted into the military or naval 
forces of the United States and has been or is again separated from the service 
as above specified, only one payment of $60 shall be made. 

(d) The above amount, in the case of separation from the service on or 
prior to the passage of this act, shall be paid as soon as practicable after the 
passage of this act, and in the case of separation from the service after the 
passage of this act shall be paid at the time of such separation. 

8091. The beneficiaries of the act quoted above are: Officers and enlisted 
men of the regular Navy, all reservists, male and female, officers and men 
of the Marine Corps, and all persons in the service who have performed active 
duty with the Navy during the present war. No person who is entitled to retired 
pay on release from active duty shall receive this gratuity. The act of May 
18, 1917, referred to, affects only certain persons discharged from the Army at 
the discretion of the President. 

8092. Men or women given dishonorable discharges, or who are discharged 
for bad conduct, undesirability, or inaptitude, if the inaptitude is due to mis- 
conduct, are not entitled to the $60 bonus. Commanding officers issuing dis- 
charges for inaptitude which are not due to misconduct will certify to the fol- 
lowing remarks on the face of the discharge: "Discharged under honorable 
conditions." 

8093. Officers carrying the accounts of persons entitled to the bonus, who re- 
sign or who are discharged or released from active duty will pay the bonus at 
the time the pay account is closed. An order will be signed by the commanding 
officer stating that the man is entitled to receive the gratuity, and directing 
payment. Credit will be made on the rolls as a sundry credit, charging "Pay 
of the Navy," and payment will be made in cash. A notation of the amount of 
gratuity credited will be made on both the service record and discharge paper 
or orders to inactive status. 

8094. Officers and men who were relieved from active duty, discharged or 
disenrolled prior to the approval of the act will present their claims for 
gratuity, substantiated by their discharges or orders to inactive status, to the 
disbursing officer, Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, Navy Department, Wash- 
ington, D. C. In case the original discharge or orders to inactive status are 
lost, it will be necessary to obtain a certified copy from the Bureau of Naviga- 
tion, Navy Department, Washington, D. C, and a certificate from the officer by 
whom final settlement of pay accounts was made that no credit of this gratuity 
has been made by him. 

8095. Upon receipt by the disbursing officer of claims filed by men no longer 
in active service, the requests will be compared with the service records on file 
in the Bureau of Navigation in order to ascertain the correctness of the claims 
and the disbursing officer will certify that such comparison has been made and 
that according to the records, the gratuity is due and remains unpaid. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 129 

8096. In the event of duplication of payment by reason of failure to note pay- 
ment of gratuity on service record and discharge papers or orders to inactive 
status, the officer who fails to make such notation will be held accountable. 

8097. No part of this gratuity will be withheld to reimburse the Government 
for overpayment. 

HONORABLE DISCHARGES. 

8100. Men eligible for honorable discharge. — All men of the regular Navy 
whether enlisted for four years or for the duration of the war, who have per- 
formed active service at any time during the period between April 6, 1917, 
and November 11, 1918, inclusive, and who may hereafter be discharged, shall 
receive an honorable discharge provided their records are such as to entitle 
them to an honorable discharge in accordance with paragraphs 8110 to 8113, 
inclusive, of these instructions. 

8110. Qualifications for honorable discharge. — No honorable discharge shall 
be given to any man whose average are less than 3 each in sobriety and 
obedience and 2.75 in proficiency in rating, giving double weight to the marks 
of the final two years of his term of service. 

8111. In deciding whether or not an honorable discharge shall be awarded 
the following rules shall govern: 

An honorable discharge is a testimonial of fidelity and obedience. An hon- 
orable discharge shall not be given any man who has been convicted by general 
court-martial during his current enlistment, or who has been convicted twice 
by summary court-martial within the last year of his current enlistment. 
If, however, the offenses were for overliberty amounting to less than 12 
hours in times of peace, and the record is otherwise excellent, an honorable 
discharge may be given at the discretion of the commanding officer if his 
average marks conform to the bureau's instructions. If his enlistment has 
been extended, this applies to the last four years of enlistment, including the 
extension period. In order to make this rule uniform, men who break their 
liberty more than 12 hours with no attendant extenuating circumstances 
should be considered as having been convicted by a summary court-martial in 
deciding the character of the discharge. 

8112. The character of the service during the period between April 6, 1917, 
and November 11, 1918, shall be given governing weight in a man's favor 
against a previous unworthy record, provided his record subsequent to the 
period of active hostilities would entitle him to an honorable discharge. 

8113. A man who has been awarded a medal of honor shall be entitled to an 
honorable discharge regardless of his previous record, provided his record 
subsequent to the act for which he was rewarded would entitle him to an honor- 
able discharge, under the rules above. Similarly, a letter of commendation 
shall be given due weight in a man's favor against a previous unworthy 
record, provided his record subsequent to the act commended would entitle 
him to an honorable discharge. 

8120. Honorable discharge blanks and buttons. — All honorable discharge 
blanks shall be kept in the custody of the commanding officer, who is responsi- 
ble for their safekeeping, proper issue, and the return of the bound stubs 
to the bureau when all discharges in the book have been used. As every dis- 
charge and stub of the new form is numbered, each discharge must be 
accounted for. In the case of an error, mutilation, or defacement in making 
out a discharge, the discharge will be marked " canceled " over the signature of 
the commanding or executive officer, but retained in the book attached to 
the stub. 

8121. When an honorable discharge button is issued to a man, a notation to 
this effect shall be made on the face of the discharge. Men holding continuous 
service certificates shall be issued upon discharge an honorable discharge 

168123—20 9 



130 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

button (provided they have not previously received one). A man will receive 
only one honorable discharge button, and no additional one on subsequent 
honorable discharge. A man honorably discharged for physical disability is 
entitled to a button. 

8130. War service certificates. — War service certificates have been prepared 
and forwarded to commandants of naval districts and commanding officers 
of ships and independent shore stations for issue to all enlisted men and 
women who have served honorably in the naval service during the world 
war. Each certificate issued will bear the seal of the issuing ship or sta- 
tion. No person will be issued more than one certificate, nor will a certificate 
be issued to anyone not clearly entitled to it. 

8131. A certificate shall be issued to each man of the Regular Navy and to 
each man and woman of the Naval Reserve Force who has had honorable active 
service at any time between the dates of April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, 
upon discharge, disenrollment, or release from active duty. 

8132. The certificates will be issued as follows : 

(a) By the Bureau of Navigation: 

(1) To all men of the Regular Navy who have been discharged be- 
tween the dates April 6, 1917, and March 14, 1919, inclusive, and 
have not reenlisted. 

( b ) By the commandants of naval districts : 

(1) To all men of the Naval Reserve Force residing within their re- 

spective districts who have been disenrolled or released from 
active duty between the dates April 6, 1917, and March 14, 1919, 
inclusive, and to all members of the Naval Reserve Force under 
their command when disenrolled or released from active duty 
subsequent to March 14, 1919. 

(2) To all men of the Regular Navy when discharged from their com- 

mands subsequent to March 14, 1919. 

(c) By commanding officers of ships and of independent shore stations not 
under the command of a commandant of a district : 

(1) To all men of the Regular Navy and of the Naval Reserve Force 
when discharged, disenrolled, or released from active duty, sub- 
sequent to March 14, 1919. 

8133. To avoid duplication of issue, each certificate has been serially num- 
bered and is attached to a stub on which certain information must be entered. 
Issuing officers will see that all information indicated on the stub is entered, 
and will also cause to be entered on both the certificate and the stub the service 
number of the enlisted man to whom the certificate is issued. The number of 
the certificate issued must be entered in ink on the service record of the man 
to whom issued on the discharge line on the inside of the back cover of the 
record. 

8134. A sufficient supply of certificates has been forwarded to commandants 
of districts to care for all men heretofore discharged or released from active 
duty by the districts and to care for the immediate future demand. Independ- 
ent shore stations and ships having complements of five hundred and above 
were issued two books each containing fifty certificates. Ships and stations 
having complements of less than five hundred were issued one book. As the 
supply of certificates becomes depleted, application for an additional supply 
may be made to the Bureau of Navigation. 

8135. When all the certificates in a book have been issued, the stubs will be 
forwarded to the Bureau of Navigation for file in the jackets of men to whom 
issued. 

GOOD DISCHARGES. 

8200. Good discharges made honorable by extension of enlistment. — Under the 
provisions of paragraph 8111 of these instructions regarding requirements for 
honorable discharge, many excellent men who have committed themselves dur- 
ing the early part of their four-year enlistments, are being given good dis- 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 131 

charges, after two or three years with a clear record. It is not desired to 
modify the requirements for an honorable discharge. However, the provisions 
of the sentence which enables a man, by extending his enlistment, to receive a 
discharge based upon the merits of the last four years of the extended en- 
listment, should be explained to all men about to be discharged with a good 
discharge. Such men should be advised to extend their enlistments for such a 
length of time as will, with good conduct during the extension period, render 
them eligible for honorable discharges. 

8210. Discharges of men in June and December. — The bureau is considering 
the requests for discharge of men who enlisted for the first time between 
August 29, 1916, and February 4, 1917. Article 3603 (c), Navy Regulations, 
permits honorable discharges of such men during the months of June and De- 
cember in time of peace. The bureau can not grant honorable discharges 
under the provisions of this article, but will consider the requests of men for 
discharge by special order of the Secretary of the Navy. 

8220. Discharge of reserves to enlist in regular Army. — The War and Navy 
Departments have agreed to discharge men from the reserve of the regular 
Army and the Naval Reserve Force in order to permit them to enlist in the 
regular Navy or regular Ariny, respectively. 

8221. The following procedure will be carried out when a member of the 
Naval Reserve Force applies for enlistment in the regular Army : 

When a naval reservist on inactive status applies at an Army recruiting 
station for enlistment, the Army recruiting officer will instruct the applicant to 
make out a request for discharge from the Naval Reserve Force, which will be 
forwarded by the recruiting officer to the Bureau of Navigation, through The 
Adjutant General of the Army. The Bureau of Navigation will in turn direct 
the commandant of the naval district in which the applicant's records are kept 
to prepare and forward to the Army recruiting officer direct, a completed dis- 
charge for the person concerned, with a letter of transmittal to the Army re- 
cruiting officer, requesting that the delivery of the discharge be made only in 
the event that the applicant is actually accepted and sworn into the Army; 
otherwise, the discharge will be returned direct to the office of origin with a 
statement of facts, and if the applicant is enlisted, a similar report will be 
made bv the Army recruiting officer. The discharge from the Navy will be 
delivered to the applicant only when he has actually been accepted and sworn 
into the Army. 

8221. A similar arrangement is also in effect between the Bureau of Naviga- 
tion and the Marine Corps as regards the Naval Reserve Force and the Marine 
Corps Reserve and the same procedure will be followed in the cases of mem- 
bers of the Naval Reserve Force desiring to enlist in the Marine Corps (regu- 
lar) and of members of the Marine Corps Reserve desiring to enlist in the 
regular Navy. The necessary correspondence in these cases being carried on 
with the Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps. 

8222. In discharging reservists under the above authority, they will be dis- 
charged " By special order," without refund of clothing allowance. 

DISCHARGES FOR DISCIPLINARY PURPOSES. 

8300. Men to be transferred to naval station nearest home. — When a man is 
to be discharged prior to the expiration of his enlistment or enrollment by 
reason of undesirability, inaptitude, or bad conduct, or is to be dishonorably 
discharged, and he has insufficient funds to reach his home, he shall be trans- 
ferred to the receiving ship or naval station nearest his home for discharge. 
Individuals who desire discharge from the ship or station, as the case may be, 
who will waive transportation as directed herein, may be discharged at the 
ship or station concerned, provided transportation is waived in writing and a 
copy securely attached to the service record in every instance. Recruiting- 
stations are not considered as naval stations within the meaning of the above. 
Before making such transfers commanding officers will see that the provisions 



132 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

of paragraphs 8312 and 8313 of these instructions are complied with, and that 
a letter explaining the circumstances in each case is forwarded to the com- 
manding officer of the ship or station to which the man is transferred for such 
discharge (copy to Bureau of Navigation). 

8301. When men are transferred from one command to another for undesir- 
able, bad conduct, or dishonorable discharge, the papers mentioned in article 
3583, Navy Regulations, shall be transmitted by registered mail to the com- 
mand where discharge is to be effected, accompanied by a forwarding letter 
and a copy of the written orders given the men, unless the men are transferred 
under guard, in which case the above papers shall be entrusted to the petty 
officer in charge of the party. 

8310. Discharges as undesirable. — In the discretion of commanding officers of 
cruising vessels, men, not to exceed 1 per cent of any command in any quarter, 
may be discharged in any port of the United States, regardless of their ratings, 
except continuous service men, whose cases will be referred to the Bureau of 
Navigation. In the case of vessels commanded by officers below the rank of 
lieutenant commander the approval of the commander in chief or senior officer 
present will be obtained before making such discharges. In any case before dis- 
charges are made under this authority the commander in chief or senior officer 
present shall be informed in order to conform with the exigencies of the service 
the vessels are performing. Men serving abroad who are so recommended should 
be sent to the United States by first Government conveyance and discharged in 
accordance with the preceding sentence. 

8311. The provisions of paragraph 8310 are extended to include the naval 
training stations at Newport, R. I., naval operating base, Hampton Roads, Va., 
Great Lakes, 111., San Francisco, Calif. ; the air station at Pensacola, Fla. ; sub- 
marine bases at New London, Conn., and San Pedro, Calif. ; and receiving ships 
and first and second rate ships in reserve. 

8312. Before making or recommending such discharges, commanding officers 
will investigate each individual case, after giving the man concerned an oppor- 
tunity to make any statement he may desire in his own behalf, and then be gov- 
erned solely by a regard for the best interests of the naval service. In this con- 
nection it is not believed that the least desirable men are necessarily those in 
the lower ratings, and it should be borne in mind that those who are not very 
promising in the earlier stages of their service frequently develop into valuable 
men on board ship. 

8313. In every case of discharge in accordance with the above instructions 
full entry will be made on service records of the nature of the undesirability or 
unfitness and any other facts bearing upon the case and the statement of the 
man attached. The authority herein delegated to commanding officers is, in 
effect, an approval in advance of the action provided for by article 3601 (2), 
Navy Regulations; for the reason, and in order that the bureau may be in a 
position to delegate this authority and to sustain the action taken by command- 
ing officers, it is essential that the entry and statements above referred to form 
part of the record. 

8320. Discharge for under-age enlistment. — In cases where the commanding 
officer has reason to believe that a recruit is under age, or has presented fraudu- 
lent " consent papers," immediate investigation of the case will be made. In 
the cases of men who will probably obtain discharges for under age, every effort 
will be made to avoid incurring expense for which the Government will receive 
no return. 

8321. If a birth certificate or other indisputable evidence is presented, the 
man concerned will be transferred to the naval station nearest to point of his 
enlistment for discharge as undesirable. Transfer papers must clearly show 
the reason for transfer to the naval station and be completed to the date of 
transfer. When no evidence as to the correct date of birth can be presented 
or when the case is otherwise complicated, it shall be referred to the Bureau 
of Navigation for action. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 133 

8322. It frequently has happened that a parent or guardian has executed 
"consent papers," or subscribed to statements setting forth the applicant's 
age as being over 18, and subsequent to his enlistment applied for his re- 
lease from the Navy, claiming that his age was misrepresented and presenting 
further evidence showing the recruit's correct age. In acting upon such cases, 
commanding officers will advise those interested that inasmuch as a fraud has 
been committed the man will not be discharged from the Navy and that the 
person concerned is liable to prosecution for perjury. 

8330. Men discharged to be furnished with civilian clothes. — When men are 
discharged for bad conduct, undesirability, or inaptitude they may be furnished 
with a $15 outfit of civilian clothes, provided they have not sufficient money 
due them to purchase this outfit in addition to paying for their transportation 
from point of discharge to home. Amounts expended for civilian clothes under 
this provision may be charged to appropriation for " Outfits on first enlist- 
ment." Commanding officers should see that such civilian clothes are provided 
in the most economical manner, and wherever there are in storage old civilian 
clothes which would be available and suitable for this purpose the commanding 
officer should make use of such clothing rather than furnish new clothing. 

8331. In all cases of discharge of the above character, outer garments or 
distinctive parts of uniforms should be taken away from the man before dis- 
charge in order that he may not disgrace the uniform by his future conduct. 

DEATHS. 

8400. Identification of deceased persons. — Cases have occurred in which by 
reason of similarity of names and resultant transfer with wrong service 
records the identity of a deceased person has been erroneously established. 
Finger prints should invariably be taken in the manner prescribed in para- 
graph 1120 of these instructions, and compared with the prints found on pages 
2 and 3 of the service record. 

8410. Reports of deaths. — The department has received various reports of 
naval disasters in which no report of survivors or missing is given by name. 
In all cases a report of the names of the survivors or missing should be sent 
in the first dispatch. 

8411. When a death occurs, commanding officers must make immediate report 
by dispatch giving the following information: 

(a) Name and service number, 
(o) rating, 

(c) branch of service, 

(d) cause of death, 

(e) next of kin, 

(f) address of next of kin, 

(g) whether or not next of kin has been notified, 
(h) disposition of remains, 

and, in case of reservists, 

(i) whether or not on active duty. 
In each case the full names must be given and a specific statement as to the 
disposition which has been or will be made of the body. 

8412. Service records of men who have died should be forwarded to the 
bureau at the earliest possible moment. They must have a note on them 
showing the amount of insurance and amount and date of last checkage. On 
continuous-service certificate the entry should be placed in red ink on lines 
under " Pay officer's certificate." 

8430. Transportation of dead bodies. — Instructions have been received from 
the United States Railroad Administration relative to the handling of dead 
bodies of officers, enlisted men, nurses, and enlisted women of the Navy and 
Marine Corps by wagon transfer at junction points where transfer is necessary, 
which will enable the through handling of bodies by the carriers from point of 
origin to final destination. The parties performing the final transfer by wagon 



134 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

are to bill against the carrier whose baggage agent arranges for the services, 
and the carriers will present the bill to the department in the usual manner 
accompanied by the transfer certificate. 

8431. Complaints have been received from carriers stating that the escorts, 
in many cases, were unable to give the baggage agents the number of the 
transportation request upon which the original tickets were received, and due 
to this neglect, they were unable to support their bills covering wagon transfers. 

8432. It is therefore requested that all issuing officers furnish the escorts 
of bodies with a memorandum indicating the transportation request number, 
also explicit instructions to plainly mark the number on the transfer certifi- 
cate presented to them for their signature by the baggage agent. 

8440. Effects of deceased persons. — The following procedure will govern in 
disposing of the effects of deceased persons of the naval service : 

(a) If any of the effects of a deceased person are perishable and de- 
teriorating they shall immediately be sold at auction, the proceeds of which 
shall be disposed of in the same manner as other money found in his eifects. 

( J) ) All moneys, articles of value, papers, keepsakes, and other similar 
effects shall be forwarded to the legal representative or, in default of such, 
the heirs at law of the deceased. Should it be impossible to ascertain the 
existence of the legal representative or of heirs at law, the moneys and articles 
mentioned and other similar effects shall be sent to the Bureau of Navigation 
or to the Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps, as the case may be, 
for safe-keeping. Should the above-described property be unclaimed for a 
period of two years after the death of the owner thereof, all articles and 
effects so deposited shall be sold at auction to the highest bidder, and the 
proceeds of such sale, together with the moneys above mentioned, shall be 
deposited in the United States Treasury to the credit of the Navy pension fund. 
If at any time during the two years such above-described property is in the 
custody of naval authorities and the executor or legal representative of the 
deceased person should apply for it, all such property shall be delivered to the 
executor or legal representative. 



CHAPTER X.— MISCELLANEOUS. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 

9000. Service numbers. — To facilitate identification the bureau has assigned 
a service number to each enlisted person in the naval service to be placed on 
all service and enrollment records, shipping articles, and other papers of the 
men concerned and to be used on all correspondence regarding that particular 
person, and has transmitted a personal card with the number on it to each com- 
mand, with the necessary instructions. The bureau should be informed if any 
man has obviously been overlooked. Cards may be lost in transmittal or the 
records may not be in the bureau, so that careful returns will act as a check 
on the bureau's records. 

9001. Commanding officers should not assign service numbers to men upon 
reenlistment. Service numbers have been assigned by the bureau to all men 
enlisted since January 1, 1885, and the same number will be used for each 
successive enlistment and for their entire naval service. 

9002. The bureau should immediately be notified of the name, rating, date, 
and place of enlistment, of, all men who have not received service numbers. 

9003. Whenever a ship goes out of commission, a report of the unassigned 
service numbers of the block originally allotted to that ship must immediately 
be forwarded to the Bureau of Navigation, without fail. This report, together 
with the reports of first enlistments, should account for the entire block allotted 
to that ship. 

9004. In order to avoid the confusion which frequently results where only 
the surnames, or initials of given names, of enlisted men are given, all reports, 
correspondence, cablegrams, and telegrams, which refer to enlisted men by 
name must give the full first name, middle initial, and service number. No 
reports on or letters regarding enlisted men will be considered complete with- 
out the service numbers of the men concerned. 

9010. Unofficial communications from enlisted men. — All enlisted men must 
be instructed as to the proper method of submitting official communications. An 
increasing number of unofficial communications on various subjects aie being 
received direct from enlisted men, particularly letters requesting discharge or 
release from active duty, which requests should have been made to commanding 
officers. Such communications are not acted upon by the bureau and are in- 
variably returned. 

9020. Correspondence concerning men who have been transferred. — It has 
often come to the attention of the bureau that correspondence concerning en- 
listed men has been returned to the bureau by indorsement to the. effect that 
the man or men in question have been transferred to some other ship or station. 
This practice frequently entails months of delay before final action is taken on 
the correspondence and in many instances results in an injustice to the men 
concerned. 

9021. When correspondence concerning an enlisted man and requiring action 
by his commanding officer is received at a ship or station from which the subject 
of the correspondence has been transferred, it shall be forwarded to the ship 
or station to which he has been transferred and not returned to the bureau 

135 



136 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

until final action has been taken thereon.- When such correspondence is for- 
warded, notify the bureau immediately, using the subject as appears at the 
head of the forwarded correspondence and quoting the bureau's reference num- 
ber. Use the following form : 

" To : Bureau of Navigation. 

Subject: John Doe, Sea., U. S. N. (service number). 

Information regarding allotment. 
Reference: Bureau's letter (use reference number shown in forwarded 
correspondence) . 
Correspondence on the above subject and giving the above reference 

number has this date been forwarded to , to whose 

command the man concerned was transferred on " 

9040. Registered mail. — Attention of all concerned is called to the provisions 
of paragraph 41, page 10, of the Postal Guide for October, 1918. This provides 
that postmasters shall accept back, without collecting additional registry fee, 
registered mail addressed to members of the naval and military forces of the 
United States, when returned to the post office by mail orderlies for forwarding 
to addresses or return to senders ; such mail to be marked " Re-registered 
after delivery ;" also " Forwarded " or " Return to writer," as the case may be. 

9041. In case registered mail is received with the wrapping in poor condition, 
that fact should be indorsed on it and the letter or package reinclosed in an 
official envelope and the original register number together with the new 
address and origin entered on the new envelope. 

9050. Congressional correspondence. — It has been brought to the bureau's at- 
tention that some commanding officers are failing to make replies to telegrams 
and letters of inquiry addressed to them by United States Senators, Representa- 
tives in Congress and other individuals, concerning the release of men under 
their commands and upon other subjects pertaining to Navy personnel. 

9051. Failure to make replies to such telegrams and letters is creating a bad 
impression which can have no other effect than to react to the disadvantage 
of the service as a whole. Commanding officers should bear this in mind and 
should not fail to make reply to every letter of this sort, even though the 
nature of the reply is necessarily unfavorable to the request contained in the 
letter. 

SERVICE RECORDS AND CONTINUOUS-SERVICE CERTIFICATES. 

9100. Comparison of men with records. — Commanding officers must make 
every effort to compare men with their service records, and especially in the 
case of transfers the proper record must be with the man concerned. In any 
case where a discrepancy exists all the facts as shown by the record, as well 
as the man's statement, must be reported to the bureau without delay. 

9110. Entries required on continuous service certificates. — The only entries 
to be made on the old form of continuous-service certificates are those now 
required in the instructions which will be found on the inside of the new 
form of continuous-service certificate. Particular attention is invited to the 
fact that on all certificates only one line is to be used for enlistment, one line 
for discharge, and that when a man deserts no entry whatever is to be made 
on the certificate. In all cases when chief petty officers are discharged their 
continuous-service certificates must show whether they were serving under 
acting or permanent appointment at time of discharge. 

9120. Instructions for making entries in records. — The signatures of com- 
manding officers on all final service records, etc., must be written and not 
stamped; the signatures on records of men who have not had clear records 
for the quarter be written and not stamped ; before a discharge is made out 
the commanding officer will indicate the character by writing the words " good," 
" honorable," etc., as the case may be, in red ink across the face of the man's 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 137 

service record, and affix his initials; all final entries will be verified by the 
executive officer; no one will be permitted to make an entry upon a service 
record without specific authority from the commanding officer or the executive 
officer. 

9121. Erasures, alterations, or the use of ditto marks in service records or 
continuous-service certificates is prohibited. Should an error be made, a light 
red ink line will be drawn through it, the commanding or executive officer 
entering his initials alongside in ink. 

9122. Quarterly marks and recommendations will be entered in all records 
promptly each quarter in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 7500 to 
7599 of these instructions. 

9130. Disposition of records in special cases. — When any man is captured 
prisoner of war or is reported as missing his current service record should 
be closed out as missing or captured, giving full statement of facts, and for- 
warded to the Bureau of Navigation ; his pay accounts should be transferred to 
the Navy disbursing officer, Washington, D. C. 

CITIZENSHIP. 

9200. Naturalization of aliens. — (a) An act of Congress approved May 9, 
1918, provides for the naturalization of aliens who may be in the naval or 
military service of the United States, waiving the usual requirements as to 
residence in the United States and the filing of declaration of intention. The 
provision of the law is quoted below in so far as it affects aliens serving in 
the Navy : 

"Any alien, or any Porto Rican not a citizen of the United States, of the age 
of twenty-one years and upward, who has enlisted in or entered or may here- 
after enlist in or enter the Armies of the United States, either the Regular or 
the Volunteer Forces, or the National Army, the National Guard or Naval 
Militia of any State, Territory or the District of Columbia, or the State Militia 
in Federal Service, or in the United States Navy or Marine Corps, or in the 
United States Coast Guard, or who has served for three years on board of any 
vessel of the United States Government, or for three years on board of mer- 
chant or fishing vessels of the United States of more than twenty tons burden, 
and while still in the service on a reenlistment or reappointment, or within 
six months after an honorable discharge or separation therefrom, or while on 
furlough to the Army Reserves or Regular Army Reserves after honorable 
service, may, on presentation of the required declaration of intention, petition 
for naturalization without proof of the required five years' residence within 
the United States, if upon examination by the representative of the Bureau of 
Naturalization, in accordance with the requirements of this subdivision it is 
shown that such residence can not be established." 

(&) It has been the experience of the Bureau of Naturalization that despite 
the efforts which have been made to facilitate the naturalization of alien 
soldiers and sailors during the present war whereby they might become natural- 
ized immediately under a different provision of law, many were discharged with- 
out being given the opportunity to become naturalized. It is anticipated that 
this will happen with greater frequency after the war has terminated. The 
provision of law quoted above, of course, is general legislation and applies 
after the war as well as during the war, and for this reason, whenever an 
alien serving in the Navy is about to be discharged, he shall be informed that 
if he desires to become an American citizen it is incumbent on him to take the 
necessary action within six months from the date of his discharge or otherwise 
he must proceed in accordance with the general requirements of law before he 
may become a citizen. 

9201. The following requirements are necessary for aliens who have been in 
the naval service during the present war to secure naturalization under the 
above act: 



138 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

(a) The alien must actually be serving in the naval service of the United 
States. 

(&) He must appear before a naturalization examiner for preliminary ex- 
amination, accompanied by two United States citizens. 

(c) The two witnesses must make affidavit to the fact that the alien is now 
serving in the Navy, that he is loyal to the United States, and that his charac* 
ter and conduct have been good. 

(f?) The two witnesses should be the superior officers of the alien. These 
witnesses may also make affidavit to such portion of the alien's United States 
residence of which they have knowledge. 

(e) The alien does not need a declaration of intention (first papers), unless 
he be a Filipino. A Filipino may make the required declaration of intention, 
and then proceed in accordance with the above instructions. 

9202. For the information of the service there is published herewith a list 
of places in the United States where chief naturalization examiners and 
naturalization examiners are stationed, and men desiring to secure naturaliza- 
tion or information in regard thereto, should be directed to apply direct to them. 

Chief naturalization examiners : 

721 Old South Building, Boston, Mass. 

5 Beekman Street, New York, N. Y. 

Federal Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. 

Federal Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Federal Building. Chicago, 111. 

Customhouse Building, St. Louis, Mo. 

Federal Building. St. Paul, Minn. 

Federal Building, Denver, Colo. 

Federal Building, San Francisco, Calif. 

Federal Building, Seattle, Wash. 
Naturalization examiners : 

Federal Building, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Federal Building, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Federal Building, Duluth, Minn. 

Federal Building, New Orleans, La. 

Federal Building, San Antonio, Tex. 

Federal Building, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Federal Building, Portland, Oreg. 

Federal Building, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Federal Building, Detroit, Mich. 

Federal Building, Providence, R. I. 

9203. In addition to informing all concerned of the provisions of the law 
above quoted, prior to their discharge, commandants and commanding officers 
will give the utmost publicity to this information so that men previously dis- 
charged may avail themselves of their rights under the law within the six 
months after discharge. 

9210. Naturalization of Filipinos. — Under the act quoted in paragraph 920l> 
above, native-born Filipinos, who have enlisted 6r may hereafter enlist in the 
Navy, who have declared their intentions to become naturalized and have been 
honorably discharged after three years' service or have received a good dis- 
charge with recommendation for reenlistment, may, on presentation of the re- 
quired declaration of intention, file their petitions for naturalization without 
proof of the required five years' residence within the United States, if it be 
shown that such residence can not be established. Section 4 of the act of 
June 29, 1906, which is amended by the act referred to above, requires a period 
of not less than two nor more than seven years to elapse between the date of 
the filing of the declaration of intention and the date of the filing of the petition 
for naturalization. It is anticipated that the courts probably will con- 
strue the new law to mean that a Filipino, in order to be eligible to proceed 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 139 

thereunder, must possess a declaration of the age prescribed. In order, there- 
fore, that Filipinos may be naturalized with as little difficulty as possible, 
all Filipinos now in the naval service or who may hereafter enlist shall be 
advised to file at once their declarations of intention if located in the United 
States, and if not to take such step as soon as they arrive in this country, so 
that a period of at least two years will elapse between the date of the 
declaration and the date on which they make application for citizenship. In 
this way they will obviate any question arising as to their eligibility for 
naturalization insofar as the declaration of intention is concerned. 

9211. It is exceedingly difficult for a Filipino in the United States Navy to 
comply with the provision of the law which requires that an alien shall, when 
filing petition for naturalization, file therewith a certificate from the Department 
of Labor stating the date, place, and manner of his arrival in the United States. 
This is due to the fact that Filipinos in many instances are not inspected under 
the immigration laws at the time of arrival, because in most cases entry into 
the United States is made on vessels of the United States Navy, service having 
commenced in Philippine waters. With a view to remedying this condition and 
so that a Filipino may observe in all respects the requirements of law in seek- 
ing to become naturalized, which is possible of realization under the act of 
May 9, 1918, it is suggested that the first time the ship on which such an 
alien is serving touches the United States or territories thereof, the. Filipino 
be instructed to appear before the immigration officials in order that a record 
may be made wherefrom a certificate of arrival may be obtained for naturaliza- 
tion purposes. Filipinos desiring naturalization will be given such oppor- 
tunity as is practicable to appear before immigration officials as above re- 
quired. 

9220. Entry of citizenship on records. — It is directed that a notation, over the 
signature of an officer, be made in the service record and upon the discharge 
or continuous service certificate of every enlisted man who has previously pro- 
duced satisfactory evidence of citizenship : " Has produced evidence of United 
States (or N. U. S.) citizenship." This notation is for the protection of men 
upon reenlistment, and for the guidance of recruiting officers who otherwise are 
required to obtain evidence of citizenship, frequently at great inconvenience. 
The recruiting officers are instructed to accept such notation on the discharge 
or continuous service certificate upon future enlistments, and in every in- 
stance to make entry in a conspicuous place upon the new service record that 
evidence of citizenship has previously been furnished. 

SUBSISTENCE. 

9300. Subsistence is an allowance in lieu of quarters and messing facilities. — 
Authority to pay this allowance to enlisted and enrolled personnel of the naval 
service will be requested of and, after consideration of the facts as presented, 
granted by the Bureau of Navigation. The general rule will obtain and will 
be observed by all commanding officers in submitting requests and by the bureau 
in passing upon individual cases, that existing facilities for quartering and 
messing the personnel at any station must, if they are suitable, be employed ; 
and that if, for the special privilege or benefit of any man, that man is ex- 
cused from availing himself of such facilities, such excuse can not be con- 
sidered as good reason for authorizing subsistence in his case. This doctrine 
will be scrupulously observed by all commanding officers in reporting, in con- 
nection with any request to be granted subsistence, that quarters and messing 
facilities are, or are not, " available." Subject to the foregoing, the following 
classification, which will be observed by the bureau in passing upon all cases 
involving the payment of this allowance, is published to the service for in- 
formation and guidance: 

(a) Class A. — To persons on duty at shore stations or on detached duty from 
vessels or shore stations, for whom neither quarters nor messing facilities are 
available, and who are not lodged or subsisted to any extent at Government 



140 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

expense, $2.50 per day, during the continuance of such duty or detached duty, 
but not after quarters or messing facilities, either or both, become available. 

(&) Class B. — To personnel attached to traveling recruiting parties, $4 per 
day while so attached. 

(c) Class C. — To all persons on temporary duty, including inspection duty, 
away from their regular commands or stations for a period over 24 hours and 
less than 10 days, to whom Government quarters and subsistence are not fur- 
nished during such absence, $4 per day during the period of absence, except 
that men who have been regularly attached to stations or commands where 
Government quarters and subsistence (messing facilities) are provided shall, 
while absent on temporary duty therefrom, be paid $2.50 per day during such 
absence. 

Classification O is established to provide for men on detached duty or other 
duty entitling them to the regular allowance of $2.50 per day, but who are 
required to be away from their regular stations for shore periods of time 
and may, as a result, have to keep up expenses at their regular stations during 
such periods. 

9301. Subsistence allowance, in lieu of complete messing facilities, shall be 
paid, subject to the approval of the Bureau of Navigation as hereinafter pro- 
vided, to enlisted and enrolled personnel for whom quarters are available, but 
for whom messing facilities are inadequate, as follows : 

(a) Class D. — To persons on detached duty at stations at which there are 
quarters and facilities for messing together, where the total number does not 
exceed twenty-five, $1 per day. 

(&) Class B. — To persons on duty at temporary stations or to persons on 
duty at stations which are just being established, at which there are quarters 
available and facilities for messing together, and at which the number is less 
than one hundred, $1 per day. 

No station will be considered a temporary station which has been in com- 
mission more than three months. 

(c) Class F. — At all permanent stations and at stations which, after having 
been in commission three months, assume a permanent status, but to which 
no supply officer is attached, regular messes will be established if the total 
number of men on duty at such station exceeds twenty-five, and the men will be 
subsisted in accordance with the instructions contained in Article 1-4549. 

(d) Class G. — At permanent stations to which a supply officer is attached, 
where there is a general mess established, with a complement in excess of one 
hundred, the Navy ration in kind will be issued. 

9802. Allowances heretofore authorized since March 12, 1918, for men ashore 
in Europe, South America, Alaska, the Canal Zone, and the Philippine Islands 
remain effective. 

9303. All cases which may arise involving payment of subsistence allowance 
to enlisted and enrolled personnel will be referred, from commands within the 
jurisdiction of naval districts, via the commandant, and from other commands, 
including the recruiting service, direct to the Bureau of Navigation. In refer- 
ring cases to the bureau for approval the following instructions will be ob- 
served: (a) Use separate sheets for each class. (&) Submit all sheets in 
quadruplicate, original sheets signed by the commanding officer referring the 
case, and also by the commandant forwarding it. (c) Give in every case the 
full names of men concerned (surname first, in capitals), also the rating, 
service number, organization, and station or detail of each man. (d) Include, 
as applicable to each man for whom subsistence may be requested, a definite 
statement as to whether or not suitable quarters and messing facilities are 
or economically can be made available at the station submitting the report; 
if the statement that quarters and messing facilities are or can be made 
available follows a request for subsistence, full report in the premises will be 
submitted as to the reasons for making the request and the arguments in its 
favor. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 141 

9304. No subsistence sliall be paid except in accordance with the foregoing 
and until the authority of the bureau shall have been obtained. 

9305. All cases arising within the commands excepted by paragraph 9302 shall, 
in a similar manner, be referred to the bureau for approval ; in the case of men 
on duty in Europe, recommendation will be submitted via the commander, United 
States naval forces operating in European waters, and may be forwarded by 
dispatch if necessary. 

9306. Requests for authority to pay to enlisted and enrolled personnel the 
commuted value pf the ration shall be referred to the bureau. Such requests, in 
cases involving chief petty officers and petty officers, first class, on shore duty 
or members of the crew of a receiving station, receiving ship or station ship, 
will receive consideration if the following conditions obtain: (a) that the man 
submitting the request is a married man who will, if ration is commuted, sub- 
sist himself with his family ; ( h ) that the mess of which such man is a mem- 
ber will not be left with too few members to permit of an economical adminis- 
tration; and (c) that the commanding officer, after inquiry as to facts of (a) 
and (&), forwards the request, recommending approval by the bureau. 

9307. Except as noted in paragraph 9302, the above provisions supersede all 
previous instructions and authorizations on the subject of the payment of the 
subsistence allowance to enlisted and enrolled personnel of the regular Navy 
and Naval Reserve Force. 

9310. Ship recruiting parties. — When a ship recruiting party is sent ashore 
for the day to report for temporary duty at a recruiting station, the command- 
ing officer of the ship is authorized to direct the supply officer to advance 75 
cents in cash to each member of the party, to pay for the midday meal. 

9311. In cases where commanding officers detail ship recruiting parties to 
report to recruiting officers at Navy recruiting stations to operate as traveling 
recruiting parties within the recruiting district, or as recruiting parties tempo- 
rarily assigned to recruiting stations for a specified period, the subsistence allow- 
ances specified in paragraphs 9300 and 9301 of these instructions, will be author- 
ized by the Bureau of Navigation to be paid to these men by recruiting officers 
at the recruiting stations in accordance with paragraph 9303 above. The recruit- 
ing officer, for purposes of determining the rate of subsistence allowance to 
which such men are entitled under these instructions, will issue written orders 
to the man in charge denning the status of the party, i. e., whether it is a travel- 
ing recruiting party, or a party assigned to temporarily augment the perma- 
nent recruiting force on duty at the main recruiting station. The ship recruit- 
ing party will not be considered as a traveling recruiting party while the men 
are performing temporary duty in the city in which the main recruiting station 
is located. Where the status of a ship recruiting party is defined by the recruit- 
ing officer as a traveling recruiting party, the party will be sent out on an 
itinerary designated by the recruiting officer, care being taken not to have re- 
cruiting parties from more than one ship operating in the same territory at the 
same time. While temporarily assigned to recruiting duty, during which period 
recruiting officers have been authorized to pay regular subsistence allowance to 
members of ship recruiting parties, commanding officers will check their rations 
on board ship. 

9312. In the cases of destroyers and other ships to which no regular supply 
officers are attached, the allowance of 75 cents per man for the noonday meal 
taken away from ship, will be paid by recruiting officers, chargeable to appro- 
priation, " Pay, miscellaneous." 

9313. To avoid duplicate payments, commanding officers are directed to in- 
clude in the written orders issued to members of ship recruiting parties, to be 
presented to the recruiting officer, specific information as to the amount of 
cash furnished for noonday meals. Where it is impracticable to advance cash 
for this purpose for the reasons given in the above paragraph, notation will 
be made on the orders to the men that the recruiting officers will furnish 
allowance for noonday meals. Where regular subsistence allowance is in- 
volved, specific notation will be made on the orders that the recruiting officers 



142 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

will pay subsistence at the rate specified in paragraph 9300 (&) of these in- 
structions. 

9320. Instructions for paying subsistence in special cases. — Class C subsist- 
ence will be authorized for reservists awaiting transfer to the regular Navy 
at recruiting stations for whom active-duty orders have been requested. 

9330. Subsistence reports. — Weekly reports under date of Saturday will be 
submitted to the Bureau of Navigation by each station authorized to furnish 
subsistence, showing total number of men furnished subsistence, arranged 
according to classes as described in paragraphs 9300 and 9,301 of these i li- 
st ructions. 

CLAIMS. 

9400. Arrears of pay, subsistence. — All claims for arrears of pay, subsist- 
ence, etc., from enlisted men will be submitted through the regular official 
channels to the Bureau of Navigation, which bureau will forward them to the 
auditor, via the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, when necessary. 

9401. The bureau is constantly in receipt of claims from enlisted men for 
arrears of pay, subsistence, etc., which must be returned to the commanding 
officer of the vessel or station on which the applicant served during the period 
of the claim, for verification of data on which claim is based. This fre- 
quently results in several months elapsing before the claim is considered by 
the auditor. Hereafter, commanding officers will, when forwarding claims, 
include in their indorsements such information as will enable the bureau to 
make proper recommendation to the auditor without further correspondence. 
If the claim is for service rendered in another vessel, the claim will be sent to 
the bureau via the officers having cognizance of the case, who will include in 
their indorsements the information required. 

9410. Clothing lost in a marine disaster. — The following instructions are for 
the information and guidance of all concerned with reference to reoutfitting 
enlisted men of the Navy who suffer the loss of clothing and personal effects 
in marine disasters as contemplated by the act of October 6, 1917. The pur- 
pose of these instructions is to insure that a proper record will be kept of all 
issues made under the foreging circumstances to enlisted men whom it is 
necessary to reoutfit prior to approval of reimbursement by the department 
of claims. 

9411. When men have lost their clothing and are entitled to reimbursement 
therefor under the provisions of this act, issues in kind may immediately be 
made to them and the following instructions observed by the issuing officer so 
that when the approved claim is received back, appropriate credit may be 
made to the account of the man concerned for all issues in kind which have 
already been made to him : 

( a ) Each man who suffers loss of clothing and small stores in a marine dis- 
aster is to be furnished when reoutfitted a typewritten statement of nil 
articles so issued. The statement will be signed by the supply officer as to 
the issue and by the man as to the receipt. The statement will show number 
and name of articles issued and price of each, and have attached thereto the 
requisition for their issue approved by the commanding officer as necessary 
for the men's health and comfort. This statement will be issued in dupli- 
cate — one given to the man, the other attached to his service record. The 
man should then be directed to submit his claim on the proper form for re- 
imbursement. 

(5) Upon receipt of the approved claim, the supply officer having the 
claimant's account will make necesary adjustment upon the claimant presenting 
the signed statement of previous issue. For such items as have been issued 
and which appear on the claim, the man will be given a sundry pay-roll credit. 
The remainder of the items will immediately be issued in kind. The claimant's 
clothing statements together with the approved claim will be filed as pay-roll 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 143 

vouchers. In the event the original statement is lost by the man the duplicate 
attached to his service record can be used: The service record should show 
the date of final adjustment of claim and by whom made. 

9412. In order that men who have lost their effects in a marine disaster 
may obtain clothing immediately, the following procedure will be followed: 

(a) Upon arrival of the crew of a shipwrecked vessel at a ship or station 
where clothing may be obtained, issue should immediately be made of a 
reasonable outfit of clothing to include only articles which are enumerated as 
contents of the regulation bag and not to exceed 75 per cent of the 
articles for which reimbursement will be claimed. Individual receipts will be 
obtained for these issues and the total issue with the receipts will be invoiced 
to the officer settling the lost vessel's accounts. This officer will not check 
the individual pay accounts at once for the value of these issues but will note 
on each claim for reimbursement the articles which have already been issued 
in kind and will present both the receipts and invoices to the officer who finally 
settles the claim, 

(&) The officer who makes final settlement of the claims will receipt the 
invoice, take the clothing up in his clothing and small stores account, and charge 
the issues made to each man to his account on the pay roll to offset the value 
of his claim as approved by the Bureau of Navigation. 

MEDALS. 

9500. Victory medals. — In accordance with the provisions of General Order 
No. 482, the bureau will award a victory medal to all persons in the naval 
service on active duty between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918. A victory 
button to be worn on civilian clothing will also be issued by the bureau to all 
persons who served in the Navy between the above dates. When the supply 
of medals is received in the bureau the service will immediately be informed. 

9501. When informed that the medals and buttons are ready for issue the 
commanding officer of each vessel and independent shore station will ascertain 
the exact number of enlisted men under his command who are entitled to a 
medal, and immediately will make requests to the Bureau of Navigation by 
letter to furnish the exact number required. This will include all men 
entitled to a medal who are attached to the station or vessel. In case of men 
discharged between the submission of the list and the receipt of the medals, the 
medals will be returned to the bureau with one letter naming all such men. 
The letter requesting medals will not name the men except in doubtful cases, 
as hereafter provided, and no individual request will be made to the bureau for 
the medals. Men who have reenlisted since November 11, 1918, will be required 
to present their discharge paper or continuous-service certificate as evidence 
of service, but if unable to do so inquiry will be made of the bureau as to their 
service. 

9502. Commandants of all naval districts will suply medals to reservists on 
inactive status, whose records are kept by the district. Commanding officers 
will forward medals for reservists relieved from active duty, after the lists are 
submitted, to the commandant of the district to which the reservists' records 
have been sent. 

9503. Men discharged from the regular Navy and Naval Reserve Force will 
be furnished with a Victory button upon the presentation of their discharges to 
a Navy recruiting station. Each Navy recruiting station has been furnished 
a supply of such buttons, and upon issuing a button the following entry will be 
made on the discharge and signed by the recruiting officer: "(Date) Victory 
Button issued." 

9504. Clasps and stars referred to in paragraph 2 of General Order No. 482 
will not be furnished by the bureau, but commanding officers will determine 
from the records of the men to which clasp eacli man is entitled, if any. and 
will authorize the man to wear the clasp to which he is entitled and bo purchase 
it from any linn dealing therein. In case the commanding officer is in doubt 



144 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

as to whether a man is entitled to a clasp, the man's affidavit as to his service 
will be sufficient evidence for the commanding officer to authorize him to wear 
the clasp in question. 

9510. Medal of honor, distinguished service medal, Navy cross. — The follow- 
ing medals and decorations have been authorized by legislation : 

(a) Medal of honor; to be given to any person who, while in the naval serv- 
ice, in actual conflict with the enemy, distinguishes himself by gallantry and 
intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. 

(&) Distinguished service medal; to be given to any person while in the 
naval service of the United States, since the 6th day of April, 1917, who .has 
distinguished, or who hereafter shall distinguish, himself, by exceptionally 
meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility. 

(c) Navy cross; to be given to any person who, while in the naval service 
of the United States, since April 6, 1917, has distinguished, or who shall here- 
after distinguish, himself, by extraordinary heroism or distinguished service 
in the line of his profession, such heroism or service not being sufficient to 
justify the award of a medal of honor or a distinguished service medal. 

9511. Reports and recommendations for the award of any of these medals 
will be forwarded through official channels to the Bureau of Navigation. In 
this connection, attention is invited to the facts that : 

(a) An act or service,, to justify an award, must be at once distinguished 
exceptional, and individual. 

(&) A definite, concise description of the act of service deemed worthy of 
recognition must be made. 

(c) A specific recommendation by superior authority for recognition must 
accompany the report. 

As all men who receive recognition must be specifically recommended, com- 
manding officers must see that deserving cases coming under their commands 
are brought to the attention of the department. 

WAR RISK INSURANCE. 

9600. Family allotments and allowances — Compulsory allotment — (Class 
A). — An allotment made through the Bureau of War Risk Insurance is known as 
a family allotment. The term "family allowance," means the sum of money 
paid by the Government to a man's dependents over and above that which the 
man contributes by his allotment. " Family allotment " is what the man con- 
tributes and is the amount charged on the pay roll. Every enlisted man on 
active service in the Navy must execute an application for family allotment and 
allowance on Treasury Form IB on the clay of enlistment or entry into active 
service, whether or not he has any dependents. Form IB should, if possible, 
be prepared on the typewriter. If the enlisted man has a wife, child, or 
divorced wife to whom alimony has been decreed and who has not remarried, 
he must make a compulsory allotment (Class A) of $15 per month, or if a less 
amount has been decreed as alimony for the divorced wife, who has not re- 
married, in the amount of such alimony. If he has neither wife, child, oi 
divorced wife, to whom alimony is payable and who has not remarried, he will 
execute application for family allotment and allowance, inserting the word 
" None," in the space for wife, child, or divorced wife. 

9601. Exemptions from compulsory allotment. — The enlisted man may, upon 
application showing good cause, be exempted from a compulsory allotment. 
Exemption claims with full information and substantiating evidence and 
affidavits supporting the claim should be attached to and forwarded with the 
allotment application, noting on the face of the allotment application, "Ex- 
emption claimed." The supply officer carrying the pay account concerned 
will check the allotment on the pay roll until notified by proper authority 
that exemption has been granted. On receipt of notice that exemption has 
been granted, the man shall be credited on the pay roll the total sum checked 
therefor, if exemption was claimed on the original recording of allotment ap- 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 145 

plication. If exemption was claimed at a subsequent date, the man shall be 
credited with the amount checked therefor over and beyond the date of last 
payment to the allottee by the Bureau of War Risk Insurance. Where a com- 
pulsory allotment has been made to a wife, with an exemption claim attached, 
and the divorce is subsequently granted, a copy of the divorce decree should 
be submitted as evidence in support of exemption claim, but checkage must be 
made on the pay roll until notice is received that exemption has been granted. 
Where partial exemption is granted by the Bureau of War Risk Insurance for 
any period prior to July 1, 1918, and the supply officer concerned has been 
properly notified, amount of allotment in excess of that required for Class A 
dependents — from allotment to whom the enlisted man has not bee exempted — 
should be credited on the pay roll. 

9602. Family allotment (Class B). — Any enlisted man may, at his option, on 
the 1st day of any month make a voluntary family allotment (Class B) of 
$15 to a parent, grandparent (either of man or wife), grandchild, brother or 
sister; and any woman may, at her option, make a voluntary allotment (Class 
B) of $15 to a husband or child, provided dependency exists. An enlisted 
woman may also make a voluntary allotment (Class B) of $15 to a parent, 
grandparent (either of herself or husband), grandchild, brother or sister, pro- 
vided dependency exists. If the Class; B allotment of an enlisted man is made, 
in addition to a compulsory Class A allotment, the amount of the Class B 
allotment shall be $5. If the allotment of an enlisted woman to a parent, grand- 
parent, grandchild, brother or sister, is in addition to an allotment to a hus- 
band or child, the amount of the allotment to the parent, grandparent, grand- 
child, brother or sister, shall be $5. The right to make a voluntary family allot- 
ment (Class B) is conditional on the dependency of the allottee. Dependency is 
determined by the average amount of monthly habitual contribution because of 
dependency for one year prior to entry into the naval service. If dependency 
has arisen since entry into the naval service, a Class B allotment may be made 
if the date and cause of such dependency is stated on the application. A man 
or woman is not eligible to make a voluntary family allotment (Class B) 
unless the amount of monthly habitual contribution because of dependency ex- 
ceeds the amount of the allotment, or unless dependency has arisen since entry 
into the naval service, no allowance being payable in such cases. 

9603. Allowance. — In addition to the family allotment, the Government will 
add to all Class A compulsory and Class B allotments, where the condition of 
dependency is complied with, an allowance, the amount of which will vary 
according to the number and relationship to the applicant of the enlisted man's 
dependents. (See War Risk Insurance Act.) This Government allowance is 
paid only in cases where application therefor is made in the space provided on 
Treasury Form IB. If the Government allowance is not applied for, or if 
the man is not entitled to a Government allowance, he is not eligible to make a 
family allotment, and, in such cases, family allotment and allowance will not 
be paid. All allotments other than family allotments must be made on S and 
A Form 6. 

9604. Execution of applications. — The responsibility for the proper execution 
of applications for family allotment and allowance rests upon commanding of- 
ficers and commandants. Every application shall be executed in triplicate and 
forwarded immediately by the applicant's commanding officer to the supply 
officer on whose rolls the applicant's pay account is carried. Every application 
shall be inspected as to its completeness by the officer carrying the appli- 
cant's pay account. If found improperly executed, the officer carrying the ac- 
count shall return the application to the applicant's commanding officer, point- 
ing out in which respects the application is incomplete or incorrect. 

9605. The checkage of allotments. — The responsibility for the proper check- 
age of allotments rests upon the supply officer carrying the account against 
which the allotments are to be charged. 

168123—20 10 



146 INSTRUCTION "S GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

9605a. Every application for family allotment and allowance which, if cor- 
rect, shall be recorded at once by the officer carrying the account of the appli- 
cant. A description of the allotment and allowance shall be entered on the 
pay roll and a record kept similar to that now kept for Navy voluntary allot- 
ments (S. and A. Form 6). The following indorsement will be placed on 
the back of every recorded application for family allotment and allowance: 

Class A $ 

Class B $ 



(1) The monthly allotments which I 
shall charge against the appli- 
cant on the pay roll is for 



(2) The charge on the pay roll of the 
above-mentioned allotments com- 
menced 

(Signed by) . 



Total $ 

Class A 19. 

[Day] [Month] 
Class B 19- 

[Day] [Month] 



Prorate : 

Class A from to 

Class B from to 



.Supply Corps, U. S. N. 



On Form IB, revised November 11, 1918, a space headed, " This space to be 
filled in by checking officer," is provided on the face of the form, which is in lieu 
of the indorsement on the back of the form, as provided above. On the revised 
form this space will be filled in and no indorsement placed on the back. 

9605b. The total family allotment of class A and class B shall be charged on 
the debit side of the pay roll, in the column headed " War risk allotments." 
Checkages against the accounts of men entering the service with class A de- 
pendents, must be made from the date of enlistment, or entry into active serv- 
ice, and the first month's checkage must be prorated for the actual number of 
days served. Where class A dependency arises after men are in the service, 
checkages should be made from the first of the month subsequent to that in 
which such dependency was incurred, and the date of the contingency must 
always be indicated on the superseding application. Class B allotments may 
be effective either from the date of enlistment, or entry into active service, or 
from the first of a subsequent month. Checkages of family allotments will be 
continued until notice from proper authority is received that they should no 
longer be made. 

9605c. Checkage of Class A allotments will take precedence over Government 
indebtedness for property loss and loss of pay by sentence of deck court, sum- 
mary court-martial, or general court-martial, either with or without confine- 
ment. Checkage of Class B allotments will take precedence over Government 
indebtedness for property loss and loss of pay by sentence of deck court, 
summary court-martial, or general court-martial not involving prison confine- 
ment. If a Class B allotment is discontinued at the request of the grantor, 
good reason for su^h request must be stated. On the happening of any con- 
tingency which will operate to discontinue a family allotment, Class A or Class 
B, caused by a change in the status of the man, such as the death of allottor, 
discharge, relief from active duty, desertion, and operation of General Order 
No. 231, the allotment will be stopped on the date of such contingency, and the 
checkage prorated. On the happening of any contingency which will operate 
to discontinue, or start, a family allotment, Class A or Class B, caused by the 
status of the man's family conditions (marriage, childbirth, change of de- 
pendency, death of allottee, etc.), the allotment will be stopped at the end of 
the month in which the contingency occurred, *or started on the first of the fol- 
lowing month, as the case requires, and the checkage will not be prorated. 
8. and A. Form 372, in duplicate, should be used to stop all family allotments. 
In the case of absence without leave, neither Class A nor Class B allotments 
will be stopped. If the absence develops into desertion, both Class A and Class 
B allotments will be stopped on the day preceding the desertion. If a man is 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 147 

not in a pay status by reason of the operation of General Order No. 231, no 
eheckage should be made for family allotments, Class A and Class B, for such 
period, and the Bureau of War Bisk Insurance should be notified to suspend 
and resume payments on the proper dates. 

9606. Transmittal of application to Bureau of War Bisk Insurance. — After an 
application has been recorded, the original shall be forwarded immediately 
to the allotment and allowance division. Bureau of War Bisk Insurance, 
Washington, D. C. The remaining two copies will be retained by the supply 
officer who registered the application, one copy for his permanent files and 
the other to be forwarded with the transfer pay account of the applicant. 
Separate letters will be written transmitting applications showing no de- 
pendents and those showing dependents. Letters transmitting applications 
for family allotment and allowance shall indicate the number of applications 
inclosed therewith, as is the practice in forwarding applications for Navy 
voluntary allotments (S. and A. Form 6). Ail transfer pay accounts shall con- 
tain full information regarding family allotments, including the last month 
for which allotments are charged. A certified copy of the application for 
family allotment and allowance should accompany the transfer pay accounts. 

9607. Correctipns and changes to applications. — When an increase in depend- 
ency has occurred or for any other reason it becomes necessary to execute a 
subsequent application for family allotment and allowance, either Class A or 
Class B, a new application shall be executed containing either one, or both 
Class A and Class B allotments, which shall contain the statement " Supersed- 
ing previous application dates " Whenever a decrease in dependents, 

either in part or in full, is desired to be made, a notice of discontinuance (S. 
and A. Form 372) must be forwarded to the Bureau of War Risk Insurance in 
duplicate. A superseding application should not be forwarded. 

9608. All changes of address of allottees should be immediately reported to 
the Allotment and Allowance Division, Bureau of War Bisk Insurance, and full 
names of allottor and allottee and both old and new addresses should be given. 
On all applications for family allotment and allowance and abstracts and cor- 
respondence relating thereto the given names as well as surnames of both the 
allottor and the allottee will be spelled out in full. In no case will initials alone 
of given names be used. 

9609. Men declared deserters. — When an enlisted man of the Navy has been 
declared a deserter his family allotments, Class A and Class B, shall be stopped 
and eheckage of insurance premiums discontinued and notice to that effect 
forwarded to the Bureau of War Bisk Insurance on S. and A. Forms 372 and 
373, respectively. Certified copies of allotment and insurance applications shall 
accompany all transfer pay accounts to and from the deserter's roll. These 
copies shall bear on the face the notation that the allotment has been stopped 
and insurance checkages discontinued, respectively, and the date and amount of 
last eheckage shall be indicated. These certified copies are for information 
only. An insurance application becomes official again if the insurance is re- 
instated. When a deserter has returned to the service he shall immediately 
execute a new form IB if he has Class A dependents, and checkages must be 
made against his account in accordance therewith. Class A allotments are 
not affected by sentence of general court-martial, involving prison confinement. 
Class B allotments take precedence over sentences of deck, summary, or general 
court-martial, not involving prison confinement, but are discontinued when the 
sentence of general court-martial involves prison confinement. Upon the re- 
turn to the service of a deserter, his insurance may be reinstated if it has 
been allowed to lapse. 

9610. Term insurance. — Applications. — Every commissioned officer and every 
enlisted man and every member of the Navy Nurse Corps (female), when em- 
ployed in active service under the Navy Department, shall be given an oppor- 
tunity to apply for Government insurance in any amount from $1,000 to $10,000, 
in multiples of $500, within 120 days from date of enlistment, or date of re- 
porting for active service. Application shall be made on Treasury Form 2A 



148 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

and, if possible, should be prepared on the typewriter. In case of enlisted per- 
sonnel the application shall be witnessed by an officer. 

9611. Beneficiary. — The beneficiary named in an insurance application must 
bear the relationship to the insured of spouse, parent or grandparent (of either 
insured or the spouse of insured), grandchild, brother, or sister, as defined by 
the War Risk Insurance Act. A change of beneficiary may be made at any 
time within the permitted class and without the consent of the beneficiary 
previously named in the application of the insured. Application for change of 
beneficiary will be made on Treasury Form 724, witnessed by an officer, and 
forwarded to the Insurance Division, Bureau of War Risk Insurance. 

9612. Execution of application. — The responsibility for the proper execution 
of applications for Government insurance rests upon commanding officers and 
commandants. Every application for insurance shall be executed in triplicate 
and forwarded immediately by the applicant's commanding officer to the 
supply officer on whose rolls the applicant's pay account is carried. Every 
application shall be inspected as to its completeness by the officer carrying the 
applicant's pay account. If found improperly executed, the officer carrying 
the accounts will return the application to the applicant's commanding officer, 
pointing out in what respects the application is incomplete or incorrect. 

9613. Checkage of premiums. — The responsibility for the proper checkage of 
insurance premiums rests on the supply officer carrying the account against 
which the premium is to be charged. 

9613a. Every application for insurance which is correct shall be recorded 
at once by the officer carrying the account of the applicant. A description of the 
insurance shall be entered on the pay roll and a record kept similar to that 
kept for Navy voluntary allotments (S. & A. Form 6). The following indorse- 
ment will be placed on the back of every recorded application for insurance : 

19— 

[Day] [Month] 

Received by me this date. Checkage of premium ($ ) will be 

made by me monthly from date of application. First check made 
19__, for $ 

[Day] [Month] 



.Supply Corps, U. S. N. 



9613b. In no case will insurance premiums be prorated. The premium 
charged for insurance shall be entered on the debit side of the pay roll in 
the column headed, " War risk insurance premiums". Checkage of one month's 
premium shall be made on the day the application is executed and, thereafter, 
one month's premium shall be checked on the first day of every month. Check- 
age must be made on the Navy pay roll of premium for every application for 
term insurance executed by officers or men in the Navy. Checkages of in- 
surance premium will continue while a man is in a pay status, or until the 
insurance is cancelled by written request over the man's signature, forwarded 
through the supply officer carrying his account. No refund of premiums checked 
will be made because of cancellation. 

9613c. The insurance is issued at monthly rates for the age (nearest birth- 
day) of insured when insurance becomes effective. On July 1, 1919, all prem- 
iums on insurance which has been in force for 12 months, will be increased 
to the amount of premium for the next age above that shown on the application. 
Thereafter, on July 1 of each year, all premiums for insurance which has been 
in force for 12 months or more, will be increased to the amount of premium 
for the next age above that shown on the application. Thereafter, on July 1 of 
each year all premiums for insurance which have been in force for 12 months or 



INSTKUCTIOSTS GOVEKNIKG HANDLING ENLISTED PEBSONNEL. 149 

more, will be increased to the amount of premium for the next succeeding age 
of the applicant. 

9613d. The checkage of insurance premiums will take precedence over Gov- 
ernment indebtedness due to property loss, and loss of pay by sentence of deck, 
summary, or general courts-martial not involving prison confinement. Sentence 
of general court-martial involving prison confinement will operate to stop check- 
age of insurance premiums on the Navy pay roll. In such cases the man 
should be instructed to remit, or have some one else remit, the premium di- 
rectly to the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, or suffer his insurance to lapse. 
Government insurance may be cancelled by the reasons specified in section 29 
of the War Risk Insurance Act as amended June 25, 1918, or upon the request 
of the insured over his signature. In all cases where checkage of insurance 
premium is discontinued, notice thereof should be sent immediately to the In- 
surance Division, Bureau of War Risk Insurance, S. and A. Form 373. 

9614. Transmittal of application to Bureau of War Risk Insurance. — After an 
application has been recorded, the original shall be forwarded immediately to 
the Insurance Division, Bureau of War Risk Insurance, Washington, D. C. 
The remaining two copies will be retained by the supply officer who registers 
the application — one copy for his permanent files and the other to be forwarded 
with the transfer pay account of the applicant. Letters transmitting applica- 
tions for insurance shall indicate the number of applications inclosed there- 
with as is the practice in forwarding applications for Navy voluntary allot- 
ments (S. & A. Form 6). Correspondence from all persons in the naval 
service, regarding Government insurance, shall be forwarded to the Bureau of 
War Risk Insurance. All transfer pay accounts shall contain full information 
regarding insurance carried by the man transferred, including a statement as 
to the last month charged. A copy of every application for insurance, certified 
true and correct by the supply officer, will accompany every transfer pay ac- 
count. 

9615. Men discharged. — On discharge, every man having an insurance appli- 
cation shall be furnished with a certified copy thereof and Treasury Form 2303, 
properly filled out, in duplicate. He shall be instructed to forward both copies 
of Treasury Form 2303 to the Bureau of War Risk Insurance with the first 
remittance of premium by him. He shall further be instructed that, in case 
of reenlistment, he shall give the certified copy of the insurance application to 
the supply officer taking up his pay account and fill out Treasury Form 758 or 
execute a new Treasury Form 2A. If, upon separation from the service, in any 
month, the insured has not sufficient pay due to liquidate the premium checked 
on the first of that month, no checkage of premium shall be made for the month 
in which separation occurs. 

9616. Men declared deserters. — In the case of absence without leave insur- 
ance premium will be checked for subsequent pay. If the absence develops 
into desertion, checkage will be stopped with the premium for that month, 
provided there is sufficient money due; if not, checkage will be stopped with the 
preceding month. If a man is not in a pay status by reason of the operation 
of General Order No. 231, insurance premiums may be checked from money 
due, or from subsequent pay, provided a period of 60 days has not elapsed 
during which no premium was checked, in which case the man must apply for 
reinstatement. 

9620. Converted insurance. — All commanding officers and commandants will 
take steps to see that all persons under their commands, especially tbose about 
to be discharged or released from active duty, are given full information with 
regard to the new forms of Government insurance and that every man is given 
the opportunity to convert his present term insurance into one or more of these 
forms in accordance with section 404 of the War Risk Insurance Act. 

9621. Applications. — Applications for conversion may be made at any time 
within five years after the termination of the war, as declared by proclamation 
of the President of the United States. The present term insurance may be con- 
verted in whole or in part without medical examination; that is, any amount 
of the term insurance now carried may be converted in multiples of $500 (not 



150 INSTRUCTION'S GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

less than a thousand) at any time and into one or more of the several forms 
of insurance offered, within five years after the termination of the war. 
Applications for insurance will be made on Bureau of War Risk Insurance- 
Treasury Form 739. Applications will be executed in single copy by the insured, 
and the amount of the first premium will be securely attached to the applica- 
tion, unless allotment has been made to cover, in which case statement to this 
effect will be made on the application and a copy of S. and A. Form 6 attached. 
The application will then be forwarded to the Insurance Division, Bureau of 
War Risk Insurance, Treasury Department, Washington, D. C, by the supply 
officer carrying the pay account of the insured. Application for conversion will 
not be effective until approved by the Bureau of War Risk Insurance and the 
first premium on the converted insurance paid (excepting cases where allot- 
ment is made). The converted insurance will take effect on the first of the 
month succeeding the month in which the application is made, provided that 
the premiums of the present term insurance have been paid up to and including 
the current month in which the application for conversion is made. 

9622. Cheekage of premiums during conversion. — The premium due on the 
present term insurance on the first of the month in which application for con- 
version is made must be checked, but, after application for conversion is made, 
no premiums will be checked on the pay roll for the converted insurance. In 
case of partial conversion, the premium for the converted insurance must be 
paid by the insured and the premium on the amount remaining as term insur- 
ance will continue to be checked on the pay roll. In case the insured does not 
desire to continue term insurance remaining, no further checkage will be made 
and notice of discontinuance of the amount of insurance not. converted will 
be forwarded to the Insurance Division, Bureau of War Risk Insurance, on 
S. and* A. Form 373, as is now done in cases of cancellation. This notice is in 
addition to the S. and A. Form 373 used to give notice of the discontinuance 
of the insurance converted. When a supply officer receives an application for 
conversion, he will cease checking the premium for the present term insurance, 
and will notify the Insurance Division, Bureau of W T ar Risk Insurance, on 
S. and A. Form 373, noting " Conversion " in the space headed, " Contingency 
causing discontinuance," and in the space headed, " Date of contingency," the 
effective date of converted insurance will be inserted. In case of partial con- 
version, the amount converted and the amount remaining as term insurance 
will be noted in addition to the above. 

9622a. In all cases of conversion the following indorsement will be written 
(in red ink) across the face of the original application for insurance on 
Treasury Form 2A: 

$ converted into 

[Amount] 

on 

[Kind of policy] [Date effective] 

$ remaining as term insurance. 

[Amount] 

Supply Corps, U. S. N. 

A certified copy of original Form 2A will be attached to transfer pay 
accounts as long as any of the insurance is carried as term insurance and when 
insurance premium is no longer checked on the pay roll by reason of con- 
version or cancellation, at request of insured, certified copy of the application 
need not be attached to transfer pay account or furnished the man on discharge. 

9622b. In addition to the .above indorsement on Form 2 A, the following 
indorsement will be placed on the application for conversion, which is forwarded 
in the Tiureau of War Risk Insurance: 

■' Pivuiium on present term insurance checked to and including the month 
of " 



Simply Corps, V. S. N. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 151 

9623. Methods of paying premiums, — Premiums on converted insurance must 
be paid by the insured. They may be paid monthly, quarterly, semiannually, 
or annually by any of the following methods : 

(1) Sending a certified check, draft Government check, or money order 

payable to the Treasurer of the United States, to the Premium Re- 
ceipt Section, Bureau of War Risk Insurance, Treasury Department, 
Washington, D. C. 

(2) Paying premiums in cash to any postmaster or Navy mail clerk (special 

form of money order is used for this purpose). 

(3) Executing Navy voluntary allotment on S. and A. Form 6, payable to 

the Treasurer of the United States, Bureau of War Risk Insurance, 
Washington, D. C, for the amount of monthly premiums. Such al- 
lotment must be registered effective the month in which the applica- 
tion for conversion is made. Copy of S. and A. Form 6 will accom- 
pany the application for converted insurance. This method can 
only be used where premium is payable monthly. 

9624. Paying by allotment. — When an allotment is registered to pay premium 
for converted Government insurance, the man's full name should be filled in on 
S. and A. Form 6. If, in any month, the insured will not have sufficient pay 
accruing by the end of that month to liquidate the allotment, the supply officer 
carrying the pay account of the insured shall advise, by telegraph or cable, 
the Navy allotment officer to stop such allotment and will also advise the 
allottor that, if premiums are not otherwise paid within the month when due, 
the insurance will lapse for nonpayment of premium. Upon the receipt of 
such stop notice, the Navy allotment officer will immediately notify the Bureau 
of War Risk Insurance and the bureau will notify the insured and beneficiary 
to the effect that, if premiums are not otherwise paid within the month when 
due, the insurance will lapse for nonpayment of premium. 

9625. When any person in the Navy executed an allotment from his pay for 
premiums on converted insurance, such allotment will be considered equivalent 
to payment, provided the insured has sufficient pay accruing at the end of the 
month to liquidate the allotment. However, if the insured has not suf- 
ficient pay accruing at the end of the month to liquidate the allotment, the 
allotment will not be considered equivalent of payment and the insurance will 
lapse for nonpayment of premium, unless the premium is otherwise paid. 

9626. After application has been made for conversion of insurance, the in- 
surance premiums arid all matters pertaining to such converted insurance will 
be handled by the individual concerned directly with the Bureau of War Risk 
Insurance in the same manner as if the insurance was with a private company, 
and not through the Navy. But until application is made for conversion, all 
matters pertaining to insurance will continue to be handled through the supply 
officer carrying the pay account of the insured. 

9630. Miscellaneous instruction. — The provisions of the War Risk Insurance 
Act insofar as it pertains to family allowances, apply to all enlisted men in the 
military or naval forces of the United States, except the Philippine Scouts, the 
Insular Force of the Navy, and the Samoan Native Guard and Band (Navy). 

9631. In every case Form N. Nav. 235 will be executed at the same time and 
place as the application for insurance or allotment. 

9632. On all applications, abstracts or correspondence concerning war risk 
insurance, the given names, as well as surnames of both the applicant and the 
beneficiaries should be spelled out in full. In no case should initials alone of 
given names be used. 

9633. "When an application for war risk insurance, on Treasury Form 2A, is 
made by an illiterate and signed by a mark, two witnesses to this act are re- 
quired. One must witness the application and both of them must witness the 
making cf the mark. This should be accompanied by an affidavit from the 
witnesses as to the conditions under which the application was signed. 



152 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

9634. Whenever any changes in war risk insurance or family allotments are 
made, a new Form N. Nav. 235 should be forwarded to the Bureau of Navi- 
gation at once. 

9635. Claims for benefits, as provided in article 3 of the War Risk Insurance 
Act, shall be forwarded direct to the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, Treasury 
Department, Washington, D. C. 

UNIFORMS. 

9700. Special winter clothing outfits. — Outfits of specially designed winter 
clothing are issued from the provisions and clothing depot at New York. The 
percentages of the different sizes in which this clothing is furnished are shown 
in the following list of articles comprising this outfit : 

(a) Two heavy woolen undershirts. (Sizes: 20 per cent No. 34, 40 per cent 
No. 36, 30 per cent No. 38, 10 per cent No. 42.) 

(&) Two pairs extra heavy woolen underdrawers. (Sizes: 20 per cent No. 
32, 40 per cent No. 34, 30 per cent No. 36, 10 per cent No. 40.) 

(c) Two pairs heavy woolen socks. (Sizes: 30 per cent No. 9£, 50 per cent 
No. 10£, 20 per cent No. 11*.) 

(d) One blanket overshirt with hood. 

(e) One windproof suit with hood. (Sizes: 25 per cent No. 1, 50 per cent 
No. 2, 25 per cent No. 3.) 

(f) Two pairs woolen mittens or one finger gauntlets. 

(g) One pair heavy arctics, to be worn over ordinary shoes, for ships other 
than destroyers. ( Sizes : 25 per cent No. 7, 25 per cent No. 8, 20 per cent No. 9, 
20 per cent No. 10, 10 per cent No. 11. ) 

(h) One pair heavy leather sea boots, for destroyers only. (Sizes: 20 per 
cent No. 8, 25 per cent No. 9, 25 per cent No. 10, 20 per cent No. 11, 10 per cent 
No. 12.) 

No requisition will be required from ships for initial outfits; they will be 
shipped in quantities based on the records of the Bureau of Navigation. The 
number of outfits furnished in each case will allow for 10 per cent spares. 

9701. These special winter clothing outfits are issued primarily for the use 
of men doing duty afloat who will be subjected to extreme cold and to severe 
weather, such as lookouts and men standing watch in exposed positions. In 
the past, this clothing has been used generally for other purposes, which is 
not only unnecessary, but destructive to the clothing. Commanding officers 
will take the necessary action to prevent the improper use of special winter 
clothing outfits, as these articles are the property of the Government and 
merely loaned for use under emergency conditions as stated above. It must 
be impressed upon each person to whom this clothing is issued that it is 
Government property and is merely loaned for use under emergency conditions. 
Proper steps must be taken to fix responsibility, and any man having received 
an outfit will be held accountable for articles in his possession by his divisional 
or commanding officer. In cases where proper care has not been exercised 
or where articles have been lost or destroyed through carelessness, the neces- 
sary disciplinary action will be taken and proper notation made on the service 
record. , 

9702. This clothing will not be invoiced in any property account. The 
provisions and clothing depot at New York, when making shipment to any 
vessel, will forward memorandum invoice without price for receipt by the 
commanding officer or by the supply officer of the vessel. This receipted mem- 
orandum invoice will be returned promptly to the depot. 

9703. Whenever men who have received outfits of special winter clothing 
are transferred to other vessels or stations, they will take with them the under- 
wear and socks which they have been wearing. In order to prevent duplicate 
issues being made until such time as the original articles are worn out or 
need replacement, a notation to the following effect will be entered at the top 
of page 12 in the service record of pach man to whom an outfit of special 



INSTKTJCTiONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PEESONNEL. 153 

winter clothing has been issued: "Special winter clothing outfit furnished 
(date)." When a man whose record bears such a notation arrives on board 
ship and is assigned to such duty as requires a special winter clothing outfit, he 
will be supplied only with the outer garments of the outfit. In cases where 
the ship's outfit of special winter underwear and socks has become sufficiently 
depleted to warrant replenishment, by reason of the transfer of men who take 
this clothing with them, replacements may be obtained by submitting a requisi- 
tion direct to the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. Such requisition must 
state the number of men who have been transferred with such clothing, and 
the ships or stations to which they have been assigned. This paragraph applies 
only to that part of the winter clothing outfit which consists of underwear and 
socks. The other articles of the outfit will be retained on board and will be 
reissued from time to time as the need arises. 

9704. Special winter clothing outfits will be inspected at least once each 
quarter to determine their condition and to ascertain whether or not proper 
care is being taken of them. Replacement of articles actually worn out in use 
or which may have been unavoidably lost or destroyed will be secured by 
requisition submitted direct to the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. Requisi- 
tions must contain the following information : In the column headed " Quantity 
on hand " will be noted the number of articles on hand not issued ; in the body 
of the requisition will be noted the number of outfits originally received and 
the number in use on board. These requisitions will be headed " Special winter 
clothing," will not show any appropriation and will not contain other items. 

9705. For the purpose of fixing responsibility, surveys will be held whenever 
requisitions for replenishments are submitted. Such surveys will not be neces- 
sary in the case of requisitions submitted under the circumstances set forth 
in paragraph' 9703. Requisitions for the replacement of articles worn out in 
use, lost, or destroyed, will be submitted during the month of July, accom- 
panied by copies of the survey reports. No requisitions will be submitted at 
any other time, unless the need for replenishment is so urgent as will not per- 
mit of delay. All articles of the outfit which have been worn out in use and 
can not be rapaired on board ship will be turned in at a navy yard the same 
as other surveyed material. The yards receiving this clothing will ship it to 
the Supply Officer, Navy Yard, New York, for disposition as salvage. 

9706. In so far as may be practicable each article of the winter clothing out- 
fit will be stamped or marked with the name of the ship, and will also bear 
the station number of the man to whom the outfit is issued. 

9707. The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery has recommended the following 
method of cleaning the blanket shirt, heavy underwear, and socks : The blanket 
shirt, heavy underwear, and socks should be washed by hand in luke-warm 
(not hot) water containing a soap free from excess of free alkali, such as 
Ivory soap. After being rinsed in warm water they should be hung up to dry 
without wringing. 

. 9708. Paragraphs 9703 to 9707, inclusive, apply also to the special submarine 
outfit. 

9710. Fitting of uniforms. — On the proper fitting of men's uniforms depends, 
to a great measure, their smartness and contentment. It is evident from casual 
observation that division, supply, and commanding officers pay too little atten- 
tion to the proper fitting of uniforms, and apparently lose sight of the fact 
that ship's tailors are primarily intended to fit properly, at the expense of the 
Government, all uniforms issued to enlisted men. The Bureau of Navigation 
frequently is in receipt of criticisms from outside sources of the poor fit of the 
uniforms of enlisted men of the Navy. This is a direct reflection on the re- 
sponsible officers, and commanding officers of ships and stations shall make 
every effort to have uniforms properly fitted before being worn. 

9711. Shoes.— Too much emphasis can not be laid on the question of ill-fitting 
shoes as incident to a great many diseased conditions of the feet which result 
in. temporary loss of man power and a subsequent decrease in efficiency. The 
mpst important consideration in the fittiner of shoes is. the cnrp with whtefo shops 



154 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

are selected or issued to individuals. Commanding officers shall designate one 
or more competent officers to supervise the fitting and issues of shoes to en- 
listed men. 

9720. Wearing of the uniform. — The act of Congress approved June 3, 1915, 
section 125, under the title " Protection of the Uniform," prohibits the wearing 
of the uniform by any person not an officer or enlisted man of the United States 
Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, except that it shall not be construed to prevent 
honorably discharged members of these services from wearing their uniforms 
from the place of discharge to their homes within three months after the date 
of such discharge. The act of July 1, 1918, authorizes the Secretary of the Navy, 
at his discretion, to permit members of the Naval Reserve Force to wear the 
uniform of their respective rank, grade, or rating while not on active service. 
In pursuance of the foregoing provisions of law, General Order No. 437, dated 
December 9, 1918, prescribed when the naval uniform might be worn by mem- 
bers of the Naval Reserve Force not on active duty. 

9721. It has been brought to the attention of the bureau that some members 
of the Naval Reserve Force not on active duty are construing this order to 
permit them to wear the naval uniform continuously after their release from 
active duty, particularly reservists who have taken employment under the 
United States Shipping Board, who are wearing the naval uniform in foreign 
ports because it enables them to get about more easily. Such an interpretation 
of this order is contrary both to the spirit of the law and of General Order No. 
437. Members of the Naval Reserve Force not on active duty are forbidden to 
wear the naval uniform when actively employed in any service which has a pre- 
scribed uniform for such service, except as authorized in paragraph 2 of Gen- 
eral Order No. 437. 

9722. Men on extended furlough are not entitled to wear the uniform, and 
they should be so advised when their furlough papers are delivered. 

9723. The bureau authorizes the wearing of a service stripe by men who re- 
enlist after the expiration of an enlistment for the duration of the war, and 
by men who have been discharged from the Reserve Force and reenlisted in the 
Navy. Men who have transferred from the Reserve Force to the Regular Navy 
are not entitled to wear a service stripe for the reason given above. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

9900. Allotments for the support of men's families. — Commanding officers are 
requested to bring to the attention of all men under their command the ad- 
visability of making such allotments from their pay as is necessary for the 
support of their families. Men about to sail for distant or possibly dangerous 
service should make all arrangements in this regard in ample time before 
sailing. 

9901. In order that the families of enlisted men taken prisoners by an enemy 
may be provided for, the following instructions in regard to extension of 
allotments will be followed: 

(a) Supply officers of ships and stations will forward to the Navy allotment 
officer, Washington, D. C, a copy of S. and A. Form 6A in the case of every 
allotment carried by them for which the grantor desires extension in the event 
of his capture by an enemy, this copy to bear the signature of the commanding 
officer with the following statement: 

" I desire that this allotment, in the event of my capture by an 
enemy during the period for which it is granted, be continued upon 
its expiration and paid indefinitely." 

(~b) Extreme care will be exercised to forward S. and A. Form 6A, not Form 
6, for allotments now in force, in order to avoid confusion with the regular 
files of the Navy Allotment Office. The record of this transaction may be kept 
by the supply officer, either by retaining a copy or by making a notation on 
the Form 6A already in his files. In the event of transfer to another ship or 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 155 

station, a statement that extension of allotment is desired in the event of 
capture by the enemy and that the Navy Allotment Office has been notified will 
be shown on the transfer account. 

(c) The Bureau of Navigation will notify the Navy allotment officer by 
letter whenever any persons in the naval service are captured, upon receipt of 
which the files of the Navy allotment officer will be consulted and in all cases 
where extension of allotments is desired as shown by Form 6A, the allotments 
will be continued indefinitely and the proper supply officer notified to continue 
checkage. 

(d) The above arrangements should cover all allotments now in force and 
being paid by the Navy allotment officer. All future allotments should be 
required to show on their faces the certificate of extension. 

9902. All correspondence relating to allotments shall be addressed as follows : 

Navy Allotment Office, 

Allotment Section, 

Navy Department, 

Washington, D. C. 

and all correspondence relating to retainer pay shall be addressed to: 

Navy Allotment Office, 

Retainer Pay Section, 

Navy Department, 

Washington, D. G. 

9910. Certificates of identification. — The Identification Office of the Bureau of 
Navigation issues certificates of identification in lieu of passports to all officers 
and enlisted men of the Navy and Marine Corps who proceed independently 
under orders of the Navy Department to all foreign countries, except Germany, 
Austria, Hungary, Turkey, Russia, and Mexico. Passports issued by the State 
Department are required to the above excepted countries. 

9911. Upon receipt of orders to proceed independently to any foreign country, 
other than those excepted in the preceding paragraph, it is desired that the 
officer or enlisted man concerned forward immediately to the Identification 
Office, Bureau of Navigation, Navy Department, a photograph of himself in the 
uniform of his rank (size 3 by 3 inches), age in years and months, height in 
feet and inches, weight, color of eyes, hair and complexion. As soon as this 
■data is received, a certificate of identification will immediately be prepared and 
forwarded by special delivery to the person making the request. 

9912. Officers and enlisted men of the Navy and Marine Corps, ordered to 
duty in any country excepted in paragraph 9910, are required to obtain a 
passport from the Department of State. Applications for passports must be 
made before clerks of Federal or State courts. The clerks of these courts will 
forward the applications to the State Department. 

9913. Certificates of identification are absolutely necessary and no men in 
the naval service will be allowed to sail for the country to which they are 
ordered unless they have these certificates in their possession except in cases 
where passports have been issued by the Department of State to visit the ex- 
cepted countries mentioned above. 

9914. Officers and enlisted men of the Navy and Marine Corps attached to 
cruising vessels or with drafts will not be required to have certificates of 
identification, unless it is proposed for them to serve independently after 
reaching a country to which certificates of identification are required. 

9920. Duty on gifts sent home from abroad. — There is no law authorizing the 
free entry of gifts sent by soldiers and sailors abroad to persons in the 
United States, without the payment of duty, except that article 317 of the 
Customs Regulations of 1915 permits entry without payment of duty on articles 
sent as gifts valued at not more than $1. It is not intended that articles 
purchased abroad by sailors and sent as gifts to others may be passed under 
the $100 exemption allowed by residents of the United States returning from 



156 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

abroad. In order to take advantage of the provisions of this regulation, 
evidence of the return of the resident must be furnished so far as it relates to 
the $100 exemption. 

9930. Employment in Federal Civil Service. — Any man who desires informa- 
tion concerning opportunities for employment in the Federal Civil Service 
may obtain it from the secretary of the local board of civil service examiners 
at the customhouse or post office in any one of 3,000 cities of the United States, 
or by communicating with the United States Civil Service Commission, Wash- 
ington, D. C. In any request for information made by mail, the inquirer should 
state in general terms his qualifications and desires in order that his inquiry 
may be answered intelligently. 

9940. Red Cross. — The bureau desires that the naval service take advantage 
of the home service of the American Red Cross, which will continue after 
demobilization and will continue in the future as a direct aid to men of the 
naval and military services and their families. 

9941. The large scope of the Red Cross Home Service is partly shown by the 
following abstract from paragraph 403 of the Red Cross Handbook of In- 
formation : 

" Opportunities for home service are legion, but the following will illustrate 
both the need and meaning of home service for the families of soldiers and 
sailors : 

11 (a) Informing such families of their right to allowance, allotments, and 
compensation, encouraging them to have their men in the service take out in- 
surance, and seeing that insurance policies do not lapse. 

" (7j) Safeguarding boys, girls, and women from bad working conditions. 

"(c) Trying to understand by patient talks and by seeking advice elsewhere, 
the child who is just beginning to be wayward and disobedient. 

"(d) Furnishing convalescent and confinement care. 

"(e) Bringing to light and meeting medical needs not known or suspected 
by the families concerned. 

■"(if) Protecting inexperienced and lonely young wives. 

"(ff) Moving families to better quarters and protecting them from bad 
housing conditions. 

"(/i) Giving the children and the grown-up folks opportunities for good 
times — not as war families or war children, but individually and quietly, or in 
their own natural groupings. 

"(i) Fitting people to the right job and helping them to stay fitted by trying 
to find where the job pinches. 

"(j) Encouraging the people who have more ready money than usual — some 
will have — to spend it with good sense and to save some of it, if possible, for 
the time when service pay stops. 

"(fc) Protecting the recipient of pay and allowance checks from the wiles 
of the installment man and from unscrupulous sales agents. 

"(7) Getting the best legal advice for families in the complex problems that 
are sure to arise at times, particularly immediately after the war. 

"(ra) Giving financial aid and other help to relatives and others who have 
the right to depend upon the earnings of the man in service, but who are not 
legally entitled to Government allowances. 

"(n) Giving aid and comfort to families of the soldiers and sailors in the 
service of the allies of the United States, in cooperation with the local patri- 
otic societies of these allies. 

"(o) Meeting emergencies caused by delay in the payment of allotments and 
of Government allowances and supplementing these when necessary. 

"(p) Continuing the home service which very often will still be of the 
greatest helpfulness to families previously receiving financial assistance from 
the Red Cross, which assistance may have become unnecessary because of 
Government allowances. The home service would not lightly abandon the 
friendship and confidence of these families, but should remain to them a pledge 
and power to secure their continued welfare. 



INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 157 

n 

ILL, '■ - - -' ' --" - ll '" '" ' . ■ 

"(g) Maintaining relations with commanding officers, with social agencies, 
with teachers, with ministers and priests, and with others who have friendly 
and personal relations with the families and are likely to know of compli- 
cations which should have the helpful attention of home-service sections. 

"(r) Helping in the program of after care and reconstruction which is 
being developed. 

" Greater detail may be obtained by personal interview with a Red Cross 
field director or home-service worker at or near a naval station, or in any 
port where the Red Cross is operating." 

9942. The American Red Cross offers a service which will relieve the mind 
of any man at sea as to the status of his family in his home. This is a very 
direct and great contribution to general contentment in the service and it only 
remains for the individual commanding officer to take advantage of this 
opportunity. 

9943. Contact with home-service representatives of the Red Cross may be 
made as follows: 

(a) Commanding officers may request the Red Cross field director at the 
naval station of the home-service worker of the local Red Cross chapter to 
come on board. 

(6) Men may be sent to the Red Cross field director at the naval station 
or the home-service worker of the local Red Cross chapter. 

(c) In foreign ports, or where there are no Red Cross stations, cases may 
be submitted to the Red Cross either by the commanding officer or by any man 
in the service by writing to 

"The Director General of Civilian Relief, 
The American Red Cross, 

Washington, D. C." 

9944. In each case where an individual submits a request to the Red Cross 
involving home service, he should be sure to state : 

1. His full name, rate, and station. 

2. The full name and address of wife, mother, father, or whoever 

it is that he wishes the Red Cross to see. 

3. Concise details of the case desired to be investigated, remedied, 

or relieved. 

4. Return address to which information is to be sent. 

9945. Unsatisfactory service in any detail of home-service work should be 
referred with complete information concerning the case to the Bureau of Navi- 
gation, Sixth Division. The Red Cross renders efficient service and this service 
can be continued at a high standard if any true or apparent failures are brought 
to the attention of the National Headquarters. 

9946. The Red Cross will furnish assistance to commanding or executive 
officers" in investigating and reporting on home conditions and will verify state- 
ments submitted by men with a view to obtaining discharge or extended fur- 
lough in accordance with article 3601 (4), Navy Regulations, as well as look- 
ing into home conditions of individuals with a view "to rendering any needed 
form of home service. When requested, the Red Cross will handle applications 
for information by despatch. Applications for investigation by despatch should 
be reduced to a minimum as better reports and more complete details can be 
furnished by mail at a much smaller operating cost. It should be understood 
by all concerned, especially the man who has requested a discharge or extended 
furlough, that the investigation of facts will be impartial and may in some 
cases lead to denial of the request. 

9950. Retirement. — The following provisions of the naval appropriation bill 
approved July 11, 1919, are quoted for the information of the service : 

" Any enlisted man of the Navy or Marine Corps who has been, or may be, 
discharged to enable him to accept appointment as a commissioned or warrant 
officer in the Naval Reserve Force or Marine Corps Reserve after the termina- 
tion of his reserve service, shall be entitled, in computing service for retirement, 



158 INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING HANDLING ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

to credit for all active reserve service ; and if he reenlists in the Navy or Marine 
Corps within four or three months, respectively, from the date of the temina- 
tion of his service as an officer of the reserve he shall be restored to the grade 
or rank held by him before being dischargtd to accept such commission or war- 
rant, and his service in the regular Navy or Marine Corps, including his active 
service in the Naval Reserve Force or Marine Corps Reserve, shall be regarded 
as continuous for purposes of continuous-service pay : Provided, that any war- 
rant officer in the Navy or Marine Corps and any pay clerk in the Marine Corps 
who has accepted or who may hereafter accept appointment as a commissioned 
officer in the Naval Reserve Force or Marine Corps Reserve shall be entitled, 
upon the termination of his appointment as a commissioned officer in the re- 
serve, to revert to his former status as a warrant officer in the Navy or Marine 
Corps, or as a pay clerk in the Marine Corps, and shall be entitled to count 
all active reserve service for purposes of longevity pay and retirement: Pro- 
vided, that no part or parts of any existing laws shall be construed as having 
discharged from the Naval Militia of any State, Territory, or the District of 
Columbia, those members of the National Naval Volunteers who were trans- 
ferred to the Naval Reserve Force by authority of the act of Congress making 
appropriation for the naval service which became a law on July 1, 1918 ; nor to 
prevent members of the Naval Reserve Force from being or becoming members 
of the Naval Militia of any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia: Pro- 
vided, that such membership in the Naval Militia shall not interfere with the 
discharge of duties by such members thereof who are in the Naval Reserve 
Force." 



INDEX. 



Paragraph. 
Abbreviations : 

For Navy ratings 4000 

For use on Form N. Nav. 8 6413 

For use on muster rolls 6413 

Absence without leave, marks assigned in case of 7534, 7535 

Active duty: 

Dates of, to be entered on discharge papers of reservists S054 

Recall to, of men — 

In Reserve Force 6101 

On furlough without pay 6320, 6328 

On retired list 6100 

On retired list, Form N. Nav. 8 for 6100 

On retired list, health records of 6100 

Release from — 

Bonus for 8090-8097 

Bonus for, authorization for 8090 

Bonus for men not entitled to 8092 

Bonus for payment of, to men on active duty 8093 

Bonus for payment of, to men not on active duty 8094-8096 

Home address to be entered on papers 8083 

Instructions regarding 8080-8085 

Issued on board ships to which men are attached 8070, 8071 

Men in Reserve Force, Classes 1C and ID, service records of 8074 

Men in Reserve Force — 

Form N. Nav. 8 for 80813 

Form N. Nav. 21 for 8083 

Health records of 8083 

Instructions to be given 8083 

Pay accounts of 8083 

Ratings on 8080 

Service records of 8083 

Subsistence for 8083 

Transportation for 8083 

Uniform regulations for 9720,9721 

Men on retired list 8081 

Men without pay accounts 8040 

Physical examinations on 8075, 8083 

Reports of 8085 

Requests for 8010 

Transfer for, clothing in case of 6153 

War service certificates issued on 8130-8135 

Advanced machinist's mates' (A) class: 

Description of 3425 

Qualifications for entrance , 3426 

Advancement in rating. (See Ratings, advancement in.) 
Aerology and meteorology class: 

Description of 3495 

Qualifications for entranco 3496 

Transfers to, and from 3497 

159 



160 INDEX. 

Aliens: Paragraph. 

Discharge of, instructions regarding law for naturalization to be 

given on - 9200, 9203 

Naturalization of: 

Authorization for 9200 

Requirements for 9201 

Allotments : 

Address of correspondence relating to : 9902 

Applications for — 

Necessity for ______ 9900 

Support of dependents.: 9900, 9901 

Compulsory. (See War Risk Insurance.) 
Family. (See War Risk Insurance.) 

Payment of War Risk Insurance. (See War Risk Insurance.) 
Allowances, family. (See War Risk Insurance.) 
Applications : 

For examination for promotion ._ 5100 

For furlough without pay 6322, 6323, 6325 

For War Risk Insurance. (See War Risk Insurance.) 
Appointments : 

Civil service. (See Civil-service appointments.) 

Gun captain 4530-4534 

Gun captain, qualifications for .__ __. 4533 

Instructors of apprentice seamen __________„_„____ :_______ — 4503 

Listeners, qualifications for '_•__ .____ ; ___ .4550, 4551 

Mail clerk ____ . 4520 

Military Academy „ . ___ 5000 

Naval Academy . „_ , ________ 5010 

Candidates for, selection of _. 5014, 5015 

Examinations for — 

Final 5016 

Preliminary 5014 

Number of, allotted to enlisted men . 5011, 5012 

Qualifications for . 5013 

Requirements for 5011 

Schools to prepare for _„ 3010, 5010, 5011, 5016 

Officer, temporary___ . 5140, 5141 

Acceptance of, not to be considered as extension of enlistment 5141 

Revocation of 5140, 5141 

Permanent. (See Permanent appointments.) 
Petty officer — 

Entry in service record of ! „ 4104 

Issue of : 4104 

Revocation of 4104 

Signalmen, qualifications for . 4540-4543 

Special details, qualifications for 4500-4551 

Apprentice metal workers' class: 

Description of ___ 3400 

Qualifications for entrance _'_: 3401 

Apprentice seamen: 

Advancement in rating of !__ 4321 

Enlistment of — 

Age for ___ _ -360 

Ex soldiers and marines as . __ 4321 

Qualifications for . >__ . 360 

Not to be marked -for ability as leaders of men ._ 7503 

Training of, length of course for _.: 3001 

_■ Training of, marks during ____________________ " 8051 

Training of, transfer after 3001 

Training of, transfer for 381, 6111 



INDEX. 161 

Apprentice woodworkers' class: Paragraph. 

Description of m 3410 

Qualifications for entrance 3411 

Armorers' class : 

Description of 3480 

Qualifications for entrance 3481 

Army transports, request for transportation via 2000 

Artificer branch : 

Qualifications for advancement of — 

Nonrated men in 4340 

Rated men in 4360-4365 

Artificer branch (engine room force), qualifications for advancement of 

rated men in 4370-4375 

Artificer school 3340-3349a 

Description of 3340. 3342, 3344, 3346, 3348. 3349 

Qualifications for entrance 3341, 3343, 3345, 3347, 3348a, 3349a 

Auction, effects of deceased persons 8440 

Aviation : 

Boatswain, qualifications for promotion to 5800-5803 

Carpenter, qualifications for promotion to 5830-5834 

' Designations, entry of, on — 

Continuous service certificates . 4020 

Correspondence 4020 

Discharges 4020 

Health records 4020 

Requests for transfer 4020 

Service records 4020 

Gunner, qualifications for promotion to 5810-5817 

Machinist, qualifications for promotion to _ 5820-5829 

Mechanics' school 3400-3497 

Description of 3400, 3410, 

3420, 3425, 3430, 3440, 3450, 3455, 3460, 3470, 34S0. 3490, 3495 

Men selected may attend higher classes of 3212 

Qualifications for entrance 3401, 3411, 

3421, 3426, 3431, 3441, 3451, 3456, 3461, 3471, 3481, 3491, 3496 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement in 4400 

Warrant officers, qualifications for promotion to 5500-5834 

Bad-conduct discharges : 

Civilian clothes for men receiving 8330 

Forms for 8000, 8001 

Men receiving, not entitled to bonus 8092 

Transfer for 6156, 8301 

Uniforms of men receiving, distinctive parts to be removed 8331 

Baggage of men transferred : 

Accompany men 6036 

Method of tagging 6036 

Number of pieces to be entered on transportation requests 2121 

Transfer of, in New York 2123(1) 

Bakers : 

Eligible for commissary stewards' class 3351 

Enlistment of, age for 360 

Rated upon completion of course at bakers' class 3357 

Bakers' class: 

Description of :___ 3356 

Qualifications for entrance 3357 

Bandmaster, qualifiactions for advancement in rating to 4382 

Bands, no pay for playing outside of stations 6250 

168123—20 11 



162 INDEX. 

Bandsmen : Paragraph. 

Detail to shore duty of_„____ . 6201,6203 

Qualifications for advancement in rating of , 4330 

Barber, entry in service record of men qualified for 7542 

Beneficiary of war risk insurance. (&ee War Risk Insurance.) 

Benefits of Red Cross Home Service. (See Red Cross Home Service.) 

Birth certificates of men enlisting under age — , 8321 

Blacksmiths' class: 

Aviation, designations for __. 4020 

Enlistment of, age for..,--.--,.. _____ — 360 

Blacksmiths' class 

Description of > 3342 

Qualifications for entrance , 3343 

Blankets, disposition of, for men discharged- s 8077 

Boards, legal advisory . 7222-7224 

Boatswain : 

Aviation, qualifications for promotion to 5800-5803 

Preliminary examination for promotion to , 5111 

Qualifications for promotion to : ._ 5200,5201 

Boatswain's and carpenters' (A) class: 

Description of 3470 

Qualifications for entrance 3471 

Boatswains' mates: 

Quarterly marks for 7510 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to i 4352, 4352b 

Boilermakers : 

Enlistment of, age for 360 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4375 

Bonus, discharge 502, 701,8090-8097 

Authorization for 8090 

For whom intended 8091 

Men not entitled to 8092 

Payment of — 

Men in the service 8093 

Men not in the service 8094-8096 

Men without pay accounts 8040 

Buglers : 

Quarterly marks for 7510 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4330 

Buglers' class: 

Description of 3530 

Qualifications for entrance 3531 

Buglers' school 3530, 3531 

Cancellation : 

Early discharges ___ ; 8024 

Permanent appointments— 4241 

Carpenter : 

Aviation, qualifications for promotion to 5830-5834 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111, 5112 

Promotion to, qualifications for 5500 

Carpenters' and boatswains' (A) class: 

Description of j 3470 

Qualifications for entrance 3471 

Carpenters' mates: 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4364 

Carpenters' mates (A) class: 

Description of 3460 

Qualifications for entrance 3461 



INDEX. 168 

Paragraph. 

Censors, entry in service records of men qualified for 7542 

Certificates : 

Birth. (See Birth certificates.) 

Continuous service. (See Continuous-service certificates.) 

Of graduation, gun captains . — 4530 

Of identification 9910-9914 

Of identification, procedure for obtaining 9911 

Of qualification, officers' cooks and stewards 4315 

Seaman gunner _______ _ 4323 

War service. (See War-service certificates.) 
Chief petty officers : 
Appointment of — 

As instructors, qualifications far - 4500-4503 

As mail clerks, not to be made 4522 

To be entered in continuous-service certificates 9110 

Detail of— 

As instructors at naval stations- : __-_ 6240 

To shore duty L __ 6201 

Instructors at training stations, allowance of ._ 3002 

Citizenship : 

Entry of, on service records, continuous service certificates, and dis- 
charges u 803, 804, 8057, 9220 

Instructions concerning zz'i 9200-9220 

Naturalization examiners, location of 9202 

Naturalization of — 

Ali en s 

Authorization of - — 9200 

Requirements for — = — 9201 

Filipinos - - 9201, 9210, 9211 

Restrictions on enlistment — — 330 

Civilian clothing: 

Victory button to be worn with 9500 

For men discharged for disciplinary purposes i 8330 

Civil service: 

Appointments, procedure regarding, for men discharged from hos- 
pitals — 8031 

Employment in 9930 

Examiners, location of "30 

Claims : 

For arrears of — " ' ^ 

Pav ; 9400,9401 

Subsistence 9400,9401 

For benefits of War Risk Insurance Act, instructions for forwarding- 9635 

For clothing lost in a marine disaster 9410-9412 

Copy of, to be attached to service record 9411 

For money spent while traveling -- 2124 

For refund in case of men unable to obtain furlough fare certificates- 2422 
Clothing : 

Civilian — Q . 

For men discharged for disciplinary purposes 8330 

Victory button to be worn with ^500 

For men transferred for — 

Discharge — J^ 

Foreign service Vj^JJ 

Release from active duty oiTn o£io 

Lost in a marine disaster, claims for y*ii>-»4i- 



164 INDEX. 

Clothing outfits: Paragraph. 

For recruits 6111 

For reserves enlisting in the Navy 8025 

Clothing outfits, special submarine 9708 

Clothing outfits, special winter 9700-9708 

Amounts of, furnished to ships 9700 

Inspection of 9704 

Instructions for — 

Cleaning ; 9707 

Marking 9706 

Obtaining replacements for 9703, 9705 

Invoice of, to ships 9702 

Purposes for which intended 9701 

Requisitions for 9703, 9705 

Responsibility for loss of 9701-9705 

Salvage of condemned 9705 

Surveys on 9705 

Transfer of men having 9703 

Commanders in chief : 
Authorized to — 

Grant leave 6310 

Approve transfers 6002, 6010 

Commanding officers: 
Authorized to — 

Change ratings of nonrated men 4101,4102 

Issue permanent appointments 4200 

Revoke permanent appointments 4240 

Procedure for, in cases of stragglers surrendering at ships and 

stations 7121, 7122 

Commendation, letters of 7410,7411 

Entry of, on discharges and continuous-service certificates 8055 

Influence of, for honorable discharge 8113 

Commissary branch: 

Detail of men in, to shore duty 6201 

Qualifications for advancement of rated men in 4390,4391 

Commissary school 3350-3357 

Description of 3350, 3353, 3356 

Qualifications for entrance 3351, 3354, 3357 

Commissary stewards, ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4391 

Commissary stewards' class : 

Description of : 3350 

Qualifications for entrance 3351 

Commissions : 

Men discharged to accept 421 

Reserve Force, service of men holding, to be counted for retirement 

and longevity pay 9950 

Temporary 5142 

Compulsory allotments. (See War risk insurance.) 

Confinement : 

Marks assigned in cases of 7532 

Restrictions to, men awaiting trial by court-martial 7212 

Stragglers or deserters surrendering 7123 

Confirmation in rating: 

Date to be made effective 4131 

Report of, on Form N. Nav. 8 4130 

Report of, to Navy allotment officer 4131 

Reserves being placed on inactive duty ; 4130 

Congressional correspondence, instructions regarding 9050, 9051 



INDEX. 165 

Paragraph. 

Consent papers 345 

Attached to shipping articles 811 

Fraudulent 8322 

Continuous service of men appointed officers 421 

Continuous-service certificates : 

Citizenship, to be entered in___ 804, 8057, 9220 

Deceased persons, entry of amount of war risk insurance on 8412 

Deserters, special instruction for 7140 

Designations for general service ratings, to be entered in 4010 

Discharge of men having 8052 

Entries in 8052, 9110 

Evidence as to eligibility for victory medal 9501 

Extension of enlistment, to be entered in 530 

Final marks, to be entered in 8051 

Issue of honorable-discharge button, to be entered in 8121 

Letters of commendation, to be entered in 7411, 8055 

Medals received, to be entered in 7421 

Numbers on, to be entered on requests for discharge 8010 

Permanent appointments, to be entered in 4202,8056 

Service numbers, to be entered in 8050 

Trades, to be entered in 8050 

War Risk Insurance, to be entered in 8079 

Converted insurance. (See War risk insurance.) 

Cooks, officers' : 

Certificates of qualification for 4315 

Ratings — 

Change of 4315 

Qualifications for advancement to 4311 

Coppersmiths : 

Aviation, designations for__ 4020 

Enlistment of, age for 360 

Rating, upon completion of coppersmiths' c!ass_ 3335 

Coppersmiths' class: 

Description of 3334 

Qualifications for entrance 3335 

Coppersmiths' (A) class: 

Description of 3490 

Qualifications for entrance 3491 

Correspondence : 

Aviation designations, to be entered on 4020 

Congressional 9050, 9051 

General service designations, to be entered on 4010 

Instructions regarding 9000-9051 

Men to be tried before civil courts 7223 

Method of handling, for men who have been transferred 9020-9021 

Naval Militia and National Naval Volunteers 9030 

Relating to allotments and retainer pay, address of 9902 

Service numbers, to be entered on 9000-9004 

Unofficial, for enlisted men 9010 

Use of service number and spelling of names on 9004 

Courts, deck. (See Deck courts.) 

Courts-martial : 

Acquittals to be entered in service records , !__ 7312 

Convictions by, cancel eligibility for honorable discbarge 8111 

General. (See General courts-martial.) 
Men awaiting — 

Action after trial by 7210 

Instructions for trial by 7210 

Papers for trial by _____ 7210 



166 INDEX. 

Gourts-martial — Continued. 
Men awaiting — Continued. 

Trial by — Paragraph. 

Bureau's policy 7200 

Instructions for_____ 7200-7212 

Preparation and forwarding of reports for 7211 

Prisoners at large 7212 

Reports required 7210-7212 

Restrictions to confinement for 7212 

Coxswains : 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to . 3101,4352,4352a 

Quarterly marks for__ = 7510 

Crews : 

Instruction in recruiting for 100(b) 

Permanence in, desired by bureau 6001 

Ships to submit monthly lists of 6423 

Deaths : 

Abroad 8420 

At sea 8421 

Effects of deceased persons, disposition of 8440 

Form N. Nav. 8 forwarded for 6410 

Identification of body 1120,8400 

Instructions regarding 8400-8440 

Mail clerks 4520(b) 

Reports of 8410, 8411 

Service records and continuous service certificates of deceased persons- 8412 

Transportation of dead bodies 8430-8432 

Deck courts: 

Entry of, in service record 7311-7313 

Marks assigned, in cases of 7531 

Recruiting officers available for 7020 

Deserters * 

Declaration of 7100-7122 

Date of, instructions regarding 7141 

Procedure for , 7110-7112 

Definition of 7100 

Family allotments and allowances of. (See War Risk Insurance.) 

Mail clerks 4520(b) 

Personal effects of 7101 

Rewards for 7130, 7131 

Service records of, special instructions for 7140. 7141 

Surrender of 7120-7123 

At stations 7123, 7125 

Term insurance of men declared 9617 

Transportation for__ 2143 

Trials for, to be expedited 7125 

Designations : 

Aviation, to be entered on — 

Continuous-service certificates-.. :■_ 4020 

All correspondence 4020 

Discharges 4020 

Health records 4020 

Requests for transfer 4020 

Service records 4020 

General service ratings to be entered on all correspondence 4010 

Details : 

Bandsmen to shore duty 6201,6203 

Chief petty officers instructors of apprentice seamen 4500-4503,6240 

Chief petty officers to shore duty ' , 6201 



INDEX. 167 

Details — Continued. Paragraph. 

Gun captains 4530-4532 

Mail clerks — , 4520-4523 

Men in commissary branch to shore duty 6201 

Men in messmen branch to shore duty 6201 

Men of long service to shore duty or receiving ships 6202 

Pharmacist's mates to ships having no medical officers— 6161-6164 

Recruiting duty, men eligible for_ , .__ . 6220 

Shore duty 6200-6250 

Length of 6201 

Special 6200r-6250 

Entries in service record . 7542 

Submarine duty 4510-4512 

Trade schools 6210 

Vessels assigned to reserves 6230,6231 

To shore duty 6203 

Detentioners, weekly report of. (See Courts-martial.) 
Diesel engine class: 

Description of 3380 

Qualifications for entrance 3381 

Diesel engine school 3380, 3381 

Disaster, marine: 

Claims for clothing lost in 9410-9412 

Reports of personnel ■ =— - 6400 

Discharges : 

Aliens, instructions to be given regarding law on naturalization- 9200, 9203 

At sea, not to be made 8015 

Bad conduct. (See Bad conduct discharges.) 

Bonus 8090-8097 

Authorization for S090 

Men not entitled to 8092 

Method of payment to men— 

In the service 8093 

Not in the service 8094-8096 

Character of S072, 8073, 8074 

Disciplinary—- 

Distinctive parts of uniform to be removed 8331 

Men to be furnished with civilian clothes 8331 

Transfers for 6155, 8300, 8301 

Dishonorable. (See Dishonorable discharges.) 
Early. (See Early discharges.) 
Entry in — 

Continuous-service certificates — 

About 911 ° 

Of chief petty officers showing kind of appointment. 9110 

Service record — 

Prior to issue of 9!20 

Reasons for 8079 

Entries on S050 iSiS 

About fraudulent enlistment not to be made 80o8 

Aviation designations 4020 

Citizenship 8057 

Dates of active service performed by reserves X J~ 8054 

Final marks 8051 

General service designations 4010 

Home address 8059 

Honorable-discharge button —-- 8121 

Letters of commendation 7411,8055 

Medals T4 20 



168 INDEX. 

Early — Continued. 

Citizenship — Continued. raragraph . 

Permanent appointments 4202, 8056 

Place of enlistment 2310,8059 

Service numbers 8050 

Trades 8050 

Victory buttons 9503 

War-risk insurance „ 8079 

Evidence for eligibility for Victory medals 9501 

Forms for 8000, 8001 

Good. (See Good discharges.) 

Gratuity. (See Honorable-discharge grautity.) 

Honorable. (See Honorable discharges.) 

Inaptitude. (See Inaptitude discharges.) 

Indifferent 8052 

Issue of — 

Instructions for 8070-8079 

On board ships to which men are attached 8070, 8071 

Mail clerks- - 4520(b) 

Medical. (See Medical discharges.) 

Men appointed officers 421,5140-5142 

Men from sick list, to be expedited 7301 

Men having continuous-service certificates 8052 

Men in hospitals . 7302 

Men on probation 8082 

Men receiving — 
Entitled to- 
Military meal identification cards 2200 

Reduced railroad fare 2310 

Entry of disability entitling men to receive war-risk compensa- 
tion to be made in service and health records 8063 

Men receiving — 

Examined physically 8074 

Given information regarding applications for reenlistmeirt 8061 

Given war service certificates 8130-8135 

Instructed how to pay their war risk premiums- 8064 

Instructed concerning payment of war risk insurance: 9616 

Instructed regarding wearing uniform 9720 

Instructed to apply to a recruiting officer for reenlistment 8062 

Instructions for 8060, 8064 

Made familiar with the inducements for enrollment in Fleet 

Naval Reserve 8060 

Made familiar with the inducements for reenlisting 8060 

Service records, to be forwarded to the bureau 8079 

Transportation for 341, 8076 

Turn in hammocks, mattresses, and blankets 8077 

Warned about fraudulent enlistment 8058 

Men under treatment at hospitals 8030-8032 

Men who have received, issue of Victory buttons to 9300 

Officers authorized to deliver 8078 

Physical disability. (See Medical discharge.) _ 

Purchase — 

Furlough without pay to be made in lieu of 6320,6321 

Men at trade schools not eligible for 3211,6210,8016 

Verification of necessity for, by Red Cross Home Service 9946 

Reports of, on Form N. Nav. 8 6410 

Requests for — 

Continuous service certificate number to be entered on 8010 

Date of enlistment, to be entered on 8010 

Service number, to be entered on 8010 



INDEX. 169 

Early — Continued. Paragraph. 

Reserves — 

Forms for 8000 

To enlist in — 

Army 362, 363, 8220-8222 

Marine Corps 364 

Navy 361,8025 

Restrictions to 8015-8016 

Special — 

In the case of men leaving the service in June or December 8210 

Authority, transfer for 8074 

Order — 

Furlough without pay to be made in lieu of 6321 

Men appointed to the Military Academy 5000 

Men appointed to the Naval Academy 5010 

Men at trade schools not eligible for 3211, 8016 

Men leaving the service in June or December 8210 

Reserves to enlist in — 

Army 362, 363, 8220-8222 

Marine Corps 364 

Navy 8025 

Transfers for 6012, 6150-6155 

Entries on service record 8072, 8073 

Men not in the vicinity of their pay officer 6150 

Men not to be given 6150 

Men outside the continental limits of the United States 6151-6153 

Men to receiving ships 8020 

Men with complete papers 8071 

Transportation after 8059 

Under age 341 

Undesirable. (See Undesirable discharges.) 
Discipline : 

Discharges by reason of 8300, 8301 

Men on ships assigned to reserves m 7020 

Officers authorized to administer oaths 7000 

Reserves not on active duty subject to Naval 7010 

Disease : 

Due to misconduct, stoppage of pay for 7300-7302 

Men suffering from, in hospitals on expiration of enlistment 8031,8032 
Dishonorable discharges : 

Forms for 8000 

Men receiving, not entitled to bonus 8092 

Transfers for 6156, 8301 

Distinguished service medals. (See Medals, for distinguished service.) 

Diving, entry in service records of men qualified for 7542 

Diving class: 

Description of 3305 

Qualifications for entrance 3306 

Duty : 

Character of. performed, entry record 7541 

Of gifts sent home from abroad 9920 

Early discharges <«2. 8020-8025 

Authorization for -— 8020 

Cancellation of 8024 

Entry on service record of agreement to reeniist after 8024 

Issue of instructions for 8021 

Issued for the benefit of the Government 8021 

Men obtaining, entitled to- 
Honorable discharge gratuity 8020 

Increased pay on reenlistment 8020 



170 INDEX. 

Effects : Paragraph. 

Deceased persons, disposition of 8440 

Electrical school: 

Description of 3310, 3313 

Qualifications for entrance 3311, 3312, 3314-3318 

Temporary detail of electricians to s ; 3113 

Electricians : 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

Entry in service record of duty especially qualified for __ 7541 

General — 

Qualified for radio, entry in service record— 7541 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4362-4362b 

Special report when qualified radio operators &_< 4363c 

Qualifications for submarine duty 4511 

Radio — 

Detailed as listeners i. 4011 

Leave for 6315 

Not to be appointed mail clerks 4522 

Ratings on completion of course at radio school 3321 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4363-4363d 

Temporary detail ashore for practice 3113 

Electricians' class : 

Description of 3310 

Qualifications for entrance 3311, 3312 

Employment in Federal Civil Service j. 9930 

Enginemen 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

Eligible for— 

Diesel engine school 3381 

Machinist's mates' class 33S1 

Motor boat operators' class 3339 

Enlistment of, age for 360 

Ratings — 

On completion of enginemen's class 3333a 

Qualifications for advancement to 4372-4372a 

Enginemen's class : 

Description of 3332 

Qualifications for entrance 3333 

Transfer of men completing course 3333a 

Enlistments : 

Applicants for — 

Air stations 21 

Service on ships 21 

Birth certificates 343, 345 

Change of status of 600, 610 

Citizenship requirements for 330 

Consent papers 342, 344 

Date and term of, to be entered on muster roll 6421 

Date of, to be entered on requests for discharge 8010 

Entry in continuous service certificate 9110 

Expiration of — 

Men with temporary appointments as officers 5140-5142 

Men under treatment at hospitals 8031, 8032 

Ex-soldiers and marines 372 

Extension of. (See Extension of Enlistments.) 

Acceptance of temporary appointment as officers not consid- 
ered as 5141 

To obtain honorable discharge 8111, 8200 



INDEX. 171 

Enlistments — Continued. Paragraph. 

Filipinos, extension of \ 511 

Firemen, qualifications for 364 

First- 
Made at recruiting stations ' 210 

Ratings on : _ 353 

For air stations 20 

For ships 20 

For stations 20 

Fraudulent ; S024 

Entry about, not to be made on discharges 8058 

Men being discharged, to be warned about *058 

Leave for ex-soldiers and marines 373,6314 

Length of 300 

Men addicted to the use of intoxicating liquors or drugs 331 

Men discharged from Reserve Force 361 

Men in Army Reserve = 362, 363 

Men not temperamentally fitted for hospital corpsmen 331 

Men of doubtful age 343 

Men to be retained on board 370 

Minors 342 

Natives of insular possessions 380, 332 

No bounty for postmaster 320 

No promise to be made on 21, 370 

Outfits on first : 310 

Place of, to be entered on discharges and enlistment papers 8049 

Ratings given reservists on 8025 

Reports of 820 

Reserves discharged for 8025 

Restrictions to furlough without pay 6324 

Ships and stations authorized to make 350 

Under age 340, 341 

Men discharged on account of, transportation for 2305 

Undesirable discharges for 8320-8322 

Examinations : 

Advancement in rating — 

Copy of report in service record 4140 

Organization of board 4108 

Report of examining board 4107 

Gun captains 4531, 4534 

Reports of 4534 

Instructors of apprentice seamen 4501 

Naval Academy — 

Final 5016 

Preliminary - 5014 

Permanent appointment - 1231, 4232 

Duties of board 4231 

Organization of board 4230 

Reports of . 4233 

Report to be forwarded to bureau 4202 

Special instructions for pharmacist's mates 4234 

Physical. (See Physical examinations.) 

Preliminary, for promotion -5111-5114 

Promotion — ■ 

Appearance of candidates before boards 5130,5131 

Applications for 5100, 5113, 5120-5124 

To be made on Form N. Nav. 334 5114,5121,5122 

Authority for candidates to appear for 5123,5124 

Form N. Nav. 21, to be forwarded with 5114, 5122 



172 INDEX. f 

Examination — Continued. 

Promotions — Continued. Paragraph. 

Instructions for examining; boards 5131, 5150-5156 

Men eligible for 5110-5114 

Men not eligible for 5111 

Requests for waivers not to be considered 5122 

Transcript of service records, to be forwarded with application 

for 5114,5122 

When held 5100 

To gunner (radio) 5111 

To pay clerk, composition of local board 5151 

To pharmacist, composition of local board 5151 

Examiners, Civil service, location of_ 9930 

Exemption from compulsory allotments. (Sec War risk insurance.) 
Ex-soldiers and marines, enlistment of — 

As apprentice seamen 372,4321 

Leave on _• 6314 

Extension of enlistment — ■ 

Acceptance of temporary appointments as officers not considered as_ 5141 

Authority for 500, 501 

Benefits of 502 

Cancellation of 520 

Filipinos 511 

Leave on 502, 504 

Men qualified for 501 

Procedure for 503 

Qualifications for _ 512 

Record of 530, 531 

Restrictions to 510 

To attend trade schools-. 510 

To obtain honorable discharge 8111, 8200 

Extension of leave 6310,6311 

Family : 

Allotments, for the support of 9900-9902 

Procedure for extending in cases of capture as prisoner of \var__ 9902 
Family allotments. (See War risk insurance.) 
Family allowances. (See War risk insurance.) 
Filipinos : 

Extension of enlistment of 511 

Leave for, on reenlistment 6313 

Naturalization of — — 9201,9210,9211 

Finger prints (see Identification records) : 

In cases of crime 1010 

In cases of fraud in cashing pay receipts 1011,1012 

Placed in records 1000 

Salvage of ink rollers T 1020 

Firemen : 

Eligible for — 

Fuel-oil class 3361 

Machinist's mates' class 3331 

Motor-boat operators' class j ; __ 3339 

Enlistment of — 

Age for 360, 364 

Qualifications for 360, 364 

Marked for ability as leaders of men 7503 

Oil burning- 
Authority for rating 4101 

Inexperienced to be sent to oil-burning school 4101 



INDEX. 173 

Firemen — Continued. 

Training of— Paragraph. 

Length of , 3001 

Transfer after 3001 

Foreign service, transfer to 6130 

Form : 

For discharges : 8000, 8001 

Forwarded to Bureau of Medicine and Surgery upon advancement 

in rating of Hospital Corps men 1 4234 

Form N. M. S. H. C. 1, forwarded to Bureau of Medicine and Surgery on 

change in rating of Hospftal Corps men 6451 

Form N. M. S. H. C. 3, forwarded to Bureau of Medicine and Surgery on 

transfer of Hospital Corps men 6451 

Form N. Nav. 5. (See Muster Rolls.) 
Form N. Nav. 8 : 

Abbreviations for use on 6413 

Annual report on ; 6415 

Daily reports on 6415 

Forwarded for — 

Advancement in rating _ 4140 

Changes in ratings 6410 

Deaths 6410 

Discharges ; 6410 

Men on retired list recalled to active duty 6100 

Reserves released from active duty 8083 

Transfers 6410,6411 

Instructions governing preparation and forwarding of 6410 6415 

Names to be spelled accurately and in full on 6412 

Report on — 

By receiving ships 6415 

By ships before sailing 6415 

By ships being placed out of commission 6415 

From districts, shore stations, and receiving ships 6415 

Men shipwrecked 6415 

Men transferred to foreign stations : 6415 

Of confirmation in rating 4130 

Service numbers to be entered on 6412 

Special instructions for forwarding 6415 

Form N. Nav. 21 : 
Forwarded — 

For advancement in rating 4140 

For issue of permanent appointments 4202 

For men furloughed without pay 6154 

For reserves released from active duty 8083 

With application for examination for promotion 5114, 5122 

Reports on, not changed by use of Form N. Nav. 8 6411 

Form N. Nav. 25, report of personnel on receiving ships 6440 

Form N. Nav. 31, report of electricians (radio) to Director of Naval 

Communications 6450 

Form N. Nav. 61, special qualifications of men on general detail to be 

entered on 7541 

Form N. Nav. 64, submitted by receiving ships 6441 

Form N. Nav. 235 : 

Forwarded to bureau on change in war risk insurance or family al- 
lotment 0634 

Not executed at recruiting stations 0631 

Form N. Nav. 334 : 

Application for examination for promotion to be made on_- 5114, 5121, 5122 

Copy of 5121 



174 INDEX 

Taragraph. 

Form N. Nav. 337, for preliminary examinations for promotion to boat- 
swain 5202 

Fraudulent consent papers 8322 

Fraudulent enlistments 8024 

Entry about, not to be made on discharges 8058 

Men discharged to be warned about 8058 

Fuel oil class : 

Description of 3360 

Qualifications for entrance 3361 

Fuel oil school 1 3360, 3361 

Furlough without pay 6320, 6329 

Applications for 6322, 6323, 6325 

Authorization for 6320 

Cancellation of 6326 

Disposition of — 

Pay accounts 6327 

Service records 6327 

Made in lieu of discharge by — 

Purchase 6320, 6321 

Special order 6321 

Men at trade schools not entitled to 3211, 6235, 8016 

Men completing course at trade schools not to be granted 6210 

Men not eligible for 6324, 6325 

Men not to wear uniform on 6329, 9722 

Privilege not a right 6322 

Recall to active duty of men from 6320, 6328 

Reenlistment of men on 410, 6328 

Restrictions to acceptance of 6326 

Transcript of service record to Bureau of Navigation 6327 

Verification of necessity for, by Red Cross Home Service 9946 

General courts-martial : 

In case of deserters or stragglers 7123-7125 

Location of permanent 7124 

Gifts sent home from abroad, duty on 9920 

Good conduct medals 7400, 7401 

Quarterly recommendations for 7511 

Recommendations for 532 

Good discharges: 

Entry about fraudulent enlistment, not to be made on 8058 

Forms for 8000 

Made honorable by extension of enlistment 8200 

Men discharged in June and December 8210 

Gratuity, honorable discharge. (See Honorable discharge gratuity.) 

Gun captains: 

Allowance for ships 4532 

Certificates of graduation 4530 

Pay of 4530, 4532 

Qualifications for appointment as 4530-4534 

Gunner (aviation), qualifications for promotion to 5810-5817 

Gunner (electrical) : 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111, 5112 

Qualifications for promotion to 5310, 5311 

Gunner (ordnance) : 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111, 5112 

Qualifications for promotion to 5300, 5301 

Gunner (radio) : 

Examinations for promotion to 5111 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111, 5112 

Qualifications for promotion to 5320 



INDEX. 175 

Gunner's mates: Paragraph. 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

Eligible for seamen gunners' school 3302 

Qualifications for submarine duty 4511 

Qualified for torpedo or mine work, entry in service record of 7541 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4353,4353a 

Gyro compass class: 

Description of 3313 

Qualifications for entrance — 3314, 3315 

Special instructions at 3316, 3317 

Transfer to ships of men attending 3316, 3317, 3318 

Hammocks, disposition of, for men discharged 8077 

Health records: 

Appointments as temporary officers, to be entered in 5140 

Aviation designations, to be entered in 4020 

Disabilities entitling men to war-risk compensation, to be entered in 8083 

Disposition of, in the case of reserves released from active duty 8083 

General service designations, to be entered in 4010 

Men appointed temporary officers, to be forwarded to Bureau of 

Medicine and Surgery 5140 

Men on retired list called to active duty 6100 

Physical examinations on discharge, to be entered in 8073, 8075 

Honorable discharges: 
Blanks — 

Cancellation of 8120,8121 

Instructions for use of 8120 

Buttons — 

Instructions for use of 8120,8121 

Issue of, to be entered on discharges and continuous-service 

certificates 8121 

Definition of 8111 

Extension of enlistments to obtain 8111 

Failure to receive, cancels permanent appointment 4241 

Forms for - 8000, 8001 

Given men holding medals of honor 8113 

Gratuity on reenlistment 120, 421, 422. 430 

Gratuity on reenlistment, men obtaining eariy discharge entitled to__ 8020 
Influence of — 

Letters of commendation 8113 

War service — • 8112 

Leave on reenlistment after 6312,6313 

Men eligible for 8100 

Minimum marks entitling a man to 8110 

Qualifications for 8110-8113 

Quarterly recommendations for < : ^11 

Restrictions to — 8111 

Home address to be entered on discharges and release papers 805y 

Home service, Red Cross. (See Red Cross home service.) 
Hospital apprentices: 

Appointments as mail clerks . 4{ ^ 

Enlistment of— n 

Age for g» 

Qualifications for rf ou 

Ratings— ' . ino 

Authority for changing ratings of men to 4iuz 

Changes in, to be reported on Form X. M. S. H. C. 1 6451 

Changes to, to be reported on Form N. M. S. H. C. 3 64ol 

Men changing their rating to — -- «>111 

Qualifications for advancement to 4ooi. 4do^ 

Restrictions to advancement in 4l22 



176 INDEX 

Hospital apprentices — Continued. 

Training of— Paragraph.. 

Transfers for - 371, 3111, 6111, 6160 

To be reported on Form N. M. S. H. C. 3 J 6451 

Hospital apprentices' class: 

Description of ' 3550 

Qualifications for entrance 3551 

Hospital corpsmen: 

Ratings, chcinges in, to be reported on Form N. M. S. H. C. 1 6451 

Requesting discharge in June and December 8210 

Routine training for 3112 

Hospital corps, training school 3550, 3551 

Hospitals : 

At Hampton Roads, Ya., transfers of patients to 6141 

Authorized to recruit 350 

Emergency transfer of patients to : 6033 

Medical discharges at 8030-8032 

Sick leave from 6311 

Transfers — 

At 6013 

Of men discharged from treatment from 6144 

Of patients from one to another 6142, 6143 

Of patients to 6140-6144 

Identification : 

Certificates of 9910-9914 

Procedure for obtaining 9911 

Deceased persons 1120, 8400 

Service number to facilitate ^ 9000 

Identification cards, military meal, men having discharge, entitled to 2200 

Identification records : 

Forwarded with shipping articles 812 

Men preparing, to be proficient 1001 

Preparation for bureau's files . 1000 

Identification tags: 

Issue of 1110 

Letters showing branch of service l 1103 

Method of adding service number to tags already issued__ 1102 

Preparation of 1100 

Salvage of 1130 

Service numbers and signatures on 1101 

Ignition class: 

Description of u 3430 

Qualification for entrance 3431 

Inaptitude discharges : 

Forms for 8000, 8001 

Men receiving — 

Distinctive parts of uniform to be removed 8331 

Eligibility for bonus 8092 

Furnished with civilian clothes 8330 

Transfers for 6155, 8300 

Injury : 

Due to misconduct, stoppage of pay for 7300-7302 

Men suffering from, in hospitals on expirations of enlistment 8031, 8032 

Instrument repair class : 

Description of 3440 

Qualifications for entrance 3441 



INDEX. 177 

Instructors : Paragraph. 

Chief petty officer, allowance of. at training stations 3002 

Detail of 6240 

Qualifications for 4500-4503 

Insurance, war risk. (See War risk insurance.) 

Interpreters, entry in service records of men qualified for 7542 

Landsmen not to be marked for ability as leaders of men 7503 

Laundrymen, entry in service record of men qualified for 7542 

Leave : 

Amount of, authorized 6310-6311 

Extensions of 6310-6311 

For electricians (radio) 6315 

For Filipinos on reenlistment 6313 

For men completing course at training stations , — 3001 

For men upon completion of recruit training 4321 

Marks, assigned in cases of absence without - 7534, 7535 

Men on, to visit recruiting stations 6316 

Methods of granting 6310 

Officers authorized to grant 6310, 6311 

On enlistment of ex-soldiers and marines 373,6314 

On reenlistment 373 

On reenlistment after early discharges 8022,8023 

Sick, from hospitals 6311 

Transportation for men reporting at recruiting stations prior to ex- 
piration of 7120 

Legal advisory boards 7222-7224 

Letters of commendation 7410, 7411 

Liberty : 

Definition of 6300 

Entry of, in service record 6300 

Parties, method of sending ashore 6301 

Listeners : 

Advancement in rating, of men qualified as 4551 

Duty to be performed by electricians (radio) 4011 

Qualifications for appointment as 4550, 4551 

Quartermaster, rating abolished 4011 

Machinist : 

Aviation, qualifications for promotion to 5820-5829 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111,5112 

Qualifications for promotion to 5400, 5401 

Machinist's mates : 
Aviation — 

Designations for 4020 

Eligible for ignition class 3431 

Designation of, on completion of torpedo class 3303 

Eligible for — 

Diesel engine school 3381 

Torpedo class 3303 

Enlistment of — 

Age for 300 

Qualifications for : 360 

Probation of, at sea 1 3331u 

Qualifications for submarine duty ,__ 4511 

Qualified for — 

Electrical work, entry in service record of 7541 

Ordnance work, entry in service record of 7541 

Ratings, on completion of machinist's mates' course 3331a 

168123—20 12 



178 INDEX. 

Machinist's mates' (A) class: Paragraph. 

Description of 3420 

Qualifications for entrance , 3421 

Machinist's mates' class: 

Description of 3330 

Qualifications for entrance 3331 

Hating of men at completion of course 3331a 

Transfer of men to ships from 3331a 

Transfer of unsatisfactory men from 3331a 

Machinist's mates' school 3330-3339 

Description of 3330, 3332, 3334, 3336, 3338 

Qualifications for entrance 3331, 3333, 3335, 3337, 3339 

Requirements for 3204 

Mail, registered, instructions regarding 9040,9041 

Mail clerks: 

Allowance of, for ships and stations 4521 

Appointment of 4520 

Restriction of petty officer ratings to 4522 

Detail of, instructions for 4520-4523 

Instructions for handling registered mail 9040, 9041 

On ships placed out of commission 4523 

Reenlistment of . 4520 

Transfer of 4520 

War risk insurance premiums may be paid to 9623 

Marine disasters: 

Pay of men who have lost clothing in 9412 

Reports of deaths in 8410,8411 

Reports on Form N. Nav. 8 6415 

Marks : 

Ability as leader of men 7502 

Apprentice seamen under training 8051 

Assigned in case of — 

Absence without leave : 7534, 7535 

Attempting to smuggle liquor or drugs on board 7536 

Confinement 7532 

Deck court 7531 

Reduction in rating 7533 

Summary court-martial 7530 

Entered in service records 9122 

Final — 

Computation of 1 8051 

Entered on — 

Continuous service certificates 8051 

Discharges 8051 

Service records 8051 

Instructions for assigning — 

General 7520, 7521 

Special 7530-7536 

Men at trade schools 8051 

Men serving in an extended enlistment S051 

Minimum — 

Entitling a man to honorable discharge 8110 

Governing quarterly recommendations 7511 

Performance of duty — 

General instructions regarding 7501-7504 

Scale for 7504 

Proficiency in ratings , 7502 

Quarterly. {See Quarterly marks.) 



INDEX. 179 

Marks — Continued. Paragraph. 

Requirements for assigning — 

To men of lower ratings 7521 

To petty officers 7520 

Masters-at-arms : 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4351,4351a 

Quarterly marks for 7510 

Mattresses, disposition of, of men discharged 8077 

Meal tickets 2210, 2211 

Medals : 

Distinguished service — 

Men eligible for 9510 

Procedure for recommendation for 9511 

Entry in service records and discharges of men receiving 7420, 7421 

Good conduct. (See Good conduct medals.) 
Navy cross — 

Men eligible for 9510 

Procedure for recommendation for 9511 

Victory — 

Buttons for civilian clothing 9500 

Evidence of service required for 9501,9504 

Issue of, instructions for 9501-9504 

Issue to men on active duty , 9501-9504 

Issue to men on inactive duty 9502 

Issue to men who have been discharged 9503 

Men entitled to 9500 

Medals of honor: 

Entitling a man to honorable discharge 8113 

Men entitled to__ 9510 

Requirements for recommendation for 9511 

Medical discharges 8030-8032 

Forms for 8000-8002 

From naval hospitals 8030-8032 

Men who have been officers 421 

Mess attendants: 
Enlistments of — 

Age for 360 

Qualifications for 360 

Not to be marked for ability as leaders of men 7503 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4311, 4312 

Mess attendants' class: 

Description of v 3540 

Qualifications for entrance 3541 

Mess attendants' school 3540, 3541 

Messmen branch : 

Detail of men of, to shore duty 6201 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4310-4313 

Meteorology and aerology class: 

Description of 3495 

Qualifications for entrance 3496 

Transfers to, and from 3497 

Military Academy, appointments of enlisted men to 5000 

Minors enlistment of — 340 

Misconduct, stoppage of pay for disease or injury due to 7300-7302 

Molders : 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

Ratings — 

Qualifications for advancement to 4373 

Restrictions to advancement of 4100 

Restrictions to advancement to 4122 



180 INDEX. 

Holders' Class: Paragraph. 

Description of 3346 

Qualifications for entrance . 3347a 

Motor boat operators, entry in service record of men qualified as 7542 

Motor boat operators' class : 

Description of !_ 3336 

Qualifications for entrance 3337 

Moving picture operator, entry in service record of men qualified as 7542 

Musicians' class: 

Description of ;. 3510 

Qualifications for entrance 3511 

Musicians' school :__ 3510, 3511 

Muster rolls: 

Abbreviations to be used on 6413 

Data required on 6420 

Date and term of enlistments, to be entered on 6421 

Preparation and forwarding of, instructions for 642,0-6423 

Preparation of, instructions for 6422 

Rate enlisted in, to be entered on 6421 

Revised forms for 6420 

Service numbers to be entered on 6421 

Submitted— 

By ships and stations going out of commission 6423 

Quarterly — 

By districts 6423 

By receiving ships 6423 

By ships 6423 

For reserves on inactive duty 6423 

Submitting, instructions for 6421-6423 

National Naval Volunteers : 

Correspondence about 9030 

Members of, transferred to reserve force still belong to the Naval 

Militia 9950 

Naturalization: 

Aliens, authorization for 9200 

Enlisted men, instructions concerning 9200-9211 

Examiners, location of 9202 

Filipinos 9201, 9210, 9211 

Instructions to be given regarding, to aliens to be discharged 9200, 9203 

Requirements for aliens 9201 

Naval Academy : 

Appointment of enlisted men to 5010 

Final examinations for appointment to 5015 

Number of appointments allowed for enlisted men 5011 

Preliminary examinations for appointment to 5013 

Qualifications for enlisted men to receiving appointments for 5012 

Selection of candidates for appointment to 5013, 5014 

Special schools for men desiring appointment to 3010,5015 

Naval districts authorized to recruit 350 

Naval Militia : 

Membership in, of reserves, not to interfere with their duties in 

reserve force 9950 

Members of, transferred to the reserve force still belong to 9950 

Men in reserve force may belong to . 9950 

Naval Reserve vessels : 

Administration of discipline on board 7020 

Detail of men to 6230,6231 

Navy cross. (See Medals, Navy cross.) 

Navy Department, transfers to 6120 



INDEX. 181 

Numbers, service. (See Service numbers.) Paragraph. 

Oaths, officers authorized to administer 7000 

Officers : 

Acceptance of temporary appointments as, not to be considered ex- 
tension of enlistment . 5141 

Appointments, as temporary, revocation of 5140-5142 

Authorized to — 

Administer oaths 7000 

Approve transfers 6010-6013 

Deliver discharges 8078 

Grant leave 6310 

Issue transportation L 2100 

Issue undesirable discharges 8310, 8311 

Commanding. (See Commanding officers.) 

Commanding, authorized to advance men in rating 4100 

Commissioned, temporary appointments of 5142 

Recruiting. (See Recruiting officers.) 

Temporary, appointments as 5140-5142 

Warrant. (See Warrant officers.) 
Oilers: 

Eligible for — 

Fuel oil class 3361 

Machinist's mates' class 3331 

Motor boat operators' class 3339 

No men to be advanced to rating of 4371 

Optical repair class : 

Description of 3390 

Qualifications for entrance 3391 

Optical repair school 3390. 3391 

Orders for transfers: 

Copy of, to be sent by mail 6033 

To general detail on receiving ships 6031 

Navy Department 6120 

To show duties for which men are intended 6030 

Ordnance class: 

Description of i 3300 

Qualifications for entrance 3302 

Outfits, on first enlistment for reserves enlisting in the Navy 310,8025 

Painters' class: 

Description of 3344 

Qualifications for entrance __ 3345 

Parties : 

Liberty, method of sending ashore 6301 

Visiting, method of sending to ships __ 6301 

Passengers, list of, to be submitted by ships sailing for distant service 6430 
Passports : 

Necessity for 9910-9914 

Where obtained— 9912 

Patients, transfers of, to hospitals. 6140-6144 

Patternmakers' class: 

Description of 3348 

Qualifications for entrance 3349 

Pay: 

Arrears of, claims for 9400,9401 

Bands, no extra, for playing outside of stations 6250 

Longevity, benefits of, for men who accepted commissions in the 

Naval Reserve Force _ 9950 

Men obtaining early discharge entitled to increase on reenlistment 8020 

Men who have lost clothing in a marine disaster 9412 

One-quarter extra for overtime 6152 



182 USTDEX. 

Pay— Continued. Paragraph. 

Rate of, to be inserted in service record 6041,6043 

Stoppage of, for disease or injury due to misconduct 7300-7302 

Pay accounts: 

Accompany men when transferred 6033, 6034 

Checkage of, for war risk insurance. (See War risk insurance.) 

Discharge of men without 8040 

Disposition of, when men are furloughed without pay 6327 

Entry on, of transfer for discharge 6152 

Men declared deserters 7110-7112 

Men on furlough without pay, forwarded to auditor 6154 

Men on retired list recalled to active duty 6100 

Men transferred without regular accounts 6043 

On transfer, to have information regarding war risk insurance__ 9606, 9614 

Patients transferred to a hospital 6140 

Pay of men who have been transferred without 6040 

Release of men from active duty without 8040 

Reserves, released from active duty, method of handling 8083 

Stragglers 7101 

Which do not accompany men on transfer i 6035 

Pay clerk: 

Examinations for promotion to, composition of local boards 5151 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111, 5112 

Qualifications for promotion to 5600 

Permanent appointments : 

Boards for examination for 4230 

Cancellation and revocation of 4240,4241 

Cancelled by failure to — 

Receive honorable discharge 4241 

Reenlist within four months 4241 

Duty of examination boards 4231 

Entry of, to be made on — 

Continuous service certificates 4202, 8056, 9110 

Discharges 

Examination of — 

Candidates for 4231, 4232 

Pharmacist's mates for, special instructions for 4234 

Form N. Nav. 21 to be forwarded for 4202 

General qualifications for 4220, 4221, 4222 

Issue of — 

By commanding officers 4200 

Instructions for 4201 

Men eligible for 4210 

Reports of examinations for 4233 

To be filed with service record 4233 

To be forwarded to bureau 4202 

Petty officers: 

Quarterly marks for 7510 

Ratings — 

Qualifications for advancement to.T 4350, 4350a, 4350b 

Restrictions to, for appointments as mail clerks 4522 

Requirements for assigning marks to 7520 

Pharmacist : 

Age limit for promotion to 5110 

Examination for promotion to, composition of local boards 5151 

Preliminary examination for promotion to 5111, 5112 

Qualification for promotion to 5700, 5710 

Pharmacist's mates: 

Appointments as mail clerks 4522 

Eligible for pharmacist's mates' class 3371,3372,3373 



INDEX. 183 

Pharmacist's mates — Continued. raragraph. 

Examinations for permanent appointment, special instruction for 4234 

Independent duty — 

Qualified for 6161-6164 

Special training for 3110 

Qualifications for permanent appointments 4221 

Ratings — 

Changes in, to be reported on Form N. M. S. H. C. 1 6451 

Qualifications for advancement to 4383-4383c 

Restrictions to advancement in 4122 

Transfers of — 

To be reported on Form N, M. S. H. C. 3 6451 

To ships having no medical officers 6161-6164 

Pharmacist's mates' class: 

Description of 3370 

Qualifications for entrance : 3371-3373 

Pharmacist's mates' training school 3370-3373 

Description of 3370 

Qualifications for entrance 3371-3373 

Photographs for publicity purposes 110 

Photography school 3498, 3499 

Physical examinations on discharge or release from active duty 8075, 8083 

Physical disability discharge. (See Medical discharges.) 

Plumber and fitter rating abolished 4365 

Policy of Bureau regarding: 

Men awaiting trial by court-martial 7200 

Record of performance of duty . 7500-7504 

Postmasters : 

No bounty for enlistments 320 

War risk insurance premiums may be paid to 9623 

Premiums, insurance. (See War risk insurance.) 

Printers, aviation, designations for 4020 

Prisoners, weekly report of. (See Courts-martial.) 
Prisoners at large. (See Courts-martial.) 
Prisoners of war : 

Disposition of service records in the case of 9130 

Procedure for extending allotments in case of 9902 

Probation, release and discharge of men serving on 8082 

Proficiency in rating: 

Definition of 7502 

Marks for 7502 

Promotion : 

Applications for examination for 5113, 5120-5124 

Made on Form N. Nav. 334 5114, 5121, 5122 

Transcript of service record (Form N. Nav. 21) to be for- 
warded with 5114, 5122 

Examinations for — 

Appearance of candidates before boards 5130,5131 

• Authority for candidates to appear 5123, 5124 

Instructions for examining boards 5131, 5150-5156 

Requests for waivers not to be considered 5122 

When held 5100 

Men eligible for examination for 5100-5114 

Men not eligible for examination for _ — 5111 

Preliminary examinations for . 5111-5114 

To boatswain — 

Aviation, qualifications for_ 5800-5803 

Qualifications for . 5200, 5201 



184 INDEX. 

Promotion— Continued. Paragraph. 

To carpenter — 

Aviation, qualifications for 5830-5834 

Qualifications for 5500 

To gunner- 
Aviation, qualifications for 5810-5817 

Electrical, qualifications for 5310, 5311 

Ordnance, qualifications for 5300, 5301 

Radio, examinations for 5111 

Radio, qualifications for 5320 

To machinist — 

Aviation, qualifications for 5820-5829 

Qualifications for 5400, 5401 

To pay clerk — 

Composition of local examining boards 5151 

Qualifications for 5600 

To pharmacist — 

Age limit for 5110 

Composition of local examining boards 5151 

Qualifications for 5700, 5710 

Publicity : 

Activities on ships 100 

Officers on ships 100 

Photographs and new items for States and cities 110 

Ships' activities . l 100 

Work for ships named for States and cities lOOe 

Punishments 7300-7313 

Records of 7310-7313 

Qualifications : 

Appointment as warrant officers, entry in service record of 7540 

Special, entry in service records of 7540-7545 

Quarterly marks 7510-7511 

Instructions for making ^ 7510-7511 

Quartermasters : 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

General, ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4356, 4356a 

Listeners, ratings abolished 4011 

Signals, ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4357-4357d 

Quartermasters (A) class: 

Description of 3450 

Qualifications for entrance 3451 

Quartermasters (D) class: 

Description of__ 3455 

Qualifications for entrance 3456 

Radio, electricians, report of, on Form N. Nav. 31 6450 

Radio compass class : 

Description of 3326 

Qualifications for entrance ; 3327 

Transfer of men to i_ 3328 

Radio operators' class : 

Description of 3320 

Qualifications for entrance 3321 

Radio school: 

Description of 3320, 3323, 3326 

Qualifications for entrance 3321,3323,3327,3328 

Requirements for 3204 

Radio telephone class : 

Description of ___j 3323 

Qualifications for entrance 3324 



INDEX. 185 

Ratings : Paragraph. 

Advancement in — 

Copy of examination for, in service record 4140 

Entry in service record of 4140 

Examination boards for 4106,4107 

Form N. Nav. 8 forwarded for 4140 

Form ». Nav. 21 forwarded for 4140 

Men at recruiting stations 4103 

Men eligible for 4110 

Men qualified as listeners 4551 

Men retired, eligible for 4111 

Not restricted to men at trade schools 3203 

Of hospital corpsmen, restrictions to 4122 

Procedure to follow when making 4140 

Qualifications for — 

All enlisted men 4300 

Bandmasters 4382 

Bandsmen 4330 

Boatswain's mates 4352, 4352b 

Boiler makers 4375 

Buglers 4330 

Carpenters' mates 4364 

Commissary stewards 4391 

Coxswains 4352,4352a 

Electricians, general 4362^362b 

Electricians, radio 4363-4363d 

Enginemen 4372,4372a 

Gunners' mates 4353-4353a 

Hospital apprentices 4331, 4332 

Master-at-arms 4351, 4351a 

Men in "messman branch 4310-4313 

Mess attendants 4310, 4311, 4312 

Molders 4373 

Nonrated men in the artificer branch 4340 

Nonrated men in the seaman branch 4320-4323 

Nonrated men in the special branch 4330-4332 

Officers' cooks and stewards 4311 

Petty officers 4350, 4350a, 4350b 

Pharmacist's mates .4383-4383c 

Quartermasters, general 4356, 4356a 

Quartermasters, signal 4357, 4357d 

Rated men in the artificer branch 4360-4365 

Rated men in the artificer branch, engine room force 4370-4375 

Rated men in the commissary branch 4390,4391 

Rated men in the seaman branch 4350-4357d 

Rated men in the special branch 4380-4383c 

Seamen 4320, 4322 

Special mechanics 4361 

Turret captains 4355-1355d 

Water tenders 4364, 4374a 

Yeomen _■ 4381, 4381a 

Reports of — 

Examination 4107 

Forwarded to bureau 4141 

Men in Fleet Reserve 4105 

Restrictions to 4122 

Advancements made by bureau__ 4120 

To chief petty officers, restriction to 4121 



186 INDEX. 

Ratings— Continued. Paragraph. 

Advancement in — Continued. 
To petty officers — 

Authority for 4100 

Restrictions to 4122 

Apprentice seamen, advancement of 4321 

Bakers, men to be given, upon completion of course in bakers' class 3357 

Change of, officers' cooks and stewards 4315 

Changes from deck to engineer force, authority for 4101 

Confirmation in — 

Men discharged from Reserve Force, on reenlistment 361 

Reserves — 

Date to be made effective 4131 

Report to be made to Navy allotment officer 4131 

Upon being released from active duty 4130 

Entries on, discharges 8010 

Firemen, oil burning 4101 

First enlistment 353, 360 

Marks — 

Assigned in case of reduction in 7533 

For ability as leaders of men 7503 

For men of lower, requirements for assigning 7521 

Men completing course in enginemen's class 3333a 

Men discharged from Reserve Force reenlisting 361 

Men qualified for, at trade schools, to be transferred for general 

detail 3212 

Men to be rated coppersmiths upon completion of course in copper- 
smiths' class 3337 

Men transferred by, when transfers are made by the Bureau 6000 

On enlistments, to be entered in muster roll 6421 

Oiler, no men to be advanced to 4371 

Plumber and fitter, abolished 4365 

Proficiency in. (See Proficiency in rating.) 

Reported on Form N. Nav. 8 6410 

Reserves — 

Enlisting in the Navy 8025 

Released from active duty 8080 

Restrictions of, for appointment as mail clerks 4522 

Revocation of petty officer appointments 4104 

Ships' cooks, men to be given, upon completion of course in ship's 

cooks' class 3354 

Receiving ships: 

Authorized to recruit 350 

Crews of 6200-6203 

Detail of men of long service to 6202 

Men transferred to, for general detail 6031 

Report of — 

Men on general detail on Form N. Nav. 64 6441 

Personnel on Form N. Nav. 25 : 6440 

Reports on Form N. Nav. 8 6415 

To submit — 

List of men taking passage on ships 6430 

Muster roll quarterly 6423 

Records : 

Health. (See Health records.) 
Identification. (See Identification records.) 

Performance of duty, Bureau's policy regarding 7500-7504 

Recruiting : 

Cooperation of commanding officers with the recruitirig service 1 

Discharge of recruits 372, 



INDEX. 187 

Recruiting — Continued. Paragraph. 

Disposition of recruits 370, 371, 372 

Distribution of literature 100c 

Importance of 1 

Literature 100a, 220 

Men on leave to visit recruiting stations lOOd 

Men qualified for, entry in service record of 7542 

Men under age : 340,341 

Ships authorized to recruit 350 

Stations authorized to recruit 350 

Transportation — 

Of recruits 2140 

For ship recruiting parties 2141 

Traveling parties 210 

From ships 10 

Subsistence for 9300, 9310-9313 

Recruiting bureau, location of 220,230 

Recruiting districts : 

Location of 230 

Organization of 210 

Recruiting divisions, location of 230 

Recruiting duty: 

Eligibility for detail to 6220 

Length of detail to 6201 

Recruiting inspectors, duties of 200 

Recruiting officers : ' 

Available for court-martial duty 7020 

Duties of 710 

Duties regarding men not recommended for reenlistment 441-444 

Instructions for— 

Accepting evidence of citizenship in the case of men reenlisting_ 9220 
In cases of men reporting at recruiting stations while on leave 

or over leave 7120-7124 

Investigation of applicants who may be under age 340, 341 

On ships 10 

To be publicity officers 100 

To extend courtesies to men on leave 100 

To request cooperation of ships 100 

Recruiting service, organization of 200 

Recruiting stations : 

Advancement of men in rating at 4103 

Authorized to offer rewards for deserters 7130 

Form N. Nav. 235 not to be executed at 9631 

Instructions for recruiting officers in cases of men reporting at, while 

on leave or over leave 7120-7124 

List of 231 

Main 210 

Men on leave to visit 6316 

Sub 210 

Recruits : 

Clothing outfits for 6111 

Entitled to military meal identification cards 2200 

May have choice of training stations . 6112 

Not to be retained on board ship 6110 

To be furnished with proper clothing 310 

To be retained on board 370 

Red Cross, home service 9940-9946 

Activities of 9941 

Benefits of 9941, 9942 



188 INDEX. 

Red Cross, home service — Continued. Paragraph. 

Investigations made by 9946 

Location of representatives of 9943 

Requests for assistance from 9944 

To remain in effect after the war 9940 

Unsatisfactory service from 9945 

Verification of necessity for discharge or furlough without pay by 9946 

Reenlistments : 

Age limit on 401 

Applications for — 

Men receiving discharge to be given information concerning 8061 

Nor to be made to the bureau 8062 

To be made to recruiting officers 8062 

Duration of war men 421 

Entries on service records, of agreements to make, after early dis- 
charge 8024 

Evidence of citizenship on 9220 

Failure to make, within four months, cancels permanent appoint- 
ment 4241 

Filipinos 431 

Honorable discharge gratuity 420,421,422,430 

Inducements for, to be explained to men being discharged 8060 

In Fleet Naval Reserve 403 

In the Navy - 403 

Leave on 373, 430, 431, 432 

After early discharge , 8022,8023 

After honorable discharge 6312,6313 

Made at recruiting stations 210 

Mail clerks 1 4520 

Men not recommended for reenlistment 440-444 

Men on furlough without pay 411, 6328 

Men on retired list 402 

Men over 35 years of age 401 

Men physically rejected 450 

Not to be made at sea 410,8015 

Quarterly recommendations for 7511 

Service numbers not to be assigned on 9001 

Transfers on 430 

Where authorized 351 

Where made 351 

Registered mail, instructions regarding 9040, 9041 

Reimbursements for clothing lost in a marine disaster 9410-9412 

Release from active duty. (See Active duty, release from.) 

Release papers : 

Home address to be entered on 8059 

Place of enlistment to be entered on 2310,8059 

Reports : 

Annual, on Form N. Nav. 8 6415 

Daily, on Form N. Nav. 8 . 6415 

Deserters or stragglers 7100-7125 

Electricians, general, when qualified as radio operators 4362c 

Electricians, radio, to Director of Naval Communications 6450 

Enlistments 820 

Examinations for gun captain 4534 

Men receiving subsistence 9330 

Prisoners and detentioners. (See Courts-martial. ) 

Release from active duty 8085 



INDEX. 189 

Reports— Continued. Paragraph. 

Transfers 6400-6451 

Necessity for 6400 

To be made promptly 6400 

Transportation — 

Checked by Bureau of Navigation 2500 

Preparation of 2500-2512 

Vacancy. (See Vacancy reports.) 
Requests : 

For discharge. (See Discharges, requests for.) 
For transfer. (See transfers, requests for.) 

For transfer, bureau desires to discourage 6001 

Transportation, forms for 2110 

Reservists : 

Awaiting transfer to Regular Navy, subsistence for 9320 

Classes 1C and ID, disposition of service records on release from 

active duty 8084 

Confirmation in rating of — 

Date to be made effective 4131 

Upon being released from active duty 4130 

Discharge of 8000, 8002 

To enlist in Army 363,8220-8222 

To enlist in Navy 8025 

Duties of, not to be interfered with by belonging to Naval Militia 9950 

Enlisting in the Navy, clothing outfit for— " 310, 8025 

Entry of dates of active service on discharges 8054 

Fleet, naval — 

Inducements for enrollment in, to be explained to men receiving 

discharge . 1 8060 

Report of advancement in rating in 4105 

Instructions for releasing from active duty 8080-8085 

May belong to Naval Militia 9950 

Method of handling pay accounts on release from active duty 8083 

Not on active duty — 

Quarterly muster rolls to be submitted for 6423 

Subject to naval discipline 7010 

Ratings of, on enlistment in the Navy 8025 

Recalled to active duty 6101 

Released from active duty — 

Disposition of service and health records of 8083 

Entitled to reduced railroad fare 2310 

Form N. Nay. 21 to be forwarded for 8083 

To be instructed regarding wearing the uniform 9720, 9721 

Special instruction to be given when released from active duty 8083 

Retainer pay, address of correspondence relating to 9902 

Retired men : 

Form N. Nav. 8 for, when recalled to active duty 6100 

Health records of, when recalled to active duty l_ 6100 

On active service, eligible for advancement in rating 4111 

Pay accounts of, when recalled to active duty 6100 

Released from active duty 8081 

Retirement : 

Benefits of, for men who accepted commissions in Naval Reserve 

Force— 9950 

Reenlistment after : 402 

Rewards : 

For deserters 7130, 7131 

Procedure for paying of 7130 



190 INDEX. 

Paragraph. 

Sailors and Soldiers Civil Relief Act 7220-7224 

Schools : 

Special, for men — 

Appointed to the Naval Academy 3010, 5010, 5011 

Desiring appointment to the Naval Academy 3010, 5015 

Trade. (See Trade schools.) 
Seamen : 

Enlistment of — 

Age for 360 

Qualifications for 360 

Ratings — 

Change of, to firemen, authority for 4101 

Qualifications for advancement in 4320, 4322 

When not to be marked for ability as leaders of men 7503 

Seaman branch: 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement of — 

Nonrated men in 4320-432& 

Rated men in 4350-4357d 

Seamen gunner certificates . 4323 

Seamen gunners' school: 

Description of 3300-3306 

Qualifications for entrance 3302, 3303, 3306 

Requirements for 3204 

Senior officers present, authorized to — 

Approve transfers 6011 

Grant leave 6310 

Service : 

Civil, employment in 9930 

Home, Red Cross. (See Red Cross home service.) 
Service numbers: 

Assignment of 9000-9003 

For men on first enlistment 350,352 

Men without, to be reported to the bureau 9000, 9002 

Method of adding to identification tags already issued 1102 

Not to be assigned to men reenlisting 9001 

To be entered on all correspondence regarding men 9000, 9004 

Baggage tags of men transferred 6036 

Continuous service certificates 8050 

Discharges 8050 

Form N. Nav. 8 1 6412 

Muster rolls 6421 

Requests for — 

Discharge -__ 8010 

Transfers 6022 

To be given on reports of deaths 8411 

To be placed on identification tags 1101 

Use of, instructions for 9000-9004 

Vessels going out of commission, disposition of •, — 9003 

Service records: 

Accompany man when transferred 6032, 6033 

Compared with men 6032, 9100 

Copy of — 

Claims for clothing lost in a marine disaster to be attached to__ 9400 

Examination for advancement in rating in 4140 

Deserters, special instructions for 7140,7141 

Disposition of — 

Men furloughed without pay 6327 

Men who are reported missing 9130 

Prisoners of war 9130 

Reserves released from active duty 8083,8084 



INDEX. 191 

Service records — Continued. Paragraph. 

Entries in — 

Ability as leaders of men 7503 

Advancement in rating 4140 

Agreement to reenlist after early discharge 8024 

Appointments 4104 

As signalmen 4543 

As temporary officers 5140 

Aviation designations 4020 

Character of duty performed 7541 

Citizenship 330, 804, 9220 

Confirmation in rating 4130 

Deck courts 7311-7313 

Discharge of men serving on probation 8082 

Final marks 8051 

General service designations 4010 

Instructions for making 9120, 9121, 9122 

Issue of war service certificate 8133 

Letters of commendation 7411 

Liberty 6300 

Men discharged from hospitals 7302 

Men discharged from the Navy at hospitals 8032 

Men having a knowledge of foreign languages 7542 

Men qualified in swimming 3101 

Men receiving medals 7420, 7421 

Men using influence to effect transfers 6020 

Men using political influence ± 4120 

Men who were inattentive in machinist's mates' class 3331a 

Permanent appointments 4201 

Prior to discharge 9120 

Reasons for discharge 8079 

Regarding undesirable discharges 8313 

Revocation of appointment 4104 

Service in — 

Foreign lands and waters 7545 

War zone 7545 

Special details 7542 

Special qualifications 7540-7545 

Summary courts-martial 7311-7313 

Trades 802, 7544 

Transfers for discharge 6152, 8072, 8073 

Finger prints to be placed in 1000 

Insertion of sheets showing rates of pay 6041, 6043 

Men appointed temporary officers to be forwarded to the Bureau of 

Navigation 5140 

Men discharged, to be forwarded to bureau 8079 

Men who have died, entry in about war risk insurance 8412 

Men who have died, forwarded to the bureau 8412 

Patients transferred to hospitals _ * 6140 

Procedure, in cases of stragglers 7101 

Report of examination for permanent appointment, to be filed with— 4233 

Reserves transferred to regular Navy 710 

Transcript of, forwarded with application for examination for pro- 
motion 5114, 5122 

Warnings not to be entered in 7310 

Service stripes: 

Authorization for wearing _ 9723 

Men transferred from Reserve Force to regular Navy not entitled 

to wear 9723 



192 INDEX. 

Shipfitters : Paragraph. 

Aviation, designations for 4020 

Enlistment of, age for 360 

Shipfitters' class: 

Description of 3338 

Qualifications for entrance 3339 

Shipping articles: 

Entry of citizenship on 330 

Forwarding of 810-811 

Kinds of 800 

Preparation of 801, 802, 803 

Ships : 

Allowance of — 

Gun captains 4532 

Mail clerks 4521 

Signalmen 4543 

Authorized to — 

Recruit 350 

Reenlist men 400 

For reserves, discipline of naval men on 7020 

Going out of commission — 

Appointment of mail clerks 4523 

Disposition of service numbers assigned to 9003 

Reports on Form N. Nav. 8 6415 

To submit muster roll 6423 

Having no medical officers, transfer of pharmacist's mates to 6161-6164 

Loss of, reports of personnel 6400 

Men available on receiving ships to be reported on Form N. Nav. 61 6441 

Publicity activities 100 

Recruiting officers 10 

Recruits not to be retained on board 6110 

Reports on Form N. Nav. 8, before sailing 6415 

Sailing for distant service, to forward list of passengers- 6430 

To cooperate with recruiting stations : lOOe 

To submit monthly list of crew , 6423 

To submit muster rolls quarterly 6423 

Traveling recruiting parties 10 

Subsistence for 9310-9313 

Unauthorized absence from. (See Deserters.) 
Ships' cooks: 

Eligible for commissary stewards' class 3351 

Enlistment of, age for 360 

Men to be rated, upon completion of course in ship's cooks' class 3354 

Ship's cooks' class: 

•Description of 3353 

Qualifications for entrance 3354 

Shipwrights, enlistment of, age for 360 

Shipwrights' class: 

Description of 1 3340 

Qualifications for entrance , 3341 

Shoes, fitting of 9711 

Shore duty : 

Detail to 6200-6203 

Chief petty officers 6201, 6203 

Length of 6201 

Men in commissary branch , 6201 

Men in messman branch 6201 

Men of long service 6202 

Sick leave for men at hospitals 6311 



INDEX. 193 

Signal class: Paragraph. 

Description of 3520 

Qualifications for entrance _ 3521 

Signalmen : 

Allowance for ships 4543 

Available for transfer 4543 

Qualifications for appointment as 4540-4543 

Signal school 3520, 3521 

Soldiers and sailors civil relief act 7220-7224 

Special branch: 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement of — 

Nonrated men in 4330-4332 

Rated men in 4380-4383c 

Special details, qualifications for appointment to 4500-4551 

Special mechanics, ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4361 

Special schools: 

For men appointed to the Naval Academy 3010, 5010, 5011 

For men desiring appointment to Naval Academy 3010, 5015 

Stations : 

Allowance of mail clerks 4521 

Authorized to recruit 350 

Going out of commission, to submit muster roll— - 6423 

Reports on Form N., Nav. 8 6415 

Surrender of — 

Deserters at 7122-7125 

Stragglers at 7120-7125 

To submit muster roll quarterly 6423 

Transfers at 6013 

Stenographer, entry in service record of men qualified for 7542 

Stewards, officers' ratings: 

Changes of 4315 

Qualifications for advancement to 4311 

Stragglers : 

Definition of : 7100 

Expedition of trials for 7125 

Procedure for — 

Declaring deserters . 7110-7112 

In cases of ships sailing 7100, 7101 

Surrender of 7120-7125 

At recruiting stations 2142, 2143 

On ships 7121, 7122 

Transportation for 2142, 2143 

Who manifestly intended to desert 7110 

Stripes, service authorization for wearing 9723 

Submarine duty, qualifications for extra pay 451CM512 

Submarine, special, clothing outfits 9708 

Subsistence : 

Authorization for 9300 

In special cases 9300 

Claims for arrears of _ 9400 ^401 

Furnished reservists released from active duty 8083 

Men discharged as undesirable 341 

Men on detached duty 9300 

Men on inspection duty 9300 

Men on temporary duty — — oonnJoS 

Military meal identification cards ZZW-4-V6 

Payment of, instructions for r.oqo 

Reports of men receiving •'"• ■* 

168123—20 13 



194 ISTDEX. 

Subsistence — Continued. Paragraph. 

Reserves, awaiting transfer to Regular Navy 9320 

Transportation, method of payment for . 2202, 2203, 2210 

Traveling recruiting parties 9300, 9310-9313 

While traveling 2124, 2125 

Summary courts-martial : 

Entry of, in service record 7311-7313 

Marks assigned in case of 7530 

Surrenders : 

Deserters and stragglers 7120-7125 

Deserters, at stations 7123-7125 

Men on leave or over leave, on ships 7121,7122 

Swimming : 

Entry in service record of men qualified in 7542 

Instruction for men ; 3301 

Tags: 

Baggage, men transferred 6030 

Identification. (See Identification tags.) 

Tailors, entry in service records of men qualified for 7542 

Trades: 

Entries on — 

Continuous service certificates of 8050 

Discharges of 8050 

Service records of : .__ 7544 

Trade schools : 

Applicants for, qualifications for 3201,3202,3204 

Artificers' school — 

Blacksmiths' class 3344, 3345 

Molders' class ± 3348, 3348a 

Painters' class 3346, 3347 

Patternmakers' class 3349, 3349a 

Ship fitters' class 3340, 3341 

Shipwrights' class 3342, 3343 

Aviation mechanics' school — 

Advanced machinist's mates' class 3425, 3426 

Apprentice metal workers' class 3400, 3401 

Apprentice woodworkers' class 3410, 3411 

Armorers' class 3480, 3481 

Boatswains' and carpenters' class 3470, 3471 

Carpenters mates' class 3460, 3461 

Coppersmiths' class 3490, 3491 

Ignition class 3430, 3431 

Instrument repair class 3440, 3441 

Machinist's mates' class 3420, 3421 

Meteorology and aerology class 3495-3497 

Quartermasters' (A) class 3450,3451 

Quartermasters' (D) class 3455,3456 

Commissary school — 

Bakers' class 3356, 3357 

Commissary stewards' class 3350, 3351 

Ship's cooks' class 3353, 3354 

Details to 3200, 6210 

Diesel engine school, class for instruction in care and operation of 

Diesel engines — 3380, 3381 

Electrical school (general) — 

Electricans' class 3310-3312 

Gyro compass class 3313,3314 

Extension of enlistments to attend 510 

Fuel oil school 3360, 3361 



raDEX. 195 

Trade schools— Continued. Paragraph. 

Instructions for men entering 3210 

Located at training stations 3000 

Locations of 3020 

Machinist's mates' school — 

Coppersmiths' class 3336, 3337 

Enginemen's class 3332, 3333, 3333a 

Gas enginemen's class 3334, 8335 

Machinist's mates' class 3330,3331,3331a 

Motor boat operators' class 3338,3339 

Men attending— 

Entitled to only one course at 3212 

Marks for 8051 

Not eligible for — 

Discharge by special order , 8016 

Furlough without pay 3211, 8016 

Restrictions to furlough without pay for 6325 

Men completing courses at, not to be furloughed or discharged by 

special order ± 6210 

Optical repair school, optical repair class 3390, 3391 

Pharmacist's mates' training school 3370-3373 

Photography school — __— 3498, 3499 

Recommendations for 3202, 3203 

Radio school — 

Radio compass class 3325-3328 

Radio operators' class 3323, 3324 

Radio telephone class 3323, 3324 

Recruit — 

Buglers' school, buglers' class 3530, 3531 

Hospital corps training school, hospital apprentices' class 3550, 3551 

Location of 3030 

Mess attendants' school, mess attendants' class 3540, 3541 

Signal school, signal class 3520,3521 

Yeomen school, yoemen class 3500-3502 

Seamen gunners' school — 

Deep-sea diving class 3305, 3306 

Ordnance class 3300, 3302 

Torpedo class 3301, 3302, 3303 

Transfers to 6023 

Training : 

Hospital corpsmen — 

For independent duty 3110 

Routine 3112 

Marks, for apprentice seamen under 8051 

Men for lookouts 3100 

Transfers for 6110-6112 

Apprentice seamen for 6111 

Hospital apprentices for 6111,6160 

Transfers of, men after, recruit 6112 

Training stations: 

Authorized to recruit 1 350 

Location of 3000 

Recruits may have choice of _ — 6112 

Restrictions to furlough without pay for men at 6324 

Transfers : 

At hospitals _ 6013 

At shore stations 6011,6013 

Beyond the continental limits of the United States 6002, 6011, 6012 

Commanders in chief authorized to approve 6002,6010 



196 INDEX. 

Transfers — Continued. Paragraph. 

Commanding officers to notify supply officers of 6034 

Comparison of men with service records on 9100 

Correspondence about men, who have received, instructions for 

handling ___, 9020,9021 

Drafts, baggage to accompany men 6036 

Emergency, patients to hospitals 6033,6140 

Ex-soldiers and marines to a receiving ship upon enlistment 4321 

For discharge 6012, 6150-6156 

Dishonorable or bad conduct 6156,8300 

Entry in service records on 8072, 8073 

For disciplinary purposes 6155, 8300, 8301 

For inaptitude or undesirability . 8300 

For undesirability 8300, 8310 

Men not in the vicinity of their pay officer 6150 

Men outside the continental limits of the United States 6151-6153 

Men to receiving ships 8020 

Men with incomplete papers. 6150,8071 

Not to.be made 6150 

Undesirable, on account of under age enlistment 8321 

For general detail, men qualified for ratings at trade schools 3212 

For training 6110-6112 

Apprentice seamen and hospital apprentices 6111 

General instructions for making— 6030-6035 

Hospital corpsmen 6160-6164 

For training __ — _ 6160 

To be reported on Form N. M. S. H. C. 3— — 6451 

Made at the expense of the man concerned , 6023 

Made on single transfer accounts 6033 

Mail clerks 4520 

Men, at the completion of recruit training 6112 

Men completing course at enginemen's class ^ 3333a 

Men discharged from treatment at hospitals 6144 

Men from foreign stations, reports on Form N. Nav. 8 6415 

Men from machinist's mates' class 3331a 

Men having special winter clothing outfits 9703 

Men on small vessels _ 6002 

Men serving in tropical waters 6002 

Men, to ships, rating of apprentice seamen before 4321 

Men using influence for '. 6020 

Men without pay accounts 6035 

Procedure for paying 6040-6043 

Method of tagging baggage of men 6036 

Officers authorized to approve 6010-6013 

Orders for — 

Copy of, to be sent by mail 6033 

To show duties for which men are intended 6030 

Patients — 

From one hospital to another 6142, 6143 

To hospitals 6140-6144 

At Hampton Roads, Va 6141 

Pay accounts — 

How to be sent 6033 

To have information regarding war risk insurance 9606, 9614 

Pharmacist's mates, to ships having no medical officers ,_ 6161-6164 

Policy of bureau regarding 6000 

Reports of 6400-6451 

Necessity for — 6400 

On Form N. Nav. 8 6410, 6411 

To be made promptly 6400 



INDEX. 197 

Transfers — Continued. Paragraph. 

Requests for 6020-6023 

Bureau desires to discourage 6001 

Entry of aviation designations on 4020 

Entry of general service designations on 4010 

Forwarded to bureau in special cases 6021 

Forwarded to commanders in chief 6021 

Monthly report to bureau 6022 

Service numbers to be entered on 6022 

Reserves to regular Navy, subsistence for 9320 

Senior officers present, authorized to approve 6011 

Service records to accompany men 6032, 6033 

To foreign service. ^ 6034,6130 

Necessity for certificates of identification 9910-9914 

To meteorology and aerology class, and from 3497 

To Navy Department 6120 

To radio compass class 3328 

To receiving ships, men for general detail 6031 

To ships, men attending gyro compass class . 3316, 3317, 3318 

To trade schools 6023 

To United States, for short time men 6012 

Transportation : 

Accountability for cash of men traveling 2127 

After discharge 8059 

Applicants for Fleet Naval Reserve 2144 

Cash to be furnished for 2123 (d), 2124, 2125 

Classes, of fares 2120 

Classes, on steamship lines 2011 

For deserters 2143 

Drafts of men 2122 

Men discharged as undesirable ■ 341 

Men discharged on account of under-age enlistments 2305 

Men honorably discharged or released 2300,2301,2302 

Men in Fleet Naval Reserve 2304 

Men not honorably discharged 2303, 2305 

Men on leave or over leave reporting at recruiting stations 7120-7124 

Men on leave returning to ships 2142 

Men to Asiatic Station 2123 k 

Men to furnish statement of all expenditures 2127, 2128 

Men who have missed train connections- 2142 

Military meal identification cards 2200-2203 

Not requiring special train service 2122 

Of dead bodies 8430-8432 

Officers authorized to issue 2100 

On discharges 341, 502, 8076 

Men without pay accounts , 8040 

Pullman cars — 

Instructions regarding issue of 2131,2132 

Requests for 2130 

Recruits 2140 

Receipts for cash expended 2126 

Receipt forms to be furnished 2125 

Reports- 
Checked by Bureau of Navigation 2500 

Preparation of 2510-2512 

Requests for — 

Forms for 2110 

Instructions for issuing 2121 

Instructions governing the use of 2150 



198 nsrDEX. 

Transportation — Continued. Paragraph. 

Requests for — Continued. 

Via Army transport 2000 

Via steamship lines 2010, 2012 

Requiring special train service 2122 

Reserves 2150 

On release from active duty J 8083 

Special rates, on steamship lines 2015 

Stragglers 2142, 2143 

Subsistence, method of payment for 2202, 2203, 2210 

Trials— 

By court-martial (see Courts-martial) of men before civil courts_ 7220-7224 

Turret captains' ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4355-4355d 

Unauthorized absence from ships. (See Deserters.) 

Under-age enlistments. (See Enlistments, under age.) 

Undesirable cl i charges : 

Authorization for 8310, 8311 

Entry of, to be made on service records 8313 

For under-age enlistments 341, 8320-8322 

Instructions regarding 8310-8313 

Men receiving — 

Distinctive parts of uniform to be removed 8331 

Not entitled to bonus 8092 

To be furnished with civilian clothes 8330 

Transfers for 6155, 8300, 8310 

Warning against 9700-9723 

Uniforms : 

Authorization for wearing service stripes 9723 

Fitting of 9710 

Instructions regarding wearing of 9720,9723 

Men discharged for disciplinary purposes 8331 

Men on furlough without pay, not entitled to wear 6329,9722 

Reserves not on active duty, wearing, subject to naval discipline 7010 

Restrictions against wearing 9720 

Wearing of, by men discharged or released from active duty 9720-9722 

Unofficial correspondence for enlisted men 9010 

Vacancy reports 8021, 8022 

Victory medals. (See Medals, victory.) 

Visiting parties method of sending to ships 6301 

Warnings, entry of, on records 7310 

Warrant officers : 

Aviation, qualifications for promotion to 5800-5S34 

Men discharged to accept appointments as 421 

Men qualified for, entry in service record of 7540 

Promotion of men to 5100-5834 

Reserve Force, service as, to be counted for retirement and longev- 
ity pay 9950 

War risk insurance : 

Act, does not pertain to Insular Force of the Navy or Samoan Native 

Guard and Band 9630 

Act, instructions for forwarding claims for benefits from 9635 

Applications, transmittal of, to Bureau of 9606 

Compensation under, entry to be made in health record of men being 

discharged, when entitled to 8063 

Compulsory allotments (Class A) — 

Exemption from 9601 

Method of making 9600 



INDEX. 199 

War risk insurance — Continued. Paragraph. 

Converted insurance — 

Applications for 9621 

Checkage of premiums during conversion 9622-9622b 

Instructions concerning 9620 

Matters pertaining to, to be handled direct with the Bureau of — 9624b 

Methods of paying premiums 9623 

Payment of premiums by allotments 9624-9624b 

Entry of — 

Amount of, to be made in service records and continuous-service 

certificates of deceased persons 8412 

To be made in continuous-service certificate 8079 

To be made on discharges 8079 

Family allotments and allowances 9600-9609 

Applications for corrections and changes to 9608 

Applications for issue of 9604 

Men declared deserters 9609 

Methods of making applications for 9600 

Family allotments (Class B) — 

Change in status of men making 9605c 

Checkage of 9605-9605c 

Definition of 9600 

Form N. Nav. 235 to be forwarded for any change in 9634 

Method of making 9602 

Family allotments, definition of 9600 

Family allowances, description of 9603 

Form N. Nav. 235 to take the place of old beneficiary slip 9631 

Name to be spelled in full on all correspondence concerning 9632 

Premiums, method of payment of, after discharge 8064 

Term insurance — 

Applications for 9610, 9612 

Applications for, transmittal of, to Bureau of 9614 

Applications made by an illiterate, instructions for 9633 

Beneficiaries of 9611 

Cancellation of 9613d 

Checkage of premiums — 

During conversion 9622-9622b 

For 9613-9613d 

Form N. Nav. 235 to be forwarded to the bureau for any 

change in 9634 

Instructions for men to be discharged regarding 9616 

Men declared deserters 9617 

Quarterly abstract of checkages for 9615 

Rates for 96i3 c 

War service, influence for honorable discharge 8112 

War-service certificates : 

Applications for additional supply of 8134 

Each person to receive one only 8130 

Issue of — 

By Bureau of Navigation 8132 

By commandants of naval districts 8132 

By ships and stations 8132 

Entry in service record of ,_ 8133 

Instruction for 8130-8134 

Men eligible to receive , 8131 

Method of handling stubs for 8133-8135 

To bear seal of issuing ship 8130 

War Zone, entry in service record, show-in? service in 754- 



JPRINE CUHPS HISItWIWL umm& 

200 INDEX. 

Water tenders : Paragraph. 

Available for detail as instructors of apprentice seamen 4502 

Eligible for— 

Fuel-oil class 3361 

Machinist mates' class 333] 

Ratings, qualifications for advancement to 4374.4374a 

Winter clothing outfits. (See Clothing outfits.) 

Yeomen : 

Duty especially qualified for, entry in service record of 7541 

Not to be appointed mail clerks 4522 

Qualifications for advancement in rating to 4381, 4381a 

Yeomen class: 

Description of 3500 

Qualifications for entrance 3500-3502 

Yeomen school 3500-3502 

o 



.:* 



Instructions governing the handling of 
enlisted personnel, 10337 



MARINE CORPS U LIBRARY 




3000174481